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Unit_4_What_would_you_do同步作文练习

发布时间:2013-11-19 12:48:34  

Unit 4 What would you do?同步作文练习

【单元话题分析】

日常生活中,令我们意想不到的事情会常常发生,你做好准备了吗? 发生在别人身上的事,如果是你,你会怎么办?你有什么好的建议吗?本单元我们将重点谈论想象的情况和学会提出建议。

中学生思维活跃,想象力丰富,这是学习语言的一大优势。因此,谈论想象的情况会极大的调动大家学习的积极性,提高大家对英语学习的兴趣,同时,也培养了大家学习过程中的创造力,使学习不只局限于课本,而是和生活紧密的结合在了一起。这样也就培养了大家积极主动学习的态度,和《英语课程标准》的总体目标是相符的。 而提出建议则是《课程标准》要求学生掌握的一项基本技能,在生活中应用十分广泛。

本单元话题的命题会就中学生生活中的趣事、烦恼的事等和一些热点问题,让大家来假设一些结果,可能会发生什么,事情发生后自己会怎么做。在有的材料作文中,还要求结合题目和生活实际提出一些解决问题的办法和建议。

【写作指导】

1. 要写作本单元话题作文,首先要了解谈论想象的情况的表达方式。常见的表达方式就是if引导的虚拟条件句,如If I had a million dollars, I would give some to charity, 在这个句子中从句谓语用动词使用了have的过去式had,主句用should(would,could,might)加动词原形。在虚拟语气的从句中,动词be的过去时态一律用were,不用was,如If I were you,I would take a small present。其次,要了解提出建议常见的表达方式。if引导的虚拟条件句除了用来谈论假设的情况外,也可用来提出建议,听起来比较语气委婉,让人容易接受。以下是提建议的几种常见表达法: What about/ How about + 名词/doing…? Why don't you / we do…? Why not + n. ( do …)? 主语+ should ( ought to ) +do等句式结构。

2.写作给材料作文应注意的问题:

(1)仔细审读所给材料(也叫内容提示),把握主旨,寻找可供写作的信息。

(2)围绕中心打腹稿,拟定写作提纲。

(3)不要逐字翻译内容提示,抓住信息大意,用学过的词句和句型结构进行表达。

(4)表达要流畅,可以适当添加内容允许的细节内容,使上下文过渡自然。恰当使用and、

so、or、because等连词,使作文连贯流畅。

【佳篇欣赏】

A

If I Had A Million Yuan

What would you do if you had a million yuan? Many people would buy a big house. As for me, if I had so much money, I would not take all the money. I would give half of it to the poor schools in the west part of China. I always hear that many children there can’t afford to go to school. I want to help them. Then, I would give some money to the Green Peace to help protect the environment. I would also travel all over the world, and it must be exciting. I would save the rest of the money for my education, because in this way my parents don’t have to work too hard.

Of course, if I work very hard, I think my dream will come true.

B

Dear Tina,

I am happy to hear that you will take part in the English speech contest. You told that you felt shy and nervous. Here I have some advice for you. First, you should read your speech many times and memorize it before the contest. This may make you feel confident. If I were you, I would print

the speech on a small piece of paper. It may be useful if you forget the words. Second, take a deep breath before you start speaking, and it will make you calm down. Remember, take the listeners as you friends, so you won’t feel shy. I hope my advice work on you.

I wish you success. Good luck.

Yours,

Liu Ying

C

If I Had A Big Garden

I live on the fifth floor, but I really want to have a garden. If I had a big garden, I would make good use of it. First, I would plant many flowers. I would try my best to look after them. When festivals or birthdays come, I would send my flowers to my parents, my teachers and my friends. They can be valuable gifts. Second, I would plant some vegetables. It is safer to eat the vegetables I plant by myself. The last thing I want to do in the garden is to keep a rabbit in the garden, and I would feed them with the vegetables. How wonderful it would be if I had a big garden.

【重点结构和句型展示】

A. 原汁原味(课本重点结构和句型)

1. What would you do if you had a lot of money? 如果你有很多钱,你会做什么?

2. If I had a million dollars, I’d give it to medical research. 如果我有一百万美元,我就把它捐献给医学研究事业。

3. If I were you, I would wear a shirt and tie. 如果我是你,我会穿衬衣打领带。

4. What if I don’t know anyone here? 如果我不认识任何人,我该怎么办?

5. I get nervous before big parties. 参加大聚会前我感到紧张。

6. They look terrible. 它们看起来很糟糕。

7. I’d wait for him to introduce himself to me. 我会等他向我介绍他自己。

8. If you answered c for most questions, then you are probably pretty confident. 如果对于大多数问题的答案是c, 那你可能非常自信。

9. Social situations don’t bother in the slightest. 社会环境根本困扰不了你。

10. Your friends would probably say that you are easy to get along with. 你的朋友们也许会说你很容易相处。

11. You like talking to one or two people rather than to a group. 你宁愿同一两个人说话而不愿同一群人聊天。

12. She doesn’t want to let her friends down. 他不想让朋友们失望。

13. I can’t think of any good advice to give her, but you always come up with good solutions to people’s problems. 我给她提不出任何好建议来, 你却总能给人们找出解决问题的办法。

