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2011年平阳中学提前招生选拔考试试卷(文综一)

发布时间:2013-12-14 13:43:14  

2011年平阳中学提前招生综合能力选拔考试 人文素养试题 考生须知: 1.考试时间90分钟,满分150分。本卷共分两大部分,语文部分(75分)和英语部分(75分)。 2.本试题卷共14页(试题卷8页,答题卷6页),语文部分三大题9小题,英语部分三大题21小题。请在试题卷上密封线内写上班级、考生姓名、试场号、座位号。 第一部分:语文部分(75分) 一、现代文阅读(18分) 守望长城 杏 臻 在人生匆匆而又珍贵的细节中,我又一次在这里久久驻足,长城大地之上的苍穹,苍穹之下的桑田,像一部经典的史书,每一页都镌刻着扣人心弦的惊叹。 站在长城之巅,突然涌上了一种难以承受之重的感触。胸中有着一种茫茫的春秋起伏,肩上总负有一种神圣的日月星辰,历史与现实在这里吏汇,现在与未来在这里接壤,一个眼神便是一页不朽的篇章。于是,我不知道自己是沐浴在秦时明月之中,还是踏上了汉时雄关,拽着唐风宋雨的浪漫情怀,便将自己濡湿得淋漓尽致。在整部人类史中,长城之外还有长城吗? 无论在世界的任何一个角落提起中国北京,人们第一个念到的名字便是这神奇巍峨的万里长城!这蜿蜒于千山之巅、莽莽苍苍的中国的长城,这壮丽辉煌的荣光是祖先赐予我们的永远的精神摇篮。 五千年的白云苍狗,五千年的日出日落,当我们的始皇大帝开始修筑长城时,整个西方尚处于耶稣诞生前的蒙昧时代。而在华夏,在闪光的《诗经》华章之外,在老子已将宇宙和历史融会贯通的?道?中,在秦帝国横扫六合的金戈铁马声里,长城已经耸起了古老中国的精神脊梁。 如今长城横笛竖箫般的静美在古老中国的青春怀里,鼓实的肩膀勾画出世界上最壮美的图腾。这是中国的骄傲,这是奔涌的力和美的精彩组合。 无论是过去的帝王,还是今天的百姓,登临长城都是为了寻找一个新的视点,使自

己内心的飞扬与智慧的灵光奔腾于巅峰状态。透过一砖一石,我看到了从甲骨文演变成

方形汉字的中国;穿过蜿蜒流动的城墙,我看到了从丝绸之路驼铃声中走来的中国。此 2011年平阳中学提前招生综合能力选拔考试人文素养试题(一) 第1页(共14页)

时此刻,我将双臂伸展到不可能再长的长度,渴望拥抱长城,更渴望拥抱今日之中国。登临长城,感受自我和民族的万象更新;登临长城,可以使太阳从灵魂中升起。

面对这无边无际的生命高原,我真的很难想像在自己长长的一生中能否开启这万里长城般的胸襟。这份由长城赐给我的属于历史的感觉,是希望和再生的感觉,是属于我个人内心的起伏和超拔。

但又不知道为什么我竟突然有一种温柔的隐痛。

一个秦时的女子将自己的胭脂泪点点滴滴地洒在了长城的青砖上,从此凝结在了人类历史的枝头上,今日的明月就是你爱的前身,温婉动人如一支挽歌震颤在长城内外。

遥望曾经是凄风苦雨的山海关,曾经是令人回肠荡气的山海关,在后来者的眼中却是一个曾经浪漫了千年的山海关。到了今天,我情愿把它理解成一对相濡以沫的灵魂是需要付出代价的,一次真爱就是一场生死。只是如今谁懂呢?谁愿意相信呢?

我唯美的眼光正与一对情侣相遇时,发现他们正向空中随手抛出了两只空空的饮料瓶。

我渴求完美的心灵不禁为之一颤。

是的,当时代发展到今天,当我们看到人性中的美好与鄙陋继续向前再向前时,你是幸福还是忧伤?会不会有人为之枕着长城的台阶而彻夜无眠?

枕着长城的台阶,我确信历史的存在。它让我明白了个体生命是从怎样的一条抵抗着风雪并荡漾着绚丽浪花的河流里延伸而来。

枕着长城的台阶,它让我充分体验到了在人文空气日益稀薄的生命高原上,我们的心中还有一点什么没有熄灭;?天下兴亡、匹夫有责?将是我们不变的精神指标。

忘不了,这里曾经承载过太多的苦难。烽火狼烟、朝代更迭、外寇入侵、民族生死,都在那斑驳的墙体和被风雨侵蚀的台阶记录着。中国人曾有的伤疤,应该让每一个炎黄子孙去抚摸,并夜夜牢记。多少年风雨你默默承受,多少年苦难你独自经受,多少年辛酸你都尝过,我知道,没有你就没有我,所以你的未来我愿意肩负。

