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鲁教版五四制七年级下Unit 5 单元复习课

发布时间:2014-01-19 17:05:12  

Unit 5 When was he born?
单元复习课

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Ⅰ. 词汇拓展 1. bear(v. ) →_____ (过去分词)出生;出世

2. nation (n. )
3. golf (n. ) 4. love(v. ) 5. create(v. ) 6. usual(adj. )

→ _____ (adj. )国家的;全国的;民族的
→ _____ (n. )高尔夫球运动员 → _____ (adj. )慈爱的 → _____ (adj. )有创造力的 → _____ (反义词)不寻常的

答案: 1. born
5. creative

2. national

3. golfer 4. loving

6. unusual

7. violin(n. )
8. piano(n. ) 9. famous(adj. )

→ _____ (n. )小提琴手
→ _____ (n. )钢琴手 → _____ (同义词)有名的; 出名的;众 所周知的

10. can (modal. v. ) 11. live(v. ) 答案: 7. violinist 10. could

→ _____ (过去式)可以;能;可能 → _____ (adj. )活着的 8. pianist 9. well-known

11. alive

1 开始打嗝 2 停止打喷嚏 3 太。。。以致不能 4 打高尔夫球

start hiccupping stop sneezing

too… to…
play golf play the accordion Achievement first perform a Brazilian soccer player a talented gymnast

5 拉手风琴
6 成就

7 第一次演出
8 一名巴西足球运动员 9 一个有天赋的体操运动员

10 成为一名杰出的演员

become an outstanding actor

11 一个不同寻常的小提琴手

an unusual violist play for the national team

12 为国家队效力
13 金牌 14 一个慈爱的祖父 15 外孙,孙子 16 在溜冰的比赛中 17 得冠军/获一等奖 18 参观美国

gold medal
a loving grandfather grandson in/ at the skating competition won champion /first prize Tour the U.S. break world record a creative person

19 打破世界纪录
20 一个有创造力的人

21 22 23 24

一位有名的国际钢琴家 哼歌 几首曲子 参加在波兰的唱歌比赛

A well known international pianist hum songs some pieces of music take part in the singing competition in poland

25
26

因为背痛
大学

because of sore back
University

27
28 29 30

主修管理学
你什么出生的 我出生在5月1日的早上 他有打嗝的世界纪录

major in management
When were you born? I was born on the morning of May first He has the hiccupping world record.

31

有志不在年高

You are never too young to start doing things. For example She started writing music when she was four/at

32

例如

33-34 她四岁时开始作曲

the age of four.
35 你几岁开始学英语?

How old were you when you started leaning English?

36 37 38 39

一个名叫Tiger Woods 的高尔 A golfer called Tiger Woods. 夫球手 他的空闲时光与外孙一起度过 他每天花一个小时学英语 在七十年历史上

He spent all his free time with his grandson He spends one hour learning English. In the 70-year history

40 他还活着吗?

Is he alive?

核心考点:两词两语两搭配 两类词汇:spend与cost, pay, take的用法辨析; how long 两个短语:take part in, stop doing sth. 两个搭配:be born in/on/at, too. . . to. . .

1. (2012· 枣庄中考) _____ did he hiccup? He hiccupped fo

r 69 years. A. How often C. When B. How long D. How soon

【解析】选B。考查疑问词辨析。how often “多久一次”,提 问频率;how long“多久,多长时间”,提问时间段; when“什 么时候”,提问时间; how soon“多久之后”,提问将来时间。 由for 69 years可知,就时间段提问,故选B。

2. (2011· 山东中考)Liu Xiang was born in Shanghai ____ 1983.

A. in

B. at

C. on

D. to

【解析】选A。考查介词的用法。在月份、季节、年份前用介

词in,但具体到某年某月某日则用on。故选A。

1. be born in/on/at 出生于?? ◆She was born in 1973. 她出生于1973年。 ◆Tom was born on June 3rd, 2000. 汤姆出生于2000年6月3日。 ◆The twins were born at 11:00 pm last night. 这对双胞胎是昨晚11:00出生的。

【探究总结】 in/on/at的用法辨析

in on

【学以致用】用in/on/at填空

①My mother often gets up _____ 5:30 am.
②Children’s Day comes _____ June 1st.

