1). It’s adj for sb to do 做?对某人来说?
2). so ? that ? 如此? 以至于? too ? to do 太? 而不能such ? that ? 如此? 以至于 3). not?until? 直到?才? 例： I didn’t go to bed until my mother came back。4).The reason why + 句子 is that + 句子 ? 的原因是?
The reason why he got angry was that she told him a lie. ( 他生气的原因是她对他说了谎。) ). That is why + 句子 那是?的原因
6). That is because + 句子 那是因为? 7). It is said that + 句子 据说?
It is reported that + 句子 据报道? 8). There is no doubt that + 句子 毫无疑问?
9). It goes without saying that + 句子 不言而喻，毫无疑问10). There is no need to do 没必要做?11). There is no point in doing 做某事毫无意义
12. as is known to all, +句子 众所周知 as we all know, +句子 据我们所知 it is generally/ publicly known / considered that?, 众所周知 （一）掌握技巧：
开始部分（opening paragraph）——说出文中的要点、核心问题。 正文部分（Body paragraphs）——围绕主题开展叙述、讨论。 结尾部分（concluding paragraphs）——对全文的总结和概括。 要做到全文中心突出、段落之间必须是有机地联系，内容完整、连贯。 前后呼应，祛除与主题无关的内容。 （2）确定主题句
主题句是对全文的概括，是文章的主旨。它能在文章中起到“画龙点睛”的作用。通常主题句出现在一篇文章的开头，而后，全文对主题句所提出的内容进行解释，扩展。 写主题句应注意以下几点： ①归纳出你要写的文章的几个点。 ②提炼出一句具有概括性的话。 ③主题句应具有可读性，抓住、吸引读者。（二）巧用连接词
表示罗列增加 First, second, third, First, then / next, after that / next, finally For one thing ? for another?, On (the) one hand?on the other hand,Besides / what’s more / in addition / furthermore / moreover / another / also, Especially / In particular, 表示时间顺
序 now, at present, recently,after, afterwards, after that, after a while, in a few days,at first, in the beginning, to begin with, later, next, finally,immediately, soon, suddenly, all of a sudden, at that moment, as soon as, the moment form now on, from then on, at the same time, meanwhile, till, not?until, before, after, when, while, as during 表示解释说明
now, in addition, for example, for instance, in this case, moreover furthermore, in fact, actually 表示转折关系
but, however, while, though, or, otherwise, on the contrary, on the ther hand, in contrast, despite, in spite of, even though, except (for), instead, of course, after all,
表示并列关系 or, and, also, too, not only ? but also, as well as, both? and, either ?or,neither ?nor 表示因果关系
because, because of, since, now that, as, thanks to?, due to?, therefore, as a result (of), otherwise, so?that, such?that 表示条件关系
as (so) long as, on condition that, if, unless 表示让步关系
though, although, as, even if, even though, whether ?or?, however, whoever, whatever, whichever, wherever, whenever, no matter how (who, what, which, where, when, whom) 表示举例
for example, for instance, such as?, take? for example 表示比较
be similar to, similarly, the same as, in contrast, compared with (to)?just like, just as, 表示目的 for this reason,, for this purpose, so that, in order to, so as to, 表示强调
in deed, in fact, surely, certainly, no doubt, without any doubt, truly, obviously, above all, 表示概括归纳
in a word, in short, in brief, on the whole, generally speaking, in my opinion, as far as I know, As we all know, as has been stated,as I have shown, finally, at last, in summary, in conclusion,
1. in order to 为了实现他的梦想，他学习非常努力。 He worked very hard in order to realize his dream. 2. in order that
She worked hard in order that everything would be ready by 6 o’clock.
1. 在各种??之中，?? Among various kinds of ?， ? /= Of all the ?
Among various kinds of sports, I like jogging in particular. 2. 不用说?? It goes without saying that ? = (It is) needless to say (that) ? = It is obvious that ? 例：不用说早睡早起是值得的。 It goes without saying that it pays to keep early hours. 3. 就我的看法??;我认为?? In my opinion, ? = To my mind, ? = As far as I am concerned, ? = I am of the opinion that ? 例：In my opinion, playing video games not only takes much time but is also harmful to health.
4. 随着人口的增加?? With the increase/growth of the population, ?
随着科技的进步?? With the advance of science and technology, ?
例：With the rapid development of Taiwan's economy, a lot of social problems have come to pass.
5. ??是必要的 It is necessary (for sb.) to do / that ?
?? 是重要的 It is important/essential (for sb.) to do / that ?
?? 是适当的 It is proper (for sb.) to do / that ?
??是紧急的 It is urgent (for sb.) to do / that ?
例：It is proper for us to keep the public places clean.
It is proper that we (should) keep the public places clean. 我们应当保持公共场所清洁。 6. 花费 spend ? on sth. / doing sth. ? 例：我们不应该在我们不感兴趣的事情上花太多的时间。
We shouldn't spend too much time on something we aren't interested in.
7. how 引导的感叹句
At least it will prove how honest you are. 8. 状语从句 A)如果你不??，你就会?? If you don't ?， you'll ? 例︰If you don't keep working hard, you'll lose the chance. 如果你不坚持努力工作，你就会失去这次机会。 B) 如此 ??，以至于?? so ? that ? 例：At that moment, I was so upset that I wanted to give up. 当时，我非常伤心，最后都想放弃了。 C) 每当我听到??我就忍不住感到兴奋。Whenever I hear ?， I cannot but feel excited.
每当我做??我就忍不住感到悲伤。 Whenever I do ?， I cannot but feel sad. 每当我想到??我就忍不住感到紧张。Whenever I think of ?， I cannot but feel nervous.
每当我遭遇??我就忍不住感到害怕。Whenever I meet with ?， I cannot but feel frightened.
每当我看到??我就忍不住感到惊讶。Whenever I see ?， I cannot but feel surprised. 例：Whenever I think of the clean brook near my home, I cannot but feel sad.
