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第四单元基础知识

发布时间:2014-04-17 14:19:53  

思致超越 知行合一

7B U4

词组

Follow me

Go down/go up

Don’t be afraid

Sp is north of sp

Far away from

Three kilometers away

Go straight on

Lie down

Walk along the road

To the north of

King of the animal world

Make beautiful sounds

Jump around

Make people laugh

Cross the bridge

Here you can see all kinds of animals

Have a nice trip

All day long

Never go near them

how cute

stand over there

go across the bridge/cross the bridge

take the second turning on the right/turn right at the second crossing

how do you get there

at the corner of the street

Page 1 of 6 让每一个学生超越老师!

思致超越 知行合一

Unit 4 Finding your way

课堂知识点拨

1. Are you sure, Hobo?

练习 a.我们很有把握在10点以前到家。 We ______ ________ _____ get home _________ 10:00.

b.你对这场比赛有把握吗? _______ you _________ ______/_________ the match?

c.我确信他会帮助我。I _____ ______ that he _______ _________ me.

2. I think we have to go up again.

解析 have to ---不得不,必须,后接动词原形,其单三形式是:has to ---不得不,必须

练习 a.外面下雨了,我不得不待在家里。It’s _________ outside. I ______ _____ ________ at home.

b.他妈妈病了。他不得不去照顾她。His mother is ______/ ______. He _____ ___ ________ ________ her.

辨析 have to ---不得不,必须, 受外界客观情况所迫,有时态,人称和数的变化, 否定式为don’t have to---不必

must ---必须, 强调主观条件,常用于现在时,没有人称和数的变化, 否定式为mustn’t ---千万不要,禁止

比较 a.I can’t play with you. I have to do my homework first.

b.I must learn English well because I find it’s very useful.

3. Don’t be afraid.

解析 afraid --- 害怕的 注意 afraid是个形容词,所以不能直接跟在don’t后面

练习 a.下次别再迟到了。Don’t ____ ________again_______ ______.

b.别那么高兴。Don’t ____ so __________.

4. Is it far away from our school? No. It’s north of school, about three kilometers away.

解析1 far away from sp. --- 离某地远 拓展 near to sp. --- 离某地近

练习 a. 我在离这儿很远的一个镇上工作。 I work in a ______ _______ _______ ________ here.

b. 我家离学校很近。My home ______ ________ ______ my school.

解析2 north --- 北方 链接 南方---________ 东方---________ 西方---________

be + 方向名词 + of … --- 某地在另一地点的….方向

拓展 英语中东南,东北,西南和西北的表达是:south-east, ___________, south-west, ____________

方向名词加后缀ern则变为形容词: 西方的---western 北方的---northern南方的---southern

练习 a. 日本在中国的东部。Japan _______ _________ ______ China.

b. 阳光中学在动物园的西北部。Sunshine Middle _________ is _________ _____ the zoo. 常用结构 (1)be sure to do sth. --- 有把握去做某事 (2)be sure of/ about sth. --- 对某事有把握

Part 2 (P44 -46)

课堂知识点拨

1. Go straight on, and you’ll find the Panda House.

解析 此句是固定结构,其句式是:祈使句,+ 连词 + 简单句 = If + 条件句,+简单句

练习 a.努力学习,你将来就能上大学。 _______ ________, and you’ll ____ ____ ___________ in the future.

= _______ you _______ _______, you’ll _____ _____ _________ in the future.

b.快点,否则(or)你会上课迟到的。 _________ ______, ____ you’ll _____ ________ ______ class.

= ______ you _______ _________ _____, you’ll _____ ________ ______ class.

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思致超越 知行合一

2. Have a nice trip!

解析 此句表示对将去游玩的人表示祝福。类似结构有:Have a good / nice / wonderful time. --- 祝玩得开心!

体会 --- I’m going to Sanya for the holiday with my parents. --- Oh, really? Have a nice trip!

2. I like to hear birds singing.

解析 hear sb. doing sth. --- 听见某人正在做某事

链接 hear sb. do sth. --- 听见某人做了某事(听到整个过程)

练习 a.我能听见他正在隔壁房间里唱歌。I can _______ _______ __________ in the next room.

b.你听到有人在敲门吗。Can you ________ someone ________ at the door ?

c.他经常听见Jim读英语。He often _______ Jim ________ English.

体会 a.我看到他正在过(cross)马路。I _____ him __________ the road.

b.我看到他过了马路。I _____ him _________ the road.

