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新题型:阅读表达解题指导

发布时间:2013-11-17 12:45:27  

阅读表达解题策略
试题 回顾

主要失 分原因

提升 策略

成三诊
56. What is the key to Lei Jun’s success?(1 word)
57. What does Mi stand for? (within 3 words ) 58. Why did Lei Jun leave Kingsoft? (within 8 words) 59. Fill in the blank ... (1 word ) 60. What did Lei Jun do to make Mi-2 a household name in such a short time? (within 15 words)

? A new smart-phone has caused excitement recently. It is Mi-2, launched by a China- based company called Xiaomi Technology. Lei Jun ,the man behind Xiaomi ,won the Best Newcomer at 2012 CCTV China Economic Person of the Year Awards. The company he founded less than three years ago is valued at $ 4 billion. ? “People become great because they have dreams. ” said Lei. As a student in Wuhan University, he read a book, Fire In the Valley, which tells the story of Apple’s Steve Jobs. Encouraged by the book, the 21-year-old set up a company. But his venture soon failed because he lacked a long-term plan. ? After graduation, Lei joined Kingsoft, a software company. In 16 years, he became one of the top IT company leaders. His life could have continued this way, successful and steady. But he always felt his dream calling for him every night. At 38,he left Kingsoft and started his own company. This time, he knew what would make a promising new company: following the trends but keeping your innovation. He entered the smart-phone market. 56. What is the key to Lei Jun’s success?(1 word) 58. Why did Lei Jun leave Kingsoft? (within 8 words)

? Lei is a big fan of the iPhone. But instead of creating a copy of it, __________. Most big companies view phones as an accessory (附 属品)to computers. However, Lei wanted to replace computers with smart-phones. The greatest challenge was making the phone’s input and output methods as convenient as a computer’s. Mi Liao, a chat tool on Mi smart phones ,is Lei’s idea. With access to the Internet, you can send voice messages rather than typing to your friends. Mi Liao was launched in December 2010, one month earlier than Tencent’s WeChat. Meanwhile, Lei managed to make smart-phones affordable. Mi-2 has high-end functions comparable to the Samsung Galaxy S3,but sells at half the price. ? “Lei is a visionary founder focusing on cutting-edge innovation,”Forbes commented. Becoming a household name in such a short time seems “mission impossible,”but Xiaomi has accomplished it. That’s also what Mi is short for. 57. What does Mi stand for? (within 3 words ) 59. Fill in the blank ... (within 10 word ) 60. What did Lei Jun do to make Mi-2 a household name in such a short time? (within 15 words)

成三诊
56. What is the key to Lei Jun’s success?(1 word)

标点缺失 Dream(s) 大小写错误

57. What does Mi stand for? (within 3 words ) What 58. Why did Lei Jun leave Kingsoft? (within 8 words) 59. Fill in the blank ... (within 10 word )

mission impossible

60. What did Lei Jun do to make Mi

-2 a household name in such a short time? (within 15 words)

58. Because he wants to carry out his dream. Or: Because his dream calls for him.

时态错误

60. He makes his smart phones with high-end functions but sells them at reasonably low price.

56. What is the key to Lei Jun’s success?(1 word) 57. What does Mi stand for? (within 3 words ) 58. Why did Lei Jun leave Kingsoft? (within 8 words) 59. Fill in the blank ... (1 word ) 60. What did Lei Jun do to make Mi-2 a household name in such a short time? (within 15 words) Keys: 56. Dream/ Ambition. 57. Mission impossible. 58. Because his dream was calling for him./ Because he wanted to start his own company. 59. he wanted to create his own smart—phone./ he wanted to make the innovation. 60. He invented/ created/ developed the high-endfunction smart—Phones, which are convenient and affordable for users.

答案不规范 语言表述错误

...because of a new process that had just been put in place.
A new process was just put in place. Because of a new process was put in. Because a new process was just put. Because a process was just put in place.

Key: Because a new process was put in place. Because the company conducted a new process. Because there was a new purchase process.

成二诊

The only way I was told to get what I needed was to call someone and they could help.

58. What did the writer have to do to get the accessory? (within 10 words) 答案形式错误
To wait and call someone who could help. Wait and call experts to help. Calling someone and they could help.

Key: He had to call someone (to get the accessory).

