命题人：吴素云 审核人：卜志明 20131030
第一部分：听力 (共两节，满分20分) 1. How much was the TV set? A. $60. B. $120. C. $90. 2. What does the man mean?
A. Tom was talking with the postman. B. Tom was running around the corner. C. Tom was helping the postman with his work. 3. What does the man want to do? A. Buy a fan. B. Use electricity. C. Cool himself down. 4. Why did the boss criticize Joseph?
A. He was late for work. B. He quarreled with the man speaker. C. He criticized the man speaker too seriously. 5. Who is Fiona? A. The woman speaker. B. Thompson’s sister. C. Daisy’s sister. 听第6段材料，回答第6至8题。 6. What was the weather like last week? A. Nice and sunny B. Too warm. C. Neither hot nor cold. 7. What season is it now? A. Summer. B. Winter. C. Autumn.
8. What does the man think the weather will be like this weekend? A. He thinks it’ll rain. B. He doesn’t think it’ll rain. C. He thinks it’ll be cloudy. 听第7段材料，回答第9至11题。
9. What can we know about the singing group?
A. It’s made up of 15 girls. B. It practices once every other week. C. Every member comes on time for each practice. 10. What is the singing group doing these days?
A. Practicing eight songs. B. Performing a new song. C. Practicing for a school show. 11. What can we know about the new song?
A. Its name is Sundays. B. It’s written by a famous musician. C. It’s written by a singer of the group. 听第8段材料，回答第12至14题。
12. What is the father reading at the beginning of the conversation? A. A novel. B. A magazine. C. A newspaper. 13. What kind of book does the girl want to read?
A. A book about animals. B. A book on dolls. C. A book about candy and cookies. 14. What does the girl’s teacher say about reading?
A. The girl can borrow books from the library. B. The girl should read books every day. C. The girl ought to read at least ten books a night. 听第9段材料，回答第15至17题。
15. Where are they planning to go in the morning? A. To a zoo. B. To an art museum. C. To the seashore.
16. Why does the woman want to go shopping instead?
A. To buy some clothes. B. To meet her friend there. C. To buy a gift for her friend. 17. What are they talking about? A. A city guide. B. A shopping center. C.A travel plan. 听第10段材料，回答第18至20题。 18. What is the main idea of this passage?
A. How do you decide what you are going to buy in a supermarket? B. Who decides what you should buy in a supermarket
C. How does a supermarket make people spend more money?
19. Why does the food that everybody must buy spread all over the store?
A. To lead customers to all sections of the store. B. To make it easy for customers to locate the food. C. To provide a good service.
20. How much do people spend after they have been in a store for 30 minutes? A. 40 cents each minute. B. 1,500 cents in total. C. Five dollars each minute. 第二部分：英语知识运用（共两节，满分35分）
第一节：单项填空（共15题：每小题1分，满分15分） 21. ---- You are really enthusiastic about music.
-----Yeah. I always find in music _______peace which is missing in ________ world full of challenges. A. /; a B. the; a C. /; the D. a; the
22. In yesterday’s business training course, the consultant instructed us that a good salesman must be _________ if he intends to succeed. A. ambiguous B. compulsory C. aggressive D. decorative
23. Sixty-nine miners were trapped when the local mine was flooded in Henan Province, but luckily, 400 kilograms of milk _______ to them during the rescue. A. got through B. brought down C. gave away D. gave out
24. John offered us a lift when he was leaving the office, but our work ___________, we had no choice but to turn down his offer.
A. was not finished B. had not been finished C. not finished D. not having finished
25. XiLing, ____ about 100 kilometers _____west of Beijing, _____the tombs of four of the Qing emperor. A. sitting; /; contains B. lying; /; includes C. located; the; contains D. situated; /; includes
26. Eventually, she has recognized _______, whatever happens and however bad ______ seems today, life still goes on and everything will be better tomorrow. A. that; what B. /; what C./; that D. that; it
27. ----- Where did you get the information on the cost of living in Australia as an exchange student? ------ It was from the educational department ________ my uncle works. A. that B. where C. / D. which
28. So involved in his business _________ that he can hardly accompany his wife and child on weekends. A. is the manager B. the manager is C. has become the manager D. becomes the manager 29. It is incredible that such an excellent student __________ in the college entrance examination. A. should fail B. must fail C. should have failed D. must have failed
30. Misunderstandings, __________ lack of social communication, if _________ appropriately, may
contribute to serious problems.
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A. resulted from; not to be dealt with B. arises from; not being dealt with C. arising from; not having been dealt with D. resulting from; not dealt with 31. ---- Our new teacher speaks English fluently.
