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主题阅读1 (2)

发布时间:2014-01-31 14:40:32  

实施分类教学,满足个性化学习需求
1)免修不免考
参考考试名称
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 TOEFL 新TOEFL GRE GMAT WSK(PETS-5) 雅思 硕士研究生入学英语笔试成绩

免修标准
≥ 600分 ≥ 100 分 ≥ 2000 分 ≥ 600 分 合格 ≥ 6.5 分 ≥ 74 分

2013级硕士研究生申请免修英语课程条件

免修申报程序
在校园网上下载申请表格

填写申请,准备证明材料(成绩单)
导师签字 外语教研室主任签字 外语教研室赵教员处登记

研究生培养处备案(李海涛参谋 Tel: 774441)

ESP Course

A Theme English Course for Advanced Medical Students
王庆怡 Office: 522 (Tel: 774478)

分析阅读
分析阅读课的定位是通过分析中等难度的 医学主题英文文章,训练阅读策略,通过 认知、分析、互动、交流,引导学生成为 一个有自我要求的阅读者和文本的主动分 析者,领悟阅读的艺术。

Introduction
Reading analytically Reading makes a full man, conference a ready man, and writing an exact man. 阅读使人充实,交谈使人机敏,写作使人严谨。 Read not to contradict and confute; nor to believe and take for granted; nor to find talk and discourse; but to weigh and consider. 读书不可存心诘难读者,也不可尽信书上所言,亦 不可只为寻章摘句,而应推敲细思。

Introduction
1. Requirements

2. Textbook

Requirements
? to keep the goal in your mind(to improve the communication
skills in English)

? to prepare for class by reading the text ahead of lecture (with the help of comprehension questions) ? to actively get involved in the activities (oral summary,
paraphrasing, translation, group discussion and presentation)

? to practice reading after class (further reading) ? to feel free to give me your comments and suggestions (I really appreciate your kind cooperation.)

Textbook
? Assignments before class
– Quest for definition – Text-based exploration

? A communicative approach to text A
– A text with new words in the margin – Questions for conclusive discussion – Notes

? Further reading ? Follow-up activities
– Vocabulary – Structure

Sources
? ? ? ? ? Science Nature JAMA (美国医学会杂志) The Humanist (人文学者) The Futurist(未来学家)

Pre-reading Tasks

Quest for Definition
? ? ? ? ? the dark ages killed and live attenuated vaccines interdisciplinary health sciences the laboratory and the field

Health sciences
? Health Sciences is a multidisciplinary field. It actively combines bio-medical, psycho-social, organizational and societal aspects of health, disease and health care. In addition, it focuses on the design and evaluation of medicaltechnological, behavioral and organizational interventions as well as the application of that knowledge to improve health and patient centered health care, and to ultimately improve the quality of life.

Unit 1

Reaching out for World Health

Gro Harlem Brundtland

Gro Harlem Brundtland
? A Norwegian Social democratic politician, diplomat, and physician, and an international leader in sustainable development and public health. ? She served three terms as Prime Minister of Norway (1981, 1986–89, 1990–96), and has served as the Director General of the World Health Organization(May.1998-July.2003).

WHO http://www.who.int/en/

? If you were a newly elected director general of an organization, what kind of message would you bring to the public? ? Goal and Working plan

Para.1

? John Snow
was an English physician and a leader in the adoption of anaesthesia(麻醉) and medical hygiene. He is considered to be one of the fathers of modern epidemiology, because of his work in tracing the source of a cholera outbreak

Para.1

? Louis Pasteur
was a French chemist and microbiologist who was one of the most important founders of medical microbiology. He is remembered for his remarkable breakthroughs in the causes and preventions of diseases.

Para.1 ? Robert Koch

was a German physician. He became famous for isolating Bacillus anthracis (1877), the Tuberculosis bacillus (1882) and Vibrio cholerae (1883) 【炭疽杆菌、结核杆菌和霍乱弧菌】 and for his development of Koch‘s postulates (法则).

Review the achievements in world health
? Past: science and scientists ? Recent: conscience and concern of scientists

Analyze the challenges in world health
Victories are often temporary. (We still have challenges.)

Threat from microbial enemies
new defenses & weaponry

Threat from human civilization
transportation technology

new emerging infections

political & economic mismanagement

Propose the strategies to handle challenges
Challenges Research in interdisciplinary way

scientists
developing world potential, passion and perception

policy-makers
perfect timing to address global health needs investment in health Multilateral cooperation to solve the problem on the ground e.g. MIM

Introduce WHO’s working plan
a separate function information-gathering evidence-based policy setting

Healthy people build healthy economy.

