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12句作文模板上课

发布时间:2013-10-24 08:03:50  

《十二句作文法》的运用

1、“ 十二句”的字数决定文章的种 类。 2 、“ 十二句”的结构决定文章的难 度。

《十二句作文法》写作模板

? 现象解释型 ? 问题解决型 ? 对比选择型

现象解释型
这类命题要求考生对某一社会现象进行解释,
并加以评论。

特点:
第一段:描述现象; 第二段:分析或阐述这种现象或存在的原因; 第三段:提出建议或总结观点。

现象解释型模板
首段(描述现象A) ① Nowadays, with the reform of (现象的背景), (描述现象) . ② This phenomenon has been

brought into public focus and called for further
concern.

1) Be brought into public focus :引起人们的关注 2) call for 要求、 需要

现象解释型模板
首段(描述现象 B) ① In recent years, wherever you go, (描述现 象) . ② This issue has aroused the greatest

concern.

Arouse the greatest concern: 引起极大关注

现象解释型模板
首段(描述现象C) ① Currently, along with the advance of the society, an important issue that (描述现象) is brought to

our attention. ② Consequently, (概况描述现象产生
的结果).

Be brought to our attention:引起了我们的注意

现象解释型模板
中间段(分析现象 A) ③ Just as what has happened to anything in the world, many factors lead to . ④ On one hand, . ⑤ ____. ⑥ On the other hand, .⑦ . ⑧What’s more, .⑨ ______. ⑩ Our list of contributors could go on, but the foregoing ones are already enough to give us a deep insight into the phenomenon.

本模板第3句的空格中应该填上某个需要解释的现 象或事件,第4句提出原因I,第6句提出原因Ⅱ, 第8句提出原因Ⅲ,第5、第7和第9句对这3个原因 进行了进一步论述。
1) Give sb a deep insight into :使、、对、、有了 深入解; 2)foregoing:前面提到的(abovementioned) 3) contributor :促成因素,贡献者

现象解释型模板
中间段(分析现象 B)

③ A number of factors could account for the
phenomenon, but the following are the most critical ones. ④ First of all, (原因一). ⑤ What’s more, (原因二). ⑥ In addition, (原因 三).
Account for 解释

现象解释型模板
结尾段(作者看法+前景展望 A) ⑾ As far as I am concerned, (作者对现象的看法) ⑿There is still a long way for us to (促进或限制现

象), but as a student myself, I find it rewarding and
interesting.
Rewarding: 有报酬的、值得做的

现象解释型模板
结尾段(现象产生的结果 B) ⑾ This issue may lead to a number of unfavorable consequences, with the following two the most serious. ⑿For one thing, (后果一). ⒀For another, (后果二). ⒁The awareness of the importance of this issue should be enhanced and some proper measures should be taken. ⒂It is reasonable for us to belie

ve that the situation will be improved in the near future.

具体句子数量可根据实际需要调整。

问题解决型
这类命题通常首先提出一个有待解决的问题,然后 要求考生就该问题提出解决方法、途径,有时还要求 考生最后谈论适合自己的方法。 特点: 第一段:提出问题或阐述某件事情的重要性或意义; 第二段:列举说明处理某事的方式或解决某个问题的途 径; 第三段:针对第二段所阐述的方法给予简要的评论,也 可提出个人建议或选择,并阐述理由。 此题型的写作重点在How,即解决问题的办法。

问题解决型模板
首段(提出问题 A) ① Nowadays, with the rapid economical development and intense competition, people are attaching more and more importance to (g提出问 题)。 ②So it is of great importance for us to (关注 问题的要性). ③On one hand, (问题后果一).④On the other hand, (问题的后果二). ⑤As a result, we must spare no efforts to take some measures to solve this problem.
1) Attach importance to 重视 = place importance on 2) spare no efforts to 竭尽全力、努力去做 3)take some measure to 采取措辞

问题解决型模板
首段(提出问题 B) ① Along with the advance of the society ,more and more problems are brought to our attention, one of which is that(提出问题)。②It is of great significance that (解决问题很必要). ③On one hand, (解决问题的必要性一).④On the other hand, (解决 问题的必要性一). ⑤Accordingly, how to solve the problem becomes the top priority for us.

