Guide Writing 事理说明文
【考例再现】 假定你是李华，你的英国朋友Peter 来信向你咨询如何才能学好中文。请你 根据下列要点写封回信。 要点： 1. 参加中文学习班； 2. 看中文书刊、电视；
3. 学唱中文歌曲； 4. 交中国朋友。 注意： 1. 词数100左右； 2. 可以适当增加细节，以使行文连贯； 3. 开头语已为你写好。 June 8, 2008 Dear Peter, I’m glad to receive your letter asking for my advice on how to learn Chinese well.
June 8, 2008
Dear Peter, I’m glad to receive your letter asking for my advice on how to learn Chinese well. Here are a few suggestions. First, it is important to take a Chinese course, as you’ll be able to learn from the teacher and practice with your fellow students.
Then, it also helps to watch TV and read books, newspapers and magazines in Chinese whenever possible. Besides, it should be a good idea to learn and sing Chinese songs, because by doing so you’ll learn and remember Chinese words more easily. You can also make more Chinese friends.
They will tell you a lot about China and help you learn Chinese. Try and write me in Chinese next time. Best wishes, Li Hua (2008全国卷Ⅱ)
【范文赏析】 ★ 文体分析
主从复合句。because引导原因 状语从句，主句是it should ... songs, 其 中it是形式主语，动词不定式to learn and sing Chinese songs是真正的主语， 介词短语by doing so在从句中作方式状 语。）
【即学即练】 假定你是李华，你的笔友李伟向你询 问进入高中阶段后如何学习的问题。 请你根据自己的经验给他写封回信， 告诉他进入高中阶段后，第一要培养 良好的学习习惯，第二要寻找适合自 己的有效的学习方法。 注意： 1. 词数：120左右。 2． 可以适当增加细节，注意行文连贯。
One possible version: Dear Li Wei, I am glad to answer your question on how to learn well in high school. For one thing, you should form a good habit of learning.
Firstly, you should take classes attentively. Secondly, you should preview ahead of time so that you can have a general idea of what you are going to learn. Thirdly, it is necessary for you to review your subjects. Only by reviewing what you have learned can you grasp them really. For another thing, it is very important to find an effective method of learning.
For example, you should take notes in class so that you can learn by yourself after class, because it is impossible for you to remember everything the teacher has said in class. I hope that these suggestions can help you. Best wishes! Yours, Li Hua