B. 精彩例句拓展

1. What if there is no water on earth? 地球上没有水怎么办?

2. It’s getting colder and colder these days. 最近天气变得越来越冷了。

3. He looks honest. 他看上去很诚实。

Her idea sounds good. 她的主意听起来不错。

4. Liu Xiang is confident of winning the race. 刘翔有信心赢得这场比赛。

5.We don’t permit smoking in the office. 我们不允许人们在办公室抽烟。

6. You didn’t bother me in the slightest. 你一点也没有打扰我。

7. How are you getting along with your classmates? 你和同学们相处的怎么样?

8. I would stay at home rather than go to the party. 我宁愿呆在家里,也不愿去参加这个聚会。

9. I won’t let my parents down. 我不会让父母失望的。

10. We are thinking of going to France. 我们正考虑去法国。

11.He couldn’t come up with a answer. 他答不上来。

【原创习作点评】

学校的校刊开展了一次“如果有烦恼,你向谁诉说”的学生问卷调查, 要求写清自己的想法和理由。假设你参加了这次问卷调查,请以此为题,写一篇80字左右的短文。 分析:

这篇作文比较贴近中学生的生活。 在作文开始应先说明有了烦恼会告诉谁,然后再讲理由。讲理由时要注意主要理由在先,次要理由在后, 各条理由之间过渡应自然流畅。由于谈论的是一个假设的情况,所以要注意恰当使用本单元的虚拟语气结构。

【拓展练笔】

1、吸烟有害健康。然而,有些中学生却认为吸烟是件很酷的事,如果你的身边有同学吸烟,你该怎么办? 请按提示写一篇短文,题目自拟。

内容提示:1. 吸烟不仅危害自身健康,也损害周围人的健康;

2. 有些青少年因无足够的钱来买香烟而引致偷窃犯罪;

3. 应该马上停止吸烟,多进行体育活动。

要求:1. 不要逐字翻译内容提示;

2. 词数不少于100词。

__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ One possible version:

Stop Smoking

Nowadays, some boy students smoke, and they think it cool to do that. But I don’t think so. If the boys around me smoked, I would do something to stop them from smoking. First, I would tell them that smoking is bad for health in many ways. As far as I know, smoking leads to cancer and bad memory. It’s not only harmful to the smokers but also to the people around them. Second, I would tell them that some students stole because they didn’t have money to buy cigarettes. Step by step, the broke the law, and were punished. Of course, I would also give them some advice to help them stop smoking. I think they should give up smoking at once, and they should do more exercise instead.

If the students around me smoked, I would try my best to help them give up smoking.

2、网络已经成为现代生活中十分重要的一个方面,它在为我们带来便利的同时也带来了很多危害。现在,全国有很多中学生沉迷网络,不能自拔,严重影响了他们的身心健康。假设你们学校开展“网友知心一帮一”的活动,你要帮助一名沉迷网络的中学生李兵戒除网瘾。这是你第一次给他发邮件,请你告诉他长时间上网、沉迷网络的危害,并且告诉他如果你是他你会怎么办。你的名字叫王宁。

内容提示:1. 长时间上网对眼睛、大脑和心脏有着严重的危害;

2. 长时间上网不仅浪费时间而且极容易耽误学业;

3. 请父母帮助控制上网时间;经常和朋友们一起进行体育锻炼等。

要求: 不要逐字翻译内容提示,可适当增加细节内容。

One possible version:

Dear Li Bing,

How are you?My name is Wang Ning. It’s the first time I write to you. I told that you love surfing Internet very much and always spend too much time on the Internet. I like the network, but I never spend too much time doing that. As far as I know, to our young students, spending too much time surfing the Internet is really bad for eyes, brain and heart. If I were you, I wouldn’t do like that, because it’s not only bad for health but also bad for study. As a student, we should have enough time to study and rest. So surfing the Internet is sometimes wasting time to us. I know that is pretty difficult to give up doing the thing you like. If I were you, I would ask my parents to help control the time I take. And I think it a good idea to spend some time doing sports or chatting with friends. It may help you forget the Internet for a while.

Wish you all the best!

Yours,

Wang Ning

3、假如你的同学Lucy是独生女,父母对她的期望很高,只关心他的学习成绩,不让她看电视、上网,她觉得有很多烦恼,却不知向谁诉说。请你给她写封邮件,帮帮她吧。

要求:1. 注意书信格式;

2. 不要逐字翻译内容提示。

One possible version:

Dear Lucy,

How are you?

I am sorry to hear that you have some trouble. My parents used to be very strict with me. I am not allowed to watch TV or surf the Internet. I felt very unhappy, because I thought that I was no longer a child and teenagers should be allowed to do things they like instead of studying all the time. Then I talked with them. I said I should be given more opportunities to develop myself,and I promised that the things I do wouldn’t get in the way of my schoolwork. Finally, they agreed with me, and of course I kept my word. Now, I would talk with my parents whenever I have some trouble, and they are always helpful.

So I think your problem is that you and your parents should understand each other more. If I were you, I would talk to them about all these problems you have. Understanding between parents and child is very important

Good luck!

Yours,

Tracy

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