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初三12重点

发布时间:2013-11-27 09:25:04  

各位家长您们好:

转眼您们的孩子已步入初中生活的最后一个寒假,几分期待,几分焦急。为了让孩子明确英语学习目标。寒假的 学习安排如下:

1我们计划将所有初中的英语单词从九年级上开始以每天倒序2模块的进度听写一遍。具体会以默写板的形式,请家长提醒您的孩子背单词并做好签字准备

2九下的课文每学新课二模块后会有一套卷子跟踪总结重点。

3针对阅读能力普遍弱会配合天利38套

4每周安排一篇英语习作.

希望咱们和孩子一起度过一个有计划,有安排,有意义的寒假,一起努力吧

-一个人的力量毕竟有限,好成绩需要咱们共同努力。如果您对你的孩子还有哪些想嘱咐的话请写下来或以短信的形式告诉我,谢谢 MS KONG

二、九年级下册重点 Module 1—2

点短语

II:翻译下列短语和句型。

1. Better get back to work ._________________ 2.What ?s it like ?

3. be full of _____________ 4. because of _____________

5. take a tour ___________ 6. go for a long walk ______________

7. school leavers? party _________________ 7. dream about __________________

8. set off ___________ 10. at the start of _________________

11. in a strong voice ____________________ 12. get off /on ___________________

13. be far away ________________________ 14. get top grades ________________

15. make a speech _____________________ 16. have a break _________________

17. stand for _________________________ 18. as well as ___________________

19. instead of ________________________ 20. have /take exams _____________

21. do athletics _____________________ 22. afterschool activities __________

23. at the end of ______________________ 24. plenty of ____________________

三、重点句子

III:根据中文提示完成句子。

1. 因为春节的原因,冬季成了中国最繁忙的季节。

Winter is _____ _________season in China ________ _______ Spring Festival .

2. 最好回去上课了, 因为本学期结束我们还要考试呢。

Better ____ _____ ____work , because we?ve got exams ___ ____ ____ _____ the term .

3. 这学期有许多有趣的事要做。

There are _________ ________ fun things ____ _________this term .

4. 林经常梦见火车,梦见去首都,现在火车就在他面前,马上就要开车动身了。

Lin often ______ _________ the train and about going to the capital ,now it is _____ ______ _________him ,to ______ __________ soon .

5. 他拉着金的胳膊,眼中含着泪水,金把他推开了。

He _______ Jin _____ _______ arm, ________tears in his eyes, Jin ______ him away .

6. 我有火车票,号码正是你正坐着的那座位的号码。

I have a ticket _________ the number of the seat you are_________ _______.

7. “那离这还有7个小时的距离,戴眼镜的人说,”“即使是10分钟的路,你也得让开。”

“It is seven hours ______ ________ here,” the man ________glasses said ,“_______ _____ it is only 10 minutes , you should _________ .”

8. 慢慢地,这个年轻人站了起来,把烟扔在地板上,消失在火车那一头。

Slowly the young man ______ _______, __________ his cigarette on the floor , and ___________ ____________ the train .

9. 两个学校都很好,一所学校有的,另一所学校也有。

________schools are very nice, and___________ school has anything the other hasn?t got .

10. 九点钟上课,每节课上一个小时,11:00休息一会,然后再上一节课,然后一个小时吃中饭,在放

学前我们还得再上两节课。

Lessons begin at 9:00 and ________ for an hour . we _____ __ _______at 11:00, then ____lesson , then lunch for an hour . We have ___ _____lessons before schools finishes .

11. PHSE是关于吸烟、吸毒的危险以及其他别的内容。

PHSE is about the________of drugs and smoking, ______ __________ __________.

12. 在ADT课程中,我们学习如烹饪之类的知识,还有画画和设计等。

In ADT we also do things like learning to cook ___ ________ _____ drawing and design .

13. 关于学校的记忆,什么是最坏的事情?作业—还有考试!

What is _____ _____________ thing about school ?Homework----and exams !