世界上已有许多国家发现了新型H1N1流感病毒(H1N1 flu virus)病例.据了解，人感染该病毒 = Every time I think of the clean brook near my home, I cannot help feeling sad. 每当我想到我家附近那一条清澈的小溪我就忍不住感到悲伤。 9.Since + S + 过去式， S + 现在完成式。 例：Since he went to senior high school, he has worked very hard. 自从他上高中，他就一直很用功。 10. 宾语从句 我认为，?? / 我认为??不 I think / I don't think that ? 我想知道是否?? I wonder whether ? 例：He doesn't think I should stop him joining the club. 他认为我不应该阻止他参加这个俱乐部。
后会出现咳嗽、发烧、疲劳等症状.为了加强同学们的预防意识，(21世纪中学生英语报>正在举办征文活动，请你给该报投稿，描述感染该病毒的症状并谈一谈为了预防该病毒我们该怎么做，最后表达我们能战胜病毒的信心.提示词：cough, have a fever, feel tired, prevent, wash, exercise, sleep, believe
Nowadays, many countries in the world have found cases of the new H1N1 flu virus. It’s said that people with H1N1 flu virus will cough, have a fever and feel tired. To prevent the virus, we can do many things. Firstly, we’d better not go to places where there are many people. Secondly, we need to wash our hands often with soap and water, especially after we cough or sneeze. It's also a good habit for us to exercise regularly. It can not only help us keep fit but also improve our health against illness. And having a good sleep is
important, too. People who are tired or under stress can get sick easily. And then, eat more fruit and vegetable to keep ourselves fit and strong. Last but not least, open the window and keep the air in the room fresh. If we all do these things, we will prevent the virus. So there is no need to be worried. I believe we will win through in the end. 上海世博会
As we all know that 2010 World Expo will be held in Shanghai , this is the first time that China hosted the World Expo. The World Expo has a long history but it has never been held in Asia. So it is a great honor for our country. It is also a great honor for all the Asians. As a host city, Shanghai will have more chances to develop quickly. The theme of the Expo is "Better City, Better Life". We all really hope that Shanghai will become more exciting and attractive and that we can enjoy life to the fullest. Organizers expected to attract 70 million visitors from all over the world to attend, at the same time it is also the largest in the history of World Expo. It is a good chance for China to show its achievements in many fields.
The earthquake in Yushu
An earthquake happened on April 14th in the Yushu county of Qinghai province. There are many people died in this earthquake. When we heard the news, we were all shocked and sad. But when I think of Wenchuan, I believe that people in Yushu are not alone, because we, all the Chinese, will be with them. We should try our best to help people in Yushu. I will take actions to help the people, such as donating money and things they need for them.
And we should make friends with homeless children and cheer them up. If possible, I want to be a volunteer in Yushu and help them build the new house! I hope that they can overcome the disaster and lead happy lives in their rebuilt home soon.
How to Survive an Earthquake
If earthquake happened, firstly, don't panic and calm down. Secondly, find some safe place to stay and don't run in such a hurry. If in the room, one should hide himself/herself under something hard, such as desk, table or even bed and keep away from shelf and cupboard, and never take a lift to go downstairs. If in the open air, find an open place and never get close to cars or waterside. Thirdly, we should help each other when we meet trouble. At last, no matter how strong the earthquake is, if only we have the belief to defeat it and never give up, we must be able to overcome any difficulties.
环境问题今天环境变得越来越糟糕,环境问题影响着人们的工作,学习,生活等,而我们的工作,生活,生产等又使环境污染越来越严重??,如何保护我们的环境?请以“ How to protect our environment? ”为题写一篇短文。提示:存在问题:1.水污染越来越严重；2.砍伐森林严重；3.大气污染严重；4.白色垃圾等。要求：如何改善/保护环境?至少：3至4个方面。
How to protect/save our environment/world?
As we all know, the environment around us is getting worse and worse /more and more seriously today. Water is polluted, we have no clean water to drink. Many trees are cutting down, some animals are getting less and less. Some factories are pouring dirty air into the sky. The population is increasing faster and faster, resources are getting less and
less?etc. Not only does it affect our lives and health, it also has a great affection in the future. People’s health has been greatly affected by air, noise and water pollution. Many people died of diseases. In order to live a better life, something must be done to stop the pollution. It’s our duty to protect our environment. We shouldn’t throw away rubbish everywhere. Trees are very helpful and important for us. We should plant more and more trees in order to live better and more healthy in the future.
If everyone makes contribution to protecting the environment, the world will become much more beautiful. In a word, if everyone pays more attention to our environment, there will be less pollution and our life will be better. “There is only one earth”, I hope everyone will protect our environment well.
参考词汇：禁令 ban 意识 awareness 提倡 advocate
The problem of "white pollution" caused by used plastic is becoming increasingly serious, in which plastic shopping bags play an important role. In China about three billion plastic shopping bags are consumed every day, which results in a great waste of resources and heavy environmental pollution. Luckily, the government has put a nationwide ban on the use of free plastic bags, demanding that all stores and supermarkets not provide
customers with free plastic bags after June 1. I agree with the rule, which people can’t get the free plastic bags in the shops, supermarkets. It advocates people to use their cloth bags and baskets. It’s good for our environment. So I hope all the students in our class stop using the plastic bags, and to use our own cloth bags. I hope we can take care of our environment. Let’s make our world more and more beautiful.
As we know, water is very important to man, we can’t live without water. The amount of water which is suitable to drink is less and less. But some people don’t care about it. They waste a lot of water in their daily life. Even worse, they pour dirty water into rivers. They throw rubbish into rivers, too. Many rivers and lakes are seriously polluted. Something must be done to stop the pollution. And I think it’s a great shame to waste while millions are in great need of water. I think what we can do is that we have to save every drop of water as possible as we can. For example, we must turn off the tap immediately after we use it. We can use a basin to wash our hands and faces. It’s also a good idea to
encourage my friends and family members to join me! Only in this way can we live happily. If we don’t save water, the last drop of water will be a tear-drop of us. I believe if everyone makes a little effort, we can make a big difference.
提示词语：be good for, everyone, ride a bike, think, make a difference, environment, suggest, reuse
Low-carbon life is good for everyone. To help with the environment, I always walk or ride a bike to school instead of taking a car. Besides, I will try to use things that can be recycled and I never forget to turn off the lights when I leave the classroom. I think it’s my duty to live a low-carbon life. And even the simplest activities can make a real difference to the environment. So I suggest we should reuse books as long as possible. And we’d better not spend much money on expensive clothes. If everyone does something for the environment, I believe the earth will be a better place.
