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中考写作训练

发布时间:2013-10-11 12:29:06  

深圳市2013年中考英语书面表达专项训练

中考书面表达题作为中考英语试题中的重点和难点,让很多同学望而生畏。笔者从历年中考书面表达试题中总结了一些写作技巧,帮助同学们更好地应对中考书面表达题。

书面表达是对学生在初中阶段英语学习的综合考查,涉及篇章结构、句子构成、短语使用和单词拼写等多方面内容,以下就中考书面表达的写作方法和注意事项进行指导:

1.平时分专题积累,背诵好词、句是写好作文的前提。在平时积累时,可以按照“词一句一段一篇”的

训练程序,由易到难,循序渐进,有了积累之后写作便得心应手了。

2.动笔前一定要认真审题,包括审时态、审人称、审文体、审要点,之后再开始写提纲,谋篇布局,

同时关注题材格式时态。要特别注意书信的开头和结尾。

3.找全信息点,紧扣主题。考生一定要把题目读全,找齐信息点,建议用铅笔标出,做完题目后再涂

掉。根据题目,可适当增加合理内容。特别注意文章要有开头和结尾。我们用大约5分钟起作文草稿,分2-3段,拟好开头、主

题及结尾部分。

4.文章结构清晰,重点句型出彩,可使文章在得分上提高一个档次。考虑文章的篇章结构,使用适当

的连词或短语,可使文章结构紧凑、语意连贯。

5.认真检查,检查信息点是否全面,时态、人称是否一致,句子结构是否清晰,短语使用、单词拼写

是否准确等。检查后,花大约10分钟时间将作文清晰、整洁地写在答题纸上。

以深圳2012年中考英语作文题目为例:

为了节能环保及方便出行,提高生活质量,深圳市政府近年在很多地段为市民免费提供自行车服务,但部分市民对此了解不够。假如你是一位志愿者,周日上午,你来到莲花山公园对市民进行自行车借用宣传。请根据以下提示写出一篇演讲稿。

提示:1.深圳市民可以在很多地方免费借用自行车,非常方便;

2.如果借用自行车,请注意爱惜,并及时归还:

3.希望大家多骑自行车出行……(请至少列出骑自行车出行的两点好处。)

要求:1.演讲稿内容必须包括以上提示,可以适当发挥;

2.表达清楚、语句通顺、意思连贯、书写规范:

3.文中不得出现真实的姓名和校名;写一篇80字左右的演讲稿,演讲稿的开头和结尾已经给

出,不计入总词数。

参考词汇:resident, convenient, low-carbon, advantage

Good morning, ladies and gentlemen!

May I have your attention, please? I'm glad to tell you something about using bikes for free in Shenzhen. _______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

Thank you for your listening. Have a nice weekend!

【答题指导】

1.动笔前认真审题。

审时态:用一般现在时;

审人称:第一、第二人称;

审文体:演讲稿;

审要点:鼓励深圳市民骑自行车出行。

2.找全信息点,紧扣主题。

(1)深圳市民可以在很多地方免费借用自行车,非常方便;

(2)如果借用自行车,请注意爱惜,并及时归还;

(3)希望大家多骑自行车出行……(请至少列出骑自行车出行的两点好处。)

A.骑自行车可以让我们身体得到放松;

B.自行车方便停放,能减少交通阻塞;

C.骑自行车能减少污染,保护环境。

3.使用重点句型和适当的连词。

(1)表文章结构顺序:first of all,firstly/first, secondly/second, and then, finally, in the end,at last。

(2)表并列补充关系的:what's more, besides, moreover, furthermore, in addition。

(3)表转折对比关系的:however,on the contrary, on the one hand…on the other

hand。

(4)表因果关系的:because,thus,therefore, as a result。

(5)表进行举例说明:for example, for instance, such as。

(6)表陈述事实:in fact, as a matter of fact。

(7)表达自己观点:as far as I know, in my opinion。

(8)表总结:in short, in a word, in conclusion, in summary。

(9)作文中可使用两三个重点句型,如:宾语从句、状语从句、动名词做主语等。

A. I believe that riding bikes will be more and more popular in the future.

B. If we ride rides instead of driving cars, our city will become cleaner and more beautiful.

C. Riding bikes to school or to work is becoming more and more convenient.

4.全面检查,认真书写。

下面列举一些在检查时可能会发现的错误:

(1) If we keep ride (keep riding) bikes everyday (every day), we will be more and more healthy (healthier

and healthier).

