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栾晓雪

发布时间:2013-12-27 16:54:53  

《英美概况Ⅱ》 实践考核成绩单

2013-2014学年 第1学期

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The Difference of Britain and America

In this semester, I learned a book which is called Exploring English-speaking couturiers. Through the study of this book, I know a lot of general information about Britain and the United States. Britain and the United States are both developed country. And they have many similarities in different aspects. Such as cuture, education, policy and so on. However, I found that there are a lot of differences between Britain and the United States after learning this course. And the differences between Britain and the United States are deeply attracted me. Then, I would like to make an introduction about Britain and the United States to find their differences in different aspect.

The United States

General information: The United States is situated in the central part of North America with its two youngest states: Alaska in the northwestern part of North America and Hawaii in the central Pacific. We can divide the United States into six regions. Each region has its different features form economy, geography and culture. The United States is consists of The Northeast, The Central Basin, The southeast, The Great Plains, The Mountains and Deserts and The Coastal Valleys. At 3.79 million square miles (9.83 million km2) and with over 309 million people, the United States is the third or fourth largest country by total area, and the third largest both by land area and population. It is one of the world's

most ethnically diverse and multicultural nations, the product of large-scale immigration from many countries.

Culture: The United States is a country of immigrants. The immigrant cultural has penetrated into American’s daily life. And religion is an integral part of the culture of the United States. In America, people have the freedom to choose which religion they want to believe in.There are many religions that exist in this big Smelter, since so many people from diffident parts of the world immigrate into this country, however, most of them believe in Christianity, which has helped reorganize the whole country and form its values. Really, religions do effects American people’s life. The main content of American cultures the emphasize on individual’s value, the pursue of democracy and freedom, the promotion of deploitation and competition and the need of realistic and practicality. American society has great movements within itself. These movements are shown in two aspects: movements amongst locations and movements inside the society. The United States are relatively more open and have more freedom. Developed transport and the tradition of adventure and sporty makes a lot of American migrate from countryside to cities, from downtown to uptown; and from north to the southern sunny land, from one city to another. Unlike European countries, the social classes in America is not so stable. Further more, with the advocation of public education, movements upwards along the social ladder have become

possible. Many people living in the states, no matter whether they are Native American or immigrants from overseas, have the same dream of changing their social class and make their lifetime dream come true through their own efforts. This is what they often called "American dream".

Education: Education of the United States is provided mainly by government, with control and funding coming from three levels: federal, state, and local. Each of 50 states in the United States has its own laws regulating education. From state to state, some laws are similar: others are not. In most areas, free public school education begins with kingdergadern classes for 5 years old. Almost all the 50 states have laws that require 12 years of compulsory attendance at school for children. In some System, the 12 grades are divided into two stages, the first 6 grade for elementary school and the next 6 grades for secondary school.

The government and politics: The Constitution is the supreme law of the United States. It is the foundation and source of the legal authority of the United States of American and Federal government of the United States. United States government separate into three branches: Legislative, Executive, and Judicial. The American political system is a presidential system of the country, and political factors in the power structure of its early, just in the later political battles, the political parties continue to play an increasingly important role in them. Its main features are: A

presidential candidate recommended by the political party generated the president by direct vote of the electorate in the country, the indirectly elected president-elect is not necessarily the absolute votes more than those who, but for electoral votes. President or chief executive, the direct control of the administrative agency, or the Commander in Chief. The U.S. party system is quite loose, the significance of the existence of political parties more as tools of all kinds of elections, after the elections, political parties, as the role of an organizational system is quite weak, so it is a typical "election party". The United States is a typical two-party country, but it is different from the two-party system of the Western European countries, it is not divided by ideology, but in accordance with regional and interest groups to divide the essence, the two parties represent the political parties of the different interests of the bourgeoisie. The U.S. Congress, namely the House of Representatives, the Senate is generally recommended by the political parties in the election, by the direct election of the referendum, has legislative power. The president of the United States the name of whose party's leader is elected "president for all people" emerged.

Economy: The United States is a young capitalistic country. At the beginning, it was a small agricultural country which was consisted of a 3 million population and an only 89 million square kilometers country area. Nowadays, the United States has more than 9.37 million square

kilometers of land and over 250 million of population. Its national GDP exceeded 10 trillion, is about 28.6% of the world's total GDP in 2004. The United States has revealed its superpower since the medium-term of nineteenth century. The United States has a vast land and rich mineral resources. Approximately 90% of its land can be farming. In addition, the Great Lakes contain about half of fresh water in the world that can be offered to the United States. The United States has always been known as the multi-ethnic country. Currently, the citizens of the United States come from as many as 156 countries and regions. Due to historical reasons, the Americans form their particular features, which are self-improvement, hard-working, and have spiritual and scientific truth-seeking attitude. They contemn the feudal tradition and have a strong desire of the spirit of innovation and autonomy.

The United Kingdom

General information: United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland in the north-east of the island and near the island nation of many islands. East near Bihar, Belgium, Holland, Germany, in the face of Denmark and Norway and other countries; west of Ireland, the Atlantic and the United States, Canada diaphragm stand far apart facing each other; north the Atlantic to Iceland; wear the English channel to the South 33 km to France. England land area of 130000 square kilometers, occupy most of the island of Great Britain. The region from west to East is divided into 4

parts: the Severn River Basin as the central Midlands; altitude of about 200 meters heights; the London basin; Wilder hill.

Culture: The United Kingdom has a rich and diverse culture. With a strong tradition of literature, theatre. popular and orchestral music and performing arts. England ranks as one of the most influential and far-reaching centres of cultural development in the world. It is the place of origin of both the English language and the Church of England, and was the historic centre of the British Empire.

Education: Children in the United Kingdom begin their education in the state system at the age of 5. All children have a minimum of 11 years of compulsory full-time education. The school leaving age is 16, but children often stay at school for another two years, preparing for higher education.

The government and politics: The British political system is typical of a constitutional monarchy, its main feature is the "parliamentary supremacy", the Cabinet is the core of power, the monarch empty spaces, well-organized political parties. First, the British parliamentary democracy, embodied the principle of parliamentary supremacy. Parliamentary supremacy, that the legislative power in the core position of the three powers, executive and judicial branches are a part of the legislature, executive and judicial power, the actual legislative power derived three overlap. Second, the implementation of the cabinet system,

embodied as a principle of "parliamentary supremacy" in the system between the executive and legislative power relations. Powers of the state system to the Cabinet as the core, the Cabinet has the highest executive power in the country. Then the king is more of an honor positions, there is no real real power. Finally, the organizational system of the British political parties are relatively tight. Can be seen, the biggest feature of the British political system of parliamentary supremacy, judicial and legislative powers for a substantial part of the legislative and democratic politics under living in the empty spaces monarchs. The advantage of this political system, whether it is the institutional formation of the actual operation are relatively democratic, just, more conducive to scientific decision-making and comprehensive. But the disadvantage is that the structure or the system is easy mode, lead to bureaucratic impact of the ruling efficiency.

Economy: The United Kingdom has an industrial economy, with three broad sectors—agriculture, manufacturing and service. However, their relative importance has changed greatly in economic structure of the country.

Summary:

Afte the learning of Exploring English-speaking couturiers, I know a lot of information between America and Britain. And there still exist many differences between America and Britain. I hope I have more

chance to learn foreign countries in the future.

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