四、重点语法

1.名词(名词的复数、名词所有格 )

1)某国人变复数口诀:“中日不变英法变,其余S加后面。如:

a Chinese ---____________________ a Japanese ---___________________

a Frenchman --__________________ an Englishman ---________________

an Arab ________________________ a German ---____________________

2)以O结尾的词变复数口诀:除“黑人英雄吃土豆西红柿”外,其余在词尾加—es.

zoo--______________ radio --________________ photo--_________________

Negro _____________ hero --________________ tomato--________________

potato _____________ kangaroo______________ piano --________________

3)复合名词前面是man, woman 变复数时,构成复合名词的两个词全部变成复数,如果是其他词,

变复数时,只要把后面的名词变复数形式。如:

a man doctor ---___________________ a woman teacher _____________________

a boy student --___________________ a banana tree ---______________________

4)不可数名词的数量的表达方法。

一条新闻_______________________ 两片面包________________________

几滴水 ________________________ 几箱苹果________________________

5) 名词所有格表示名词之间的所有关系。有两种表达方式。一种是“—?s”所有格, 一种是of 所

有格。如:

教师节________________________ 母亲节_________________________

李明的书包____________________ 杰克的父母_____________________

汤姆和杰克的房间(共有)_____________________________________

汤姆和杰克的房间(各自所有)_________________________________

房间的门_______________________ 树上的叶子___________________

我父亲的朋友___________________我父亲的一个朋友______________

2,冠词

冠词分为不定冠词、定冠词和零冠词。

1)不定冠词表示泛指某人或某物,在第一次提到某人或某物时,常常用不定冠词,如: I have got ______ new computer .

_____ plane is a machine that can fly .

2)不定冠词用在表示时间、速度、价格等意义的名词之前,有“每一”之意.如:

We usually have a party once ______ week .

3)定冠词表示“特指”,用于双方都知道的人或物,以及上面提到过的人或物,还可以表示世界上

独一无二的事物。

Give me ________ book ,please .

I have got ______ new computer , ________ computer is very small .

Do you know ________ in red ?

_______ earth goes around ______ sun .

4) 定冠词常常用于序数词、和最高级前面,以及对来年各个人或物进行比较时起特指作用的比

较级前。

He is _______ taller of the two .

Jack is _______ first boy to get to school .

5)用在姓前面表示一家人或夫妻俩,如:

______Greens are watching movies now .

6)用在某些形容词前表示一类人。

______young should take good care of _______old .

7) 元音前面用an , 辅音前面用a, 注意是指读音而不是指字母。如:

There is ______:h”and ______ “u “in the word “hour “

I have got ______ umbrella .

She is ______unhappy girl and she bought ______ useful book .

8). “the+序数词”表示“第几----”“a+序数词”表示“又一,再一”,如:

The apple is so delicious , and I would like to eat ____ second one .

9)某些词组中有定冠词和没有定冠词意思不同。如:

His father is ill so he has to stay __________.

His father is a doctor and works ___________.

A. in hospital B, in the hospital

10) 有些地方不使用冠词.如:

We can play _______ piano well, but we can?t play ______basketball .

A. the/ a B. the / the C / , the D. the , /

3. 数词

1)熟记下列数词

基数词:11_____________ 12___________13_____________15____________ 20_____________30___________40_____________50_____________ 百_____________千__________百万___________十亿____________ 序数词:第1___________第2__________第3___________第5____________ 第8___________第9__________第12__________第20___________ 基数词变序数词口诀:

基变序,有规律,末尾加上th, 一、二、三,特殊记,八去t,九去e,

ve要用f替 ,遇见y变ie,后跟th 莫忘记。要想变成几十几,只变个位就可以。 倍数或次数:一次_____________两次_______________三次________________

2)分数的表示法:子基母序,分子大于一,分母加s, 如:

1/3 ____________ 2/5_______________ 3/7___________________

3.年代的表达法:

如:在19世纪70年代 in_______________________.

4)年龄的表达“

如:在她四十多岁时 in __________________________

5. 注意两组词组的区别:

A. two hundred

hundreds / thousands /millions / billions of _____________________

B. a number of __________________ the number of ________________

如:Today there are ______ students learning English .

