海量文库 文档专家
您现在的位置:首页 > 初中教育 > 科学科学


发布时间:2014-02-03 11:05:03  



Section B

Directions:Complete the following passage by using the words in the box. Each word can only be used once. Note that there is one word more than you need.

It is common to have difficulties sleeping during the day. Humans are born naturally to sleep best at night and be awake during the day. However, modern work schedules require some people to try to adapt the schedule of shift work (轮班) — being awake at night and sleeping during the day.

In order to make this acceptable to you, you need to pay special attention to your sleep environment and your preparation for sleep. If shift work is a necessary part of your work life, here are some suggestions that may help.

Arrange to sleep in a(n) condition. This means you may have to unplug your phone, hang darkening curtains on the windows or wear a sleep eye mask, and ask your family and friends to you alone while you sleep.

Fit in a nap. When your daytime sleep period is too short, taking a short nap of less than 30 minutes just before work or on a break has been shown to energy and enhance performance.

Develop and follow a sleep routine. It’s best if you go to sleep and wake up at the same time every day. Try not to this too much on weekends. Your body likes routine.

Take extra care to make healthy choices. You may be to reach for unhealthy foods or nicotine (尼古丁) to stay awake or alcohol to try to sleep. But in the end these choices are more harmful than helpful.

If you have tried all these things and are still having problems getting enough sleep during the day, talk to your doctor or a sleep specialist. Sometimes medical treatment may be helpful and safe. In other cases, there may be a potential sleep disorder that needs to be as soon as possible.

41. D

42. B 43. J 44. I 45. A 46. H 1 47. F 48. E 49. G


Section B

Directions: Complete the following passage by using the words in the box. Each word can only be used once. Note that there is one word more than you need.

How do successful people think? What drives them? Interviews and investigations __41__ that there are several keys to success that successful people share.

First of all, successful people never blame someone or something outside of themselves for their __42__ to go ahead. They realize that their future lies in their own hands. They understand that they cannot __43__ things in life, such as nature, the past and other people. But in the meantime, they are well aware that they can control their own thoughts and actions. They take __44__ for their life and regard this as one of the most empowering things they can do. Perhaps what most __45__ successful people from others is that they live a life “on purpose” ---- they are doing what they believe they are put here to do. In their opinion, having a purpose in their life is the most important element that enables them to become fully __46__ people. They hold that when they live their life on purpose, their main concern is to do the job right. They love what they do ---- and it shows. People want to do business with them because of their commitment (责任心).

To live their life on purpose, successful people find a cause they believe in and __47__ a business around it. Besides, they never easily give up. Once they have set up goals in their life, they are __48__ to do whatever it takes to achieve their goals. Rather than seeing it __49__ or depressing they use the knowledge to spur themselves on and go after what they want energetically and passionately.

41 - 49: CFHDB JAGE



Section B

Directions: Complete the following passage by using the words in the box. Each word can only be used once. Note that there is one word more than you need.

More than two million people in Europe now have fiberbroadband(光纤宽带)direct to their home, suggests a survey. The latest __41__ on superfast broadband delivered by fiber to the home (FTTH) show 18% growth over the last survey compiled in late 2008.

The continued growth suggests that the __42__ economic decline has not hit plans to build fiber networks. Sweden __43__ the list of nations applying the technology, with 10.9% of its broadband customers using fiber. Karel Helsen, president of Europe’s Fiber-To-The-Home Council, said the growth matched predictions that were __44__ when the credit crisis started to make itself felt. “The numbers in 2009 are in line with the latest forecasts,” said Mr. Helsen.

By 2012, the FTTH Council expects that 13 million people across 35 European nations will have their broadband delivered by fiber. Such services would start at a speed of 100 megabits per second (mbps), said Mr. Helsen. Around Europe more than 233 projects were underway to lay the fibers that would __45__ homes or buildings to the net, said Mr. Helsen. Many of those, he said, were being operated by local governments or smaller net firms. Local governments were interested in FTTH because of the economic and social __46__ it brought in its wake, said Mr. Helsen.

The low delay in high-speed fiber networks made __47__ new uses of broadband, he said. “No delay is very important,” he said, “specifically if you talk about __48__ that are time-dependent such as personal communications, conference calls or video calls where delays cause a lot of trouble.” While early FTTH services were __49__ in cities, said Mr. Helsen, many more were reaching out to rural areas for e-health and e-learning projects.