假如你叫Zhang Fang，是美国中学生Lucy的笔友，你收到了她的电子邮件。请根据她来信的内容写一封回信。针对她的困惑，谈谈你的看法，同时提出一些建议，并表达对她的祝愿。 Dear Zhang Fang,
I have been in this school for two years. My school’s not too bad. But I haven’t got used to it. Some of the teachers are very good, especially my science teachers. They try to make lessons interesting. I like to have their classes and spend much time on it. So I usually get ‘A’ in science exams. But I don’t like having English and history classes. There are too many things to memorize and they’re so boring. Besides, it seems that the teachers can only read again and again. They don’t try to make lessons interesting. Whenever the lessons start, I feel sleepy. I often get ‘C’ in the exams, sometimes ‘D’.
The final exam of this term is coming. What shall I do? Could you give me some advice?
I’m very happy to hear from you. Don’t worry too much. Many students have the same
problem like you. I think it’s very common for students to dislike memorizing. Here’s my
advice. But in fact English and history are not as boring as you think. If you try the
following things, you may find they are interesting and you will not feel sleepy in class
First you had better learn the new lessons by yourself and write down the difficult points
before lessons. It can make you become interested in what the teachers say in class.
Second you should listen carefully and try to answer the teachers’ questions. It can help
you understand better and memorize more quickly. What’s more, you also need to review
the lessons regularly after class. If you still feel unhappy, you can have a talk with your
teacher to ask for help. I really hope my advice can help you out and get ‘A’ in English
and history exams. Keep trying, I believe you will enjoy the school life and make great
progress with your study.
假如你是韩梅，下面是一封你的笔友Alice 给你发来的e-mail, 请根据e-mail的内容，给他
提示词语：listen to, mother’s love, care about, communicate with, get along with, smile Dear Han Mei ,
I’m afraid I’ve got a big problem recently. My mother talks too much to me. She always tells me, “Be carecrossing the street.” “Put on more clothes.” “Did you do a good job at school?” and so on. I’m annoyeWhat shall I do? Can you give me some ideas?
As a teenager, I met the same problem as you. But now I can get on/ along better with my mother. Here are some ideas for you.
Your mother talks much, because she cares about you. I'm sure your mum loves you very much. Maybe it shows your mother’s love. So I think you should listen to her. If your opinions are different from your mother’s, you can communicate with her, and tell her what you’re thinking about. If your mother doesn’t take your advice, just keep silent and give her a smile.
I hope what I say here can help you a lot.
Han Mei 娱乐
提示词语：relax, TV, music, think
The Senior High School Entrance Examination is coming. In order to make a success in the exam I think it’s high time for us to relax a little. Or we’ll be too nervous to work well in the exam.
In order to relax ourselves, we can turn to some of our hobbies, different students have different ways --- Some watch TV, some listen to music? But for me I enjoy taking
exercise most. Whenever I feel tired, I always spend an hour (in) walking or jogging in the park. Besides, I also play table tennis with my friends after class. In my opinion, taking exercise can not only rest our brains and eyes but also help build our bodies. I think it’s really helpful to both my health and my study. I hope all of my classmates can join me in getting relaxed. I wish you all every success in the coming examination！
I am really worried about my sister, Zhang Li. She always watches TV or reads books in her free time. She doegoing out to exercise. I’m afraid that she will be not strong enough. Could you write to her to tell her the imdoing exercise and give her some advice?
A worried sister Dear Zhang Li,
Your sister is worried about you very much. Because you don’t take any exercise in spare
time. I think health is very important to us teenagers. Either study or work is based on
strong body. Doing sports every day helps us keep healthy and energetic. If we don't take
any exercise, we may feel tired and get sick easily. So you should go out instead of staying
at home. There are many kinds of sports you can do, such as running, swimming and ball
games. Just remember "Exercise one hour a day, keep illness away."
在一次英语班会上，老师请同学们以Proud of My School 请根据下面所给的提示写一篇发言
提示词：big\small, trees, play games, family, be kind to, be\feel proud of
Proud of my school
My school is very big with several tall buildings. We have a beautiful playground with lots of
trees around it. There are many flowers everywhere.
My busy school life always makes me happy. I have lots of fun at school. I not only have all
kinds of classes, but also take part in colorful activities after classes. I play games and do
lots of sports, like playing basketball, football and table tennis.
I love my school because it’s like a big family. The students are friendly and the teachers
in my school are as kind to us as our parents. I feel proud of my school because it is one of
the best schools in my heart. I'm leaving my school. I'll never forget the days I've spent
间建立了深厚的友谊.校园网的英语论坛开辟了 “Thank you letter” 专栏.请按下面的要
求给你的同学Ling Feng写一封感谢信.注意：1.这封信要表达你对Ling Feng的感谢；2.信
中要简述感谢Ling Feng的原因，适当举例，并谈谈自己的感受；提示词语：thank you, at
the end of , kind, forget, help? with, stay in touch
Dear Ling Feng, I would like to thank you at the end of our middle school education. You have been very
kind and helpful since we knew each other.
You have given me so much help that I will never forget. Last term, I caught a bad cold and
had to stay at home for a week. When I was worrying about the lessons, you came to my
home after school and helped me with every subject. With your help, I didn’t fall behind
others. Since then, we have become very close friends. I think I’ll try to help others just
Thank you again. Even though we may go to different schools, I’ll always stay in touch
with you. I wish you success for the future.
Most of us spend one or two hours on sports one week, some do less than one hour. As for
me, most of my sports time is for running. Sometimes playing basketball with my friends is
also fun for me. I think it’s necessary for everyone to go out to do sports because it’s
good for our health and study. And I’d love to take part in the summer camp. First we’d
better hold some parties with foreign students in order to know each other better. Next we
can visit some museums, places of interest to open our eyes. Finally I hope we will have a
chance to live in foreign families. I think it’s a good way to understand the different cultures between different countries. I really want to make friends with foreign students because we’re in the same world. At the same time, the activities can help us relax ourselves after the examinations and improve our English.
一家英文报社正在举办征文活动，请你积极参加.题目是“一次难忘的运动会”.内容要求：你或你的朋友参加了什么项目，结果怎样，感觉如何？提示词语：year, take part in, field event (relay race, high jump, long jump, shot put, excited, take the first prize.
This year, I took part in the relay race, I was running the last lap. It was the final event on sports meet. Everyone was paying attention. All the runners got ready at the starting line. As soon as the race began, everyone was too excited to stop cheering. When it was my turn, I could feel the Class 4’s runner catch up with me. So I try my best to run faster, finally, our class won the first prize in the most exciting event.
