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9年级unit10

发布时间:2014-01-17 16:00:33  

1. 被动语态 (1). 被动语态表示句子的主语是谓语动词所表示的动作 承受者。 (2). 被动语态基本结构:be+及物动词的过去分词 (如果是不用及物动词,其过去分词应带有相应的介词) (3). 被动语态中的 be 是助动词,有人称、数和时态的 变化。 一般现在时被动语态为:am/is/are+过去分词 一般过去时被动语态为:was/were+ 过去分词 与情态动词连用的被动语态:情态动词+ be + 过去分词 (4). 被动语态中动作的发出者或执行者做介词by的宾 语,放在句末,by 表示“由,被”的意思

如何理解被动语态? 为取得更清晰、更深刻地理解被动语态的含义,可以将 主动语态和被动语态的句子结构进行比较。 主动语态: 主语+ 谓语动词 + 宾语 + 其他成分

被动语态: 主语+ be +过去分词 + by +宾语 +其他 成分 如: Many people speak English.
被动语态 English is spoken by many people.

3. invent v. 发明 inventor n. 发明家 invention n. 发明 可数名词 4. be used for doing 用来做…(是被动语态) 如: Pens are used for writing. 笔是用来写的。 Pens aren’t used for eating. 笔不是用来吃的。 5. 给某人某样东西 give sth. to sb. 如:I gave a pen to him. 我给他一支笔。 give sb. sth. I gave him a pen. 我给他一支笔。 6. all day 整天 7. salty adj. 咸的 salt n. 盐 8. by mistake 错误地 如: I took the umbrella by mistake. 我不小心拿错了雨伞。

9. make sb./sth. +形容词 使…怎么样 It made me happy. 它使我高兴 make sb./sth. +动词 让…做… It made me laugh. 它让我发笑 10. by accident 意外 偶然 I met her by accident at bus stop. 我在公共汽车站意外地见到了她。 11. not…until… 直到…才做… 如: I didn’t go to bed until I finished my work. 我直到完成我的工作才去睡觉。 12. according to +名词 根据… 如: according to an legend 根据一个神话 according to this article 根据这篇文章 13. over an open fire

14. leaf n. 叶子 复数形式 leaves 15. nearby adj. 附近的 如: the nearby river 16. fall into 落入 掉进 如:The leaf fell into the river. 叶子落入了河里。 fall down 摔倒 如:She fell down from her bike. 她从她自行车摔倒了。 17. quite 非常 adv. 与冠词a连用时,冠词a必须放在它的 后面 如: quite a beautiful girl 一个相当漂亮的女孩 very 非常 adv. 与冠词a连用时,冠词a必须放在它的前面 如: a very beautiful girl 一个非常漂亮女孩 注:当不与冠词a 连用时,两者可以互用 如: I am very happy.=== I am quite happy. 我非常高兴。

18. in the way 这样 19. pleased adj. 高兴的 pleasant adj.令人高兴的;令人愉快的 please v. 使高兴; 使同意 20. battery-operated adj. 电池控制的 21. in the sixth century 在第6世纪 22. travel around 周游 23. more than =over 超过 如: more than 300 = over

300 超过300 24. including prep. 包括 (可以与名词和动名词连用) 如: Six people, including a baby, were hurt. 6个人包括一个小孩受伤了

25. have been played 被上演 (是现在完成时的被动语态) 现在完成时的被动语态的结构: have /has been +过去分词 26. be born 出生 He was born in Canada. 他在加拿大出生 27. safety n. 安全 safe adj. 安全的 28. knock into 撞上(某人) 29. divide sth. into … 将…划分成.. 通常指将一个整体分成几个对应相对的部分 如: Let’s divide ourselves into 4 groups. 让我们把我们自己划成4组。 30. since then 自从那以后 (常与完成时 态连用) 如: Since then, I have left Beijing. 自从那以后,我已经离开了北京。

用所给词的适当形式填空。 had gone 1. By the time we got home, my mother _____ (go) out for a walk. come (come) into 2. When did _____ your classmate _____ his class this morning? 3. His father was ill. He had to stay _____ (stay) at home today. Have you ever seen 4. _____ _____ (see) that man over there, Alice? to close(close) the windows when 5. Don’t forget _____ you leave your room.

to marry 6. The young man asked the girl _____ (marry) him. 7. It was _____ (be) so hard that we couldn’t see the way to our school clearly. spoken 8. English is _____(speak) in the world widely. become(become) a good scientist 9. The boy might _____ in the future. 10. Last night he went to bed later, so he looks exhausted _____ (exhaust) today.

