haihongyuan.com
海量文库 文档专家
全站搜索:
您现在的位置:首页 > 初中教育 > 科学科学

八年级上册Unit1~~Unit3知识点(2013年版))

发布时间:2013-11-11 13:35:39  

八年级上册英语(2013年秋季版)语法、短语和知识点总结

Unit 1 Where did you go on vacation?

本单元的话题:谈论假期活动内容,复习一般过去时。

本单元的语法:1.复习一般过去时;2.学习不定代词和不定副词的用法。

语法:1.本单元出现的动词不规则过去式有:

is\am---was是 are -- were是 go---went去 buy—bought买 take ---took拿走,带走 do\does—did feed—fed喂 see—saw 看见 eat—ate 吃 have\has—had 有,吃

feel—felt感觉 ride—rode骑 get—got到达,得到 can—could能,会forget—forgot忘记drink—drank喝 find—found找到

2.不定代词和不定副词的用法:

some body

any one

every thing

no where(疑问副词)

不定代词和不定副词

(1)左边的some、any、every、no与右边的body、one、thing构成不定代词,some、any、every、no与右边的where构成不定副词; (2)一般情况下以some开头的不定代词和不定副词用于肯定句,以any开头的不定代词和不定副词用于否定句、疑问句;以no开头的不定代词和不定副词表示否定含义(no one为两个单词);

(3)不定代词或不定副词和形容词连用时,形容词放在后面。

He has somethingto do.他有重要的事情要做。(肯定句用something,形容词important放后)

Did you buy anything(一般疑问句用anything,形容词special放后)

上个月你去令人感兴趣的地方了吗? (一般疑问句用不定副词anywhere,形容词interesting放后)

(4)不定代词和不定副词做主语时,后面的动词用单数形式。

Everone is here today.今天每个人都在这里。 短语和知识点:

1.(P1,图片) go on vacation去度假 go to the mountains 上山/进山

2.(P1,1a) stay at home呆在家go to the beach去海滩 visit museums 参观博物馆 go to summer camp去参观夏令营 3.(P2,2b) study for tests为考试而学习\备考 go out出去

4.(P2,2d) quite a few相当多,不少(后跟可数名词复数)

He has quite a few friends.他又不少朋友。 take photos照相 most of the time大部分时间

5.(P3,语法表格3行) buy sth. for sb. = buy sb. sth.为某人买某物

My mother bought me a sweater=My mother bought a sweater for me.我妈妈给我买了一件毛衣。

6.(P3,语法表格4行) taste good. 尝起来很好

taste(尝起来)、look(看起来)、sound(听起来)为感官动词,后跟形容词

The food tastes delicious.这食品尝起来非常可口。

The T-shirt looks beautiful.这件体恤衫看起来很漂亮。

The songs sound beautiful.这些歌曲听起来很优美。

7.(P3,语法表格5行)have a good\great\fun time过得高兴,玩得愉快(=enjoy oneself)

They had a good time yesterday.= They enjoyed themselves yesterday.他们昨天玩得很开心。

8.(P3,3a) go shopping去购物

9.(P3,3b,4行) nothing?but+动词原形:除了??之外什么都没有

He had nothing to do at home but read yesterday.昨天他在家除了读书无事可做。

10.(P3,3b,5行) seem+(to be)+形容词:看起来?The work seems(to be)easy.这工作看起来很容易。 seem to do sth:好像? I seem to know him.我好像认识他。

11.(P3,3c)keep a diary记日记

1

12.(P5,2b,1行大地方:达到某地

小地方:达到某地 (get to +地方:达到某地)

He arrived in Beijing yesterday.他昨天达到北京。

若是arrive和ge后跟home、there、here三个地点副词,后面的介词in\at\to必须去掉。

昨晚汤姆到家。

)decide to do sth:决定做某事他决定回家。

14.(P5,2b,3行尝试做某事 The boy tried riding bicycle.这个小孩试着骑自行车。

to do sth.尽力去做某事He tried to help the old man.他尽力帮助这个老年人。

15.(P5,2b,4行) feel like给?的感觉;感受到

16.(P5,2b,1段末行) in the past 在过去 walk around四处走走

enjoy doing sth:喜欢做某事He enjoys playing basketball.他喜欢打篮球。

17.(P5,2b,2段1行)difference(名词,差异,差别)---- different(形容词,不同的)

18.(P5,2b,2段2行)start doing sth:开始做某事 (= start to do sth)

He started doing his homework. 他开始做家庭作业。

19.(P5,2b,2段3行)over an hour一个多小时 (over超过,多余 = more than)

