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发布时间:2014-01-15 11:59:55  

被动语态

The house is cleaned every day. 动作的接受者the house成了句子 的主语,就应该用被动语态。

结构: be +动词的过去分词(done)
一般现在时: am/is/ are +动词的过去分词 一般过去时: was/were +动词的过去分词 一般将来时: Will be +动词的过去分词 含有情态动词的被动句:

情态动词+ be+动词的过去分词

二、用括号内适合的词填空 was invented (invent)by 1.The telephone______________ Bell in 1876 be planted (plant)in spring. 2.The trees may __________ 3.Teengers should not_____________ be allowed (allow) to drink . is spoken (speak) in Canada 4.English___________ 5.Math must_____________ be studied (study)well

一、改成被动句 1.They speak English every day. English is spoken by them every day . 2.We built the bridge last year. The bridge was built by them last year. 3He will sing an English song. An English song will be sang by him . 4.We must plant more trees. More trees must be planted by us .

( should/shouldn’t ﹢) be allowed to do

(应该)允许做某事 agree and disagree
— Do you think …? — Yes, I agree.\ No, I disagree.

get her ears pierced 穿耳
wear earrings 戴耳环

drive 驾驶 driver 驾驶员,司机 driver’s license 驾驶证

Can the teenagers in China be allowed to get their driver’s license ?

But in America, sixteen-year-olds should be allowed to drive.

1b. Listen and circle “T” or “F”. 1. Anna can go to the mall with John. (T) 2. Anna wants to get her ears pierced. (F) 3. Anna is allowed to choose her own clothes. (T)

Pair work
1. 根据1a的内容,使用enough 短语, 编对话。 2. 翻译下列短语或句子 driver’s license at that age get their ears pierced It’s fun to watch. choose their own clothes I guess so. I want to be sure you get something nice.

1. agree with表示同意某人或某人的意见、想法、 分析、解释等 (即持同一观点): I don’t agree with you. 我不同意你的意见。 They agreed with this idea. 他们同意这个想法。 I agree with what you say. 我同意你说的。

2.agree to (1)主要用来表示一方提出一项建议、 安排、计划等,另一方同意协作: We agreed to their plan . 我们同意了他们的计划。 (2)其后既可接动词原形 (此时to是不定式符号), He agreed to go with us. 他同意同我们去。

2a. Listen and check what Kathy thinks.
√ √ √ √ √

Kathy 1. Sixteen-year-old should not be allowed work at night. 2. Larry shouldn’t work every night. 3. He should cut his hair. 4. He should stop wearing that silly earring.

5. He doesn’t seem to have many friends.
6. He shouldn’t work on weekends.

2a You may circle “Agree”, “Disagree”, or “Doesn’t know” to show what Molly thinks.
Kathy Molly 1. Sixteen-year-old should not Disagrees be allowed work at night. 2. Larry shouldn’t work Agrees every night.

Kathy 3. He shou

ld cut his hair. 4. He should stop wearing

Molly Doesn’t know Disagrees Doesn’t know

that silly earring.
5. He doesn’t seem to have many friends.

2b. Listen again. What are Kathy's and Molly’ reasons ? Number their reasons in the correct order.
4 1 5 2 3

It looks cool. Young people need to sleep. He needs to spend time with friends. He needs time to do homework. It doesn't look clean.

need作为动词,一是做情态动词,二是做行为动 词。 一、need作为情态动词时,一般不用于肯定句, 只用于否定句/疑问句。 其后直接加动词原形,没有时态/人称的变化。 其否定句为在need后面直接加not,或使用缩写 needn't. 如:I needn‘t work hard. 其疑问句必须把情态动词need提前,回答也一般 借助于need. 如:Need I help you? Yes , you must . / No ,you needn’t

二、need作为行为动词时,有过去式needed和三单 形式needs. 其否定句必须借助于助动词don‘t/doesn’t/didn‘t等 变化。 如:I don't need to work hard. 其疑问句也必须借助于助动词do/does/did等变化。 如:What do you need me to do? 其结构一般有: 1. need sb./sth. 如:I need your help. 2.need to do sth. 如:I need to work harder. 3.need sb. to do sth. 如:I need you to help me. 4.need doing = need to be done 如:My watch needs repairing. = My watch needs to be repaired.

