Jonesie The Great Lion Hunter
A small village was troubled by a man-eating lion. So its leaders sent a message to the great hunter, Jonesie, to come and kill the beast. For several nights the hunter lay in wait for the lion, but it never appeared. Finally, he told the village chief to kill a cow and give him its hide. Draping the skin over his shoulders, he went to the pasture to wait for the lion. In the middle of the night, the villagers woke to the sound of blood-curdling shrieks coming from the pasture. As they carefully approached, they saw the hunter on the ground, groaning in pain. There was no sign of the lion. "What happened, Jonesie? Where is the lion?" asked the chief. "Forget the damn lion!" he howled. "Which one of you idiots let the bull loose?"
There was once a farmer who had a fine olive（橄榄树） orchard（果园）. He was very hardworking, and the farm always prospered under his care. But he knew that his three sons despised（轻视，看不起） the farm work, and were eager to make wealth, trough adventure.
When the farmer was old, and felt that his time had come to die, he called the three sons to him and said, "My sons, there is a pot of gold hidden in the olive orchard. Dig for it, if you wish it."
The sons tried to get him to tell them in what part of the orchard the gold was hidden; but he would tell them nothing more.
After the farmer was dead, the sons went to work to find the pot of gold; since they did not know where the hiding-place was, they agreed to begin in a line, at one end of the orchard, and to dig until one of them should find the money.
They dug until they had turned up the soil from one end of the orchard to the other, round the tree-roots and between them. But no pot of gold was to be found. It seemed as if someone must have stolen it, or as if the farmer had been wandering（漫游，闲逛）in his wits. The three sons were bitterly disappointed to have all their work for nothing.
The next olive season, the olive trees in the orchard bore more fruit than they had ever given; when it was sold, it gave the sons a whole pot of gold.
And when they saw how much money had come from the orchard, they suddenly understood
what the wise father had meant when he said, "There is gold hidden in the orchard. Dig for it, if you wish it."
A film crew was on location deep in the desert. One day an old Indian went up to the director and said, "Tomorrow rain." The next day it rained. A week later, the Indian went up to the director and said, "Tomorrow storm." The next day there was a hailstorm. "This Indian is incredible," said the director. He told his secretary to hire the Indian to predict the weather. However, after several successful predictions, the old Indian didn't show up for two weeks. Finally the director sent for him. "I have to shoot a big scene tomorrow," said the director, "and I'm depending on you. What will the weather be like?" The Indian shrugged his shoulders. "Don't know," he said. "Radio is broken."
一个电影摄制组在沙漠深处工作.一天,一个印度老人到导演跟前告诉导演说"明天下雨."第二天果然下雨了. 一周后,印度人又来告诉导演说,"明天有风暴."果然,第二天下了雹暴. "印度人真神,"导演说.他告诉秘书雇佣该印度人来预报天气. 几次预报都很成功.然后,接下来的两周,印度人不见了. 最后,导演派人去把他叫来了."我明天必须拍一个很大的场景,"导演说,"这得靠你了.明天天气如何啊?" 印度人耸了耸肩."我不知道,"印度人说,"收音机坏了."
A man was going to the house of some rich person. As he went along the road, he saw a box
of good apples at the side of the road. He said, "I do not want to eat those apples; for the rich man will give me much food; he will give me very nice food to eat." Then he took the apples and threw them away into the dust.
He went on and came to a river. The river had become very big; so he could not go over it. He waited for some time; then he said, "I cannot go to the rich man's house today, for I cannot get over the river."
He began to go home. He had eaten no food that day. He began to want food. He came to the apples, and he was glad to take them out of the dust and eat them.
Do not throw good things away; you may be glad to have them at some other time.
A young shoemaker left his village. Along the way, he found some ants, who were very sad because a bear had destroyed their anthill（蚁冢，人群密集的地方） . The shoemaker helped them rebuild it, and the ants offered to return the favor.
The shoemaker followed his way and found some bees with the same problem as the ants. The young man also helped them, and the bees promised to help him in the future.
Further along, the shoemaker learned that the king’s daughter was in the castle of a witch（巫婆，女巫） . The young man decided to rescue her. But the witch locked him up in a stinking（发恶臭的，非常讨厌的）dunge on with a sack of sand mixed with poppy（罂粟） seeds and told him that if he wasn’t able to separate the two, she would cut off his head at dawn.
The young man thought about his death. But his friends the ants came and helped him pass the test. The witch was astounded. Then she took him to a room where there were thirteen maidens with their faces covered: the shoemaker had to discover which one was the princess.