Part 3 (P47-48)

语法知识点拨一

冠词分为___________和_____________。不定冠词_____和______常用来_________________________________;

定冠词_____常用来_________________________________________。

我们在__________提到某人或某物时,如果是可数名词单数常在其前加不定冠词_____和______;

我们在谈到________提到的某人或某物,或_______某人或某物时,常在其前加定冠词________。

一般在球类运动前不加冠词,在乐器名称前必须加定冠词the

注意 不定冠词a用于以________________开头的单数可数名词前,而an用于以______________单数可数名词前。 切记 元音音素不等同于元音字母!!!

练习 ____”s”, ____ “r”,____ “u”,____ “y”,____ “h”,_____ hero, ____hour, ____orange, ___apple, ____egg, 踢足球_______________打排球________________弹钢琴___________________拉小提琴____________________

语法知识点拨二(认真读P48的句子注意方位介词的意思,然后完成下面的练习)

写出下面介词的对应词 1.in front of →_________ 2.inside →__________ 3.above →_________ 4.over →_______

写出下面介词的同义词 1.next to →_________ 2.inside →_________

翻译下面的介词短语1.in the wall →____________ 2.on the wall →_____________ 3.on the plate →____________

4.in the sky →____________ 5.in the tree →______________ 6.on the tree →

_____________

课堂知识点拨

1. How cute!

解析 这是一个感叹句的省略句;感叹句的具体结构有以下三种:(1)What+a/an +形容词+单数名词(+主语+谓语)!

(2) What+形容词+不可数名词/复数名词(+主语+谓语)! (3) How +形容词/副词(+主语+谓语)!

练习 a.What a beautiful picture it is! 译:____________________________

b.她们是多么聪明的女孩啊! ________ clever ________ they are!

c.她学习多么努力啊!______ hard(努力地) she studies! d. 他跑得多么快啊!______ ______ he _______!

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思致超越 知行合一

2. On the left, a bird is singing in one tree. 译:_________________________________

解析 on one tree---在一棵树上,指物体长在树上,如枝,叶,果实等长在树上。

辨析 in the tree---在一棵树上,单纯指物体在树上,而不是长在树上,如风筝,鸟儿落到树上。

练习 a.树上长着一些大苹果。There are some big apples ______the tree.

b.树上面有一只鸟。There is a bird ______the tree.

Part 4 (P49-50)

Ⅲ. 翻译下面各句

1.Walk past the house, turn left and walk along the path next to the river.

2.Walk along the path, and you’ll see a house on your left.

3.When you’re at the big tree, turn left and walk to the bridge.

4.Cross the bridge, turn right and walk straight on.

5.The treasure is under the ground in front of the third tree on the left.

6.Take the second turning on the right.

课堂知识点拨

1. When you’re at the big tree, turn left and walk to the bridge.

解析 when --- 当…时候(连词),在句子中引导时间状语从句 注意 when引导的时间从句中一般现在表将来 练习 a.当夜幕降临的时候,孩子们就会拜访各家并和里面的人做游戏。

______ the night _______, children will ________ houses and _______ _______ ______ the people inside.

b.当我将来老了的时候,我打算写一本书。_____ I ____ _____ in the future, I’m ______ ____ ______ a book. c.明天当你进到教室里的时候,请先把窗户打开。

_______ you _______ _______ the classroom ___________, please ________ the windows _________.

2. Take the second turning on the right. 译:______________________________________

解析 turning --- 转弯处 crossing --- 十字路口 链接 turn --- 转弯(动词)

Take the+序数词+turning on the left/ right. = Turn left/ right at the +序数词+turning. ---在第…个转弯处向左或向右拐

练习 a. 在第一个拐弯处向左拐。_____ the ______ _______ on the ______.= ______ ______ at the ______ _______. b. 在第三个拐弯处向右拐。_____ the ______ _______ on the ______.= ______ ______ at the ______ _______.

3. How do I get there? 译:________________________________________________

解析1 how --- 怎样(提问做事的方式) 链接 how还可以提问身体状况

练习 a. He goes to school on foot. (对划线部分提问) ______ _____ he _____ to school? b. He is fine. (对划线部分提问) ______ _____ he ?

解析2 get to + 地点名词 --- 到达某地 注意 get to后面跟here, there, home等地点副词时省略to

链接到达 arrive --- 到达(不及物动词) arrive in + 地点(大) arrive in + 地点(小)

练习 a.他经常在早上七点到校。He often ______ ____ /________ ____ school at seven o’clock in the morning. b.我们经常步行到那里。We often ______ / ________ there _____ ________.

c.Tom将在下周末到达中国。Tom will ______ ___ /________ ___ China _______ ________.

d.我的新邻居将于今天下午到达新乡。My new _______ will ____ ___ / ______ ___Xinxiang _____ afternoon. e.习主席将于三天后到达俄罗斯访问。Chairman Xi will ______ ____ /_________ ___Russia in three days.

