haihongyuan.com
海量文库 文档专家
全站搜索:
您现在的位置:首页 > 初中教育 > 科学科学

课本知识整理七年级上Unit 8

发布时间:2013-11-05 09:39:10  

2010中考英语复习课本知识整理七年级上Unit 8

When is your birthday?

【发散思维】英语中的12个月每个单词的首字母都要大写。

一年包括四季,每上季节又包括三个月。

spring(春季):Februany,March,Aril(2~4月)

summer(夏季):May,June,July(5~7月)

autumn(秋季):August,September,October(8~10月)

winter(冬季):November,December.Januany(11~1月)

2.How old are you ?你多大了?

【用法透析】是就年龄进行提问的特殊疑问句,其句型结构为:How old+be+主语?表示“……几岁/多大了”,句中how old意为“多大年龄/几岁”,在回答这个句型时,常用“主语+be+数词+years/months old”来表示,也可以直接说出年龄。例如:

—How old is your father? —你爸爸多大了?

—He is sixty. —他六十岁了。

【拓展探究】:How old are you? 的同义句有:What?s your age? / May I know your age?

【发散思维】 At the age of 是用来表示年龄一种说法。What age are you? 你几岁 ? ( 你多大年龄 ? ) 在英语中表达年龄时常说:She?s eight. 也可以说:She is eight years of age .

还可以说:She is eight years old.

但不可说:She is eight age.

“年龄”表示法还有:

(1)“at the age of + 基数词”或“at +基数词”。基数词后不再加 years old , 此短语常作状语。 At the age of eight ,he went to an island with his parents .

(2)“of + 基数词”。此结构常作后置定语,数词后不能接 years old。

At that time , he was just a boy , of sixteen . 当时,他只是一个十六岁的男孩。

“基数词-year-old”。此结构常用前置定语。

When he was an eight-year-old boy , he began to make a living . 当他是一个八岁的男孩时,就开始谋生了。 “be in one?s + teens / twenties / thirties……nineties”表示“在某人十几岁/二十几岁/三十几岁……九十几岁

时”。

He was in is fifties .

(4) “aged + 基数词”。此结构常用后置定语。

Mr Smith , a foreigner aged 30 , works in north China. 史密斯先生是一位30多岁的工程师,在华北工作。 掌握了年龄的常见表达法,就能一句多译。请看:

A. 珍妮是一个十五岁的女孩。

Jenny is a fifteen-year-old girl . / Jenny is a girl of fifteen . / Jenny is a girl aged fifteen .

B. 他三岁时就能做诗。

When he was three (years old) , he could write poems . / When he was three years of age , he could write poems . / At (the age of ) three , he could write poems

【误区警示】 问到年龄时,有人会回答It?s a secret.。因为在西方国家,通常不向陌生人、长辈、上级、妇女询问年龄。尤其是成年妇女,最忌讳别人问他们的年龄。西方人日常生活不打听、不询问的事情有:年龄、婚姻状况、收入、地址、经历、工作等等。

Section B

1.Basketball game.篮球比赛。

English speech contest英语演讲比赛。

【语法聚焦】

1 when引导的特殊疑问句(参见教材优化全析Section A. 1)

2 基数词变序数词的规律:

英语中,用来表示事物的数目的词是基数词,用来表示事物顺序的词是序数词。

那么基数词变序数的口诀是什么呢?请记住:“基变序有规律,结尾字母是th”,“一、二、三特殊记,结尾字母t,d,d”,“八去t,九去e,f要把ve替”,“ty将y变成i,th前面有个e”,“几十几,也好记,只变个位就可以”。

[特别说明]

在基数词改为序数词时,多数都在基数词尾加th,但one,too,three所对应的序数词依次为first,second和third(即“结尾字母t,d,d”)。还要注意:eight在加th时要去掉末尾字母t(eight→eighth,即“八去t”);nine在加th时要去掉字母e(nine→ninth,即“九去e”);以ve结尾在加th时,应先把ve用f换掉,然后再加th。(如:five→fifth,twelve→twelfth,即f要把ve替);以ty结尾的基数词在变成序数词,应先将y变i,th前面还要加上字母e(如:twenty→twentieth,thirty→thirtieth,……ninety→ninetieth等,即ty把y变成i,th前面还有一个e);类似twenty-four,twenty-six这样“几十几”的基数词在改为序数词时,只需变个位就可以了。如:twenty-four→twenty-fourth,twenty-six→twenty-sixth等。

三、 【典型试题】

1.Tom and Ann stood in front of the mirror and looked at ________.

A. her B. him C. them D. themselves

解析:D。本题考查反身代词的运用。依据题意:汤姆和安站在镜子前,看着他们自己。需要用反身代词,故用D。

2.September 10th is ___________.

A. Women's Day B. Children's Day C. Mid-autumn Day D. Teachers' Day

解析:D。本题考查节日名称。 本题属于社会常识。

3.Have you learned ____ lesson?

A. twelve B. twelveth C. the twelfth D. the twelve

解析:C。本题考查序数词的用法。题意为:你们学第十二课了吗?以ve结尾在加th时,应先把ve用f换掉,然后再加th。

Ⅲ.单项选择。

( )1.________a Music Festival at your school?

A. There is B. There has C. Is there D. Are there

( )2.—_______your father like pop music?—Yes, _________.

A. Do;he do B. Does;he does C. Do;he like D. Does;he likes

( )3.—__________is the school trip?

—__________April.

