haihongyuan.com
海量文库 文档专家
全站搜索:
您现在的位置:首页 > 初中教育 > 初中作文初中作文

新东方内部初中提高班作文讲解[1]

发布时间:2013-11-28 08:01:46  

中考英语写作

语法和句型
? 初中写作中的常见错误

1、结构错误
There has some different ideas about… There are some different ideas about… 正:There be…

2. 误用句型结构
? 误:When a middle school student, his parents were very strict with him. 正:When he was a middle school student, his parents were very strict with him.

3.符号错误
? There are many boy bands around the world. Such as Super Junior M, Fei Lun Hai, Flower and so on. 正:There are many boy bands around the world, such as, Super Junior M, Fei Lun Hai, Flower and so on.

4.缺少动词
我累了。—— I'm tired.
? ? ? ? ? 误 I happy I can come to Beijing Zoo. 正 I am happy I can come to Beijing Zoo.

误 The apples cheap. I'll take some. 正 The apples are cheap. I'll take some.

5.缺少介词、冠词等
? 误 Because heavy rain we can't hold the sports meeting. ? 正 Because of the heavy rain we can't hold the sports meeting.

6.代词的误用
? 误 I mother and I went to the shop to buy a present for I father. ? 正 My mother and I went to the shop to buy a present for my father.

7.句子不完整
? 误 Many students have a hard time passing all the tests to get into college. For example, my friend in high school. ? (这段文章的第二句话没有动词,他不能独 立构成一个句子。这是一个非常常见的错误 ,修改的方法是将两个句子连接起来。) ? 正 Many students have a hard time passing all the tests to get into college, for example, my friend in high school.

8.前后不一致
所谓不一致,包括数的不一致、时态不一致及代词 不一致、主谓不一致等。 ? 误 When one have knowledge, he can do what he want to do. (人一旦有了知识,他就能想干什么就干什么。) ? 剖析:one是单数第三人称,因而本句的have应改 为has ;同理,want应改为wants。本句是典型的主 谓不一致。 ? 正 When one has knowledge , he can do what he wants (to do)

9.时态、人称和数的搭配错误
? 误 When I get to the station the train leave. ? 正 When I got to the station the train had left.

10.词性误用.
? We all know that fail is the mother of succeed. ?We all know that failure is the mother of success.

? ? ? ?

success successful successfully succeed

? ? ? ?

He got success. He was successful. He did it successfully. He succeeded.

? Make our city greener is important. ?Making our city greener is important.

? 人们可以通过因特网获得信息。 ? People can by the Internet to get information. ?People can get information through the Internet.

11.词语赘用
? 词语赘用就是在文章中使用了多余的 字(useless words),或用了大词 (big words),雅词(elegant words),形成了废话(dead word ),使文章组织不严密,内容模糊不 清。

? IPhone is a brand-new, cool, modern, entert

aining, smart high tech.

? 2-3个形容词足矣!切记用and连接。

? People who are in Beijing are working hard for the 2008 Olympics.
?People in Beijing are working hard for the 2008 Olympics.

? 查字典 ? look up a dictionary ?看词性 ?看例句

12. 文化差异

? 百里挑一 ? one in a hundred ?one in a thousand

? 黄头发 ? yellow hair ?blond

? 白头发 ? white hair ?grey hair

White-collar Black tea Brown sugar Green house Blue mood

白领 红茶 红糖 温室 忧郁的情绪

? 具雷人版本

语雷版
? I call Li old big. toyear 25. ? My home four mouth people: papa, mama, I and DD. ? Please come to eat and sleep with me. ? From see you one eye, I love you. ? Your eyes close, I die; Your eyes open ,I come back alive. ? Your eyes close and open again and ? again ,I die again and again.

? 1. We have computer class one week a time. ? I have computer class once a week. ? 英语中表达频率次数时:一次 once, 两 次 twice 从三次开始用 three times ...
? 2. Go into my school, you can see many flowers. ? Going into my school, you can see many flowers. ? 这里使用动名词going做主语, go 这个动作 由后面的you 发出.