I was happy that I won another prize for my class. This is the most unforgettable sports that I had.
提示词供参考。three years, memories, one of, one day, think, happy/ sorry
How time flies! I have studied in my school for three years. And I will graduate from middle school in a month. I am eager to share my happiness and sadness with you. I had so many memories in three years’ life. On of them impressed me very much. I still remember, when I began to learn English, I found it too difficult. No matter how hard I tried, I still couldn’t do well in it and almost gave it up. As soon as my English teacher found my problem, she had a talk with me about how to learn English well. Since then, she has kept helping me. Little by little, I’ve become interested in English and I’m good at it. I think I am so lucky to become one of her students. I’ve learned a lot from her. I will try to help others when they are in trouble. I think it is a happy thing to help others.
2008年政府取消了“五一”黄金周（“May golden week”），但是，最近有些人又提出要恢复7天的长假.同学们也在校园网的“自由论坛”上展开了激烈的讨论.请你选用下面表格所提供的信息，写一篇短文，谈谈恢复长假的利与弊，并简述你的观点，给出一至两条理由. Advantages
have a good rest
spend more time ?with ?
? Disadvantages cause a lot of trouble? be crowded everywhere? ? In 2008, ‘May golden week’ was canceled, but this year people have discussed the problem whether we should renew ‘May golden week’ or not.
Some people think the 7-day holiday is very important. Firstly, we could have a good rest and refresh ourselves after several months of hard work. Secondly, we could spend more time staying with our family. Thirdly, we will be able to use the one-week vacation to travel to some farther places such as foreign countries.
However, other people hold the opposite view. They think it causes a lot of problems. It may lead to traffic jam and visitors will not enjoy themselves if the travelling spots are over-crowded.
As a student, I prefer a 7-day holiday. Not only can I sleep well and do exercise, but also I can read some interesting books. How I wish a 7-Day holiday would come soon and we will have a 7-day holiday then!
It’s not allowed to throw litter anywhere in the public places. Everyone should obey the rules. Speaking loudly in the reading room is seemed to be very rude. Remember not to do anything that might make other people uncomfortable. We should stand in line when we are waiting for the bus. Try hard to give up the bad habits and develop good ones. We should respect the senior people and talk to them politely. Especially, we should give our seat to old people or women with babies on the bus. I think helping others can not only make us happy but also help us get more experience in life. Please cherish the public property.
2.若课堂接听手机会影响上课。3.学生玩手机游戏或接发短信，将无法集中精力学习。 Nowadays mobile phones are becoming more and more popular among the middle school students. Some think it is good for students to bring a mobile phone. But some people do not think so. They think it is bad for students to bring a mobile phone. Because the students will use mobile phones to play games, sent text messages, watch movies, etc which will do harm to their study. And if a mobile phone ring in the class, the teacher and students would be disturbed. In my opinion, we can bring mobile phones to school.
As we know, the 21st century is a modern age and full of information. A mobile phone is one of the quickest tools for us to exchange information. The mobile phone is a fashionable and useful invention, so we ought to make the best use of it. Suppose there’s a sudden accident, it is more convenient for us to dial for help immediately. There’re also some games in the mobile phone. We can relax ourselves by playing them when we’re tired of our studies. In my opinion, it’s not wrong to follow the fashion, but the most important thing is how to use the mobile phone in a right way and do not disturbed others. 网络游戏
提示词： give up concentrate on be (become)interested in
Li Xiaohu spent too much time playing computer games and he fell behind others. As a good/close friend of his, I must do something to help him.
First, I think it’s very important for him to learn lessons well. He should spend most of his time on his study instead of computer games. Secondly, I must tell him that playing
computer games too much is bad for his health, especially for his eyes. So he must give it
up. I can play more sports with him after school. Maybe he will become more interested in sports than computer games. And then I'll ask him to concentrate more on his study. Of course, I will try my best to help him with all his subjects. I think I can do it in many fun ways and let him find much fun in studying. At the same time, I'll ask both his parents and our teachers to help him, too. If I try these, I'm sure he will make great progress soon. 电视节目
As we know, TV plays an important part in our daily life. It's quicker and more convenient to get information from TV than from newspapers. It is an important tool to spread culture and information, including foreign languages. And we can learn much knowledge from TV which we can’t get from books. What’s more, good TV programs can keep us wise and healthy. With TV, children can grow up happily. So it is not reasonable to forbid students to watch TV. But watching TV too long is not good. Sitting in front of TV all day does harm to our eyes and wastes our time for study.
So we should take a correct attitude to students watching TV.
file:///C:/DOCUME~1/ADMINI~1/LOCALS~1/Temp/ksohtml/wps_clip_image-2416.png Today, I received the reader's letter. I was shocked at it. Personally speaking, I think we should pay more attention to the food safety. The government must make some necessary laws. What's more, some businessmen shouldn't be only interested in making money. They must care about people's health. We'd better not eat anything in dirty places though some food is delicious, because eating unhealthy food does harm to our health.
Finally, I hope the family in the accident will get better soon.
假设你是《21世纪中学生英语报》“heart to heart”专栏的编辑.下面是你收到的一位中学
Weight problem is quite common among teenagers everywhere. So I don’t think you
have much to worry about. Here are my suggestions. Eating late at night is OK, but you
should to eat more fruit and vegetables, which are good for you. Also, when you are free,
you’d better do more exercise. Running is great. You don’t like running alone, but what
about running with your friends? Or you can do some team sports like basketball. I’m
sure your friends will be willing to help you lose weight. I hope you have as much success
in losing weight as you have had in your studies. “Believe myself, and I will win.” It’s
really important for us when we meet difficulties. Don’t lose heart; I’m sure you will
succeed one day.
Dear Li Lei,
I haven't heard from you for a long time. I'm glad to tell you that I'll visit Beijing this
summer vacation. It is said that Beijing is a great city with a long history and more changes
have taken place since the 2008 Olympic Games. I would like to know something about
Beijing, such as places of interest, the environment, traffic and people there.
I'm looking forward to hearing from you soon.
I'm glad to know you will come to Beijing.
Beijing, the capital of China, is one of the largest cities in the world. There are many places
of interest, such as the Summer Palace, the Forbidden City and the Great Wall. All of them
are beautiful and well-known to the world. Great changes have taken place in Beijing since
we successfully held the 2008 0lympic Games.
