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初中英语中考作文指导(精品)(1)

发布时间:2014-03-08 09:15:14  

初中英语写作指导课
Let’s go for it!

basic structure (基本结构的安排)

Dear Mr. Know, I’ m pleased to write to ask for some help. I want to tell you some problems we meet in English study. (the beginning) First,some of us aren’t interested in English. We think studying English is such a boring thing. And then it’s so difficult for us to remember all the words in the texts. So lots of us don’t have enough confidence to keep up English study. And we are always afraid to join the group discussion. What’s more, there are so many new words we haven’t meet before in the passage. I don’t know what to do. Sometimes we can’t understand the main idea, let alone (更不 用说)answer the questions about them. But the most difficult thing is to write. We often use wrong words and sentences. Can you help us? How can we improve our English? Please give us some useful advice. Thank you very much. Write to me soon. (the ending) Mary

Let’s go for it!

the body (正文)

basic rules (写作考试规则)
search(审) list(列) add(加: 开头和结尾) connect(连) beautiful(美:谚语/例子)

牛刀小试

审(search)
健康很重要。在学习和 工作的压力日趋增大的 今天,会休息的人才会 有健康的身体。人们是 如何度过假期的呢?国 际健康组织对此作了一 次调查,右图是他们此 次的调查结果。根据你 所得的信息,请为国际 健康组织写一篇完整的 调查报告,并提倡大家 进行假日休闲。

travel stay at home

visit friends or parents work

列(list)
根据以下关键词及图表用 简单的句子列出文章的要点。

? 如何度假 ? 调查报告 ? 倡议假日休闲
travel stay at home visit friends or parents work

列(list)
? A lot of people travel. ? Some people stay at home. ? Some other people visit friends or parents. ? A few people work. ? Enjoy your vacation.

加(add)
?

? 加首尾,使结构完整。 How do people spend their vacation? We ? 可以采取总分总结构,开头或结 made a survey and here is our report. (the beginning) 尾的句子应注意简洁、漂亮。

? A lot of people travel. Some people stay at home. They watch TV or surf the internet. Some other people visit friends or parents. A few people work. ? Come and enjoy your vacation. People who relax well work well. (the ending)

连(connect)
? How do people spend their vacation? We made a survey and here is our report. ? According to it, a lot of people travel. And some people stay at home. They watch TV or surf the Internet. Also some other people visit friends or parents. However, a few people work. ? Come and enjoy your vacation. People who relax well work well.

Writing skills (“写”的技巧)
方法一:善用词汇
甚至善用高级词汇

Which is better?

他们在海滩上听音乐。
A B They listened to the music on the beach. They enjoyed the music on the beach.


Which is better?

我希望你能帮助我。

A B

I wish you can help me. I’m looking forward to your help.

Which is better?

他们很早就到了。
A They arrived early.

B

They arrived as early as they could.

Which is better?

最后,他的狗得救了,他感到很惊讶。
A B His dog was saved at last. He was very surprised. To his surprise, his dog was saved at last.

我认为学英语很有趣。
A I think learning English is interesting.

B

I find it really fun to learn English .

我们应该保护环境。
A B We should protect the environment. It’s our duty to protect the environment.

Writing skills (“写”的技巧)
方法二:活用多种句型

她还小,搬不动这么重的箱子。

A B
C

She is very young.
She can’t carry the heavy box.

She is too young to carry the heavy box.
She is so young that she can’t carry the …

D

She is not old enough to carry the…

Writing skills (“写”的技巧)
方法三:妙用关联词

关联词(connection words)
1.表示并列或递进: and, as well as, both…and, what’s more not only…but also, neither…nor 2.表示选择: or, either…or 3.表示转折: but,however,although\though,after all,anyway 4.表示因果: because, so, therefore,since,for,as a result 5.表示条件: if , unless 6.表示对比: instead, not…but, while, in the same way, on the one hand…on the other hand 7.表示解释: for example, for instance, such as, that is to say, in other words,to tell the truth 8.表示顺序: to begin with, firstly, first (of all), second(ly), next, later, since then, from then on, finally, in the end 9.表示强调: also, besides, especially, actually, in fact 10.表示结论: all in all, altogether, in a word, generally speaking, in short

Let’s try
? Though\Although _____________ I am tired, I keep on working till midnight. ? He didn’t go to movies, he went to instead the concert ______. like ? We like doing kinds of sports _____ swimming, running and hiking. First he stood up. Then he got out. ? _____, Finally\At last _____, Next he went back. ____________, he smiled.

连 (connect) 美 (beautify)
? How do people spend their vacation? We made a survey and here is our report. ? According to it, a lot of people travel. And some people stay at home. They watch TV or surf the Internet. Also some other people visit friends or parents. However, a few people work. ? Come and enjoy your vacation. People who relax well work well.

美(beautify)
We interviewed people about the ways to spend the vacation and here is our report. According to it, most people choose to travel to get away from the busy world during the holidays. Then some people like to stay at home, watching TV or surfing the Internet to have a good rest. And to visit friends or parents also makes them relaxed. However, a few people have to work. Come and enjoy your vacation. People who relax well work well.

美(beautify)
According to it, most people choose to

travel to get away from the busy world during the holidays. Then some people like to stay at home, watching TV or surfing the Internet to have a good rest. And to visit friends or parents also makes them relaxed. However, a few people have to work.

As the saying goes, “All work and no play makes Jack a dull boy.” Come and enjoy your vacation. People who relax well work well.

Proverb(谚语)/saying

加谚语(Proverb/saying)

可用于”beginning”和”ending”,多用后者。
It is good for us students to take exercise… As the saying goes, “All work and no play makes Jack a dull boy.” It is good for us students to take exercise.