Top priority :应予最优先考虑的事

问题解决型模板
中间段(解决问题的办法 A)
⑥ There are many steps which can be taken to undo this problem. ⑦First of all, (途径一). ⑧In addition, another way contributing to success of the solving problem is (途径二).
1) steps=measures 2) undo=solve 3) Contribute to 有助于

问题解决型模板
中间段(解决问题的办法 B) ⑥Many ways can contribute to solving this serious problem, but the following ones may be the most effective. ⑦First of all, . ⑧Another way to solve the problem is . ⑨Finally, . ⑩These are not the best and the only two/three measures we can take, but it should be noted that ______.

本模版中第6句为主题句,第7、8和9句提供3个 途径,第10句为结论。

问题解决型模板
结尾段(总结+个人选择+前景展望) ⑾In fact, more than three ways can be adopted to solve the problem of (具体问题), ⑿As for me, I would prefer to solve the problem in this way, that is to say, (方法). ⒀Anyway, I’m confident that a bright future is awaiting us when all of us make joint efforts to solve this problem.
Make joint efforts to 共同努力做、、、

对比选择型
? ?

?

对比/比较分析或观点对比类型作文 通过对两种不同事物

进行比较和对比,找出它 们之间的相同之处或不同之处,最后得出结论; 也可对同种事物的正反、利弊、优劣、积极和 消极两方面进行比较,最后得出结论。 此类型题目:

? ? ? ?

作文 1. 有人认为网络可以让学习、工作更有效率 2. 还有人认为网络让青少年沉迷,进而影响学习 3. 你对于网络的看法

?
? ? ?

作文 1、许多人喜欢看cctv 春节晚会; 2、但有的人认为应该取消; 3、你的看法

作文模板
? ? ?

1.有人认为x是好事,赞成x,为什么? 2.有人认为x是坏事,反对x,为什么? 3.我的看法。

?

?

Some people are in favor of the idea of doing x. They point out the fact支持x的第一个原因。 They also argue that支持x的另一个原因。 However, other people stand on a different ground. They consider it harmful to do x. They firmly point out that反对x的第一个原因。 An example can give the details of this argument:一个例子。
Stand on a different ground:持不同观点

?

There is some truth in both arguments. But in my opinion, the advantages of x outweigh its disadvantages. In addition to the abovementioned negative effects it might bring

about X的一个坏处。

混合型
? ? ? ? ? ?

所谓结合型就是把以上三种中的两种类型巧妙结合, 以考察学生的应变能力。 例如:现象解释型+问题解决型:作文题目及范文 Global Shortage of Fresh Water 1. 人们以为淡水是取之不尽的(提示:雨水、河 水、井水......) 2. 实际上淡水是非常紧缺的(提示:人口增加, 工业用水增加,污染......) 3. 我们应该怎么办

?

?
? ? ? ?

三,观点论证型 1. it is well known that____. 2.the truth of it is self-evident. 3.no one can deny____. 4.therefore,_____ 5.many examples can be found to prove________

?
? ? ? ? ? ?

6. take _____ as a typical example. 7. people________. 8. furthermore______ 9.it goes without saying that______ 10. then,_______ 11. there is no doubt that_______. 12. in conclusion_______

?
? ? ? ? ? ?

四. 日程安排解说 Ladies and Gentlemen/dear______ 1.welcome to_____ 2.to begin with,________ 3.it's my pleasure to______. 4.now to share the schedule with you,___ 5.please keep in mind that

?
? ? ? ? ? ?

6.according to schedule,_______ 7in addition,_______ 8.as a matter of fact,______ 9.during your visit,______ 10 there is no doubt that______. 11. I hope that______ 12.thank you very much for your ______


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