Section B

Directions:complete the following passage by using the words in the box .Each word can be used only once. Note that there is one word more than you need.

TOKYO-Japan was recognized as the land of the $80 watermelon and $90 cabbage. Many foreigners even thought it unlikely to use the word "affordable" and"Tokyo" in the same sentence. Yet as urban real estate valued rise globally, and as prices for Japanese like food and clothing drop, Japan is being seen as less expensive. Except three Japanese money consumers-buying property, high-end dining, and taxi-costs are 43 these days.

One reason given is "globalization." As wealth and lifestyle mix, urban costs are starting to 44 .

Another reason is greater price diversity , by the government to narrow the huge rich-poor gap. Cheaper goods are on the shelves. Large discount retail stores have .Food and goods from countries like Korea and Thailand are slowly and steadily pouring in. Eased import are felt at the grocery store. Bananas used to cost $8 a bunch. Now organic bananas were $3.20 for three in most supermarkets.

Food imports from foreign countries especially have lowered family costs. But such a falling various types of restructuring and new areas of the world and begin making demands. After all, Japan has become comparatively affordable.

41~45 GBAJI 46~49 EFHD






Section B

Directions: Complete the following passage by using the words in the box. Each word can only be used once. Note that there is one word more than you need.

A noted American psychologist once remarked that childhood is a magical period in one’s life. Indeed it is, for during childhood, one undergoes a step-by-step transformation not only in capacity, but also in physical and verbal skills. Each step an increase in the difficulty of a child’s conceptual and learning abilities. During the early stages of childhood, from infancy to about five, the child learns simple skills including using the toilet, bathing and dressing himself At this stage, he also learns to be very observant, curious, imaginative and creative. His ability to remember things also at this stage. He remembers details that an adult may have difficulty in remembering. Gradually, he learns skills in problem-solving. At school, particular in art classes, the child is especially creative. Given a piece of paper and some colored pencils, he draws a variety of from his surroundings as well as from his family circle. It is not surprising to see a child draw a to represent an abusive father, and an angel to represent a loving and caring mother.

As he graduates to the later stages of childhood bordering on the teenage years, the child of human relations and socialization by interacting with his peers—his friends and schoolmates. He also learns to with new life situations, including dates and part-time work. Given a tight schedule of schoolwork, the child learns to prepare his own schedules of work and play; the more practical and less serious ones manage to take time out of their busy schedules of assignments, reports and tests and examinations to go with their friends on relaxation entertainment.

41—45 GDFIC

46—49 BJAH 7


Directions: Complete the following passage by using the words in the box. Each word can only be used once. Note that there is one word more than you need.

People blind from birth can be taught to “see” images that are conveyed as sounds, says a new study that calls into question a belief about the limits of the human brain.

Devices that scan visual images and re-interpret regularities as sounds were used to re-train the brains of born-blind people in a study published this week in the journal Neuron. The authors — at the Safra Center for Brain Science at Hebrew University in Israel — put people who had been blind since birth through 70 hours of training with a visual-to-auditory sensory (感官的) substitution Initially, the subjects were able to among faces, houses, everyday objects, and body shapes. They were able to read letters and words, identify facial expressions and locate people’s positions . In one video, a blind person is shown a picture of a woman with a ponytail and identified the hairstyle.

Blind people have long used the capability to use another sensory ability to make up for blindness: Braille and blind walking canes allow people without sight to read and navigate. But when the authors of the current study put subjects in a brain scanner, they insight into the process by which training with a sensory substitution device allowed the mind’s eye to “see”.

The human brain is a efficient and adaptable organ: when a sensory perception such as sight is lost, the specialized regions of the brain in which input from the eyes is processed are to other duties.

But scientists have long believed that the brain’s is limited by early conditions: when a person is born blind, the capacity of the brain’s visual cortex (大脑皮层) to process sight never develops, scientists have believed. With that opportunity, a window is closed, and even if eyesight were to be restored, the visual cortex, they believed, would forever remain “blind” to images.




Section B

Directions: Complete the following passage by using the words in the box. Each word can only be used once. Note that there is one word more than you need.

Everyone who knows Olivia Griffiths is impressed by her unique sense of style. Whenever she walks into a room, heads turn. Her friends wonder how she managed to get the new Mulberry handbag that no one had thought was inAustralia yet.