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思致超越 知行合一

4. Cross the bridge, turn right and walk straight on.

解析 cross --- 横穿(动词) crossing --- 交叉路口(名词)

straight --- 径直地(副词) on --- 向前移动,进行下去 (副词)

练习 a. 过了这条河,你就能到达城市花园。________ the _________, you can ________ _____ City Garden.

b. 一直往前走,你就会看到城市花园。_______ _________ _____, you will ________ City Garden.

c. 走到交叉路口,你就会发现一个花园。________ _____ the __________, you’ll _______ a _________.

5. Which way should I go at the traffic lights?

解析 which --- 哪一个/哪一些(疑问代词) should --- 应该(情态动词) traffic --- 交通 light --- 灯

练习 a. I don’t know which schoolbag I should take? b. The blue one is my favourite. (划线提问) _______ ______ ______ _______ favourite?

c. 他应该在七点半到那儿。He ________ _______ there _____ ______ ______ seven. d. They should take No. 31 Bus there.

(变为否定句) They _________ ________ No. 31 Bus there.

(划线提问) ________ _______ _________ they _________ there?

Part 5 (P51 -53)

课堂知识点拨

1. I would like to invite you to the party.

解析 invite sb. to sp.--- 邀请某人去某地 链接 邀请某人去做某事 ---

练习 a. 我想邀请朋友们周末来我家。 I’d like _____ _________ my friends ______ my home at the weekend. b. Daniel经常邀请我看电影。Daniel always __________ me _____ _________ __________.

2. We will also play some games.

解析 also --- 也,用于肯定句中,比较正式,常位于be动词、助动词和情态动词之后,行为动词之前

练习 a.她是一名英语老师,我也是一名英语老师。She is ____ English teacher, I ____ ______ ____ English teacher.

b.他会讲汉语,我也会说汉语。 He can ________ ________, and I can _______ ________ ________.

c.Lucy喜欢唱歌,Lily也喜欢唱歌。Lucy ______ ________ songs, and Lily _____ ______ ________ songs.

拓展 too --- 也,用于肯定句中,没有also正式,位于句尾,用逗号和句子隔开 either --- 也,用于否定句

句尾

练习 a. My little sister can also play the piano. = My little sister can play the piano, _________. b. I can’t dance. He can’t dance either.

3. Suzy, one of the Class 1, Grade 7 students, is going to invite her friends to her birthday party at home.

解析 one of… --- …中之一,后面所跟的名词必须使用复数形式,但谓语动词则是单数

练习 a.China is one of the strongest(最强的) countries in the world.

b.李雷,一个来自四班的学生,十分擅长数学。

Li Lei , ________ ____ the ___________ from Class 4, _____ ________ _____ Maths.

4. I am looking forward to seeing you at the party.

解析 look forward to doing sth. --- 期望做某事 注意 此处的to为介词

练习 a.他总是期望去远足。He always_______ __________ _____ _______ __________.

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思致超越 知行合一

b.我们期望踢一场足球赛。We _______ __________ ____ _________ a football game.

完形填空

It’s November 6th today. Ben and Lisa want to buy a birthday 16 . It’s their 17 birthday.

“What does ” Ben asks Lisa. “I don’t know.” Lisa answers, “We bought(买)her some chocolates

last time (上次).”

“Yes,” Ben answers, “and we ate (吃) most of them! We mustn’t do that .”

“Let’s buy her a book. She likes 20 .” Lisa says.

“What kind of book would she like?” Ben asks.

“I don’t know.” Lisa says, “Let’s go ask her.”

The children go into the living room. Mrs. Wilson is watching TV.

“We want to buy a bookyou, Mom.” Lisa says.

“What book do you want?”

“花费)?” Their mother asks them.

“We have twenty-five dollars.” Ben says.

“Good. That’s enough for the book I want. It is Quick and Easy Cooking.”

The children buy their mother the book for her birthday. They 24 her present this time, but they often

eat the food she cooks 25 it. They are very happy.

( )16.A.book B.cake C.cards D.present

( )17.A.Ben B.Lisa’s C.mother D.mother’s

( )18.A.need B.needs C.to need D.needing

( )19.A.before B.ago C.again D.after

( )20.A.read B.is reading C.to read D.reading

( )21.A.or B.and C.so D.but

( )22.A.to B.on C.about D.for

( )23.A.How much B.How often C.How many D.What

( )24.A.not eat B.eat C.don’t eat D.eats

( )25.A.from B.about C.with D.for

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