A. hundred of B. 5 thousands C. millions of D, 3 billion of

4. 代词

1)人称代词

主格 ______ ______ _____ ______ ______ ______ ______ _______

宾格______ ______ _____ ______ ______ ______ ______ _______

2)物主代词

形容词性______ ______ ______ _______ ________ _______ _________ _________ 名词性 ______ ______ ______ _______ ________ _______ _________ _________

3)反身代词______ ______ ______ _______ ________ _______ _________ _________ 如:She teaches _________( we) English

He is too young to look after __________( he )

This computer is _______(she ) , ______( I ) is on the desk .

4) 疑问代词:_______ _________ ________ ________ ____________

5 不定代词, 如:_______________________________________________________. 在运用代词时,要注意

1) it ,one .that的区别,如:

2)几组不定代词的区别,如:

A. little / a little , few / a few ; many /much ; some / any

B: all / both , none /neither , each /either /every

C. everyone / every one

3) 当形容词或else修饰复合不定代词something等时,常常放于不定代词后面,如: 一些好词的东西___________________ 某些重要的事_________________________ IV.选择正确的选项完成句子。

1.The weather in Hefei is colder than _______ in Beijing in winter .

A. it B. that C. those D. this

2. ----Who has a computer ? ----- I have _______, do you like ______?

A. it / it B. that / it C. one / it D. one / one

3. There is _________ in today?s newspaper .

A. new something B, anything new

C. important nothing D. nothing new

4. We plant many trees on ______ side of the street .

A. none B. any C. either D. both

5. It was a long journey, but ______ of them four felt bored.

A, neither B. both C, none D. all

五、 知识点运用。

V用所给词的适当形式填空。

1. ___________(million)of people visit the Great Wall every year

2. The _________(nine ) lesson is very easy .

3. Mr. Smith learned Chinese as his __________(two ) language .

4. Would you give me ________( one ) more chance ?

5. What was the population of China at the end of ___________( twenty ) century .

6. These _________(mouse )are so lovely, don?t hurt them .

7. There is no _______( room ) to lay the bed here .

8. He rushed out of the room without _________( say ) a word .

9. I bet we are even __________( good ) than Park School at English .

10. I will stay here until I am 18 if I _________ (pass) the exam

11. Their school is as big as _________( we )

12. Boys and girls , help ____________( you ) to some fruit .

13. They are watching TV instead of __________( revise ) for the test .

14. Neither school _________( have ) a big swimming pool .

15. There are many nice_________( tomato) here, let?s take some _________(photo )of them . V.单项选择。

1. The train will ________ in two hours, please be hurry .

A. set out B. set down C, set off D, set up

2. The train was _________ people and I had to stand for over 6 hours .

A. filled of B. full of C. fill with D. full with

3. This plane can fly at more than _______ the speed of the sound .

A, second B, two C, twice D, third

4.Can you tell me how many ________ you want to get ?

A. sheeps B. fish C. photoes D. orange

5. ----Excuse me ,who has a knife ?

--- I have _______, do you want _____?

A. one / one B. one / that C. one / it D. it / one

6. He found ____ difficult to go to sleep because of the noisy children .

A, that B. / C. why D. it

7. There is ______ juice in the fridge, could you go aand buy some ?

A. a little B. a few C. little D. much

8. Tom ,you are old enough , I think you can look after ________.

A. you B. your C. yourself D. myself

9. John and I couldn?t get into the house because _______ of us had a key .

A. none B. both C. neither D. either

10. ---Is everyone here ?

---Yes. __________.

A. Tom isn?t here B. Nobody is absent

C. Nobody is present D, Wait a moment

11. ----Look, here comes the bus .

---No hurry. Don?t get on it _____ it has stopped .

A. when B. after C. until D. since

12. Tom as well as his friends _____ Yellow Mountain now .

A. visits B. are visiting C. is visiting D. visit

13. ---I don?t like listening to the concert .

--- I don?t ,________.

A. also B. too C. as well D。either

14. He doesn?t know ______French because he has studied it for only ____weeks .

A. much, a few B. little , a few C. few , a little D. a few , a bit

15. ______ you don?t like English , you should study it hard because it is useful .