1. 过去完成时 (1) 构成:由助动词had + 过去分词 构成 否定式:had not + 过去分词 缩写形式:hadn’t (2) 用法 过去完成时表示在过去某一时间或动作之前已 经发生或完成了的动作。 (3) 它所表示的时间是“过去的过去”。 ①表示过去某一时间可用by, before 等构成的短语来表示 ②也可以用when, before, after 等引导的时间状语从句来 表示 ③还可以通过状语从句或通过上下文暗示。 When I got there, you had already eaten you meal. 当我到达那里时,你已经开始吃了。 By the time he got here, the bus had left. 到他到达这里时,汽车已经离开了

2. by the time 直到…时候 指从过去某一点到从句所示的时间为止的一段时间 如:By the time we got to his house, he had finished supper. 在我们到达他就已经吃完了晚饭。 3. 英语中表示“把某物遗忘在某处”常用 leave + 地 点 而不是forget+地点 如:Unluckily, I left my book at home . 不幸的是,我把书忘在家里了。

4. close v. 关 adv. 接近地 靠近地
5. come out 出来

closed adj. 关的

6. on time 按时;准时 in time 及时 7. luckily adv. 幸运地 lucky adj. 幸运的 luck n. 好运 8. give sb. a ride 让某搭便车 如: He often gives me a ride to school. 他经常让我搭便车去学校。 9.only just 刚刚好、恰好 10. go off (闹钟)闹响 The alarm went off just now. 刚才警钟响了

。 11. break down 坏掉 12. fool n. 傻子 呆子 v. 愚弄 欺骗 如: He is a fool. 他是一个呆子。 We can’t fool our teach. 我们不能欺骗我们的教师。

13. show up 出现 出席 She didn’t show up last night. 昨晚她没有出现 14. invite sb. to do sth. 邀请某人做某做事 如: My friend invited me to watch TV. 我的朋友邀请我看电视。 15. set off 激起 出发 set up 建立 16. ①so … that 如此…以致于 引导结果状语从句,so后面接形容词、副词. 如: She was so sad that she couldn ’t say a word. 她悲伤得一句话也说不出来。(结果状语从句) ②so that作“为了”时,引导目的状语从句,从句常出现 情态动词,作结果状语从句时,从句中一般不用情态 动词 。 如:She got up early so that she could catch the bus. 为了能赶上车,她起得很早。(目的状语从句)

17. flee from 从…逃跑 避开 如:They fled from their home. 他们从他们的家里逃了出来。 18. thrill v . (使)非常激动,(使)非常紧张 thrilled adj. (指某人感到)激动的或感到紧张的 thrilling adj.( 指某事物)令人心情激动的 19. get married 结婚 20. convince v. 使信服 convincing adj. 令人信服的 21. land v. 着落 22. be late for 迟到 23. a piece of 一片/块/张 如: a piece of paper/ bread 一张纸/ 一块面包

单项选择。 1. The room _____ I live _____ is very large. C A. which, / B. that, / C. which, in D. where, in A saved the baby’s life. 2. This is the doctor _____ A. who B. whom C. whose D. which C 3. The film reminded him _____ what he had seen in American. A. to B. in C. of D. for C 4. What animal do you like ______, a dog, a cat or a pig? A. well B. better C. best D. very D 5. He traveled all over the world _____ he had a manmade leg. A. if B. as C. because D. though

C 6. Not only I but also Tom and Jack _____ interested in English because it _____ useful. A. is, is B. is, are C. are, is D. are, are B 7. I can’t go _____ because I have to go home at once. A. else anywhere B. anywhere else C. else nowhere D. somewhere else D 8. Why does this woman decided _____ these places? A. not go B. doesn’t go C. not going D. not to go A 9. Would you please help me _____ the picture on the wall? A. put up B. put on C. put into D. put off C 10. Excuse me, could you _____ me your new dictionary? A. borrow B. keep C. lend D. take

A boy, so he can’t go to the park by himself. 11. He is a _____ A. six-year-old B. six year old B. C. six-years-old D. six years old A 12. We have never seen _____ good a car _____ this. A. as, as B. so, as C. such, that D. so, that C 13. _____ of them is a farm worker. A. Both B. All C. Neither D. Some D 14. It _____ us five hours to work out the problem. A. cost B. spent C. paid D. took A before we forget them. 15. Let’s write them _____ A. down B. on C. to D. with


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