Writing techniques
Exemplification
personal experiences anecdotes facts, statistics hypothetical situations

Examples

Message
gainsin Scientists may feel proud of great _________ public health. But there is little reason for complacency because of the existing ____________ challenges WHO will be a leading advocate ____________. interdisciplinary research worldwide in for ______________________ reach out for world health order to _________________________.

Medical Terms
? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? Cholera Plague Polio Malaria Infectious disease Tissue culture Killed and live attenuated vaccines Immunization Epidemic

Academic words
? ? ? ? address approach emphasis specialty

amplify
make the sound louder by using electronic equipment increase the strength and intensity of sth.

? “This is the police,”came

the amplified voice from the helicopter. ? “我们是警察,”直升机上传来扩音器中的声音。 ? 厂商能用大做广告的方法来扩大人们对产品的需求。 ? A manufacturer can amplify the demand of a product by advertising widely.

amplification
Sequencing technology has come a long way since the Human Genome Project, but it still requires DNA to be copied millions of times, a step called amplification, and labeled with fluorescent tags. 测序技术在人类基因组计划后有了长足的进展, 但是它仍然要求DNA经过一项称为“放大”的步 骤,被复制几百万次,然后再用荧光标记。

attenuate
weaken, reduce, lessen, minimize

? My colleagues, we have been sent here to strengthen and defend the rule of law -- not to weaken, not to attenuate it, not to disfigure it ? 风险不可能完全消除,但可以通过防范和培 训来降低。 ? You could never eliminate risk, but preparation and training could attenuate it.

eradicate
to eradicate smallpox throughout the world 在全世界消灭天花 to eradicate a spot 擦掉污渍 to eradicate weeds 拔除杂草

? 他们已经在为根除疟疾、艾滋病等疾病而斗 争。 ? They are already battling to eradicate diseases such as malaria and AIDS.

address

deal with attend to approach

? Mr. King sought to address those fears when he spoke at the meeting... ? He is due to address a conference on human rights next week. ? 他下星期将在一个大会上发表关于人权的 演说。

underwrite
? The government will have to create a special agency to underwrite small business loans... If an institution or company underwrites an ? 政府需要设立专门机构来为小企业贷款作担保。 activity or underwrites the cost of it, they agree
provide any money that isthese needed to cover ? to Public institutions will survive cutbacks because state will continue to underwrite losses or buymonies special equipment, often for an operating expenses. agreed fee。 ? 公立院校将渡过这种削减的困难,因为州财政将 同意继续承担办学费用。

be adept at
? 他们还需要擅长与IT部门之外的同事合作。
Translation

They also need to be adept at collaborating with colleagues outside of IT.

facilitate
? Synonyms: promote, boost

In doing so, they facilitate the integration of various resources across multiple organizations.
Translation

通过做这些,他们可以促进跨部门间不同资 源的整合

Functional expressions
? ? ? ? ? A is due principally to B. A has led to B. It is essential that … This is a call for sb. to do sth. This is especially true to do sth.

This is a call for…
? This is a call for many patriotic men from different areas to fight together for our country. ? This is a call for we human beings to fight against pollution. ? This is a call for our students to devote themselves to world health.

This is especial

ly true when…
? This is especially true when the competition among every countries become fiercer. ? This is especially true when you are faced with difficulties, thinking there isn’t any ways to solve it.

? P.20 ? P.21 ? P.24

Vocabulary (1-36) Structure (1-5) Integration (Text B)

? Text C Scientist Citizens

vocabulary
1. The entire history of humankind 2. Due principally to 3. To rescue civilization from 4. The dread shadow of diseases 5. The conscience and concern of scientists 6. Driving forces 7. To advance health 8. The amplification of the virus 9. Tissue culture 10.Killed and live attenuated vaccine

vocabulary
11.National immunization day 12.Monitoring methods 13.Worldwide eradication of polio 14.Little reason for complacency 15.Microbial enemies 16.Temporary victories 17.Adept at developing new defenses 18.To facilitate the spread of epidemics 19.Political and economic mismanagement 20.The deprivation of population

vocabulary
21.To address the largest disease burden 22.Major scourges such as malaria and AIDS 23.In an interdisciplinary way 24.Talented young scientists 25.Underwrite their mission 26.Stunning pace of change 27.Potential, passion and perception of scientists 28.Need to be tapped 29.To address global health needs 30.Make deliberate use of it

vocabulary
31.To bear in mind that 32.Strategically placed on 33.The scientific underpinning of policy 34.Evidence-based policy 35.Policy setting 36.To bear on the well-being of people

? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?

Due principally to To bear on the well-being of people Underwrite their mission In an interdisciplinary way Worldwide eradication of polio The conscience and concern of scientists To address global health needs To bear in mind that Make deliberate use of it To facilitate the spread of epidemics

TEST


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