Now, people pay more attention to the environment. More trees and flowers have
been planted. For the traffic, it is very convenient for people to travel around Beijing,
because several new subway lines have been built. If you come to Beijing, you will find
people here are very friendly and helpful. What's more, a lot of people can speak English.
Beijing is really an attractive city with a long history.
I'm looking forward to hearing from you soon.
日期间） Spring Festival, traditional, decorate, on the eve of the festival, get together, set off
fireworks, lucky money
How are you? I’m really glad that you are interested in traditional Chinese festivals. There
are many traditional festivals in China, such as Spring Festival, Mid-Autumn Day and so on.
I’d like to introduce the Spring Festival to you. Spring Festival is the most important
traditional holiday in China. It usually lasts for 15 days.
Days before the festival, people clean their houses. They think cleaning sweeps any bad
luck. They decorate their houses with paper cuts. On the eve of the festival, family
members get together and have big meals. Then they watch the Spring Festival Gala on TV.
At midnight, they set off fireworks to welcome the new year. During the festival, kids get
lucky money from old people. People visit their relatives and friends. They wish each a
happy year and good luck. How happy we are.
Best wishes! Yours, Liu Wei 八、名言警句
01. Practice makes perfect. 02. Time is money. 03. Easier said than done.
04. Where there is a will, there is a way. 05. Look before you leap. 06. Knowledge is power.
07. God helps those who help themselves. 08. Nothing is impossible to a willing heart. 09. It’s never too old to learn. 10. No pains, no gains. 11. Once in a blue moon.
12. To make the impossible possible. 13. Failure is the mother of success. 14. A friend in need is a friend indeed. 15. First things first. 16. Great minds think alike. 17. Rome was not built in a day. 18. All that glitters is not gold. 19. East or west, home is the best. 20. Time and tide wait for no man.
21. There is but a secret to success—Never give up! 22. Where there is life, there is hope. 23. Beauty will buy no beef. 24. Better late than never. 25. Every little helps.
熟能生巧. 时间就是金钱 说来容易做来难 有志者事竟成. 三思而后行. 知识就是力量 自助者天助. 心之所愿，无事不成 活到老，学到老 不劳无获 千载难逢 将不可能变为可能 失败乃成功之母 患难见真情 先做重要之事 英雄所见略同 成功并非一朝一夕的事 闪光的未必都是金子 金窝银窝不如自家草窝 时间不等人
成功只有一个秘诀—永不放弃！ 有生命必有希望 漂亮不能当饭吃 迟做总比不做好 点滴都有用；积少成多
26. The shortest answer is doing.
27. No news is good news.
28. Well begun, half done.
29. All for one, one for all.
30. One false step will make a great difference.
31. Facts speak louder than words.
32. As the tree, so the fruit.
33. To live is to learn; to learn is to better live.
34. Like and like make good friends.
35. All work and no play makes Jack a dull boy. 最简短的回答就是行动 没消息，就是好消息 好的开始是成功的一半 人人为我，我为人人 失之毫厘，谬以千里 事实胜于雄辩 种瓜得瓜，种豆得豆 活着为了学习，学习为了更好的活着 趣味相投 只学习不玩耍聪明的孩子也变傻.
结构：中考最流行的结构就是三段式，深受各地区中考英语写作阅卷老师的喜爱。为什么尼？因为这种结构十分清晰。“观点——要点——总结”让人一目了然。三段式的第一段：简单明了，开门见山，不超过2句话，如，我们想表达小强很强壮，第一段直接说 XQ is extremely strong. 观点明确，这一句足矣。
第二段：分2-3点说为什么他强壮。1. 每天吃10顿饭，He has ten meals everyday! 详举吃的是什么。2. 每天运动2小时，He does exercise 2 hours a day! 详举做了什么运动。
第三段：经过第二段的论证，可以得出结论。但请注意，不能完全照抄第一段，要有升华。也可以提出希望和建议等。如，How strong and robust XQ is! I hope to be him one day!
逻辑：这里的逻辑实际指的就是逻辑词。最常用的就是表示递进的，转折的，总结的逻辑词等。递进：除了first, second, third, finally 等还可以使用高级点的，如first of all(首先)，in addition, what's more, moreover(都是另外的意思)，in a word, all in all(表示总结的)。转折：but, yet, however等。真正有经验的阅卷老师会很注意这些逻辑连接词，因为这些词体现了这个文章的思路。
误 my father and my mother is all teacher。
正 my father and my mother are both teachers。
在汉语中没有动词的句子是允许的，但英语中每个完整的句子都必须有 动词来构成，如：“我累了。”这个句子没有动词作谓语，而用形容词，但英语形容词不能作谓语，一定要写成：i'm tired。
误 i happy i can come to beijing zoo。
正 i am happy i can come to beijing zoo。
误 the apples cheap. i'll take some。
正 the apples are cheap. i'll take some。
误 because heavy rain we can't hold the sports meeting。
正 because of the heavy rain we can't hold the sports meeting。
误 i mother and i went to the shop to buy a present for i father。
正 my mother and i went to the shop to buy a present for my father。
误 many students have a hard time passing all the tests to get into college. for example, my friend in high school。
正 many students have a hard time passing all the tests to get into college, for example, my friend in high school。
所谓不一致，包括数的不一致、时态不一致及代词不一致、主谓不一致等。 例1. when one have knowledge, he can do what he want to do。
改为 when one has knowledge , he can do what he wants (to do)
汉语动词无时态、人称和数的变化，而对英语来说，这些都至关重要。例： 误 when i get to the station the train leave。
正 when i got to the station the train had left。
yesterday、two days ago等时间状语，以提醒自己更准确地把握时态，并且让评卷人一目了然。
型把你要表达的意思逐句表达出来， 多用简单句和有把握的复合 句。
(1) 不同观点列举型( 选择型 )
There is a widespread concern over the issue that __作文题目_____. But it is well known that the opinion concerning this hot topic varies from person to person.
A majority of people think that _ 观点一________. In their views there are 2 factors contributing to this attitude as follows： in the first place， ___原因一_______.Furthermore， in the second place， ___原因二_____. So it goes without saying that ___观点一_____.
People， however， differ in their opinions on this matter. Some people hold the idea that ___观点二_______. In their point of view， on the one hand， ___原因一_______. On the other hand， ____原因二_____. Therefore， there is no doubt that ___观点二______.
As far as I am concerned， I firmly support the view that __观点一或二______. It is not only because ________， but also because _________. The more _______， the more ________.