----Yeah. She ____ English in Oxford University for 4 years. A. had studied B. had been studying C. studies D. studied
32. Care of the soul is a gradual process _______even the small details of life should be taken into account. A. that B. in which C. what D. in what
33. ------ I have been waiting for that paint to dry for hours. My patience almost gives out. ------- ________________________________. A. A watched pot never boils. B. When the cat’s away, the mice will play C. Second thoughts are best. D. Still water run deep.
34. ----- Given its breathtaking natural landscape and a relaxing atmosphere, most stores in Norway are
closed at 5 o’clock every day.
------ It is ________ Norway has the highest quality of life. A. no problem B. no wonder C. no doubt D. no way 35. ------ I need to advertise, I suppose, for a roommate for next room. ------ _______________ Tom is interested. A. If so, B. You’d better not C. Why bother? D. Take your time. 第二节：完形填空（共20小题；每小题1分，满分20分）
Whether you have a young son or daughter or you simply would like to shop for your favorite kid, there are many toys ！The question becomes, with all this around, you'll often find yourself a little bit such a situation, however, you should always remember that construction toys are great when it to young children, for a variety of reasons. Building toys can do excellent things for the motor reflexes(运动反射）of a young boy or girl, and the child you have in mind will be happy to 40 toys, with which they can and create.
When you are looking at young children, perhaps the first things you think of are soft toys. Although soft toys can be very , building toys can help a child develop considerably fast. Many say that, of sex, small children are instinctively attracted by the toys that them to be builders and architects. One way to this is by purchasing a set of small wooden blocks and planks(木板）that are to a child's hands. These toys, while simple, give a child a sense of his or her environment and can help them learn more about it as well.
Though you might not small child building a house with you. When the house is done, you can always ask the child who he or she thinks lives there.
Many parents are a little as to how to play with their children, especially as those children get older, and you will soon see that if you have something to sets, you will be able to form a close tie with them.
When you are looking for toys that will both your child and improve his or her manual dexterity(灵巧）, you are to see what you can find from construction toys. find what you are looking for right away, take a look at the innovative toys that are offered in Europe, like the KAPLA Building Planks and CLICS. Take a look around and don't let these development years
pass by without comment. This is a great time to improve your child's reflexes, so don't let them pass you both by.
36. A. appropriate B. reliable C. available D anxious 37. A. advantage B. quality C. difference D. variety 38. A. annoyed B. lost C. surprised D. disappointed 39. A. caters B. comes C. goes D. replies 40. A. make out B. put away C. play with D. give up 41. A. copy B equip C. build D. watch 42. A. disgusting B. fantastic C. amusing D. comforting 43. A. regardless B. plenty C. despite D. instead 44. A. prefer B. allow C. require D. urge 45 A. develop B. enjoy C. avoid D. admit 46. A. applied B. fixed C. sized D. used 47. A. freedom B. control C. duty D. belonging 48. A. immediately B. continuously C. finally D. gradually 49. A. positive B. creative C. dynamic D. sensitive 50. A. confused B. satisfied C. impressed D. discouraged 51. A. compete B. argue C. work D. compare 52. A. connect B. challenge C. defeat D. distinguish 53. A. warned B. forced C. supposed D. permitted 54. A. Although B. Unless C. Until D. While 55. A. controversial B. miserable C. precious D. flexible 第三部分：阅读理解（共15小题;每小题2分，满分30分）
We all know that the normal human daily cycle of activity is of some 7--8 hours' sleep alternating with some 16 - 17 hours' wakefulness and that, broadly speaking, the sleep normally coincides with the hours of darkness. Our present concern is with how easily and to what extent this cycle can be modified.
The question is no mere academic one. The ease, for example, with which people can change from working in the day to working at night is a question of growing importance in industry where automation calls for round - the- clock working of machines. It normally takes from five days to one week for a person to adapt to a reversed routine of sleep and wakefulness, sleeping during the day and working at night. Unfortunately, it is often the case in industry that shifts are changed every week; a person may work from 12 midnight to 8 a.m. one week, 8 a.m. to 4 p.m. the next, and 4 p.m. to 12 midnight the third and so on. This means that no sooner has he got used to one routine than he has to change to another, so that much of his time is spent neither working nor sleeping very efficiently.
The only real solution appears to be to hand over the night shift to a number of permanent night workers. An interesting study of the domestic life and health of night-shift workers was carried out by Brown in 1957. She found a high incidence (发生率) of disturbed sleep and other disorders among those on alternating day and night shifts, but no abnormal occurrence of these phenomena among those on permanent night work.