? 3. There have 100 books. ? There are 100 books. ? 表示某个地方有什么,一般使用There be 的存 在句型. ? 4. I study there very happy. ? I study there very happily. ? Study 是个动词,表示动作的程度要使用副词, 不可以用形容词happy.

? 5. I usually swimming there. ? I usually swim there. ? -ing结尾的动名词不可以单独做句子的谓语.
? 6. I forget said this, our school wall beside has many trees. ? By the way, there are many flowers beside our school wall. ? 这个句子的表达和语法上都有问题. 如果单从中文意思 来看,大家都明白他在说什么,但是要是让外教来批改,估 计他会无尽的苦恼了.所以我们在不失句子原意的基础 上,使用正确的语法.该句子的表达应该为:

? 7. Several hours after, he was surprised. ? Several hours later, he was surprised. ? 使用after时,不能放在时间表达语的后面.
? 8. He had to asked the other one. ? He had to ask the other one. ? “Have to do something” 是固定用法 ,不定 式后用动词原形.

? 9. He thought he speak well. ? He thought he spoke well. ? 这个句子属于语法时态的不一致. ? 10. Mr. Li is come from Beijing . ? Mr. Li is from Beijing . ? 一个英语句子中不能有两个谓语动词.

? 11. He was very hardly. He likes studying Chinese. ? He studies very hard.. He likes studying Chinese. ? 首先要区分hard 和 hardly.虽然两个都可以做副词, 但在意思上有很大的区别. He works very hard. 他 工作很努力 He hardly works. 他几乎不工作.这个 两个表达相差很大. 其次,be 动词后面不能使用副 词.
? 12. This film is very good-looking . ?

This film is very interesting. ? 这是一个完全中文式的英语句子. good-looking 一 般用来形容人物的.

? 13. It is very good to family look. ? It is fit for family to enjoy. ? 又是一个中文式的句子 ? 14. I think we can’t live Internet. ? I think we can’t rely on Internet. ? 学生想要表达的是不要过分依赖因特网.

? 15. People use the net to send the mails has the most people. ? Most people use the net to send the mails. ? 这是一个要表达比例的英语句子.学生在这 里做了一个中文句子的”强行”翻译. ? 16. I have a future dream. ? I have a dream about future. ? Future 在这里不可以直接修饰dream.

? 17. It can help me to walk on my life road. ? It can help me to walk on my life’s journey. ? “人生路”中的“路”是抽象的含义,不 可用“road”来表达。 ? 18. I think everything must be change a lot. ? I think everything keeps on changing. ? 不细心看这个句子,我完全不了解他想表达 什么.但从上下文来推测,我想他想表达世事 在变化的意思.

? 19. I just wonder what does my future like and what should I do. ? I just wonder what my future likes and what I should do. ? 宾语从句要使用正常语序.
? 20. But I singing not very well. ? But I don’t sing very well. ? 动名词不可以单独做谓语动词使用.一般现 在时的句子表否定,如果是实意动词需要有 do来帮忙.

? 21. Tom’s mum didn’t care him. ? Tom’s mum didn’t care about him. ? Care 是个不及物的动词,不可以直接加宾 语。 ? 22. Almost students use the computer not study. ? Most of the students use the computer not to study. ? 一个句子中间只能有一个谓语动词。

? 23. Send mail is most of people like to do in the net. ? Most of people like sending mail in the internet. ? 这是一个中文式表达的句子。

? 24. When I was very small. ? When I was a little child. ? Small 用来形容人的体型和物品体积。这里 要表达的“小孩子”的意思。


网站首页网站地图 站长统计
All rights reserved Powered by 海文库
copyright ©right 2010-2011。
文档资料库内容来自网络,如有侵犯请联系客服。zhit326@126.com