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发布时间:2013-10-13 13:35:06  

Non-religious holiday

英创2班 史盼月 41104271


The Queen’s Birthday celebrates the birth of Queen Elizabeth II.It is a public holiday celebrates on the second Saturday in June.The birthday we are talking about is her official birthday.Actually,the Queen celebrates two birthdays each year:her actual birthday on 21 April and her official birthday .The Queen usually spend her actual birthday privately.

It has been celebrated in the United Kingdom since 1748. Since then, the date of the king or queen's birthday has been determined throughout the British Empire and later the Commonwealth .The day is marked in London by the ceremony of Trooping the Colour, which is also known as the Queen's Birthday Parade. In British diplomatic missions, the day is treated as the National Day of the United Kingdom.

Trooping the Colour is carried out by fully trained Commonwealth armies and watched by members of the Royal Family, invited guests and members of the public.

Robert Burns'Birthday

Each year,Scottish people all over the world celebrate their most beloved national poet,Robert Burns,by holding a Burns Supper on the evening of his birthday(25 January).

Robert Burns ,Scotland's favourite son, was a Scottish poet and lyricist(抒情诗人).He is widely regarded as the national poet of Scotland and is celebrated worldwide. He is the best known of the poets who have written in the Scots language, although much of his writing is also in English and a light Scots dialect, accessible to an audience beyond Scotland.

The first suppers were held in Ayrshire at the end of the 18th century by Robert Burns' friends on the anniversary of his death, 21 July, now it has became a regular occurrence ever since. Burns suppers may be formal or informal. Both typically include haggis (a traditional Scottish dish ), Scotch whisky and the recitation of Burns' poetry.

the Eisteddfod(威尔士诗歌音乐比赛 会)

Eisteddfod is a Welsh word which means a gathering where people recite verses and sing songs.Its history can be traced back to 1176 by the Lord Rhys who invited poets and musicians from all over the country to his castle. A chair at the Lord's table was awarded to the best poet and musician.


Originally, the contests were limited to professional Welsh bards (吟游诗 人) ,but as interest in the Welsh arts declined, the standard of the main eisteddfod changeded and they became more informal. In 1789, Thomas Jones organized an eisteddfod in Corwen where for the first time the public were admitted. The success of this event led to a revival of interest in Welsh literature and music.

? At the Eisteddfod,tents and pavilions(亭子) are erected around a big open space:In the different tents ,competitions are held to find the best choirs,translators,essayist s and poets.The highlight is the crowning of the two bards who have written the best poems of the festival.


The Eisteddfod is now

the largest popular festivals of music making and poetry writing in Europe.


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