The young man became discouraged but he saw a bee that landed on... the sweetest one, the true princess. When the shoemaker uncovered her face, the witch was changd into a crow（乌鸦） . The young people fell in love and lived surrounded by animals and poppies.
The Young Thief and His Mother
Long ago, there were a mother and a son living in a house. She worked hard everyday, but they were always poor.
One day, her son stole his friend's bag. "Mom, what do you think of this bag?" His mother praised her son rather than scolding him. "It looks great!"
The next time, he stole an overcoat. She praised him again when he stole it.
A few years later, he grew up to be a young man. He stole jewelry and brought them to his mother. "How beautiful!" This time, she did not scold her son again.
Then, because he was elated by his mother, he started to steal more expensive things. One day, the police caught him. Before putting him in jail, he begged the police to meet his mother. They took him to his mother.
As soon as he saw his mother, he bit her earlobe. "Ouch! What's the matter with you?" She finally scolded him. Her son answered. "If you had given me a scolding like that when I stole the first bag, I could not have become a thief."
She collapsed as she looked at her son heading to prison. "If I only could turn back time, I would scold him severely." She regretted that she always praised him, whatever he did.
很久以前，有一个母亲和儿子住在一所房子。她每天都努力工作，但他们始终贫困。 有一天，她的儿子偷了他朋友的袋子。 “妈，你怎么看这个包的?”他的母亲受表扬而不是骂他，她的儿子。 “这看起来很棒!”
当他看到他的母亲，他咬了她耳垂。 “哎哟!怎么回事呀?”她终于骂他。她的儿子回答说。 “如果你在我偷第一个包的时候这样责骂我的话，我就不会成为一个小偷了。”
A man had a little daughter—an only and much-loved child. He lived for her—she was his life. So when she became ill, he became like a man possessed, moving heaven and earth to bring about her restoration to health.
His best efforts, however, proved unavailing and the child died. The father became a bitter recluse, shutting himself away from his many friends and refusing every activity that might restore his poise and bring him back to his normal self. But one night he had a dream.
He was in heaven, witnessing a grand pageant of all the little child angels. They were marching in a line passing by the Great White Throne. Every white-robed angelic child carried a candle. He noticed that one child’s candle was not lighted. Then he saw that the child with the dark candle was his own little girl. Rushing to her, he seized her in his arms, caressed her tenderly, and then asked, “How is it, darling, that your candle alone is unlighted?” “Daddy, they often relight it, but your tears always put it out.”
Just then he awoke from his dream. The lesson was crystal clear, and its effects were immediate. From that hour on he was not a recluse, but mingled freely and cheerfully with his former friends and associates. No longer would his darling’s candle be extinguished by his useless tears.
What is Said Carries Weight
In ancient times, there was a prime minister named Shang Yang in the State of Qin. He was held in high regard by the King. In the year 359 BC, he prepared for a political reform to promote the economic development. But he was afraid that the people would not believe local authorities. He thought an idea.
One day, he had a 10-meter long pole erected at the south gate outside the capital. Then he told the crowd whoever took the pole to the north gate would be awarded 10 ounces of silver. Everyone was astonished, but nobody dared to have a try. After seeing that, Shang Yang raised his voice and said:" Anyone who carries the pole to the north gate will get 50 ounces of silver." A brave man did it and was be given 50 ounces of silver. Others felt very re高热tful.
In this way, Shang Yang achieved his aim successfully. Soon the state of Qin became the strongest country.
Later, people use it to praise the man who keeps his promise.
Almost every family buys at least one copy of a newspaper every day. Some people have as many as two or three different newspapers. But why do people read newspapers?
Five hundred years ago, news of important happenings, battles lost and won, kings or rulers overthrown(推翻) or killed took months and even years to travel from one country to another. The news passed by words of mouth. Today we can read in our newspapers of important things that happen in far away countries on the same day.
Besides giving news from all over the world, newspapers tell us a lot of other useful information. There are weather reports, radio, television and film guides, book reviews, stories,
and of course, advertisements(广告). There are all kinds of advertisements. They pay the newspapers thousands of dollars for the advertising space(广告版面), but it is worth the money because news of what they make in factories goes into almost every home in the country. For those who make newspapers, advertisements are also very important. Money from advertisements makes it possible for them to sell their newspapers at a low price and still make a profit.