A. Although B. While C. Even D. Even if

九年级下册 Moudle3--4

二、重点短语

II:翻译下列短语。

1. Nearly finished 。_________________,2. That?s not the point .________________

3.in the past ________________________ 4. know about sth _____________________

5. be better at _______________________ 6. prevent illness _____________________

7. public transport ___________________ 8. do one?s best________________________

9. talk of sth _______________________ 10. all one?s life ________________________

11. in those day _____________________12. a full-time job _______________________

13. ready-made food _________________14. fall off _____________________________

15. pick up _________________________16. get married _________________________

17. look forward to __________________18. take a look at ________________________

19. have on ________________________20 . put on _____________________________

21. look different ___________________ 22.look the same -----as_________________

23. go for this year?s colours __________24. catch one?s attention ___________________

25. personal look ___________________26. designer clothes _______________________

27. all over the world _______________ 28. prefer ---to ___________________________

29. care about _____________________ 30. have the logo ________________________

31. make much money ______________ 32. above all _____________________________

33. because of _____________________ 34. show off______________________________

35.think about _____________________36. think of ____________________________

三、重点句子

III:根据中文提示完成句子。

1.最重要的区别是人们现在健康多了,他们比过去活得长。

The most important __________is that people are _________ today and they live _______ than they ______ _____ _____ ________.

2.一个优势是今天我们对医学了解的更多,我们现在更精通于预防疾病。

The _____________ is that we_______ ________ __________medicine today, and we are _______ __________ __________illness .

3. 人们现在吃得不像从前一样好,而且做运动不像以前一样多。

People don?t eat _____ _____ ______in the past and they don?t take ____ _______exercise _______they _________

4. 更快的交通就造成了更多的污染,这使生活变得更危险更不健康。

Faster transport also ________ _______ _______ and they makes life ____dangerous

and ____________healthy .

5.说到业余时间,别忘了我下个月要参加学校组织的出游。

_________ _________ free time , don?t forget I am going on the school trip next month .

6. 今天已婚妇女外出工作很正常,但过去就不太普遍

It?s ______for married women to go out to work , but it was ______ _______ in the past .

7.你已决定穿什么衣服去参加毕业晚会了吗?

Have you decided ________ __________ __________ the school leavers? party ?

8.尺码正好,但颜色有点太艳,让我们看看他们是否有件蓝色的。

It is the ______ _______, but it is a bit _________, Let?s see if they have one ____ ______.

9.你想看起来与众不同?还是想穿和你朋友一样的衣服?

.Do you like to______ ________or do you wear ___ ______clothes _______ your friends ?

10.是不是图标---就是公司的标志—引起你的注意了?

Is it the logo ---the company symbol_______ ______ _________ ___________ ?

11.每个人都花钱买衣服,每个人都有他自己的个性形象。

Everyone ___________money on clothes and everyone has their _______ __________.

12.许多人都在乎他们的外表形象。

Many people______ _______ ________ _________ they look,

13.最重要的是,由于巧妙的广告作用,品牌服装更受欢迎。

_______ _________,designer clothes are more popular _______ _____clever advertising .

14.大多数人都采用彰显他们个性的穿着方式。

Most people dress_____ ____ ________ that ______ _________their personality .

四、重点语法

1形容词和副词的用法(详见七年级下第5—7模块)

1。形容词和副词原级的比较,一般用“as+原级+as “句型 ”否定句可以用“not so/as----as ”

句型。如:

Jack is as__________( tall ) as Tom .

English is not___________ Chinese.

A. as difficult as B. so easy as

C. more useful as D. as harder as

2. 表示“A不如B”常常用“less +原级+than “句型。如:

他认为英语没有汉语有趣。

He think English is __________ _____________ than Chinese .

=He think Chinese is __________ _____________ than English .

=He don?t think English is as ____________ as Chinese .

3。以—ly结尾的词多为副词,但如果是“名词+ly ”则构成形容词,要注意区别,如:翻译下

列词语:

friendly _____________ lonely ____________ lovely ___________

lively _______________ likely_____________ daily ____________

brotherly _____________ motherly _______________

4. ---ing形容词和----ed形容词的区别:---ing形容词表示________(主动 、被动),常常用来描

写事物;----ed形容词表示________(主动 、被动),常常用来描写人,如:interesting -----interested

When we heard the _________ news , we were all __________.

