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英语作文写作要点

发布时间:2014-03-28 15:08:52  

写作初探

1. 定体裁

记叙文——时态多为过去时;人称以第一或第三人称来写作,第一人称主要写自己的经历,第三人称主要写他人的经历或事迹。

说明文——时态以一般现在时为主,人称多为第一或第三人称。

议论文——时态以一般现在时为主,人称多为第一或第三人称。

2.定题材 命题主要以提纲式、表格式和图画式为主。无论以那种方式命题,我们都应认真阅读分析所给的内容,在写作过程中不能遗漏所给的要点,可适当添加一些内容但切忌为了篇幅而无端地增加内容。

3.分段 英文写作多以总分式结构,即先写出一个总句,然后围绕该句层层展开。整篇文章以2 -3 段为宜。

4.句数和词数 一篇好的英文作文句数以10—12句为佳,简单句5—6句,并列句和复合句5—6句;词数限定在120左右。

5.过渡词 为了使文章流畅,连贯性,通常在段落与段落、句子与句子之间添加适当的过渡性词语。

6.其它 文章标题:实词大写,虚词不大写; 每段首行需要缩进4个英文字母;如果一个很长的单词在句子末尾写不完,需另起行,则需要在该句末尾加—;注意文章字迹工整,篇幅整齐,布局合理。 ★7.说明文可以打乱循序;议论文需加过渡词;必须把汉语短语翻译成英语句式

★过渡性词语

1.表示程度递进 besides, what’s more, in addition, furthermore, especially, what’s worse, to make the matter worse

2.表示解释和说明 for example, such as, take …for example, that is to say, as follows, in other words

3.表示因果关系 because, as, since, for, now that, because of, thanks to, therefore, as a result of

4.表示转折关系 but, however, while, yet, otherwise, on the other hand, at the same time

5.表示并列关系 and, or, as well as, neither …nor, either…or, not only …but also, not …but

6.表示条件关系 as long as, if , unless, in case, on condition that

7.表示让步关系 though, although, even if (though), whoever, no matter who..

8.表示比较关系 be similar to, the same as, compared with (to), just as, as…as

9.表示强调关系 in deed, in fact, as a matter of fact, no doubt that…, obviously

10.表示概括归纳 in a word, in short, in brief, on the whole, generally speaking, in my opinion, as far as I know

11.表示起始关系 first of all, above all, according to, so far, to begin with

12.表示时间顺序 first, then, later, in the end, finally, at last, since then, immediately

高考范例:09.2 假定你是李华,你的美国朋友 Sarah打算暑期来北京旅游,来信询问改建后前门大街的情况。请你写封回信,简单介绍以下内容:

1. 简况:长800余米、600多年历史、300余家商铺; 2. 位置:天安门广场南面;

3. 交通:公共汽车17、69、59等路,地铁2号线; 4. 特色:步行街、当当车、茶馆、剧院等。 参考词汇:步行街 pedestrian street 当当车 trolley car 地铁 subway

注意:

1. 词数100左右;2. 可以适当增加细节,以使行文连贯;

3. 开头语已为你写好,请将完整的回信书写在答题卡上。

Dear Sarah,

Thank you for your letter asking about the rebuilt Oianmen Street. Here is something about it.

Qianmen Street is a famous street of over 600 years old. Along this 800-meter street, there are more than 300 shops. As the street is in the center of Beijing, just to the south of Tian’anmen Square, it’s very convenient to get there by bus. You may take Buses No. 17, 69 or 59. Subway Line 2 has a stop there too. Qianmen Street is a pedestrian street, but there are trolley cars to take you not only to the shops, but also to theatres and teahouses where you can experience a truly Chinese way of life. I’m sure you’ll like it.

Yours,

Li Hua

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