Useful expressions
do homework cut one’s hair kind of like… look(s) cool have many friends work on weekends spend time with …
work late sixteen-year-olds be allowed to work at night disagree with… get tired work every night

The answers to 3a
Sun Fei

1,Don’t go out on school nights. 2,You can study at a friend’s houses 3,You have to be home by 10:00 PM

Wu Yu
1,Don’t go out on school nights. 2,You have to stay at home on school nights. 3,You can go to the movies with friends on Friday nights 4,You can go shopping with friends on Saturday afternoon. 5, You can choose your own clothes. 6, Don’t get your ears pierced.

3a

Useful sentences and expressions

1,have a lot of rules 7,go to the movies 2, at one’s house 8,on Friday nights 3, for example 9,to be home by 10:00 pm 4,stay at home 10,on Saturday afternoons 5,on school nights 11,go shopping with… 6,study at a friend’s house 12,choose one’s own… 13,get one’s ears pierced 1,So do we. So + 助动词+另一主语 “也是如此” So +前句相同主语+助动词 “的确如此” 表示赞同,主语是同一人,主谓不倒装; 主语是另一人时,主谓倒装

3b

Useful sentences
I’m not allowed to go out on school nights, either. 2,泛指用in the morning/afternoon/evening at noon/night 若有修饰语或表具体某日(及其早/中/晚)时用 on 3,too,also用于肯定句,too用于句末,also用 于句中 either用于否定句句末

4.So

do we. 我们家也是(有).

1)用副词 too 多用于口语,句末, 肯定句/问句. either多用于口语,句末, 否定句

表 “……也一样”, also 多用正式文体,句中近动词,各句型. 2)用倒装 陈述部分肯定用 “so+谓动+ 主语”

陈述部分否定用 “nor/neither+谓动+ 主语”

练习:
1)Li Ming had a good holiday, ______________I. 2)He can swim, ___________I. 3)He can’t lift the box, __________I. 4)I have never been to England, __________my friend . 5) My friend will go abroad, ________he. 6) I didn’t go to school. _________ he. 7) I’m a teacher, __________ he .

5.though( 虽然)与 but(但是); because(因为)与so( 所 以)不能同时用在同一个句子.

_\___ I am allowed to choose my own clothes, but I’m not allowed to get my ears pierced yet. = Though I am allowed to choose my own clothes, __\__ I’m not allowed to get my ears pierced . 6. stay up 不去睡, 熬夜

1.go out with sb 与某人一起外出 2. have part time jobs 从事业余工作 3. get one’s ears pierced 打耳眼 4. choose one’s own clothes 选择自己的衣 服 5. a driver’s license 驾驶执照 6. go to the mall 去市场 7. serious enough 足够严肃 old enough 年级 足够大 calm enough 足够沉着 8. sixteen—year—olds 十六岁的孩子们 9. allow sb to do sth 允许某人做某事 allow doing sth 允许做某事 10. cut one’s hair = have one’s hair cut 理 发

11. stop doing sth 停止做某事 stop to do sth 停下手中的事情去做另一件事 stop sb/sth from doing sth 阻止某物/某人做 某事 can’t stop doing sth 禁不住做某事 12. on weekends 在周末 13. need to do sth 需要做某事 14.instead of doing sth 代替做某 instead of sth/sb 代替某物/某人 15. at that age 在那个年龄 at the age of 在某人多大时

16. seem +形容词/名词/介词 看上去… seem to do sth 看上去要做某事 It seems +that从句 看上去…… 17. look/ feel/ sound/ taste/ smell 等感官动词后 接形容词 18. so+ 助动词+主语 和…一样 相关:so + 主语+助动词 确实如此 19. on school nights 在上学时间的每个晚上 20. what about/how about doing sth …怎么? (表示建议) 21. go shopping 去购物 22. stay up 醒着不睡 23. clean up 打扫、清除 24. stay at home 待在家里


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