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初中预科第八讲 具体日期的表达

发布时间:2013-10-03 18:32:11  

第八讲 具体日期的表达和句子的成分

英语中具体日期表达方式:

月份年代in 在前,早晚季节in 看见。 星期日期on 出现,中午夜晚at甜。

at 用于时间点,for 后加上时间段.

努力学习冲终点,惜时奋斗把梦圆!

in 用在月份前 in September in January

in 用在年代前 in 1997 in 2012

in 用在早上,晚上前 in the morning. in the afternoon in 用在季节前 in spring in summer

on 用在星期前,on Sunday on Monday

on 用在日期前 on July 1st on March 3rd.

at 用中午夜晚前 at night at noon

at 用于时间点前 at seven at nine

for 后加上时间段 for three hours for five days

各种句子成分

主谓宾补定状表,七种成分记得牢。

句子主干主谓宾(表), 定状补辅助成分不能少。

定语修饰名词代,状语修动很可靠。

主谓人称数一致,宾补宾后逞英豪。

英语句子中各个成分(主谓宾定状补)

主语:动作的发出者

谓语:动作 be动词

表语:表示主语的状态,性质特征

宾语:动作的承受者

定语:修饰名词的词

补语:对宾语进行补充说明

状语:表示时间(时间状语)

表示地点(地点状语)

表示原因(原因状语)

各种成分的位置

主在前,谓在中,宾语状语后面站,

找到句子中心词,后置、前置看得见:

短语定语主宾后,形、代定语主宾前。

间宾直宾紧相依,直、间之间to\for 连。

宾补位于宾语后,地状常在时状前。

指出下面的划线部分的句子成分

1.

2.

3.

4.

5.

6.

8.

9.

阅读理解

Passage 1

People travel a lot with Bel Air because they know they will get what they want. They want to go quickly and safely across the land, acrross the sea or right across the world, and they know Bel Air will take them where they want to go and when they want to go. Bel Air flies all the newest and fastest planes to more towns and cities of the world than any other airline.

Do you want to go to Paris, Washington, Tokyo? Bel Air will take ou ther, at all time

of the day or night, right through the week. But Bel Air flies not only to the biggest cities, we also fly two or three times a week to towns and cities in the very centre of Asia, Africa and South America.

Peopel fly with Bel Air becasue they know they will leave on time and arrive on time. They know that they will receive the best food and watch the best films. airline 航空公司 Asia 亚洲 on time 按时 receive 收到、得到 none 没有任何人,无一人,无一个

( ) 1. Bel Air is _________.

A. The name of a plane B. The name of an airline

C. The name of person D. The name of show

( ) 2. Bel Air's planes __________.

A. Are fast, but not safe B. Fly quickly, but not fast

C. Are safe, but not new D. Fly fast and fly safely

( ) 3. 'Second to none" may mean__________.

A. the second B. the last C. the best D. the worst

( ) 4. The passage wants people to _________.

A. fly everywhere B.travel all over the world

C. have the best food D. take the planes in Bel Air

( ) 5. The passage is ___________.

A. a story B. an ad C. a letter D. a tour guide

Passage 2

Every year, thousands of people come to Edinburgh, the capital city of Scotland, to take part in the Edinburgh International Festival, which started in 1947. For three weeks every August and September the city is filled with many actors and artists from all over the world. They come to Edinburgh for the biggest arts festival in Britain. During this time, the streets of the city are alive with music and dance from early in the morning until late at night. You can even see artists painting pictures on the streets.

Thens of thousands of tourists come to the Festical to see films and plays and to enjoy music which is played by famous musicians. This year, you can see over five hundred performances with actors from more than forty countries.

The tickets for these performances are quite cheap, and it is usually easier to see your favourite stars in Edinburgh than it is in London. Want to enjoy yourselves? So come to Edinburgh next year!

Edinburgh 爱丁堡 capital 首都,首府 be filled with 装满 alive 有活力的 performance 演出,演奏

( ) 1. The Edinburgh International Festival started in 1947

( ) 2. The Edinbugh International Festival lasted for a few weeks

( ) 3. The streets are filled with music and dance all day and night

( ) 4. It's easier to see your favourite stars in Londan than in Edinburge

( ) 5. The tickets for the performances in Edinburgh are very clear

Passage three

People at home keep asking me, " Is it hard to learn Chinese? Why have you learned it so well?" Well, there's one thing that makes Chinese easy to learn: there are so many people to talk to. You've probably heard that it's the most spoken language. Today it's also one of the most written languages online.And with so many Chinese people intersted in learning English, it couldn't be easier to find a friend for language learning. You just have to knoe where to look for them.