This latter system then appears to be the best long -term policy, but meanwhile something may be done to relieve the strains of alternate day and night work by selecting those people who can adapt most
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quickly to the changes of routine. One way of knowing when a person has adapted is by measuring his lifestyles of girls who wear certain outfits, including the number of boyfriends they likely have had and body temperature. People engaged in normal daytime work will have a high temperature during the hours whether they smoke or drink. Newscasters, or the announcers who read the news on TV, are considered to of wakefulness and a low one at night; when they change to night work the pattern will only gradually go be more convincing, honest, and competent when they are dressed conservatively. And collage students back to match the new routine and the speed with which it does so parallels, broadly speaking, the who view themselves as taking an active role in their inter-personal relationships say they are concerned adaptation of the body as a whole, particularly in terms of performance. Therefore, by taking body about the costumes they must wear to play these roles successfully. Moreover, many of us can relate temperature at intervals of two hours throughout the period of wakefulness it can be seen how quickly a instances in which the clothing we wore changed the way we felt about ourselves and how we acted. person can adapt to a reversed routine, and this could be used as a basis for selection. So far, however, such Perhaps you have used clothing to gain confidence when you anticipated a stressful situation, such as a job a form of selection does not seem to have been applied in practice. interview, or a court appearance. 56. Why is the question of “how easily people can get used to working at night” not a mere In the workplace, men have long had well-defined precedents and role models for achieving success. It academic question? A. Because few people like to reverse the cycle of sleep and wakefulness. B. Because people are required to work at night in some fields of industry. C. Because shift work in industry requires people to change their sleeping habits. D. Because sleep normally coincides with the hours of darkness. 57. The main problem of the round - the - clock working system lies in _________________. A. the fact that people working at night are often less effective B. the disturbance of the daily life cycle of workers who have to change shifts too frequently C. the fact that it is difficult to find a number of good night workers D. the inconveniences brought about to the workers by the introduction of automation 58. It is possible to find out if a person has adapted to the changes of routine by measuring his body temperature because________________________________. A. people have higher temperatures when they are working efficiently B. body temperature changes when he changes to night shift or back C. the temperature reverses when the routine is changed D. body temperature changes when the cycle of sleep and wakefulness alternates 59. Which of the following statements is NOT TRUE? A. Body temperature may serve as an indication of a worker's performance. B. Disturbed sleep occurs less frequently among those on permanent night or day shifts. C. Taking body temperature at regular intervals can show how a person adapts to the changes of routine. D. The selection of a number of permanent night shift workers has proved to be the best solution to problems of the round- the - clock working system. B
Clothes play a critical part in the conclusions we reach by providing clues to who people are, who they are not, and who they would like to be. They tell us a good deal about the wearer’s background, personality, status, mood, and social outlook. Since clothes are such an important source of social information, we can use them to manipulate people’s impression of us. Our appearance assumes particular significance in the initial phases of interaction that is likely to occur. An elderly middle class man or woman may be alienated （疏远）by a
young adult who is dressed in an unconventional manner, regardless of the person’s education, background, or interests. People tend to agree on what certain types of clothes mean. Adolescent girls can easily agree on the has been otherwise for women. A good many women in the business world are uncertain about the appropriate mixture of “masculine” and “feminine” attributes they should convey by their professional clothing. The variety of clothing alternatives to women has also been greater than that available for men. Male administrators tend to judge women more favorably for managerial positions when the women display less “feminine” grooming (打扮)——shorter hair, moderate use of make up, and plain tailored clothing. As one male administrator confessed, “An attractive woman is definitely going to get a longer interview, but she won’t get a job.” 60. According to the passage, the way we dress ________. A. indicates our likes and dislikes in choosing a career B. provides clues for people who are critical of us C. is of particular importance when we get on in age D. has a direct influence on the way people regard us
61. From the third paragraph of the passage, we can conclude that young adults tend to believe that certain types of clothing can ________. A. change people’s conservative attitudes toward their lifestyle
B. make them competitive in the job market C. help them achieve success in their interpersonal relationships D. help young people make friends with the opposite sex 62. According to the passage, many career women find themselves in difficult situations because ________. A. they are not sure to what extent they should display their feminine qualities through clothing B. the variety of professional clothing is too wide for them to choose C. men are more favorably judged for managerial positions D. women are generally thought to be only good at being fashion models
63. What is the passage mainly about? A. Managerial positions and clothing. B. How to dress appropriately. C. Dressing for the occasion. D. Dressing for effect. C
A new report says nearly four-billion people have major tooth decay, or cavities. That number represents more than half of the world's population. Health officials are warning that failure to repair cavities can lead to social and emotional problems. Wagner Marcenes is with the Institute of Dentistry at Queen Mary, University of London. He led a
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team of researchers as part of the Global Burden of Disease 2010 study. About 500 researchers attempt to collect and examine studies about all major diseases. They used the information to estimate rates of the infection.