③There are 28 or 29 days _____ February.
答案:①at ②on ③in

3. (2012· 广安中考)—Dad, why should I stop _____ computer
games? —For your health, my boy. A. to play B. playing C. play

【解析】选B。由For your health“为了你的健康”可推知是不 要玩电脑游戏了,故答案选B项。stop doing sth. 停止做某事。

【探究总结】 stop doing sth. 与stop to do sth. 的用法比较 (1)stop doing _____ sth. 意为“停止做某事”,即停止正在做的事情; to do sth. 意为“停下来去做某事”,即停下正在做的 (2)stop _____ 事去做另外一件事。

【学以致用】

①When the teacher came into the classroom, the students
stopped _____ (talk). ②I met a friend of mine and I stopped _____ (talk)with him. 答案:①talking ②to talk

4. (2011· 陕西中考)Anyone who sings well can _____ the activity in our school. A. take part in B. take off

C. take out

D. take care of

【解析】选A。考查take 的短语辨析。take part in 参加;take

off 脱下, (飞机)起飞;take out 拿出来;take care of 照顾。句意:
任何唱得好的人都可以参加我们学校的这项活动。故选A。

【探究总结】 take part in 与join 的用法辨析 take part in 意为“参加某项运动、比赛、活动”; (1) ___________ join 意为“加入;参加”,指加入某一团体或组织。 (2)____

【学以致用】 Mr. Wang _____ the Communist Party of China in 2000. He likes to _____ different kinds of activities to help others. A. joined; join B. took part in; take part in

C. joined; take part in

D. took part in; join

5. (2011· 宁夏中考)You are _____ young to understand it.

A. too

B. very

C. much

D. so

【解析】选A 。考查副词用法。very很,非常;much很;so如

此,这么,那么。too太??,可以和to搭配,构成too. . . to. . .
句式,是固定用法,意为“太??而不能??”。故选A。


探究总结】 too. . . to. . . 的用法 (1)too. . . to. . . 意为“太??以致不能??”。其中too是副词, 用来修饰形容词或副词;to为动词不定式符号,后跟动词原形, 表示否定含义。 (2)在too. . . to. . . 结构中,如果要说出动词不定式的逻辑主语, 可以用“too+形容词/副词+for sb. to do sth. ”结构。 (3)too. . . to. . . 可以与so. . . that. . . (如此??以至于??)或 “not+adj. +enough to. . . ”句型相互转换。

◆The room is too small to live in.
=The room isn’t big enough to live in. 这房间太小,不能住。

【学以致用】
①She is _____ short to play basketball. A. to B. too C. so D. very

②The boy is too young to ride a bike. (改为同义句) The boy _____ old _____ to ride a bike. The boy is _____ young _____ he can’t ride a bike. 答案:isn’t; enough; so; that

6. (2011· 福州中考)—I _____ 5, 000 yuan on this iPhone.

—Wow, so much! I can’t afford it.
A. spent B. paid C. cost

【解析】选A。考查spend, pay和cost的用法。人+ spend. . . on
sth. /(in)doing sth. “某人在(做)某事上花费??”;人+ pay for

“为??付钱”;物 + cost. . . “某物花费??”。句意:—— 我
在这个 iPhone上花费了5,000元。——哇,这么多啊!我买不 起它。故选A。

【探究总结】 spend/pay/cost/take的用法辨析 ① + spend + / +on sth. /(in) doing sth.



+pay+
+

+for sth.

③sth. +cost+

④It takes+

+

+to do sth.

【学以致用】
①—Your house is so beautiful. It must be expensive. —Not at all. I only _____¥150, 000 on it. A. cost B. spent C. paid D. took

②游历美国花了他四年时间。 _____ _____ him four years _____ _____ the U. S. . 答案:It took; to tour

1. become v. 成为;变成

note

◆When did she become a movie star?
她什么时候成为电影明星的?