A, excited / exciting B. exciting /excited

C. exciting /exciting D. excited /excited

5. 有些形容词只能作表语, 不能放在名词前面作定语,如

The ________ man is his uncle . ( A.ill B. sick C. asleep D. awake )

6. 形容词作定语修饰名词,一般放于名词之前,但如果修饰不定代词,则要放于不定代词

_____________。

Be quiet please, I have _________to tell you .

A, important something B. anything new

C, something important D. new nothing

2.介词的用法

介词的用法比较丰富,应该在平时的运用中加以揣摩归纳,要注意一些常用介词的用法,如:

with, for 等,还要注意一些介词的差异,如

1.表时间的常用介词

1)in /on /at 的区别,如:

I arrived in Hefei _______ a very cold night

I usually get up ________ 6:00

There is a lot of rain _______ spring

They usually go out shopping ______ Sunday .

2)since /for 的区别

He has had this house _______ 1970

He has lived in Hefei ________ 10 years

3)in / after 表示“------之后“的区别

My father has gone to Beijing ,he will come back _______ a week . _______ a week , he came back from Beijing .

4.“by+时间点”表示“到---为止”,后接不同的时间用不同的时态。如:

2. 表示地点的方位介词

1)in /on /to

Japan lies ______ the east of China

Korea lies _______ the east of China

Taiwan lies _______the east of China

2) over/on /above

There is a bridge ________ the river

Raise your arms _________ your head

There is a book _______ the desk

3) in front of /in the front of

There is a tall building _______ our house .

4) at /in /on

When did you arrive _______ Shanghai ?

He will arrive ______ the airport at six o?clock .

3.其他常用介词的区别

1) between /among

There is a school ______ many buildings

You should eat ________ meals

2) across /through/ over / past

Can you go _______ the forest by yourself ?

I can?t swim ______ the river .

The plane flew _____ a line of mountains in the southeast .

They walked _______ the library .

3) but / except / besides

There is nothing _______ a chair in the room

All the students went to the zoo ___ Jim, he was ill in bed .

I have a few friends _______ you .

4) with /without

_______ your help , I can?t finish the work .

_______ your help , I finally finished this hard work .

五、 知识点运用。

IV用所给词的适当形式填空。

1, Is life today _______(well) or ________(bad) than it was 50 years ago ?

2.It?s normal for __________( marry ) women to go out to work ,

3.Everyone has their __________( person )look .

4.People walk and use the bike ________( little ) because of faster public transport .

5. People don?t have to work as ________(hard ) as they did in the past

6. You will be more _________(relax) and ________(little) nervous after having a rest .

7. Families _________________(change)a lot since I was young .

8. The food was always __________(fresh ) cooked

9. Playing sports is one of the ___________________(popular ) leisure activities .

10.What helps you ____________( choose ) the clothes you like ?

11. All of the international companies spends ______________( million ) of dollars every year to make

us ________( buy ) their clothes , and they _____________( success).

V.单项选择。

1. The ________ of this kind of machine is that it can save power, we needn?t change the battery every day

A. disadvantage B, advantage C. necessary D. importance

2. -------________ you ask him to go with us ?

----Good idea .

A. Let?s B. Why not C. Why don?t D. What about

3. -----What is the reason ?

----I _______ that?s because the weather now is much hotter than it was .

A. suppose B. wonder C. make D. lead

4. ----Are the twins well-behaved at school ?

----Yes, they are . and they are good ______ making friends.

A. with B. in C. at D. for

5. “Whose is this book?” “I?m not sure. It _______ be his.”

A. can B. may C. should D. must

6. If you give me _______, I?ll finish the work.

A. more a few time B. a few more time

C. more a little time D. a little more time

7. She said no letters _______since last Wednesday.

A. have received B. had received C. have been received D. had been received

8. Tom couldn?t open the door, because he ________ the key.

A. lost B. has lost C. will lose D. had lost

9. Please stop _______ and _______ to me.

A. talking, listen B. to talk , listening C. talking, listening D. to talk , listen

10. He?s traveled to France, ________.

A. so is his sister B. so has his sister

C. so his sister is D. so his sister has

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