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九年级导学案Unit 11 Reading

发布时间:2013-11-19 08:41:51  

Unit 11 Reading 导学案

Could you please lend me your pen ?

2011年 12月

One never loses anything by politeness. 礼多不吃亏;油多不坏菜。 'After you' is good manners. 您先请是礼貌。

★Useful phrases:

1 把……借给________or______

2 有礼貌的咨询信息或请求帮助___________________

3 听起来很粗野_______________ 4 提出请求____________________ 5 改变我们说话的方式_______6依赖,依靠;取决于___________________ 7 更加有礼貌__________________ 8 另一方面____________________ 9 在某些情况下_________________ 10 例如______________________ 11 引入(过去式)__________12一个直接的命令______________________ 13 花费时间做某事______________________

14 某种意义上_______________________

15和 …一样__________________16 为了(不)……__________________

17.知道如何有礼貌的询问信息是重要的。(两种表达) _____________________________or__ ___________________________

18.我们需要花更多的时间去?

___________________________________________________

★Task1 Think about the questions and read the text.

1、What is important when people ask for information or help?

2、What might the expressions we use depend on?

3、What kind of questions are polite in English?

4、Is language etiquette as important as learning grammar or vocabulary? Why?

★Task 2 Read the article again and finish 3b

★Task 3 Try to finish the following sentences according to the passage.

1.正确使用语言是很重要的,当我们提出要求时,应该学会怎样才有礼貌。 It’s ______ ___ ____ correct language and we should learn___ __ __ ___ when

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we ____ _____.

2. 语言的表达方式取决于你与谁交谈。

The _________you use might ______ ___ whom you are _______ ______.

3. 像这样太直接的语气听起来很粗鲁.

A very _____ ______ like this can _____ _______.

4.Are there any good museums in Newtown? Could you please tell me?(合并为一句) 5.Where is the bank? I don’t know. (合并为一句)

6.Does Lucy go to the cinema ? Do you know ? (合并为一句)

★ Task 4 Finish 3a

Task 5 How to ask politely?

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巩固练习

一、单项选择

( )1.They haven't decided ______ next yet.

A.how to do B.what to do C.what to do it D.where to go to

( )2.Could you please tell me __________?

A.what you were doing at this time yesterday B.why are you often late for class

C.when is the art festival in our school D.how is the weather in Beijing today

( )3.When Jane was two, she could _______ read _______ write.

A.both; and B.either; nor C.neither; nor D.either; or

( )4.I prefer reading books _______ playing computer games.

A.with B.to C.about D.for

( )5.I think Singapore is a great place _______ new food.

A.for try B.of trying C.try D.to try

( )6.--Excuse me,Madam,is the library open all day?

_________. Only from 8:00am to 12:00am.

A.Yes,of course B.That's all right

C.Sorry, I'm afraid not D.No, I think not

( )7.The policeman asked the man ______ at 9 o'clock last night.

A.what he was doing B.what he is doing

C.what was he doing D.what is he doing

( )8.The young mother ______ her baby, then went to the park with him.

A.wore B.put on C.dressed up D.dressed

( )9.--Your new looks so beautiful! --__________.

A.Don't mention it B.Thank you

C.No,I don't think so D.Not so cool

( )10.--Let's play soccer on the playground.

--It's very hot outside.I would rather _______ at home than _______ out.

A.to stay,go B.staying, going C.stay, go D.stay,to go

( )11.--Could you please tell me ________?

--Sorry, I don't know. I was not at the meeting.

A. what the headmaster says at the meeting

B. what the headmaster said at the meeting

C. what does the headmaster say at the meeting

D. what did the headmaster say at the meeting

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( )12.My friend asked me _________.

A. if I will come to the party B. that he would help me to clean the room

C. what was wrong with me D. how should he do it next

( )13.Tom doesn't tell me when he _____. I will call you as soon as he ____.

A.will come; comes B.will come; will come

C.comes; will come D.comes; comes

( )14.Nowadays parents _____ more and more money on their children's education. A.take B.cost C.spend D.pay

( )15.They have organized games and the staff _______ clowns.

A.dresses up B.dresses up as C.dress up D.dress up as

二、根据汉语提示,完成句子翻译。

1.他喜欢狗,而不喜欢猫。

He _______ dogs _______ cats.

2.我们应该利用晴朗的天气去远足。

We should _______ _______ ________ the fine weather to go hiking.

3.你能做一下自我介绍吗?

Could you please _______ _______ ?

4.她现在正面临一个什么特殊的挑战?

What is one particular challenge she is ________?

5.你知道我在哪能买到邮票吗?