A. When;In B. What;On C. Where;In D. When;On

( )4.There are usually(通常)__________days in February.

A. twenty-eight B. twenty-nine C. thirty D. thirty-one

( )5.There are twelve months in a __________.

A. season(季节) B. date C. year D. school year

IV. 连词成句。

1.music,sounds,this,boring._____________________

2.1st,is,my,birthday,brother's Januany._______________

3.doesn't salad,like,Rose.________________________

4.Where, your ,game,computer,is__________?

5.March,3rd,on,birthday,my,is__________________.

V.从B栏中找出A栏中正确的答语:

A B

1.How much is this T—shirt? A:It?s blue

2.What color is your sweater? B:Mary is

3.Is there a book on the desk? C:Yes,there is

4.Who is your sister? D:The black one.

5.Which is your hat? E:It?s 30 dollars.

6.What?s this in English? F.No,I don?t

7.Do you like bananas? G:It?s an ice cream

8.Where?s Tony? H:He?s in the room.

VI.补全对话,每空填一词,使 对话完整、达意。(

A:_____1______ is you birthday?

B:My birthday is Ocotober 17th.

A:What _____2_______were you born?

B:I was born _____3_____1989.

A:⑷____4_____ you are _____5_____years and _____6_____months old. Will you ______7_____a birthday party?

B:Yes,of course.

A:_____8_____can go to your party?

B:My good friends.

A:Can I go to your party?

B:Of course you ____9____. You?re a good friend. ____10_____to my party!

A:Thank you.

VII.把下列英文译成汉语。

1.What events do you have at your school?_____________________

2.My mother's birthday is Januany 1st. ______________________

3.What year were you born?______________________

4.I was born in 1966._________________

5.When is your birthday, Vera?______________________

VIII.完形填空。请先通读下列短文,掌握其大意,然后从各题后所给的选项中选择最佳答案填空。 This Chinese boy is Li Lei. Li Lei?s ____1___ is May 1st. He was born in 1990. He is____2____ years old. Jack is___3____ good friend. He?s ___4_____English boy. He is in Li Lei?s____5____ .Mrs Read is

their_____6____ .She?s an English_____7____ . She teaches them English. Jack and Li Lei____8____ a secret-Jack is ____9__English teacher?s___10_____ .

( )1.A.born B.birthday C.date

( )2.A.thirteen B.twelve C.eleven

( )3.A.Li Lei B.Li Lei is C.Li Lei?s

( )4.A.an B.a C.the

( )5.A.home B.school C.family

( )6.A.mother B.friends C.teacher

( )7.A.woman B.man C.girl

( )8.A.has B.there is C.have

( )9.A.your B.their C.our

( )10.A.uncle B.father C.son

IX.阅读理解

Sue is 13 years old today. She has a birthday party. Her friends Amy,Lily and Kate come to her home. Sue:Sit down and have a cup of tea.

Her friends:Thand you. Happy birthday,Sue!

Amy:Here is a cake for you. I?m sorry it?s too small. The shop doesn?t sell big ones and Lily likes it very much. Lily:I made a card for you. Happy birthday to you,Sue!

Kate:Sue,this hat is my present for you,do you like it?

Sue:Thank you al very much. I like all of your presents for me. Let?s sing and eat the cake. They jump with joy(高兴) and begin the birthday party.

根据 短文内容选择正确答案。

( )1.Whose birthday is it?_________

A. Lily?s B. Sue?s C. Amy?s

( )2.Who gives a cake to Sue?______________

A. Kate B. Lily C. Amy

( )3.Who made a card for Sue?__________

A. Lily B. Kate C. Amy

( )4.Who gives a hat to Sue?___________

A. Lily B. Kate C.Amy

( )5.What does Lily like?_______________

A. The card. B. The hat. C.The cake.

X.书面表达。

你将参加 学校举行的艺术节,下面是一些参赛项目的比赛时间和选手情况,请你根据自己的特长选择两个项目并介绍一下其他的选手情况。

项目 选手情况 时间

英语演讲 张丽,13岁,女 李涛,15岁,男 April ninth

篮球比赛 一年三班 二年五班 April twelfth

合唱比赛 三年二班 一年四班 April twelfth

排球比赛 二年二班 三年四班 April twelfth

单元检测答案

I.A)1.store 2.love 3.photos 4.ninth 5.two

B)1.parth 2.concert 3.trip 4.events 5.pop

C) 1.is 2.on 3.birthday 4.is 5.March

II.1—5 BCAED

III.

IV.1.This music sounds boring 2.My brother s birthday is January 1 st .3.Rose doesn t like salad 4.Where is your computer game? 5.My birthday is on march 3rd.

V.1-8 EACBDGFH

VI.(1)When (2)year (3)in (4)So (5)thirteen (6)eleven

(7)have (8)Who (9)can (10)Welcome

VII.1你们学校举行什么活动?

2我母亲的生日是一月一日.

3.你是哪年出生的?

4.我生于1966年.

5.维拉,你什么时候出生的?

VIII.1—5BACAA6—10CACBC

IX.1—5BCABC

X.Our school has many events in April. This is our Art Festival. I like the English Contest. I know Zhang Li. She is a girl. She?s 13. Li Tao is a boy. He?s 15. We have our contest on April ninth.

网站首页网站地图 站长统计
All rights reserved Powered by 海文库
copyright ©right 2010-2011。
文档资料库内容来自网络,如有侵犯请联系客服。zhit326@126.com