The report says untreated tooth decay is the most common of all 291 major diseases and injuries. Professor Marcenes says cavities or holes in permanent teeth are also known as caries.
“Caries is a chronic disease that shares the same risk factors as cancer, cardiovascular disease. What we're having now is an increase in disease from highly developed countries happening in sub-Saharan Africa and probably it will be in other areas of Africa, too.”
He says an increase in tooth decay in Africa could be a result of developing countries becoming more like Western nations.
“It is likely to be related to a change in diet. Our industrialized diet leads to chronic disease, which includes caries. And that may be the main explanation.”
Western diets are rich in sugar, a leading cause of health problems in the mouth. Wagner Marcenes says oral health problems can have a major effect on a person's quality of life. First, cavities make eating difficult. Second, people may change what they eat. They may eat softer foods that are not hard to chew. However, softer foods are often fattier foods.
But professor Marcenes says the biggest issue in tooth decay is both social and mental. He says the researchers found strong evidence that the mouth has a big influence on socialization. He says many people want to hide bad teeth. They smile less and communicate less.
Wagner Marcenes is calling for an “urgent, organized, social response” to the widespread lack of oral health. He believes in a natural method to fight tooth decay by having a healthier diet. He is also calling for the development of new and less costly dental materials and treatments. 64. From the passage, we know that Wagner Marcenes ______.
A. works as the leader of the Institute of Dentistry at Queen Mary, University of London.
B. is in charge of the activity to estimate the infection rate with the collected and examined studies about
all major studies.
C. thinks that the most serious problem caused by tooth decay is cancer that will last for a long time. D. and his researchers accumulate some studies to find out some ways to cure all major disease. 65. Caries is a disease that ______.
A. will cause psychological disorder which will affect people’s communication.
B. is listed in the most common of all 291 major diseases and injuries which will last for a long time. C. increases in Africa now because developing countries are becoming developed countries. D. is closely related to industrialized diet which calls for people to eat slowly. 66. The writer wrote this passage in order to ______.
A. warn people in Africa to adjust their diet to prevent caries.
B. arouse people’s concern about caries and take measures to deal with it. C. tell doctors that caries affects a person’s quality of life. D. tell the result of the Global Burden of Disease 2010 study. 67. What is the writer’s attitude towards tooth decay? A. indifferent B. negative C. concerned D. neutral
Pride and Prejudice for the Modern Woman
Let us imagine how Pride and Prejudice, Jane Austen's most famous work, might be updated, 200
Austen's popularity is rooted in her intelligence. But today she would certainly have had a very different life, as would her characters. Here's my own suggestion.
It is a truth finally and universally acknowledged that a single woman with brains deserves to have equal opportunities to men, however disadvantaged she may feel by sexism.
“My dear husband,” said his hopeful wife one day, “have you heard that the local store, standing empty for so long, is taken over by a bright young businesswoman? ”
Her dull and indifferent husband replied that he had not. “But it is, it is,” she replied excitedly. Mr. Dull-Husband made no reply.
“Don't you want to know her plans?” she cried with some impatience.
“Well, clearly you think it matters to your silly little head. .. so I'd better listen. ”
“Well, my dear, the rumor (传言) is that she has already set up a string of successful businesses in northern England, She will move in herself next month. ” “What is her name? ” “Bingley. ” “Is she married or single? ”
“What a question! And none of your business. But her coming will be a fine thing for our five boys. ” “How so? How can it possibly affect them? ”
“My dear love; those lazy boys need something to wake them up. There are bound to be jobs going. ” “Is that her point in settling here? Surely as a woman she has simply taken a fancy to the place. ”
“Nonsense, my love, how little you've noticed the world has changed. She's got a first-rate degree and some sort of business qualification, I'm told. She surely needs one of our boys! Perhaps you might give her a call. ”
“Me? No. Perhaps you can take an interest. You still have your looks, after all. She may even offer you a job. ” “Oh, that's not likely. These new chances belong to the younger generation. But now you mention it, I think I'll go along all the same. ”
And Mrs. Bennet went along. That was 10 years ago. She is now managing director of a FTSE-listed company.