20.(P5,2b,2段4行) too many 太多,后接可数名词复数。

Mother bought too many eggs yesterday.昨天妈妈买了很多鸡蛋。

too much 太多,后跟不可数名词,修饰动词作状语。

We have too much work to do.我们有很多工作要做。 Don’t talk too much.不要说太多。

much too 太,后跟形容词或副词。The hat is much too big for me.这帽子对我来说太大。 You’re walking much too fast.你走地太快了。

分辨三者的口诀: too much, much too, 用法区别看后头: much 后接不可数, too 后修饰形或副。too many 要记住,后面名词必复数。

21.(P5,2b,2段6行) because of 因为,由于,后接名词、代词或动名词(即动词+ing),不能接句子。 He can’t go to school because of the rain.他因为下雨没去上学。(rain为名词) He was late for school because of getting up late.他因为起晚而上学迟到。(get为动词) because因为,后跟句子I don’t buy the shirt because it was too expensive.我没有买这件衬衣因为它太贵。

22.(P5,2b,2段8行)enough(足够的)与名词连用,一般放在名词前

他有足够的钱。(money为名词)

enough(足够的enough放在后面。

为形容词)

23.(倒数4忘记已经做过某事(已经做完)

to do sth.忘记去做某事(还未做) (forget的过去式为forgot)

Don’t foget to close the door.不要忘记关上门。(门还未关)

He forgot closing the door.他忘记已经关上门了。(门已经关上,但是他忘了)

24.(P6,2e,5行)another+数字+可数名词复数:额外多少某物

He ate one apple,he wanted another two apples.

25.(P8,self check,2,6行)so+形容词+that+句子:如此?以至于?

注意:“so+形容词+that+句子”可以与“too+形容词+to do sth”互换

too+形容词+to do sth:太?以至于不能?

He is so young that he can′t go to school.他太年轻了不能去上学。

= He is too young to go to school.

26.(P8,self check,2,7行)tell sb (not) to do sth:告诉某人(不要)做某事

My mother often tells us not to play in the street.我的妈妈经常告诉我不要在街上玩。

Unit 2 How often do you exercise?

2

本单元的话题:谈论生活习惯,复习一般现在时。

本单元的语法:1.复习一般现在时;2.学习表示频率副词的用法。

主要频率副词的等级排序:always(总是) > usually (通常) > often(经常) > sometimes(有时) > hardly ever(很少) > never(从不)

这些副词在句子中的位置,一般放在助动词、be动词或情态动词之后,行为动词之前。即:“行”前“助(系)”后。

Peter is always late for school. Peter上学总是迟到。

I usually do my homework in the evening. 我通常在晚上做作业。

提问 always, sometimes, twice a day 等频率副词,用 How often 。

例句: I watch TV every day.(我每天都看电视。) →

How often do you watch TV?(你多长时间看一次电视?)

本单元的短语和知识点:

1.(P9,图片、1a) on weekends在周末 go to the movies去看电影help with housework帮助做家务 how often多久一次 hardly ever几乎从不

2.(P10,2a至2d) 2a:once a week每周一次 twice a week每周两次 every day每天

2c:use the Internet用互联网

2d: be free有空Are you free on weekends?你周末有空吗?

swing dance摇摆舞 have dance and piano lessons上舞蹈课和钢琴 play tennis打网球 How about?? ?怎么样?/ ?好不好?(后跟名词\代词\V ing)(用来提出意见或征求对方建议) I like apples,how about you ?我喜欢苹果,你呢?(apple,名词,苹果) (how about =what about)

3.(P11,语法表格)go shopping购物

4.(P11,3a) stay up late熬夜;睡得很晚 at least至少 go to bed early早点睡觉

play sports进行体育活动

5.(P11,3b)after school 放学后

6.(P12,1b)want sth:需要某物 He wants a new pen.他想要一支新钢笔。

want to do sth:想做某事 He wants to watch TV after school.放学后他想去看电视

want sb to do sth:让某人做某事 My mother wants me get up early.妈妈让我早起。

7.(P12,1b)be good for对??有好处 be bad for 对??有害处

Swimming is good for our health.游泳对我们的健康有好处。

Watching TV is bad for our eyes.看电视对我们的眼镜有害处。

8. (P13,2a)play computer games打电子游戏 go camping去野营

9.(P13,2b,1行)ask sb about sth:问某人某事

My parents often ask me about my study.我的父母经常问我的学习情况。

10. (P13,2b,1段1行)in one’s spare time在某人业余时间

He studies English in his spare time.他在业余时间学习英语。

11.(P13,2b)”数字+percent of+名词”做主语时,后面的单词取决于名词的情况。若名词为复数,后面的动词用复数形式;若名词为单数或不可数名词,后面的动词用单数形式。

In our class ,twenty of students are boys.在我们班,百分之二十的学生为男生。

12.(P13,2b,2段3行)not?at all:一点儿也不 (not构成否定句)

I don’t like the movie at all.我一点也不喜欢这部电影。

13.(P13,2b,3段)go online上网

14.(P13,2b,3段)the answer to+名词:?的答案the answer to the question这个问题的答案

15.(P13,2b,4段) the most popular最受欢迎的

although(虽然)不能与but连用,但可以与yet ,still 连用。

Although it is dark ,they are still working .虽然天黑了,但他们仍在工作。

Although he is old ,he is quite strong .他虽然年龄大了,但身体很健壮。

16.(P13,2b,5段1行)the (best) way to do sth: 做某事的(最好)方式

The best way to learn English is speaking English every day.