Nowadays， there is a widespread concern over (the issue that)___作文题目______. In fact， there are both advantages and disadvantages in __题目议题_____. Generally speaking， it is widely believed there are several positive aspects as follows. Firstly， ___优点一______. And secondly ___优点二_____.
Just As a popular saying goes， “every coin has two sides”， __讨论议题______
is no exception， and in another word， it still has negative aspects. To begin with， ___缺点一______. In addition， ____缺点二______.
To sum up， we should try to bring the advantages of __讨论议题____ into full play， and reduce the disadvantages to the minimum at the same time. In that case， we will definitely make a better use of the ____讨论议题___.
as is shown/indicated/illustrated by the figure/percentage in the table(graph/picture/pie/chart)， ___作文题目的议题_____ has been on rise/ decrease (goesup/increases/drops/decreases)，significantly/dramatically/steadily rising/decreasing from______ in _______ to ______ in _____. From the sharp/marked decline/ rise in the chart， it goes without saying that ________.
There are at least two good reasons accounting for ______. On the one hand， ________. On the other hand， _______ is due to the fact that ________. In addition， ________ is responsible for _______. Maybe there are some other reasons to show ________. But it is generally believed that the above mentioned reasons are commonly convincing.
As far as I am concerned， I hold the point of view that _______. I am sure my opinion is both sound and well-grounded.
Recently _______，what amazes us most is______________，it is ture that__________.
There are many reasons explaining__________________________.The main reason is____________________.
what is more_________________________.thirdly__________________________.As a result_______________.
Considering all there，________________________.For one thing_____________________，for another________
In recent days， we have to face I problem-----A， which is becoming more and more serious. First， ------------(说明A的现状).Second， ---------------(举例进一步说明现状)
Confronted with A， we should take a series of effective measures to cope with the situation. For one thing， ---------------(解决方法一)。 For another -------------(解决方法二)。 Finally， --------------(解决方法三)。
Personally， I believe that -------------(我的解决方法)。 Consequently， I’m confident that a bright future isawaiting us because --------------(带来的好处)。 中考英语作文万能模板：说明利弊题型
Nowadays many people prefer A because it has a significant role in our daily life. Generally， its advantages can be seen as follows. First ----------------(A的优点之一)。 Besides -------------------(A的优点之二)。
But every coin has two sides. The negative aspects are also apparent. One of
the important disadvantages is that ----------------(A的第一个缺点).To make matters worse，------------------(A的第二个缺点).
Through the above analysis， I believe that the positive aspects overweigh the negative ones. Therefore， I would like to ---------------(我的看法).
(From the comparison between these positive and negative effects of A， we should take it reasonably and do it according to the circumstances we are in. Only by this way， ---------------(对前景的预测).)
认 真分析后我们可以看到，A对社会/世界 /健康的不利有很多。首先，从最直观的角度来看，A的出现直接损害了(这里加入一句针对性的话，如人类的身体健康和环境的平衡)。(举例)。其次，从更深一层次上讲，它为人类的精神文明蒙上了一层阴影。更可怕的是，由于A所产生微小利益，却促成了许多可悲的人们为其忘乎所以，破坏了人类生存的法则和空间。
Currently，XX has been the order of the day .This does demonstrate the theory --- nothing is more valuable than XX 。
It is clear that ( 1 )。 If you ( 2 )， as a result ， your dreams willcome true 。 On the contrary， if you ( 3 )。 Failure will be following with you .It turns out that all your plan falls through 。
No one can deny another fact that ( 4 ) .You donn\‘t have to look very far to find out the truth ， in respect that we all know ( 5 ) 。
It will exert a profound influence upon ( 6 )。
With reference to my standpoint ，I think ( 7 )。
How nice to hear from you again.
Let me tell you something about the activity.
I’m glad to have received your letter of Apr. 9th.
I’m pleased to hear that you’re coming to China for a visit.
I’m writing to thank you for your help during my stay in America. 结尾部分：
With best wishes.
I’m looking forward to your reply.
I’d appreciate it if you could reply earlier.
Ladies and gentlemen， May I have your attention， please? I have an announcement to make.
All the teachers and students are required to attend it.
Please take your notebooks and make notes.
Please listen carefully and we’ll have a discussion in groups.
Please come on time and don’t be late.
Please come and join in it.
Everybody is welcome to attend it.
I hope you’ll have a nice time here.
That’s all. Thank you.
第1段：Recently we’ve had a discussion about whether we should.。. (题)
Our opinions are divided on this topic.(观点有分歧)
第2段：Most of the students are in favour of it.(正方观点)
Here are the reasons. First.。. Second.。. Finally.。.(列出2~3个赞成的理由)
第3段：However， the others are strongly against it. (反方观点)
Their reasons are as follows. In the first place.。. What’s more.。. In addition.。.(列出2~3个反对的理由)
第4段：Personally speaking， the advantages overweigh the disadvantages， for it will do us more harm than good， so I support it.(个人观点)
第1段：Some people hold the opinion that A is superior to B in many ways. Others， however， argue that B is much better. Personally， I would prefer A because I think
A has more advantages.
第2段：There are many reasons why I prefer A. The main reason is that 。.. Another reason is that.。.(赞同A的原因)
第3段： Of course， B also has advantages to some extent.。. (列出1~2个B的优势)
第4段： But if all these factors are considered， A is much better than B. From what has been discussed above， we may finally draw the conclusion that 。..(得出结论) オ
As a student， I am strongly in favour of the decision. (亮明自己的观点是赞成还是反对)
The reasons for this may be listed as follows. (过渡句，承上启下)
第2段：First of all.。. Secondly.。. Besides.。.(列出2~3个赞成或反对的理由) 结论：
第3段：In conclusion， I believe that.。. (照应第1段，构成“总—分—总”结构)
第2段：Many ways can help to solve this serious problem， but the following may be most effective. First of all.。. Another way to solve the problem is 。.. Finally.。.(列出2~3个解决此类问题的办法)
第3段：These are not the best but the only two/ three measures we can take. But it should be noted that we should take action to.。.(强调解决此类问题的根本方法)
The chart gives us an overall picture of the 图表主题。 The first thing we notice is that 图表最大特点 。 This means that as (进一步说明)。
We can see from the statistics given that 图表细节一 。 After 动词-ing 细节一中的第一个变化， the动词-ed+幅度+时间(紧跟着的变化) 。 The figures also tell us that图表细节二 。 In the column， we can see that accounts for (进一步描述)。 Judging from these figures， we can draw the conclusion that (结论)。 The reason for this， as far as I am concerned is that (给出原因)。 / It is high time that we
与父母相处 使用手机 网上购物 环境问题 健康问题 语言问题 初中生活回顾 与父母相处的话题类作文难度较大，掌握基本句式，背诵范文非常必要。
(陕西省卷)假如你是Han Mei，下面是一封你的笔友Alice 给你发来的e-mail，请你根据e-mail 的内容给她写一封回信，与她交流看法，并帮她排忧解难。
提示词语：listen to，mother's love，care about，communicate with，get along with，smile
Dear Han Mei，
I'm afraid I've got a big problem recently. My mother talks too much to me. She always tells me，“Be careful while crossing the street.” “Put on more clothes.” “Did you do a good job at school?”And so on. I'm annoyed(烦恼)。What shall I do? Alice
As a teenager，I met the same problem as you. But now I can get along better with my mother. Here are some ideas for you.