(2) It's very convenient of us (for us) to use bikes for free in Shenzhen.

(3) If we borrow bikes, we should take good care of it (them) and return it (them) on time.

(4) It's more convenient of us (for us) to park the bikes. There will have less and less (There will be fewer

and fewer) traffic jams.

范文:

Good morning, ladies and gentlemen!

May I have your attention, please? I'm glad to tell you something about using bikes for free in Shenzhen. As citizens of Shenzhen, it's very convenient for us to use bikes for free in many places. If we borrow bikes, we should take good care of them and return them on time. Riding bikes has a lot of advantages. First of all, we can relax after a busy day. What's more, it's more convenient for us to park the bikes, so there will be fewer and fewer traffic jams. More importantly, it can also reduce air pollution; therefore, the living environment is protected. If we ride bikes instead of driving cars, our city will become cleaner and more beautiful.

Thank you for your listening. Have a nice weekend!

实战演练

A

Debbie为体重的增加感到很不开心,于是Simon给了她一些建议。下面是他们两个人的对话: Simon: Hello, I'm glad to see you again. Why are you so unhappy?

Debbie: I'm taller than before but I'm becoming fatter and fatter.

Simon: I'm sorry to hear that. I think you should change your diet.

Debbie: What diet is good for me?

Simon: Vegetables, fruits, milk and so on.

Debbie: That's true. Can you give me more advice?

Simon: In my opinion, you should eat less meat. And you need to lose weight.

Debbie: Can you tell me how I can lose weight?

Simon: Take more exercise every day. And have a good rest. Soon, you will be thinner.

Debbie: Thank you very much.

根据上面的对话,就如何保持健康谈谈你的看法和建议(至少3点建议)。要求80词左右。

_______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

B

2.通知内容包括以上要点,语言通顺、完整。

Notice

Attention, please! We have something for all of you.___________________________

_______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

Students’ Union

Friday, May 26

C

每个人都有自己喜欢的老师。请根据以下要求,结合你自己的实际情况,写一个你最喜欢的老师,要求80词左右。

提示:1.老师的外貌;

2.喜欢这位老师的原因(至少两点)。

要求:1.信中不能出现真实的姓名和校名;

2.条理清楚、意思连贯、语句通顺、标点正确;

3.80词左右。

____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________________

D

树木在我们的生活中有非常重要的作用,但是由于人们的乱砍乱伐,树木现在正处于危险中。我们应该如何保护树木呢?请以此为话题,写一篇80词左右的短文。

_______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________________

E

你的好朋友Jim来信给你说,他在班上几乎没有朋友,大家不喜欢和他沟通。你了解到他谈话时不喜欢使用肢体语言,导致大家觉得他过于严肃,都远离他。面对这种情况,他不知道如何做。请你给他回复信件,并提出建议。要求不少于80词(开头和结尾已给出,不计入总词数)。

Dear Jim,

I know that you have few friends in your class, so you feel lonely. Here are my suggestions.______________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

I hope you can get along well with your classmates and make good friends with them.