1.解释下列加点的词语在文中的特定含义。(4分)

(1)

(2)

2.文章以“守望长城”为题,写作者自己在长城之巅的“感触”。从全文看,写了哪几方面的感触?请概括回答。(6分)

3.文中说“登临长城,可以使太阳从灵魂中升起”,这句话有什么含义?请联系上下文作答。 (4分)

4.文中写到“秦时一女子泪洒长城”和“一对情侣随手丢弃饮料瓶”。其作用是什么?(4分)

2011年平阳中学提前招生综合能力选拔考试人文素养试题(一) 第2页(共14页)

二、文言文阅读(17分)

阅读下面的文言文,根据要求回答问题。

【甲文】孙叔敖为楚令尹①,一国②吏民皆来贺。有一老父衣粗衣,冠白冠,后来吊。孙叔敖正衣冠而见之,谓老人曰:?楚王不知臣之不肖,使臣受吏民之垢③,人尽来贺,子独后吊,岂有说乎??父曰:?有说:身已贵而骄人者民去之,位已高而擅权者君恶之,禄已厚而不知足者患处之。? 孙叔敖再拜曰:?敬受命,愿闻余教。?父曰:?位已高意益下,官益大而心益小,禄已厚而慎不敢取。君谨守此三者,足以治楚矣!? 孙叔敖对曰:?甚善,谨记之。?(《孙叔敖纳言》)

【注】①令尹:楚国官名,相当于宰相。②国:指都城。③受吏民之垢:意即担任宰相一事,这是一种谦虚的说法。④意益下:越发将自己看低。

【乙文】晋平公问于叔向,曰:?国家之患孰为大??对曰:?大臣重禄而不极谏,进臣畏罚而不敢言,下情不上通,此患之大者也。?公曰:?善!?于是令国曰:?欲进善言,谒者不通,罪当死。?(选自刘向《新序》)

【丙文】宋昭公出亡,至于鄙,喟然叹曰:?吾知所以亡矣。吾朝巨千人,发政举事,无不曰:‘吾君圣者!’侍御数百人,被服以立,无不曰:‘吾君丽者!’内外不闻吾过,是以至此!?由宋君观之,人君之所以离国家失社稷者,谄谀者众也。故宋昭公亡而能悟,卒得反国。(选自《新序》)

5.解释下列加点词语在句中的意思。(4分)

①冠白冠 冠: _________________; .

②下情不上通 上: _________________; .

③至于鄙 鄙: ________________; .

④被服以立 被: _________________; .

6.下列各项中加点词语的意义和用法相同的一项是( )(3分)

A.使臣受吏民之垢 国家之患孰为大 ..

B.足以治楚矣 被服以立 ..

C.禄已厚而不知足者患处之 进臣畏罚而不敢言 ..

D.孙叔敖为楚令尹 国家之患孰为大 ..

7.翻译。(6分)

①身已贵而骄人者民去之,位已高而擅权者君恶之(2分)

②欲进善言,谒者不通,罪当死。(2分)

③吾知所以亡矣。(2分)

8.从上面三则语段中,你得到了哪些启示?(4分)

2011年平阳中学提前招生综合能力选拔考试人文素养试题(一) 第3页(共14页)

三、写作(40分) 9.鲜花张开小喇叭,感谢细雨:“是你把我滋润得这般俊俏,这般美丽。”细雨闪着眸子说道:“说感谢还得先感谢春风妈妈,是她让我这么做的。”请以“感谢”为话题,自拟题目,写一篇不少于400字的文章。

要求:(1)除诗歌、剧本以外文体不限;(2)文中不得出现(或暗示)真实的校名和人名。

2011年平阳中学提前招生综合能力选拔考试人文素养试题(一) 第4页(共14页)

第二部分 英语部分(75分)

三.单项选择题,从1-10各题所给的四个选项(A、B、C、D)中,选出最佳选项,写在括号内。(共10小题,每小题2分,共20分)。

1.Joe has joined the club ____I was once trained in.

A. where B. which C. what D. when

2. — It is very hot today, isn’t it?

— Yes, ____.

A.so it was yesterday

C.so was it yesterday

— .

A.With pleasure

A. coming

A.well B.My pleasure C.Yes, please D. That's OK D. having come D.better 4.The good chance that the young man has been looking forward to _____ at last. B. comes B.good C. come C.best 5.How much she looked without her glasses!

6.— Can the project be finished by the weekend?

— Sure, ____ it in time, we’ll work two more hours a day.

A.completes

A.should

road.

A.as B.that C.which D.what

9. Peter was so excited ____ he received an invitation from his friend to visit the 2010 Shanghai Expo.

A.where B.that C.why D.when

10. The English teacher is very popular among his students as he always tries to make them ____ in his lectures.

A.interested

C.interest B.interesting D.to interest B.to complete B.would C.completing C.will D.complete D.shall 7.What do you mean, there are only ten tickets? There be twelve. 8.The soldiers are sending ____ is badly needed to the earthquake-hit area by B.it was yesterday D.neither was it yesterday 3.— Could you be so kind as to close the window?

