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发布时间:2013-11-12 08:47:36  

一. 动词ing的时态和语态变化
语态 主动语态 时态 一般时 被动语态


being done


having done

having been done

? 一般时:表示的动作和状态与谓语动词所 表示的动作或状态同时发生,或发生在后 ? 完成时:表示的动作或状态发生在谓语动 词所表示的动作之前。

Having seen the film before, I didn’t want to go the cinema. 已经看过这场电影了,我不想再去电影院了

Reading the book, I saw my mother come in. 读书的时候, 我看见妈妈走了进来。
I failed the exam, making her disappointed. 我考试没及格,让她很失望。 Being beaten by Tom in the toilet, he found a cat suddenly. 被汤姆在厕所揍时,他突然发现了一只猫

注意:1.不及物动词的非谓语形式无被动语态 He went jumping off the bus. 2. 动词ing 的否定: not + Ving Not seeing the film makes him sad.

二. 动名词的复合结构
1. adj性物主代词+ Ving 2. 名词所有格’s + Ving 3. 人称代词的宾格 + Ving 4. 名词 + Ving Their telling lies made me angry. 他门说谎让我很生气。 Tom’s being careless caused much trouble. 汤姆很粗心引起了很多麻烦, Do you mind me/my opening the window? 你介意我打开窗户吗?

三. 动名词作主语
1. 位于句首 It作形式主语,将Ving放在后面 Performing is my job. It is no use crying. 哭是没有用的。

2. 常用Ving作主语的句型有 It is + adj + doing sth worthwhile, funny, useless It is funny swimming in bathhouses. It is no + n+ doing sth use, good, fun, pleasure It is no use crying over spilt milk. It is a waste of + n+ doing sth It is a waste of money buying useless things.

There is no + n + doing sth use, good, pleasure, point意义 There is no point ( in) doing so. There be no + doing sth 不… there is no knowing what will happen. 不知道将要发生什么

3. Ving 和 to do 作主语时的区别 前:表示一个比较抽象或泛指的动作时多用ing形式。 后: 表示具体或一次性动作,涉及到具体要 发生的。 Reading is an art. To be invited to the party is my honor.

四. 动名词作宾语
作动词或介词的宾语 1. 只能接ving作宾语的 admit, miss错过, delay耽搁, avoid, consider 考虑, enjoy, escape, finish, imagine, mind, practise, suggest, appreciate, deny否认, envy妒忌, risk冒险, keep保持, stand忍受, fancy没想到, put off 推迟 The chicken practises flying everyday, because it thinks it is a swallow.

2. 作介词的宾语 Be good at, feel like, insist on, set about, lead to, look forward to, get used to, be busy( in) , have difficulty (in), stick to坚持, object to反对, I feel like eating.

3. 有些动词可接Ving 和 to do 作宾语, 意义 区别不大。 Begin, start, like, love, prefer, hate, intend, I intended going out tonight. I intended to go out tonight.

4. 有些动词可接Ving 和 to do, 但意义差别大 mean to do sth 打算,

意欲 mean doing sth 意味着 stop to do sth 停下来去做另一件事 stop doing sth 停下来正在做的事 go on to do sth 继续干另外一件事 go on doing sth 继续干同一件事 can’t help (to) do sth 不能帮助做某事 can/t help doing sth 忍不住做某事 remember/ forget/ regret to do 要去做 remember / forget/ regret doing 已做了

? I regret to say I must leave tomorrow. 很遗 憾,我明天必须离开了。 ? I regret not having told her earlier. ? 没能更早地告诉她,我很后悔。 ? remember to do ★讲的是将来的事,表 示“不要忘记” Remember to lock the door when you leave. 离开时记得要锁门。 ? remember doing ★讲的是过去的事,表 示“记起来” ? I remember posting that letter. 我记得寄了 那封信。

5. 有些动词接ving作宾语, 主动形式表被动 意义。 相当于不定式的被动形式 to be done. need, want, require, 需要 + doing sth + to be done The flowers need watering/ to be watered.

6. 有些动词 allow, forbid, permit, advise + doing sth + sb to do sth My owner doesn’t permit me to go spring outing. My owner doesn’t permits going spring outing.

1. ______to the meeting surprised all of the boards. A. Mike coming B. Mike came C. Mike coming D. Mike’s coming 2. It’s no use _______ that you didn’t know the rules. A. you pretend B. you pretending C. your pretending D. your pretend

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