Yours,

Bobby

F

在如今快节奏的生活里,交通方式的选择很重要。以下是对某城市出行方式的调查。请简要介绍

_______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

G

假设你叫李俊,你的笔友David对中国的著名作家莫言很感兴趣。他最近给你写了一封信,询问有关莫言的情况。下表内容是你在网上查找的有关莫言的信息。请根据相关提示给他写封回信。词数

Thanks for your letter. You asked me about Chinese famous writer Mo Yan. Here is what I've searched on the Internet about him. ________________________________

_______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

Yours sincerely,

Li Jun

参考答案:A

It’ s important for us to keep healthy. Here are my opinions. First of all, we need to havea balanced diet. For example, we can eat more vegetables, fruits and less meat. Never smoke or drink much because they are harmful to our health. Then, we need to keepa good sleeping habit. It’ s good for our health if we keep early hours. What’ s more, we must do enough sports. The more sports we do, the stronger and healthier we will be. Keeping healthy is really important for us, and we should pay much attention to it.

B

Notice

Attention, please! We have something for all of you. In the school hall, there will be an important lecture on how to deal with

big tests next Friday. It’ ll be given by Doctor Johnson. And it’ ll begin at 2:00 pm. The lecture is made up of three parts and will last one and a half hours. After it, all of you will be allowed to discuss with Doctor Johnson. Be sure to listen to the lecture carefully and take notes. And each of you will have to write an essay to talk about your feelings.

Students’ Union

Friday, May 26

C

My favorite teacher is Mr Wu. Let me tell you something about him. Mr Wu is our English teacher. He is 1.7 meters’ tall and is very handsome. He is regarded as one of the best teachers in our school. Though he is strict with us on our studies, he always takes good care of us like our brother. With his help, we have made great progress in English. In his free time, Mr Wu likes doing sports very much, and he always encourages us to do sports to keep healthy. In my opinion, Mr Wu is not only a great teacher, but also a good friend of ours.

D

As we know, trees are very important to us. They can take in harmful gases and send fresh oxygen into the air. Besides, they can stop water and soil from running away. What’ s more, they make our living environment more beautiful. However, a lot of trees are cut down and trees are now in danger. We need to take steps to protect trees. On the one hand, we need to protect the existing trees. On the other hand, we can plant more trees on the hills, in the school yard or on the roadside. Since trees are important to us, all of us have the responsibility to protect them.

E

Dear Jim,

I know that you have few friends in your class, so you feel lonely. Here are my suggestions. You told me that you always talk to your classmates without body language, and you make a serious impression on them, so they don’ t feel like talking with you. In my point of view, body language plays a very important role in our communication. It is as important as spoken words. Therefore, I encourage you to use body language when communicating with others. For example, you can make eye contact with your friends when you talk with them. If your friends are sad, a smile is more useful to them than words. I hope you can get along well with your classmates and make good friends with them.

Yours,

Bobby

F

According to the survey, more than half of the people prefer public transportation, which includes buses and subways. About 30 percent prefer driving. The rest prefer to ride bikes or walk. As for me, my favorite way to travel is by car, e specially when I travel far. There are several reasons. Firstly, traveling by car saves time. I don’ t have to waste time waiting for the train or buying train tickets. Secondly, I can take more luggage if I travel by car. So I like traveling by car best.

G

Dear David,

Thanks for your letter. You asked me about Chinese famous writer Mo Yan. Here is what I’ ve searched on the Internet about him. Mo Yan was born in Gaomi, Shandong Province. He was born on February 17, 1955. He is a professional writer now. He has written a lot of great works. And his main works include Red Sorghum, Wine Country, Frog, Life and Death and so on. These years he has got great achievements. For example, he got the 8th Mao Dun Literature Award in August, 2011. And his greatest achievement was the 2012 Nobel Prize in Literature on October 11, 2012. If you want to know a lot more about him, I’ ll tell you next time.

