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定语从句公开课课件

发布时间:2013-10-29 10:46:01  

This is our school, where we live and study every day.

一. 定语的基本定义
定语:修饰﹑限制名词或代词的成分。 She is an English teacher.(名词) He is our friend. (代词)

We belong to the third world. (数词)
He was advised to teach the lazy boy a lesson.(形容词)

The man over there is my old friend.(副词) The woman with a baby in her arms is my sister. (介词)

The boys playing football are in classmates. (现在分词) The trees planted last year are growing well now. (过去 分词)
I have an idea to do it well. (不定式) You should do everything that I do. (定语从句)

二. 定语从句的基本定义
在复合句中,修饰主句中某一名词或代词的从句叫 做定语从句。 被定语从句所修饰的词叫先行词,通常位于定语 从句之前。 位于先行词和定语从句之间,用于替代先行词, 它既起连接作用,又充当从句中的一个成分的词 叫关系词。

eg.

The boy who is reading is Tom.
关系代词

先行词

Hospital is a place where a doctor works.
先行词 关系副词

原句回放
1.When I …, I look at some documents that I bring back from the office ... (Page 9)
2.We don’t have the same work hours that office workers in the city have. (Page 15)

原句回放 3.Yang, who was a pilot in the army, was chosen from… (Page 22) 4.They are also both tennis champions who often have to play each other. (Page 26)

原句回放
5. Venus spoke about the time when she and Serena were practising tennis … (Page 26)

三. 关系词的分类
1. 关系代词
常用的关系代词有:that, which, who, whom, whose,as,关系代词在定语从句中作
主语、宾语、表语和定语。

2. 关系副词 常用的关系副词有:when, where, why,关系
副词在定语从句中作状语。

四. 关系代词的基本用法 关系代词 指代的先行词 充当从句的成分 who whom which that whose as 人 人 物、句子 人或物 人或物 句子 主、宾、表 宾、表 主、宾、表 主、宾 定 主、宾、表

用适当的关系代词填空
whose 1.The boy __________ father is a teacher studies hard. who/whom/that/… 2. He is the boy __________ I’m looking for. who/that 3. Do you know the boy _______ studies hard? 4. She got a computer _____ her mother bought that/which/… for her. which 5. Tom has made great progress, _______made us happy.

五. 关系副词when, where和why的用法 关系副词 when where why 指代的先行词 表时间的名词/ 名词词组 表地点的名词/ 名词词组 表原因的名词 充当从句的成分 时间状语 地点状语 原因状语

注意:关系副词=介词+关系代词

用适当的关系副词或介词+关系代词填空

where/in which 1. The room ___________________ he once lived is still there.
(that/which/…) The room ___________________ I have to clean every day belongs to my mother.

when/on which 2. I will never forget the day____________

___ I met you.
(that/which/…) I will never forget the day ______________ we spent together.

why/for which 3. The reason ________________ I don’t know the thing is that I was not there at that time. The reason (that/which/…) I don’t _____________ know is known to him.

定语从句的解题步骤: ?第一找准先行词;

?第二找准定语从句;
?第三看先行词在定语从句中的语法功能 (做什么成分); ?第四选择合适的关系词。

【2011陕西卷】I walked up to the top of the hill with my friend, __________ we enjoyed a splendid view of the lake. A. which B. where C. who D. that
【2012江苏卷】After the flooding, people were suffering in that area,_______ urgently needed clean water,medicine and shelter to survive. A. which B. who C. where D. what

[2013· 山东卷] Finally he reached a lonely island

________ was completely cut off from the outside world. A. when B. where C. which D. whom
[2013· 四川卷]Nowadays people are more

concerned about the environment ________ they live. A. what B. which C. when D. where

【2011湖南卷】Julie was good at German, French and Russian , all of _________ she spoke fluently. A. who B. whom C. which D. that

【2012陕西卷】It is the third time that she has won the race, ______ has surprised us all. A. that B. where C.which D. what

[2013· 福建卷] The book tells stories of the earthquake through the eyes of those ________ lives were affected. A. whose B. that C. who D. which