_____________________________________?

三、补全对话.在空格处填上适当的话语(话语可以是一个词、短语或句子),使对话内容完整、正确。

Mother: Could you tell me if there is a good museum in this city?

Father: How about history? I like history museums. They are fascinating. go to science museums. I want to go to a children's museum. They are more fun.

there. You can learn all about the history of computers, as well as learn about science.

you.

Clerk: You are welcome.

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答案:

三、单项选择 从各题的A、B、C、D四个选项中选出一个最佳的答案,并将代表字母填入题前的括号内。(共15分,每小题1分)

11-15 BCACD 16-20 CADBC 21-25 BACBD

四、补全对话(共10分,每空1分)

26.What kind of museums do you like?/What kind of museums would you like to go?

27.Science museums are boring./They are boring./I don't like history museums./I like science museums.

28.Science/Science museums?

29.Why don't you go to the computer museum?/Why not go to the computer museum?

30.That's a great idea!/That sounds great!/Wonderful!

六、根据汉语提示,完成句子翻译。(共10分。局部翻译每小题1分,整句翻译每小题2分)

41.prefers to 42.take advantage of 43.introduce yourself 44.facing

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45.Do you know where I can buy stamps?

拓展延伸

1. way 的用法

in a way 在某种意义上 by the way 顺便问一声 in this way 以这种方式 get in the way of 阻挡;妨碍…… on one’s way to?.. 在某人回家的路上 lose one’s way 迷路

2. lead---led---led

(1) lead sb to/into… 把某人带到某地

他领我们进了一个楼上的房间。

He led us to/into a room upstairs.

(2) lead sb to do sth 使某人做某事(误导) 什么使你这样想?

What led you to think so?

(3) lead to + place 通向某地

条条道路通罗马。 All roads lead to Rome.

3. wonder v. 想知道…

(1) 不知你能否帮助我。

I wonder if you can help me.

(2) 他想知道能否加入俱乐部。

He wonders if he can join the club.

n. 奇迹,奇观

---What’s the English for “创造奇迹”?

--- It’s “ work/do wonders”.

(3)固定句型 ( It’s ) no wonder (that)… 难怪… 难怪她不想去。

It’s no wonder that she didn’t want to go.

难怪你考试不及格。

No wonder you failed the exam.

4. order (n.) 1.命令 2.订单 3.顺序

order (v.) sb to do sth 命令某人做某事

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in order to do sth 为了做…

in order not to do sth. 为了不做…

(1)他命令我们马上交作业。

He ordered us to hand in our homework at once.

(2) 为了按时交作业,他甚至课上做作业。

In order to hand in homework, he even does it in class.

(3) 为了上学不迟到,她每天早上六点就起床。

In order not to be late for school, she gets up at six every morning.

5. trouble

n. 烦恼,困境

v. (使)烦恼

get into trouble be in trouble

have trouble (in) doing

6.lend sb sth= lend sth to sb lend---lent--lent

请你借给我你的自行车好吗?

Could you please lend me your bike?=

Could you please lend your bike to me?

= May I borrow your bike?

borrow 借入 borrow? from?

lend 借出 lend …to…

keep 延续性动词

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询问信息和求助帮助是非常普通也是很重要的一项活动, 特别是当我们去国外参观时. 所以知道如何有礼貌的询问信息是很重要的.用英语说: “休息室在哪里?”和 “能告诉我休息室在哪里?”表达的是同样的请求——都是正确的英语表达,但是第一种听起来很粗鲁.使用正确的语言是很重要,但是有时单单这样是不够的——我们还需要学习怎么礼貌的提出请求.

在英语中,就像汉语一样,当我们和不同的人交谈时要用不同的方式。你所使用的表达有赖于你和谁说话或你们彼此熟悉的程度。如果你对你的老师说“我的书在哪儿?”,这听起来可能有点粗鲁。但如果你说“打扰一下,威斯特先生,你知道我的书在哪儿吗?”,你的问题听起来就更礼貌。另一方面,有些情况下,对你熟悉的人说“我的书在哪儿?”是可以的。

你通常不要说:“彼得,把笔借给我。”在英语中,像这样很直接的命令听起来是粗鲁的。在英语中,有礼貌的问题通常较长,并且还包含有像“你能……”或“我可以问……?”这样的额外语言。有时,我们甚至要花点时间来引出我们的问题或请求。比如说,如果你在大街上叫住一个陌生人,在请求帮助前,我们可以先说“请问能不能帮我一下?”或“很抱歉打扰您了,但……”。

从某种程度上来看,说得有礼貌好像比讲的直接要难,这一点是真的。然而,为了不冒犯别人,学习语言的礼节就像学习语法和词汇一样重要。这样做也有助于你更擅长英语或其他你想说的语言。

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