Yours sincerely,

Li Jun

书面表达专项训练(二)

A

微博( microblog)已被越来越多的人所接受,并且已成为一种时尚,但过度使用微博也会浪费时间,精力和金钱。请用英语写一篇短文谈谈你的观点。

提示:1.什么是微博;

2.微博为什么如此流行;

3.你怎么看待微博的流行。

要求:1. 文中不得出现真实的姓名和校名;

2. 80词左右;

3.条理清楚,意思连贯,语句通顺,标点正确,可适当发挥。

_______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

B

现在,地球的资源越来越少,节约资源,保护环境人人有责。作为中学生,我们也应该从小事做起。请写一篇倡议书,号召同学们增强环保意识,节约能源。

提示:1. 节约用水,保护水资源;

2.节约用电;

3.环境污染。

要求:1. 文中不得出现真实的姓名和校名;

2. 80词左右(短文开头已给出,不计入总词数);

3.条理清楚,意思连贯,语句通顺,标点正确,可适当发挥。

Hello, everybody,

_______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

C

假如你是David,今天是母亲节,你们班正在开班会,讨论我们应该怎样感恩父母。请你写一篇发言稿,描述你平时是怎样帮助父母做家务以及你对做家务的看法。

提示:1. 你帮父母做什么家务;

2.你做完家务后父母感觉如何。

要求:1. 文中不得出现真实校名和姓名;

2. 80词左右(短文开头已给出,不计入总词数);

3.条理清楚,意思连贯,语句通顺,标点正确,可适当发挥。

Hello, everybody.

Today is Mother's Day. First of all, wish our mothers Happy Mother's Day.

_______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

D

现在越来越多的人喜欢团购,请写一篇短文介绍团购的利弊。

提示:1. 团购的优点:商品丰富,价格便宜;

2.团购的缺点:商品质量没保证。卖家服务不够周到。

要求:1.文中不得出现真实校名和姓名;

2. 80词左右(短文开头已给出,不计入总词数);

3.条理清楚,意思连贯,语句通顺,标点正确,可适当发挥。

Now group buying is very popular in our life. It has both advantages and disadvantages.

_______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

E

最近新闻报道了“我爸是李刚”,“李天一”事件,人们在问当今中国青少年的文明习惯,道德教育问题究竟是怎么啦?请你以中学生的身份写一篇题为“How to be a well - educated Chinese citizen”的文章,号召同学们做一个有教养的中国公民。

提示:1.尊敬师长,友善待人,乐于助人;

2.遵纪守法,遵守交通规则,不在公共场合喧闹;

3.保护环境。

要求:1. 文中不得出现真实校名和姓名;

2. 80词左右(短文开头已给出,不计入总词数);

3.条理清楚,意思连贯,语句通顺,标点正确,可适当发挥。

How to be a well-educated Chinese citizen?

Recently, there are many negative reports about Chinese middle school students. It gives a bad impression on people. As students, how can we be well-educated Chinese citizens?

_______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

F

学习生活中的烦恼都会产生压力,为了更好地发现及解决同学们的心理压力,你们班特意开展了一次“Less Pressure,Better Life”为主题的英语演讲比赛,请你准备发言稿,谈谈你的一些缓解压力的好办法,与同学分享。

提示:1. 大多数同学有压力问题;

2.我的压力是什么;

3.我是如何成功缓解我的压力的。

要求:1. 文中不得出现真实的姓名和校名;

2. 80词左右(短文开头和结尾已给出不计入总词数);

3.条理清楚,意思连贯,语句通顺,标点正确,可适当发挥。

Less Pressure, Better Life

Hello, boys and girls!

Pressure is a serious problem today. Most students in our class are under pressure.

_______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

That's all. Thank you!

G

现在社会变得越来越复杂,学生的安全问题也是大家关心的问题。请你根据下面提示,为中学生写一篇题为“Stay away from danger”的短文。

提示:1.不让陌生人或网友来家;

2.不在教室追逐打闹,运动时注意安全;

3.遵守交通规则,不在马路上玩耍。

要求:1. 文中不得出现真实的姓名和校名;

2. 80词左右(短文开头已给出,不计入总词数);

3.条理清楚,意思连贯,语句通顺,标点正确,可适当发挥。

Stay away from danger

As middle school students, we should try to stay away from danger.

_______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

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