The truth is that Olivia has never left Australia. But with a few clicks of her computer mouse, she can travel to shopping around the world. Online shopping has the consumer experience. With the help of an increasing number of online shops overseas, shoppers can now pick up interesting goods from all over the world.

The biggest advantage of shopping on foreign websites is the wide range of choices available. For example, Chinese shoppers are often disappointed when Gap products are not available locally. But now it’s possible to order these products straight from the US with a credit card and a small fee. Other benefits of online shopping include prices. When items are bought online from other countries, they’re often tax-free.

However, when you buy things from a foreign website, things can get too. So make sure you pay extra attention to protecting your rights.

Sometimes it can be difficult to handle foreign websites because of the unfamiliar language. For example, the term “shipped in 1-5 working days” can be confusing for Chinese shoppers, as it doesn’t clarify whether this is the time in which the product will arrive or the time it takes for it to be .

The method of shipping can also determine whether you get your product at all. Unless you choose express or priority shipping, which only takes a few days to deliver but is more expensive, most international shipping doesn’t offer a tracking option ― which means once your products are shipped outside of the country there’s no way of finding out where they are.

The best consumers are the most sensible ones. If you’re interested in expanding your

shopping to foreign websites, make sure you do your research beforehand to avoid your money and products being lost on the way.

41. C 42. D 43. A 44. J 45. E 46. B 47. H 48. G 49. F



Section B Direction: Complete the following passage by using the words in the box. Each word can only be used once. Note that there is one word more than you need.

Life isn’t easy for families of children with special needs. Faced with responsibility of a family member requiring extra attention and care, many families feel lonely, __41____ and hopeless. In many cases, the families feel a sense of __42____ because their children are not “perfect”. But Taiwan Sunshine wants to change that.

Founded in 2009, Taiwan Sunshine believes that all children have characteristic value, and by supporting the families who care for children with special needs, it an change the___43___ understanding. In doing so, it hopes to help these children become useful members of society.

The Taipei-based, non-profit organization seeks to ___44___ these goals in three ways. First, it offers in-school programs, often centered around events like Christmas. Second, it develops conferences for use in schools, churches and other organizations. These conferences raise___45___ of the issues that families with special-needs children face and encourage organizations to develop programs to support these families. Third, Taiwan Sunshine works with other groups to put together and ___46___ the “I Am a Hero Games.”

During the games, children compete in different ___47___ activities, such as the ball throw and running race. When children aren’t ___48___, they enjoy other activities, such as playing with dogs from a local therapy program. Each game includes a prize-awarding ceremony in which all the children are formally__49____ with medals to celebrate their accomplishments.

Through programs like the Hero Games, Taiwan Sunshine is working hard to meet the needs of families with special-needs children.




Section B

Directions: Complete the following passage by using the words in the box. Each word can only be used once. Note that there is one word more than you need.

A. normal B. analysis C. involved D. contrary E. additional

F. accurate G. weighed H. relationship I. linked J. average

The time children spend outdoors could be ___41___ to a reduced risk of being short-sighted research suggests.

A(n) _42__ of eight previous studies by University of Cambridge researchers found that for each ___43___ hour spent outside per week, the risk of shortsightedness reduced by 2%. Exposure to natural light and time spent looking at distant objects could be key factor, they said.

The studies ___44___ more than 10,000 children and adolescents. Researchers are presenting their findings at the American Academy of Ophthalmology annual meeting in Florida

Dr. Justin Sherwin and his research team concluded that short-sighted children spent on ___45___

3.7 fewer hours per week outdoors than those who either had _46__ vision or were long-sighted. But they said the reasons why were not yet clear. They expected to find that children who spent more time outdoors also spent less time doing activities like reading, studying or playing computer games, but no such link was found in two of the eight studies which looked at this __47_.

However, Dr Sherwin said they would now need more ___48___ data to try to understand which factors, such as increased use of distance vision, reduced use of near vision, natural ultra violet light exposure or physical activity, are most important. There are also other factors to consider, he said.

"Any increase in time spent outdoors must be ___49___ against exposure to UV radiation 一 and the increased risk of skin cancer, cataracts and other cancers. On the other hand, increasing

outdoor physical activity could protect against diabetes and obesity, vitamin D deficiency and osteoporosis, for example," he said.

41?45 IBECJ 46?49 AHFG


网站首页网站地图 站长统计
All rights reserved Powered by 海文库
copyright ©right 2010-2011。