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反问疑问句

发布时间:2014-01-27 12:43:31  

反问疑问句

? 1 、 Sally's never seen a play in the Shanghai Grand Theatre,______? ? A.hasn't she B.has she ? C.isn't she D.is she

? 2、He must be helping the old man to water the flowers,______? ? A.is he B.isn't he ? C.must he D.mustn't he

? 3. we forgot to bring our tickets, but please let us enter,____? ? A do you B can you C will you D shall we ? 4 、 You and I could hardly work together,______? ? A.could you B.couldn't I ? C.couldn't we D.could we

? 6、It's the first time that he has been to Australia,______? ? A.isn't he B.hasn't he ? C.isn't it D.hasn't it



简单句式

结构中反意疑问句的
运用

1. 当陈述句部分有hardly, seldom, few, little, no, no one, nobody, never, nowhere等否定词 或半否定词时, 反意疑问句部分要用肯定形式。

His sister seldom argues with people, does she?
但 如果陈述句部分是含有带否定前缀或后缀的 词(impossible, unhappy, unfit, dislike, …)时, 反意 疑问句部分仍用否定结构。

It is impossible for him to make such a mistake, isn’t it?

?二 祈使句 ?结构中反意疑问句 的运用

1.祈使句的肯定形式,其反意问句表示“请 求”时,通常用will you;或won’t you。 ? Be sure to write to us, will you/won't you? ? ? Come to have dinner with us this evening, won’t you/will you?

2.祈使句的否定形式,其反意疑问句通常只 用will you构成。

? Don’t smoke in the meeting room, ? will you? will you ? ? Don’t be late again,

3.变异祈使句,即句首为一呼语,反意疑 问句部分要用will you构成。 Mike, take all these tables out of the next room, will you?

4. 祈使句构成反意疑问句时, 以Let开头的
祈使句除了Let’s, 疑问部分用shall we之外,

其余一律用will you, 在这里并非表示疑问,
而是进一步叮咛嘱托。如: Let’s go to see the film together, shall we? Let us go to see the film together, will you?

? 三 并列句/复合句

? 结构中反意疑问句的 ? 运用

1. 一般情况下,主从复合句中, 反意疑
问句应与主句中的主语和动词保持一致。

This is the second time that he has been to Japan, isn’t it?

He said no one could match him in playing chess, didn’t he?

2. 在宾语从句中, 如果陈述句部分是“I think (believe, suppose, imagine, expect等)+宾语从 句”, 反意疑问句部分应与宾语从句的主谓保 持一致, 并要注意否定转移。(即I don’t think/suppose/believe /imagine 引导的宾语从句, 这种宾语从句的反意疑问句应与从句的主语, 谓语部分一致,而且用肯定式的提问。)
I don’t think you have heard of him you have have you? before,

注意: 当think等这些动词的主语不是
第一人称, 或主语是第一人称, 而动词时态

不是一般现在时或一般过去时, 这时, 反意
疑问句

要与主句保持一致。 Mary thinks you will come to the party, doesn’t she?

并列句疑问部分,谓语动词根据邻近从句 的谓语而定。

and he didn’t He was a lazy child, and pass the exam, did he?

四 must 的反问疑问句

2、当陈述句部分有情态动词must时,反意疑问部分 有四种情况

? 1)must表示“禁止”时即mustn’t,反意疑问 部分要用must 。 You mustn mustn’ ’tt stop your car here,must you? 2)must表示“必须”时,反意疑问句部分要用 needn’t。 They must finish the work today, needn’t they? 3)当must用来表示“推测”时,意为“一定、必 定” ①对现在的情况进行“推测”时,反意疑问句部 分要用“ isn ’t / arenat ’maths, t / don’t /doesn ’t + 主 be He must good isn ’t he? 语” → He is good at maths

②对过去的情况进行“推测” (must + have done)时(一般句中有过去的时间状语),反意疑问 句部分要用“wasn’t / weren’t / didn’t + 主 语”; She must have read the novel last week,
③对完成的情况进行“推测” (must + have done)

→ She read the novel last week didn’t she?
时(一般没有过去时间状语),反意疑问句部分要 用“haven’t / hasn’t + 主语”。 must have ? You must havetold told her about it, haven ’t you? → You have told her about it

当陈述部分的谓语动词是表示愿望的 I wish时,反意疑问部分要用may I,而且前 后两个部分均用肯定式。 ? I wish I wish to go to the moon by spaceship some day, may I?

对反意疑问句的回答, 无论问题的提法如何, 如果事实是肯定的, 就用yes, 事实是否定的, 就要 用no。

★肯否交叉,二位一致; 不管问题,事实回答
doesn’t he 一He likes playing football,_________? Yes he does. No he doesn’t does /____, 一____, t. 一His sister didn’t attend the did No didn’t Yes meeting,______? 一Yes, she____. /No, she_____. did she


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