【2012四川卷】In our class there are 46 students, _____ half wear glasses. A.in whom B. in them C. of whom D. of them

[2013· 江西卷] He wrote a letter ________ he explained what had happened in the accident. A. what B. which C. where D. how
【2012重庆卷】 Sales director is a position ______ communication ability is just as important as sales. A. which B. that C. when D. where

用as、that、what、it 填空

As ①____ is known to all, the moon travels around the earth. that ②It is known to all ____ the moon travels around the earth. ③_____ the moon travels around the earth is That known to all. What ④______is known to all is that the moon travels around the earth.

①When you read the book, you'd better make

a mark in the place where you have any questions. ②When you read the book, you'd better make a mark where you have any questions.
划线部分是:定语从句________; 地点状语从句_______

① A few people were caught in the big fire,
B ____ died.

② A few people were caught in the big fire,
C and____ died. A. two of who C. two of them B. two of whom D. two of they

C 1. ① I still remember the days _____ I worked with the farmers.
A ② I still remember the days _____ I spent with
C. when D. what the farmers. A. which B. on which

A 2. ① We were on the way _____ it began to rain. B ② I don’t like the way _____ you speak to your in which/ ○ parents.
A. when B. that C. how D. which

B 3. ① The teache

r didn’t know the reason ____ she was absent yesterday. C ②The teacher couldn’t accept the reason ____
D. who

she explained yesterday. A. how B. why C. that

D 4. ① Is this school _____ you ever visited? A ② Is this the school _____ you ever studied? B ③ Is this the school in _____ you ever studied? A. where B. which C. that D. the one

5. ① This is ____ he said at the meeting yesterday. C A ② This is all ___ he said at the meeting yesterday. A. that B. which C. what D. how

B 6. ① ____ is reported in the newspapers, they have beaten all the other teams. A ② ____ is reported in the newspaper that they
have beaten all the other teams.

D ③ ___ is reported in the newspaper is that they
have beaten all the other teams. A. It B. As C. Which D. What

7. ① It was such an easy question ____ they could B answer.

② It was such an easy question ____ they could A
C. which D. what

answer it. A. that B. as

C 8. ① That is the house, _____ windows hasn’t been cleaned for months.
been cleaned for months.

D ② That is the house, _____ the windows hasn’t

B ③ That is the house, but _____ windows hasn’t
D. of which

been cleaned for months. A. it’s B. its C. whose

7. ① It was such an easy question ____ they could B answer.

② It was such an easy question ____ they could A
C. which D. what

answer it. A. that B. as

C 8. ① That is the house, _____ windows hasn’t been cleaned for months.
been cleaned for months.

D ② That is the house, _____ the windows hasn’t

B ③ That is the house, but _____ windows hasn’t
D. of which

been cleaned for months. A. it’s B. its C. whose

9. ① John said he’d been working in the office for hours, ____ was true. C ② John said he’d been working in the office for B hours, but _____ is not true. A. he B. it C. which D. who
10. ① A few people were caught in the big fire, ____ died. B ② A few people were caught in the big fire, C ____ dead. A. two of who B. two of whom C. two of them D. two of they

C 11. ① It was 1945 ____ the World War II ended. A ② It was in 1945 ____ the World War II ended. A. that B. which C. when D. at which
D 12. ① Do you know the girl ____ calling herself Miss Forgetful?
Forgetful? A. who B. whom

A ② Do you know the girl ____ calls herself Miss
C. she D. /

13. ① Don’t talk about such things ____ you are C not sure of.

A ② Don’t talk about such things, of ___ you are
B. what C. as D. those

not sure. A. which

14. ① He wrote the best composition, ____ B surprised all of us. read just now. A. that B. which

A ② He wrote the best composition ____ we all
C. it D. in which

注意:

1 关系代词和关系副词在定语从句
中都要充当句子成分。 2 当关系代词充当动词的宾语时可

省略,当关系代词充当介词的宾
语且介词不在关系代词之前的,

关系代词也可省略。


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