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初中图表作文

发布时间:2013-12-24 12:39:45  

图表作文就是用文字表格,数字或图像作为写作信息提示的一种写作形式,图表作文的体裁多为议论文、应用文和说明文。在初中英语书面表达中,以文字结合表格形式的考查方式最多。写这类作文通常要把握以下几点:

1 要认真解读图表,切勿疏漏重要的数据信息和细节提示,有时不必每个数据都涉及,但重要数据必须提到。

2 对图表中的内容分析、数据说明一定要简明扼要,尽量使用简单句,因为复杂的句式往往起不到清晰表达的效果,这有悖于图表作文的考查目的。

3 结论性的表达要按部就班地从图表信息分析或数据归纳而来,这样才能使得语言有说服力,切忌主观判断,更不能主观臆造,避免“I think/believe?”等类似句式的使用。

4 图表型作文是同学们在中考最后冲刺阶段必须重点备考的作文类型。既然是图表作文,那么第一段的对图表的描述就对作文的得分有最大的影响。也正是因为有一定的难度,有的命题者会将第一段的首句给出。还要注意一些常用词汇,如:table; chart; graph; column chart; show; describe; can be seen from; clear 等。 柱形图形式要求考生通过宽度相等的柱形的高度或长度差别来判断事物的动态发展趋势,因此考生应密切关注坐标线上的刻度单位及图表旁边的提示说明与文字。

图表作文的结构通常是三段式:

第一段分析图表的数据变化反映出来的问题或趋势,简要概括图表揭示的信息;

第二段分析原因;

第三段提出解决问题的办法或建议。

同时还应该注意以下小问题:文章应包括图表所示的内容,但不是全部写到;叙述调查结果时要避免重复使用百分比;最重要的是要有表明自己观点的句子。书写要规范,包括大小写、标点符号等。写作之后还要注意认真检查、改正错误。

必备素材

1 常用词汇

One third三分之一, two fifths五分之二, percent百分之? ?, almost差不多, show显示 , half一半的, nearly几乎, more than多于, grow增长, change变化, over超过, quickly快速地, suddenly突然地, gradually逐渐地, slowly慢慢地, compared with与??相比, from? to?从??.到??,during在??期间, at the beginning of开始, by the end of到??为止,can be seen from到??可以看到, take?for example 以??为例

2 常用句型

(1) I took a survey in our school yesterday.昨天我在我们学校做了一个调查。

(2) Two thirds of the students spend too much time watching TV, playing computer games

after class.三分之二的学生浪费太多课余时间在看电视盒玩电脑游戏上。

(3) Three quarters of the poor students come from the west area.四分之三的贫困学生来

自西部地区。

(4) Here are the results of a survey carried out in 2007 and in 2009.这是在2007和

2009年所做调查的结果。

(5) The number has doubled as against that of last year.相比去年,数字增长了一倍。(as

against 与??.成对比,与??相比)

(6) There are 50 students in my class and 21 of them are boys.我班有50人,其中男生

21名。

(7) The number rose to 67%.数量增长到了百分之六十七。

(8) Even worse , over 28% students developed mental health problems.更糟糕的是,超过

百分二十八的学生有精神健康方面的问题。

(9) Most of the pupils pay little attention to protecting their eyesight.多数小学生

不注意保护自己的视力。

(10) About 96% of the parents want their children to go to college in the future.百分

之九十六的家长希望他们的孩子将来上大学。

示例1

请根据以下图表和提示写一篇关于我国手机拥有量变化的报道,并说明手机给人们带来的利与弊。

图2:2006-2008年中国手机用户数预测

内容包括:

1 方便(convenient)。2 随时随地联系。

3 许多功能(function)满足不同要求,如发短信,上网等。

4 接到错打电话为之付费。5 电磁辐射( radiation)有害身体。

要求:1 80-100词

2 开头已给出,不计词数。

As can be seen in the chart, great changes have been taking place in the ownership of mobile phones in China. At the end of 2006, there were 450 million mobile users.

分析 1

2 写作要点:

(1)对图表进行简要分析,利用数据说明变化;

(2)说明使用手机的好处

(3)说明使用手机的坏处

满分文展示1

As can be seen in the chart, great changes have been taking place in the ownership of mobile phones in China. At the end of 2006, there were 450 million mobile users. As time goes on, more and more people are using mobile phones. In 2008 , the number has passed 530 million. People have found it very convenient to keep in touch with others with mobile phones. They can talking with each other whenever and wherever they are . Modern mobile phones have many different functions according to people’s different needs. People can use mobile phones to send short messages and surf the Internet to get more information.

But mobile phones may bring people some trouble. For example , if you dial a wrong telephone number, you will have to pay for it. And the radiation from the phone may be harmful to our health.

However, the number of people who have mobile phones is still increasing year by year.

1 As time goes on 是对表格的时间线索的描述,也巧妙运用了时间状语从句,在开篇就能给人留下较深

的印象。

2用现在进行时说明当前的大形势。很多学生意识不到这一点,恰当自如地运用时态使文章很抢眼。 3重点句式find it adj. to do sth. 的使用,言简意赅,清晰明了。

4此处用whenever和wherever引导的状语从句更显生动,是获得满分的主要因素。

5 介词短语according to 的使用使文章增色不少,还注意到了“不同需求”在转换成英文时名词的复数形式的正确使用。

6 本句的前半句是按照要点要求所写,但是句中的to get more information是作者的思维发挥得出的结论,是能力提高的表现

7 对要点里的表述能正确适用主从复合句的形式表达,充分说明了了作者扎实的语言功底

8 本句属于长难句,既有定语从句,也正确运用了现在进行时态,还运用到了短语year by year,和本图表内容吻合,是

标准范文

As can be seen in the chart, great changes have been taking place in the ownership of mobile phones in China. At the end of 2006, there were 450 million mobile users. By the year 2008, the number will reach up to 530 million. People have found mobile phones very convenient. They can get in touch with each other whenever and wherever they like. There are many different functions for different needs, such as sending short messages and surfing the Internet. However it may also bring us some trouble. For example, you will have to pay for a wrong number, and the radiation from the phone may do harm to our health. In spite of this , the number of people having mobile phones is still growing.

模板 According to a recent survey, (指出一种现象),while (同时有别的情况发生). There are chiefly three reasons for it. Firstly (第一个原因). Secondly, (第二个原因).Apart from the above reasons, (第三个原因). By doing (上文涉及

之事), (将有什么样的好处或坏处出现).What’s more, (介绍另一个方面的意义).

A Report on Weekend Activities

The students now have more free time on Saturdays and Sundays . So the English Club in our school invited me to make a survey on how the students spend their weekends. I find that almost half of the students study by themselves at home. About 25% of them prefer to watch TV or listen to music. 20% of them like to chat online or play computer games, while 10% of them often help their parents do housework. Only a small number of then go in for sports or travelling.

In my opinion, all of us students should have a proper plan for our weekends. We should make good use of our time, so that we can learn more knowledge, and develop our interests.

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