It would remain the case, of course, that Mrs. Bennet would be one of very few women on the company board, that her salary would be lower than her male colleagues, her bonus of a more “female” dimension and her lifespan (年限) among the city's business leaders shorter than theirs. Still, she'd no doubt have enjoyed Davos—and might even have hobnobbed (攀谈) with influential figures. 68. Which of the following is TRUE according to the passage? A. Austen rewrote Pride and Prejudice. B. Austen's success lies in her wisdom.
C. Austen's updated work gains popularity. D. Austen was born 200 years ago.
69. The underlined part in the passage suggests that Mrs. Bennet __________. A. felt kind of worried and doubtful about Bingley B. was extremely anxious to meet Bingley C. had a great curiosity about Bingley
D. had mixed feelings of admiration and surprise about Bingley
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70. What does the writer intend to tell us?
A. Women have to pay a high price for success.
B. Women with brains can also be as successful as men. C. Sex discrimination still exists nowadays.
D. A judgment must be made free from prejudice.
Could you believe that the ideal person is never the best at anything? Our heads are so full of ambitions about wealth and power that we spin our wheels until we burn ourselves out and are left hopeless and exhausted.
There is great pressure to attain the highest level of achievement. By satisfying our vanity we do ourselves more harm than good. The only way to achieve sustainable happiness is to practice the Golden Mean.
The idea of the Golden Mean has existed for thousands of years. It is at the centre of both Eastern and Western philosophy and has more influence than the teachings of Aristotle and Confucius. The idea is simple. Every quality has extremes at both ends. The Golden Mean is the natural balance between these extremes. At this harmonious point goodness and beauty are achieved.
Socrates used the example of extreme devotion to athletics versus extreme devotion to music to illustrate this idea. The athlete becomes overly aggressive and cruel, while the musician becomes overly soft and womanish. The ideal is someone who practices both athletics and music and acquires a harmonious mixture of both qualities.
Consider an example from modern times that I’m sure everyone has observed. The first person is extremely career driven. Each day he focuses on advancing himself. He spends long hours at the office, competes mercilessly with his coworkers, and flatters his superiors. As a result he has almost no personal life. The second person’s only pursuit is leisure. He likes to waste time with his friends watching television and playing video games.
Which of these persons is superior? Many people would argue for the hard worker. But at second glance his life is rather cold. His obsession with success has conflicted with his coworkers and left him without a family. He may become rich, but how will he enjoy it? The second man is no better. He has wasted his life in laziness. He has refused to develop himself and exists as a lazybones. Both men are worthy of pity.
I think we’d all agree the ideal would be somewhere in between these two people. So how do we find the abstract Golden Mean?
It all starts with setting the right goals. Whenever you make a goal you need to do it with the right intention. Don’t set goals with the intention to command other people. Instead, try to start with a goal that is in between total selfishness and total selflessness.
The next step to reaching the Golden Mean is knowing your limits. You need to know when one more project is going to stress you out. The idea is to maintain balance at all times.
Another step to achieving the Golden Mean is being aware of your personal needs. Sure we need money and success, but having good relationships with friends and family are just as important.
I know the Golden Mean is hard to live by, but it is the key to finding your inner confidence. Ben Franklin said, “The wise keep learning from the mistakes of others, fools, scarcely from their own.” Next time you find yourself willing to do anything to be the best of the best, take a moment to reconsider. You
How we can build up a harmonious family
A harmonious family is essential to our personal development and our physical and mental __________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
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一、听力 1~5.BACAB 6~10.BCACC 11~15.CCABB 16~20.ACCAB
二、单项选择 21-25 BCACA 26-30 DBACD 31-35 DBABC
三、完形填空 36-40 CDBBC 41-45 CDABA 46-50 CBABA 51-55 CBCDC
四、阅读理解 56-59 CBAD 60-63 DCAD 64-67 BABC 68-70 BDC
五、任务型阅读71. expect/desire 72. pressure 73. balance 74. examples 75. comparing
76. devoted/dedicated 77. Steps 78. selfless 79. maintain/keep 80. counts
How we can build up a harmonious family
A harmonious family is essential to our personal development and our physical and mental health. A harmonious family is always full of warmth, love and laughter. Parents and children love and show concern for each other. They also respect and understand each other. If a child grows up in a harmonious family, he is more likely to be cheerful and optimistic. Otherwise, he may be miserable and pessimistic. Meanwhile, parents in a harmonious family are sure to live happily and more healthily.
Since a harmonious family plays a very important role in our life , it is up to every family member to contribute to the building of such a family. First of all, parents should be a role model for their children and pay more attention to their own words and behavior. Besides, they must trust their children and often communicate with them.
As children of the family, we should also respect and understand our parents, and try to share their burdens. If we do so, our home will always be harmonious.
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