五、阅读理解(11-15小题,每小题2分,16-20小题,每小题3分,共25分)阅读文章从所给的四个选项(A、B、C、D)中,选出最佳选项,写在括号内。

A

2011年平阳中学提前招生综合能力选拔考试人文素养试题(一) 第5页(共14页)

Martin Luther King was born in Georgia, U.S.A. When he was a boy, he sang with other children in the church.

Little Martin knew that it was very important to love and be kind to others. Although the church was very important to Martin, he was interested in other things, too. He liked sports very much. He was not tall, but he was very strong. The boys in his town often met at Martin’s house for a game of football or basketball.

Martin liked school and was a very good student. He went to college at fifteen. At first, he didn’t know what he wanted to study. He knew that the black people didn’t have the same rights as the white people, and he also knew that the black people were not as happy as the white people. He wanted to work for the black people. He wanted to help the poor black people.

Later he really became a famous man. He was fighting for the men’s rights all his life. At the age of thirty-five, Martin Luther King was the youngest man to have received the Nobel Peace Prize. He became not only the symbolic (象征的) leader of American blacks but also a world figure (形象). He was murdered on the evening of April 4, 1968.

( ) 11.It’s _____ years since Martin went to college when he received the Nobel Prize.

A.20 B.15 C.35 D.10

( ) 12.When Martin was a boy, ________.

A.he didn’t like singing B.he enjoyed playing football and basketball

C.he was not strong D.he didn’t like to play with other children

( ) 13.When Martin was a little boy, he knew that it was very important ________.

A.to like sports

C.to love and be kind to others

( ) 14.Martin knew that ______.

A.the black people had the same rights as the white people

B.he would not study again

C.the black people were as happy as the white people

D.he would work for the black people

( ) 15.Martin was famous all over the world because ________.

A.he was a kind man

C.he was murdered B.he fought for the men’s rights D.he was black B.to study hard D.to go to the church

B

2011年平阳中学提前招生综合能力选拔考试人文素养试题(一) 第6页(共14页)

We recycle (回收利用) rubbish, so why not language? Recycling language means using vocabulary that you have learnt before again and again. However, unlike rubbish that piles up(堆积) in our environment, if we do not recycle language, we simply forget it. So how do you recycle language?

There are basically three ways to do it. The first is through reading. Go back to your favorite articles and read them once more. Just reread them and do not worry about each vocabulary item. If there are some that you are not sure about, make a guess and you will probably guess right. The second way to recycle is through writing. Look at some of your favorite articles and write either a short paragraph or a few sentences in your own words. After you have done this a few times, go back and read through what you have written, checking vocabulary functions. Don’t worry if you have made mistakes. That’s how you learn. The third way to recycle language is by having an imaginary chat with yourself about your favorite articles at home. You can pretend there is someone with you who speaks English and tell him what you are thinking about or how you feel.

( ) 16.According to the passage, recycling language means _______.

A.repeating vocabulary at times

B.revising vocabulary at a proper time

C.learning new vocabulary as much as possible

D.using vocabulary that we have learnt very often

( ) 17.If we recycle language, it may _______.

A.be kept in our mind

B.be forgotten easily

C.pile up in our environment

D.disappear from our mind soon

( ) 18.The second way to recycle language tells us to _______.

A.pay no attention to vocabulary functions

B.pay more attention to mistakes

C.practice spoken English with someone

D.rewrite our favorite articles

( ) 19.Which of the following is NOT mentioned in recycling language?

A.Reading B.Listening C.Writing D.Speaking

( ) 20.Which of the following is probably the best title of the passage?

A.Why to Recycle language B.How to Learn Vocabulary

C.How to Recycle language D.Why to Learn Vocabulary

六、书面表达(30分)。

2011年平阳中学提前招生综合能力选拔考试人文素养试题(一) 第7页(共14页)

假定你是平阳中学的一名学生,你校上周举办了“英语周”。请你根据下列表格中的汉语提示写一篇题为“The English Week at Pingyang middle school ”英语短文,介绍英语周期间的活动情况并谈谈你的感受。字数80-100字。文章题目和首句已给出,不计入总字数。

活动时间:4月11日-4月15日

参加人员:全体同学,英语教师,几位在温州大学的美国教授

活动内容:①唱英文歌曲;②举行英语演讲比赛;③演英文短剧;④看英文电影;⑤猜谜。

活动效果:学习英语的兴趣更浓,口语能力有了很大提高。

参考词汇:1.professor教授 2.contest比赛 3.ability能力

The English Week at at Pingyang middle school

Last week our school held an English week.

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