Newspapers often have information on gardening, cookery and fashion(时装) as well as a small but very popular part on jokes and cartoons.
In the past, when people had problems, they went to their families or friends to get advice. Today, it is possible to get advice from radio show, TV programs and telephone hot lines, too. A hot line is a telephone line that offers a direct way of getting in touch with(同……联络) advisers. Most hot lines are completely anonymous(不具名的). Callers do not have to say their names or telephone numbers. Most hot lines are usually free, too. Callers do not have to pay for the advice or the phone calls-even if the calls are long distance(长途). At some hot lines, the advisers are volunteers(志愿者). Other hot lines pay their advisers for their words. Usually the advisers are professionals(专业人员), with years of education and experience, but sometimes, the advisers have only taken a short class before starting to work on the hot line. All the advisers listen to people and help them settle their problems.
“Cool” is a word with many meanings. Its old meaning is used to express a temperature that is a little bit cold. As the world has changed, the word has had many different meanings.
“Cool” can be used to express feelings of interest in almost anything. When you see a famous car in the street, maybe you will say, “It’s cool.” You may think, “He’s so cool,” when you see your favorite footballer.
We all maximize(扩大) the meaning of “cool”. You can use it instead of many words such as teacher asked her students to write about the waterfall they had visited. On one student’s paper was just the one sentence, “It’s so cool.” Maybe he thought it was the best way to show that he saw and felt.
But the story also shows a scarcity(不足) of words. Without “cool”, some people have no words to show the same meaning. So it is quite important to keep some credibility(可信性). Can you think of many other words that make your life as colorful as the word “cool”? I can, and I think they are also very cool.
“How are you?” is a nice question. It’s a friendly way that people in the United States greet each other, but when a person says “How are you?” he expects() to hear the answer “Fine,” even if the person’s friend isn’t fine. The reason is that “How are you?” isn’t really a question, and “fine” isn’t really an answer. They are common ways of saying “Hello” and “Hi”.
Sometimes people also don’t say exactly what they mean. For example, when someone asks, “Do you agree?” the other person may be thinking. “No, I don’t agree. I think you are wrong.” But it doesn’t sound very polite, so he may say, “I’m not so sure.” It’s a nicer way to say that you don’t agree with someone.
People also don’t say exactly what they are thinking. For example, when a person wants to
finish talking with other people on the phone, he may say “I have to go now”. Sometimes he often gives an excuse, “Someone is at the door”, “Something is burning” so on. The excuse may be real, or it may not. It’s a polite way to stop a conversation and it doesn’t hurt the other person’s feeling. It’s an important way that people try to be nice to each other, and it’s a part of the game of language.
It isn’t strictly true that one half of the world is rich and the other half is poor. It’s one third that is very rich and tow-thirds that are very poor.
People in the rich countries don’t understand the great difference between them and those in the poorer countries. A very simple is that a dog or a cat in North America eats better than a child in the poorer countries. A fisherman is South America may be catching fish which is made into pet food, and his own children are not getting enough to eat for their bodies to grow properly.
Although a lot of the world’s natural resources(资源) like oil come from these poorer countries, people in the richer countries are using about sixty times as much of these resources as people in Asia of Africa. And it’s the richer countries that deicide that kind of prices they are ready to pay for these resources. And the process the richer countries get for their own exports(出口), however, are always rising. So they are getting richer and richer and the poorer countries are getting poorer.
From the time we were babies we have been taught our manners. We are taught how to hold a knife and a fork and not to talk with our mouths full. We are taught how to shake hands and when to stand and when to sit and the way to introduce people.
Sometimes good manners in one place are very bad manners somewhere else.
Almost everywhere eating together means that you are very friendly to each other. But in parts of Polynesia(波利尼西亚) it is bad manners to be seen eating at all. They politely turn their backs on each other when they are taking food.
Some East Africans spit four times as a kind of blessing. They do it to show that they want a sick person to get well, or to bless a new-born baby. In most other places, spitting means just something completely different. It’s something to do to show that you hate someone.
When we go to visit someone we say “Hello”, and “How are you” and things like that.
If you were visiting an East African village, everyone would be very careful not to pay any attention to you. The polite thing there would be for you to go quietly, without speaking to anyone, and sit beside your friend. You would wait until he had finished what he was doing and then he would begin talking to you.
In a village in Arab, a visitor walks behind all the tents(帐篷) until he gets to the one he wants to visit. If he passed in front, he would be invited into each tent and asked to eat. It was rude(粗鲁) to refuse.