Your mother talks much，because she cares about you. Maybe it's not a good way，but it shows your mother's love. So I think you should listen to her. If your opinions are different from your mother's，you can communicate with her，and tell her what you are thinking about.
If your mother doesn't take your advice，just keep silent and give her a smile. I hope what I say here can help you a lot.
Nowadays mobile phones are becoming more and more popular among the middle school students. Some students think that it is easy to use them to keep in touch with parents and classmates.Also，they can be used to listen to music or take photos. But others think that we don't need to talk with parents and classmates with mobile phones，because we meet them every day. And mobile phones may influence our study.
In my opinion，it's not wrong to follow the fashion，but the most important thing is how to use the mobile phone in a right way.
With the help of the Internet，shopping is not a difficult job. Just click your mouse to choose the article you like，and the shopping is finished. You needn't step out of the room.
It seems easy and quick. But there's always a trap(陷阱)online. If you are careless，it will bring you some trouble. You may find the color of the article is different from what you want，or the size is either too small or too big. If you want to be different，you'd better not buy clothes online. Once you put on the clothes you bought online and go out，you will find many people wear the same clothes in the street.
So you must be careful，because everything has two sides.
1 、6月5日(June 5)是世界环境保护日，我们周围的环境变得越来越糟糕，污染越来越严重??。假如你是学生Jone.，你校要进行“如何保护我们的环境?”专题演讲比赛，要求：(1)、举例说明环境存在的问题1-3方面;(2)、如何保护好我们的环境，采取怎样的措施，举例1-3方面进行说明，字数80左右。
As we all know，the environmemt around us is getting worse and worse .In some places，we can't see fish swimming in the river or trees on the hills. Some people even have no clean water to drink. So I think we must do something to protect the environment. But what can we do?How to protect our environmemt ?For example，we can
go to school on foot or by bike . we can use shopping baskets not plastic bags when we go shopping，and we can use both sides of the paper when we write .In a word，if everyone pays more attention to our environment ，there will be less pollution and our life will be better.“There is only one earth”，I hope everyone will protect our environment well.
( 四川乐山) 从2008年6月1日起，国家将禁止商家免费提供塑料袋，掀起全国“拒塑”的环保运动。假如你是李华，准备以“What Can We Do for the Environment” 为题，写一篇保护环境的英语演讲稿。 内容包含：
参考词汇：布袋子cloth bag 塑料袋plastic bag 保护protect 能源energy 污染pollution 课本textbook
What Can We Do for the Environment
our environment is becoming worse and worse，what can we do for the environment?I think each of us can do a little bit to help with this problem.
The first thing we can do is to use cloth bags instead of plastic bags when we go shopping. It helps to protect the environment. The second thing we can do is to reuse the old textbooks as possible as we can. We should also never forget to turn off the lights when we leave the classrooms in order to save energy. What's more，it would be better if we walk or ride a bike to school. We should try our best to reduce pollution and waste.
In fact，even the simplest everyday activities can make a real difference to the environment. I believe we can make the world a better place to live in.
3.为了保护地球有限的资源，我们应该采取什么措施呢?请根据下面的提示写一篇约80词的短文，短文开头已经给出。提示词;1.save water，the source of life，protect drinking water，stop polluting，make full use of it;2.save electricity，crucial，turn off，other electric machines;3. save forests，useful，stop cutting down;4.recycle useful
Although the world develops much faster and better，the resources on the earth get fewer and fewer.In order to protect them，something must be done.
Save water. Water is the source of life. No water，no life. So it's very important for us to do so.Not only should we protect drinking water and stop polluting it，but also make full use of it.
Save electricity. It is crucial. We can't imagine what the life will be like without it.Everyone should do his best to save electricity. Don't forget to turn off lights or other electric machines when we finish working.
Save forests. They are useful .Please stop cutting them down and use recycled paper instead. Make our world a green one to live in.
Recycle useful rubbish. Plenty of rubbish can be recycled like cans，paper，bottles，and so on.
We can save resources in this way. I believe we can make the world a better place to live in.
How tokeep healthy /fit?
All of us want to be healthy. First，we should get enough sleep during the night. We can go to bed early and get up early. Staying up late is bad for our health. Second，we must have the right kinds of food. We should eat more fruit and vegetables and less meat. We should drink a lot of water. We should have healthy eating habits. Third，we should do more exercise to build up our bodies. Finally，we should be happy everyday. Because smile will make us younger.
That is my advice.I hope you are healthy and enjoy your life.
How to keep healthy /fit?
Here is my advice about how to keep healthy/fit. As a middle shool student. first you'd better do more exercise such as playing ball games ，running， swimming and jumping ropes(绳子)。Then you should pay attention to your diet or meals. Don't eat too much meat or suger，but more vegetables and fruit.Third you need enough sleep or rest . Next keep yourself happy.As people often say smiling makes younger.Last you mustn't drink wine or smoke .They are bad for your health. That is my advice.I hope you are healthy and enjoy your life.
例文：请根据以下问题和答案的提示并结合你的实际情况，以“My English Learning”为题写一篇80词左右的英文稿件，要求至少涉及其中的三个问题，并且不能出现你的真实姓名、校名和县名等。提示：When did you start learning English?(in ? /?years ago) How do you learn English?(listen carefully，study with a group，read English every day?)
What is difficult to learn?(listening，grammar?)