3

17.(P13,2b,5段2行) such as比如 (后跟名词或名词短语)

He likes fruits,such as apples,bananas and so on.他喜欢水果,例如苹果、洗脚等。 比较:for example 例如(后跟句子)

He has some good ways to study English,for example ,he often listens to tapes.他有许多好的方法学习英语,例如,他经常听磁带。

18.(P13,2b,5段4行) old habits die hard积习难改

19.(P15,3a)more than 超过,多余 (=over) go to the dentist去看牙医

Unit 3 I'm more outgoing than my sister.

本单元的话题:谈论事物对比, 学习形容词比较级。

本单元的语法:学习形容词比较级。

语法:见课本第113页至115页。

本单元出现的形容词和副词的比较级有:

long—longer (长的) good\well--better (更好) popular—more popular(更受欢迎)

loudly—more loudly(更响亮) outgoing --more outgoing(更外向/更开朗)

hard—harder(更努力) funny—funnier(更有趣) friendly—friendlier(更友好)

early—earlier(更早)lazy—lazier(更懒惰) fast—faster (更快) high—higher(更高) hard-working—more hard-working(更努力)clearly—more clearly(更清楚)

smart—smarter(更聪明) quiet—quieter(更安静,更内向)many\much—more (更多) serious—more serious(更严肃)loud —louder(更响亮) tall--taller (高的)

比较级讲解:

1.比较级表示两个人或物的比较。所用的句型为“比较级+than”(比?更?),若than前后所使用的的动词相同时,通常用助动词代替后面的动词,后面的动词或助动词可以省略。注意比较的对象必须性质相同。I am taller than my brother.我比我的弟弟高。

He is more outgoing than me.他比我外向。

2.比较级前,可以用much(更?,多得多?),a lot(更?,多得多?),even(更?,多得多?),a little(稍微)来表示程度。I am a little thinner than my sister.我比我的妹妹稍微瘦。 She is much more beautiful than her sister.她比她的妹妹更漂亮。

本单元的短语和知识点:

1.(P17,图片)play the drums打鼓 both?and? :两者都

2.(P18,2d) the singing competition 歌咏比赛 the most important 最重要的

3.(P20,1a)be good at+名词\代词\V ing:擅长,在某方面做得好

He is good at math.他擅长数学。I am good at playing basketball.我擅长打篮球。

4.(P20,1a)make sb do sth:让某人做某事He makes me help him.他让我帮助他。

5.(P20,1b)the same as与?相同His book is the same as my book.他的书可我的书一样。 6. (P20,1b)be talented in sth:在某方面有天赋

The boy is talented in music.这个孩子在音乐方面有天赋。

7.(P21,2b,1段2行)be like:像? The books are like friends.书像朋友。

8.(P21,2b,1段)make friends交朋友

enjoy doing sth:喜欢做某事 Tom enjoys reading.汤姆喜欢读书。

9.(P21,2b,2段)be different from与?不同

My brother is different from me.我弟弟与我不一样。

10.(P21,2b,2段)help sb to (do) sth:帮助某人做某事

常与help sb with sth(在某方面帮助某人)互换

He often helps me to learn English.他经常帮助我学习英语。= He often helps me with my English. help (to) do sth :帮助做某事 He often helps to cook at home.他经常在家帮助做饭。

11.(P21,2b,3段)care about 关心/留意/关注

12.(P22,2d)比较级表示最高级than the other+可数名词复数

4

=比较级表示最高级than any other+可数名词单数(用于一范围内一个与余下进行比较)

He is the tallest student in our class .在我们班他是最高的学生。

= He is taller than any other student in our class.

= He is taller than the other students in our class.在我们班,他比其他的学生高。 (在我们班,他与他之外的其他的同学进行比较)

shanghai is the biggest city in china.上海是中国最大的城市。

=

=

13.(P24,4)be good with sb:与某人相处很好

The teacher is good with children.这位老师与学生相处很好。

14.(P24,4)information (n.消息,信息)不可数名词

5

Unit5 Do you want to watch a game show? (谈论内心想法,一般现在时)

6

7

8

网站首页网站地图 站长统计
All rights reserved Powered by 海文库
copyright ©right 2010-2011。
文档资料库内容来自网络,如有侵犯请联系客服。zhit326@126.com