The really good place to look for them is QQ. QQ has the same status in China as AIM(AOL Indtant Messager) does in the US. It is reported that at any moment, up to 9,000,000 people are using QQ. They are at work, or in a web cafe, or at home, and the information of the users can be found. If you sign on with your address se to "abroad". You'll soon find that many thousands of them are interested in speaking to you! This is a great way for you to learn Chinese, and for them to learn English. I think that it's a very interesting way of cultural contact, too, for ordinary people from around the world are able to one-on-one contact.

Status 地位,身份 sign 签名,写下

abroad 异国,国外 cultural 文化的,人文的

Contact 交往,联系

( ) 1. The main idea of the first paragraph is _______.

A. Why people want to learn English.

B. Where you can find people to talk to

C. Many people are learning Chinese

D. Chinese isn't so hard to lean as his friends think

( ) 2. The good place for people to learn Chinese in the passage is _________.

A. QQ B. AIM C. at work D. at school

( ) 3. QQ and AIM are ________.

A. addresses for the Internet users B. Famous places

C. Tools for people to talk online D. Programs of a computer

( ) 4. Where do people use QQ?

A. At work B. In web cafes C. At home D. A,B and C

( ) 5. In the passage the writer wants to tell us_________.

A. How to learn Chinese B. A way of learning Chinese

C. Many people learn Chinese D. It's interesting to learn Chinese

Passage four

Most cities and town in Taiwan have night markets. They take place on the same streets every day. _____1____ At night, they become crowded and lively. Usually, people arrive by three or four in the afternoon. By 6:00, the streets are like rivers of people!

_____2____ Sellers open small booths, or they place items on mats on the streets. You can buy clothes, shoes, and many other things. Id the price it too high, you can bargain withe seller.

You can also buy lots of delicous food. When you're just a little hungry, you can buy a snack. When you're really hungry, you can sit down for a meal. ____3_____

There are also games to play. ____4______ In another game, you shoot ballons with a toy gun. If you are good, you can wina prize. Do you like to play these games? Di you ever win anything.

____5______ You don't need a lot of money to have a great time/

Passage five

1________ 2________ 3___________ 4__________ 5________

阅读短文,根据首字母提示填入适当的单词使内容完整

I often dreamed about Pisa when I was a boy. I read about the famous building c_______ the leaning Tower of Pisa. But when I read the word Pisa, I was thingking of pizza. I thought this tower was a p__________ to buy pizza. It must be the b________ place to buy pizza in the word. I thought.

Many years later I finally s___ the leaning Tower. I knew then that it was Pisa and nit pizza. But there was still something special about it for me. The tower got its name b__________ it really did lean to one side. Some people want to try to fix it. There are a_________ it may fall over and they don;t like it lean over the city.

I don;t think it's a good i__________to try to fix it. The tower prbably will not fall down. It is 600 years old. Why should anything happen to it now? And if you ask me, I like w___________ it looks like. Nothing is Perfect.

There are many o_________ older, more beautiful towers in Italy. But Pisa Tower is the most famous. People c_______ from all over the world to see it.

lean 倾斜 tower 塔 pizza 比萨饼 fix 修理 perfect 完美的,理想的

选词填空

根据短文内容,用方框中所给的词语的正确刑天填空,使短文完整,通顺

In Japan, there are many holidays and other great days. Here we can take several examples. The ___1__ fifth birthday is a great day for the family. The boy___2__ a shirt like the one his father wears. It is an important moment in his life and it __3___ that he must be a manly boy like his father. He must __4____ when he has pain or trouble. He must learn to solve problems by_5__.

And the day when a girl __6_____ seven years old is also a big day in the family. She may wear a sash like her mother wears. Her friends and her mother's friends come and drink tea and eat cakes. It means that the girl must bt a womanly girl and __7___ do the housework. One of the great __8_____ in Japan is the Emperor's birthday. Instead of school there ___9_____ picnics, games, sports and speeches, as we have __10___ our first of October in China.

several 几个,数个 manly 男子气概的,强壮的 solve 解决 sash 腰带 emperor 皇帝,天皇 instead of 替代

1________ 2_________ 3_________ 4________ 5________

6_________ 7__________ 8______ 9_________ 10____________

根据短文内容填空

American schools begin in September after a summer holiday. There are two terms in a school year. The first term is __1_____ September to January, and the ____2___ one is from February to June. Most American children ___3_____- to school when they are five or six ____4___ old. So they are seventeen or eighteen years old when they finish their high school. High school students take only five or six subjects each term. They usually go to the same classes every day, and they have __5__ for every class. __6___ class, they can do a lot of interesting things. They can take part in some clubs, play sports or do something ____7_____.After high school, __8____ students go to colleges or universities. They usually have to ____9_____ a lot of money.So many college students work after class to get ___10____ for their studies.

1__________ 2________ 3__________ 4___________ 5_________

6________ 7__________ 8__________ 9__________ 10___________

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