◆Tony becomes interested in Chinese.
托尼变得对汉语感兴趣了。

【探究总结】 become 的用法
(1)become 意为“成为;变成”,后常跟名词,表示身份的变

化。
(2)become意为“变得”,后跟形容词作表语。

【学以致用】 ①张浩长大了想当老师。

Zhang Hao wants _____ _____ a teacher when he grows up.
②We all became _____ when we got the news.

A. excite
C. excited

B. exciting
D. to excite

答案:to become/to be

note
2. call v. 把??叫做;称呼;为??取名 ◆It was a comedy called. . . 它是一部叫??的喜剧。 ◆People called the boy Gazi. 人们称呼那个男孩为嘎子。 ◆Please call Allan at 88290016. 请拨打88290016给艾伦打电话。

【探究总结】 call的用法 (1)call 作动词,意为“把??叫做;称呼;为??取名”时, 后常跟复合宾语,即call sb. /sth. . . . 。 (2)call作动词,意为“打电话给??”时,常用“call sb. up”或

“call sb. at +号码”。
(3)过去分词短语“called+名词

”常用作后置定语。

【学以致用】
①人们称呼广州为花城。 People _____ Guangzhou Flower City. ②The girl _____ Linda is Tom’s sister. A. call 答案:call B. calls C. is called D. called

3. see sb. do sth. 看见某人做某事

◆I saw her play when I was eight.
我八岁时看到过她拉(小提琴)。

note

◆When I went to bed, I saw her doing her homework. 在我去
睡觉时,我看到她在做作业。 【探究总结】 see 的用法 see后既可以跟不带to的不定式作宾语补足语,也可以跟动词的 -ing 形式作宾语补足语,但意义不同。前者表示看见某人做了 ____

某事或看到某人经常做某事,而后者强调看见某人正在做某事。

【学以致用】 ①Tina loves books. We often see her _____ books. A. read C. reads B. to read D. reading

②老师进来时,看到有些学生在睡觉。 When the teacher came in, she _____ some students _____. 答案:saw; sleeping

4. because of因为;由于 ◆He stopped playing soccer because of his sore back. =He stopped playing soccer because he had a sore back. 由于背 痛,他停止了踢足球。 【探究总结】 because /because of 的用法辨析 because of 是介词短语, 后接名词(短语)、代词或动名词。 (1) _________ because 是连词,引导原因状语从句。 (2)_______

【学以致用】 He arrived late _____ getting up late. A. because C. if B. because of D. until

5. alive adj. 活着的;在世的 ◆Is he alive? 他还活着吗? ◆All the students like Mr. Green because he always makes his class lively. 所有学生都喜欢格林先生,因为他的课总是生动活泼。

【探究总结】 alive/living/lively的用法辨析

【学以致用】 His father died last year but his mother is still _____. A. live B. lives C. alive D. lively

本单元以“名人”为话题,谈论名人的职业、生活经历、

成就等内容。通过本单元的学习我们应能够写一篇介绍名人、
自己或周围的人的生活经历的短文。而有关人物介绍的话题也 一直是单元测试和历年各地中考最常考的话题作文之一。

【习作练习】 根据下面信息提示写一篇不少于80个词的文章,简要介绍 一下居里夫人。

______________________________________________________

______________________________________________________
______________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________

【思路点拨】
(1)该篇作文是介绍名人居里夫人的出生、成长经历以及取 得的成就的,因此确定使用一般过去时。在具体写作过程中要 注意以人物成长的时间顺序来介绍,从整体到细节,并且要特 别注意动词的时态。

(2)单元实用短语、句型储备
She was born in. . .

win the prize for
It is+形容词+for sb. to do sth.

【佳作鉴赏】
I like Maria Curie best. She was a world-famous woman

scientis

t. She was born in Poland in 1867 and died in 1934.
When she was a child, she loved to study and wanted to become a scientist. She finished middle school at the age of 16. At the age of 24, she entered Paris University. She worked hard all her life. She won the Nobel Prizes for

physics in 1903 and for chemistry in 1911.
It is not easy for a woman to win the Nobel Prize. So Maria Curie will always be remembered as a great woman.


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