What other helpful ways do you know to learn English well?(watch English movies，sing English songs?)
English is one of my best subjects and I started learning English when I was ten years old. But at the very beginning，listening seemed a little difficult for me. So I have been doing a lot of listening practice，such as listening to tapes，watching English TV programs. And I found it really helpful. In fact，there are some more helpful ways to learn English well. For example，I enjoy singing English songs and I want to join an English club or find a pen pal from English-speaking countries. I believe that nothing is impossible if you put your heart into it.
I'm very glad that you'll come to China to watch the Olympic Games. I know it isn't easy to learn a foreign language，but I have some ideas that may help. Firstly，it's very important to listen to the teacher carefully in class and make some notes so that you can go over your lessons later. Secondly，try to catch every chance to practice speaking，both in and out of class. Don't be afraid of making mistakes. Then try to listen and read more in Chinese. What's more， you'd better plan your time well and study it regularly every day.
Above all，you should be confident in yourself and don't give up whenever you meet with difficulties. I'm sure you will succeed through your hard work. Best wishes and look forward to meeting you in China.
I have studied in my middle school for three years. I have learned a lot. I have learned not only how to make friends but also how to talk to others. I have many hobbies. I like sports. I often play basketball，football and volleyball with my friends. Football is my favorite. Of all my subjects，I do best in English and Chinese. But my math and physics are a little weak. I think I will try my best to learn them well. I hope I can study in No.1 High School.
Words fail me when I want to express my thanks to you. You have taken good care of me since I was born.When I am in trouble，you always encourage me and cheer me up.Once I argued with my best friend and was upset，you talked with me the whole night and finally helped me solve the problem. With your help，I have become a good student.I am so thankful for your love that I will work harder and try to do better
in the future.
Best wishes. Yours，
Words fail me when I want to express my thanks to you. You have taken good care of me since I came to this school. When I am in trouble，you always encourage me and cheer me up. You are kind but strict with us，you never allow us to pretend that we know what we don't know. You often tell us that it's no use memorizing new words without understanding. With your help，my English has greatly improved. Thank you for caring about me，I will work harder in the future.
）There are three reasons for this． 2）The reasons for this are as follows． 3）The reason for this is obvious． 4）The reason for this is not far to seek． 5）The reason for this is that．．． 6）We have good reason to believe that．．． 例： There are three reasons for the changes that have taken place in our life．Firstly，people’s living standard has been greatly improved．Secondly，most people are well paid， and they can afford what they need or like．Last but not least，more and more people prefer to enjoy modern life． 注：如考生写第一个句子没有把握，可将其改写成两个句子。如：Great changes have taken place in our life． There are three reasons for this．这样写可以避免套用中的表达失误。 2．表示好处 1）It has the following advantages． 2）It does us a lot of good． 3）It benefits us quite a lot． 4）It is beneficial to us． 5）It is of great benefit to us． 例： Books are like friends．They can help us know the world better，and they can open our minds and widen our horizons．Therefore，reading extensively is of great benefit to u
s． 3．表示坏处 1）It has more disadvantages than advantages． 2）It does us much harm． 3）It is harmfulto us． 例： However，everything dividesinto two．Television can also be harmful to us．It can do harm to our health and make us lazy if we spend too much time watching televi- sion． 4．表示重要、必要、困难、方便、可能 1）It is important（necessary，difficult，convenient， possible）for sb．to do sth． 2）We think it necessary to do sth． 3）It plays an important role in our life． 例： Computers are now being used everywhere，whether in the government，in schools or in business．Soon， computers will be found in every home，too．We have good reason to say that computers are playing an increasingly important role in our life and we have stepped into the Computer Age． 5．表示措施 1）We should take some effective measures． 2）We should try our best to overcome（conquer）the difficulties． 3）We should do our utmost in doing sth． 4）We should solve the problems that we are confronted（faced）with． 例： The housing problem that we are confronted with is becoming more and more serious．Therefore，we must take some effective measures to solve it． 6．表示变化 1）Some changes have taken place in the past five years． 2）A great change will certainly be produced in the world’s communications． 3）The computer has brought about many changes in education． 例： Some changes have taken place in people’s diet in the past five years．The major reasons for these changes are not far to seek．Nowadays，more and more people are switching from grain to meat for protein，and from fruit and vegetable to milk for vitamins． 7．表示事实、现状 1）We cannot ignore the fact that．．． 2）No one can deny the fact that．．． 3）There is no denying the fact that．．． 4）This is a phenomenon that many people are interested in． 5）However，that’s not the case． 例： We cannot ignore the fact that industrialization brings with it the problems of pollution．To solve these problems， we can start by educating the public about the hazards of pollution．The government on its part should also design stricter laws to promote a cleaner environment． 结尾万能公式： 一. 结论 Obviously(此为过渡短语), we can draw the conclusion that good manners arise from politeness and respect for others.二. 建议 Obviously, it is high time that we took some measures to solve the problem.(虚拟语气用得经典) 更多句型： Accordingly, I recommend that some measures be taken. Consequently, to solve the problem, some measures should be taken. 检查四个重点部位，把好最后一关 1) 是否切题(主题句) 2) 是否连贯 检验的标准主要是句子是否通顺，该用连接词的地方用了没有，以及所用的连接词是否合适。 3) 是否有语法错误 主谓是否一致，动词的时态、语态、语气的使用是否正确，词组的搭配是否合乎习惯。为避免不必要的语法错误，对把握性不大的词组、句型绝不要用。而应使用那些自己熟悉的词组、句型来表达相同或相近的意思。 4)是否有大小写、拼写、标点错误 在这些细枝末节上，谨慎细心地处理，无疑会进一步提高文章的整体质
量。在检查、改错的过程中，切忌乱涂乱抹。保持卷面清洁，会给阅卷者留下好印象。 Advantages and Disadvantages of?题型 套路 Nowadays, ?plays an important part/role in ? //? has become a household word. Like everything else, it has both merits and demerits. Generally speaking, the positive aspects can be listed as follows: First,?. In addition,?. Above all,?. But every coin has two sides. // But every advantage has its disadvantage. The negative aspects are also apparent. To begin with,?. To make matters worse,?. Worst of all,?. But obviously, the advantages of ? outweigh its disadvantages, which speaks for its popularity. Application Letters 1. Express your interest in the post you are applying for give reasons for your application. 2. State personal qualifications and experience related to the post. 3. References//Requests for further information