锻炼对学生有好处

加谚语 加谚语 (Proverb/saying) (Proverb/saying) 集中注意力于学习
We should concentrate on our studies.

可用于” 可用于开头和结尾,多是结尾。 beginning”和”ending”,多用后者。

As the saying goes, “No pains, no gains.” We should concentrate on our studies...

加谚语 加谚语 (Proverb/saying) (Proverb/saying) 加入英语俱乐部是学习英语的好方法
Joining the English club is a good way to learn English.

可用于” 可用于开头和结尾,多是结尾。 beginning”和”ending”,多用后者。

As the saying goes, “Practice makes perfect.” So joining the English club is a good way to learn English.

Enjoy some proverbs
1.Practice makes perfect. 2.Think twice before you do.

熟能生巧。
三思而后行。

3.Where there is a will,

there is a way. 4.Do as the Romans do. 入乡随俗。 5.The early bird catches the worm.
早起的鸟儿有虫吃。

有志者事竟成。

6.Failure is the mother of success. 失败是成功之母。

Enjoy some proverbs 7.It is no use crying over spilt milk.

覆水难收。
8.An apple a day keeps the doctor away.
一天一个苹果, 医生远离我。

9.All roads lead to Rome. 条条大路通罗马。 10.Never too old to learn.

活到老,学到老。

Writing skills (“写”的技巧)
方法四:妙用引文和例子 (多用于“the body”)

加例子
青少年应尽我们所能保护环境拯救地球。
We teenagers should do what we can to protect the environment and save the earth. For example, we can use recyclable bags instead of plastic bags, stop using napkins, plant more trees and save water and energy.

加例子
在家里,我经常帮助父母亲干家务活。
I often help my parents do housework, such as washing dishes, folding the clothes, taking out the trash and so on.

结尾:提出倡议或号召

Let’s … Do it now ! / Don’t do it again! As students, we should start from ourselves.
Don’t wait. Join us now! Start to join us now! Don’t put it off! Become a volunteer today! How amazing! I can’t wait! Save animals! Save Ourselves! Save our planet! Don’t hesitate(犹豫). It will be great fun!

知己知彼,学范文

Let’s go for it!

3

First,some of us aren’t interested in English. We think st

udying English is such a boring thing. And then it’s so difficult for us to remember all 2 the words in the texts. So lots of us don’t have enough confidence to keep up English study. And we are always afraid to join the group discussion. What’s more, there are so many new words we haven’t met before in the passage. I don’t know what to do. Sometimes we can’t understand the 5 main idea, let alone(更不用说)answer the questions about them. But the most difficult thing is to write. 6 We often use wrong words and sentences.
4

1

Your turn to go for it!(试填一填)
Dear Mary, I heard you didn’t do well in English. Here is some advice for you. ________________, I think reading English every day and listening
to the teacher carefully in class are the most important._______, you can join the English club to practice English. You know, “Practice makes perfect.” ______________, it is necessary for you to listen to the English radio every morning. It can improve your

listening skill. _________, English is not difficult to learn and I hope what I have
said is helpful for you.

Yours …

Dear Mary, I heard you didn’t do well in English. Here is some advice for you. 1 To begin with I think reading English every day and listening ________________,
Then to the teacher carefully in class are the most important._______, you can join the English club to practice English. You know,
2

Your turn to go for it!(check)

Of course “Practice makes perfect.” ______________, it is necessary for you
to listen to the English radio every morning. It can improve your In fact English is not difficult to learn and I hope listening skill._________, what I have said is helpful for you.

3

Yours …

It’s your turn! ( 请分析以下的文章)
The Life as a Grade 9 Student
How time flies! Now I’m in Grade Nine. Actually I feel the life is quite different from it used to be. Now I’m as busy as a bee. There’s a lot of homework and exams. The only feeling I have is : The life as a Grade Nine student is very busy and challenging ! ! There’s an old saying: He who fails to plan plans to fail. I don’t want to fail, so I create a plan for the following days. Since nothing is difficult if I put my heart into it, I will change my attitude towards maths and physics which I am poor at now. I’ll spend the rest time efficiently. As there’s no elevator to success, I’ll try my best to do everything step by step! I believe that I can do it!

Your turn to go for it!
Connection words: Good words: Good sentences:

It’s your turn!

(练练笔)

随着人口的增多,人类不仅需要越来越多的地方 居住,而且需要越来越多的食物。人类把森林变 成了耕地;新的城市和道路占据了动物的栖息地; 许多动物遭到猎杀· · · · · · 所有这些都导致了越来越 多的动物濒临灭绝。然而动物是我们人类的朋友, 我们有责任去保护他们,而不是伤害或猎杀

它们。 请根据上述内容写一篇不少于80词的英语短文。 要求: 1.语言规范、意思连贯、表达完整; 2.提示的内容要全部用上。

Let’s Help Our Friends With the increasing population, human needs more places to live in and more food to eat. As a result, we change the forests into farmland. I feel pity for the animals. More and more new cities and roads are built on animals’ habitat. A lot of animals are killed because of their tasty meat or beautiful fur. There used to be lots of animals, but now more and more animals become endangered because of our crazy and silly behavior. For example, there are only 2500 manatees in the USA now. Do you want to see these gentle and shy animals disappear? Do you want our children only to see model animals in the future? Don’t you think animals are our lovely friends? I know your answer is “No”. So it’s our duty to protect them instead of hurting or killing them. Don’t put it off!Let’s try our best to help our friends today!

Your turn to go for it!
Connection words: Good words: Good sentences:


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