试题 回顾 主要失 分原因 提升 策略

I. 规范作答,抓准关键词

what
why how when where

完整句子、名词性的短语或从句作答

提升 策略

原因状语或原因状从做答,常用because或 because of,或to do等 表方式以介词by或through开头; 表程度,评价,感受时,形容词或副词作答 时间状语或时间状从做答。如:when,或介 词at, on, in, before,between, after, during等 地点状语或者地点状从做答,如where或介 词at, in, on等。

1.What made Mrs. Black so annoyed ?(no more than 8 words ) Source: All her roses have been stolen. All her roses’ having been stolen. That all her roses had been stolen. 2.Why was he late? (no more than 10 words)

Source :The fact that he was caught in the traffic jam might explain his being late.
Because he was caught in the traffic jam. Or: Because of the traffic jam. 3.Why does Terry use the suntan lotion? (within 10 words) ---Protecting his skin. To protect his skin. ---He is in the sun all day. Because he is in the sun all day.

4. When will women drivers stop to ask for help ? ( no more than 9 words ( 绵阳二诊) When they have no idea 原文: ….Unlike men, women stop wherewhen are going / they they have no for directions idea When they are going? where they don’t know Answer : the directions. ____________________

___ (T or F): They have no idea where they are going

? 5. Why do men get more speeding tickets?( No more than 3 words) ? 原文:… Speeding is what men do best on the road. Traffic is not a race. There is a reason why men get more speeding tickets than women. Not because women trick to get out of tickets but only because they don’t speed. ? Answer : ( T or F ) speeding

Because they speed.

II. 化繁为简,准确概括
1.定语从句 非谓语, 介词短语,名词做定语

--- Those who are always working hard and have proper ways of studying often succeed.

What kind of students can succeed ? (no more than 7 words)
Those working hard with proper studying ways.

2.状语从句

非谓语动词

Some new regulations have been worked out in order that the students’ time for exercise will be guaranteed.
---- Why have some new regulations been worked out ? (no more than 5 words ) ---To guarantee students’ exercise time.

3.省略定、状、补

More than a half – million volunteers are taking part in an international movement to comb the shorelines of the world for cigarette butts, bottle caps and any other rubbish they can find. --- What’s the main idea of the passage?
( no more than 6 words )

Volunteers are combing the world’s shorelines.

4.简化短语:

all of a sudden once in a while more than in a hurry to one’s surprise with ease be popular with be of great importance pay a visit to make an answer /decision

suddenly

occasionally /sometimes
over hurriedly surprisingly easily enjoy popularity be important visit

answer/decide

Practice makes perfect

? Example One Question : What makes you feel like Being motivated enough. working ? (衡水一调)(No more than 6 words) 被动的动名词结构,做主 > 原文:… If you are not motivated 语 enough, you won’t feel like working and productivity will have no meaning ….. Getting enough Answer _____________________ motivation.将动词变换为 (T or F ): Motivated / Being motivated

名词,被动变为主动。

? Example Two : ? Question : What did the author learn from his first jobs? 湖南卷 (no more than 11 words ) He learned teamwork, ? 原文:From my first job at the devotion and staying and restaurant, I learned teamwork positive in rough devotion, I also learned staying positive situation. how rough no matter 句子变为短语 things seem to get. ? Answer : _______________

? Example three : ? Question : What does the word “them” refer to ? 江西卷 ( one word ) Teenagers . (单独的 ? 原文:Collecting stamps with 词作为答案,首字 themes is especially popular 母大写。 among teenagers because there is a wide range of choices for them? ? Answer : _stamps / themes __(T or F )

Example four: Chat rooms and messaging can be great fun,but remember, you never really know who you are talking to online. It could be someone trying to trick you,some kind of weirdo(古怪的

人),or someone really dangerous. Here are some tips to help you keep safe: ● Never use your real name in chat rooms—pick a special online nickname. Topic sentence: Main idea: (within 8 words) How to keep safe when surfing online. Some tips on keeping safe when surfing online.

Example five :
Thieves dressed as police entered a museum early Sunday and stole 11 paintings, including major works by Rembrandt, Dagas, Manet and Vermerr, FBI (美国联邦调查 局) and the museum officials said. The first judgment placed value of at least $100 million on the works stolen from the Isabella Gardener Museum, said Boston police spokes-man Jim Tordan Topic sentence: Main idea: (within 4 words) Thieves stole 11 paintings.


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