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48个英语音标的学习

发布时间:2014-01-25 12:00:51  

英语音标学习

48个英语音标的学习

一、元音和辅音的定义:

元音:发音时声带振动,呼出的气流通过口腔时不受阻碍,这样形成的语音称为元音。

辅音:不论声带振动与否,发音时呼出的气流通过口腔或鼻腔时受到一定的阻碍,这样形成的语音称为辅音。

清辅音:发音时声带不振动的辅音称为清辅音。

浊辅音:发音声带振动的辅音称为浊辅音。

短元音:[i][e][?][Λ][?][u][?]

长元音:[i:][a:][?:][u:][?:]

双元音:[ei][ai][?i][i?][?u][au][??][u?]

清辅音:[p][t][k][f][θ][s][∫][h]

浊辅音:[b][d][g][v][e][z][?][m][n][η][l][r][j][w]

双辅音:[t∫][?][dr][tr][ts][dz]

二、元音:

[i]

[i] 发这个音的字母和字母组合i e y ey ay

i: pig fish in fifteen six ship thin

e: begin behind jacket basketball

y: happy heavy busy carry sunny lovely study thirsty twenty thirty windy rainy ey: monkey money

ay:Sunday Saturday Friday

[e]

[e] 发这个音的字母和字母组合eea

e: egg bell desk leg pet ten pen

ea: bread head breakfast

[?]

[?] 发这个音的字母和字母组合a

a: dad cap cat bad apple bag flaghand rabbit black fat has

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英语音标学习

[Λ]

[Λ] 发这个音的字母和字母组合o u ooou

o: son come colour love money

u: sun nut jump gum bus brush supper us ou: touch cousin country

[?]

[?] 发这个音的字母和字母组合o a

o: fox coffee shop dogdoctor long

a: watch

[u]

[u]发这个音的字母和字母组合o oou

o:woman wolf

oo:look good book foot wood

u:bull bullet

[?]

[?] 发这个音的字母和字母组合ureerar or a ure: picture

er:teacher brother dinner father sister

ar: sugar

or:doctor

a:panda about above camera China

[i:]

[i:] 发这个音的字母和字母组合e eaee

e: me be she he we evening

ee:sweet bee sweep sheep see sleep three green ea:meat leaf sea pea teach eat clean

[a:]

[a:] 发这个音的字母和字母组合a ar au ear a: grass glass class plant dance fast father last ar: car star arm March garden dark scarf au: laugh aunt

ear: heart

[?:]

[?:] 发这个音的字母和字母组合a aw al or oor a: water

aw:draw strawberry

al:ball wall

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英语音标学习

or:horse corn fork or short

oor:floor door

[u:]

[u:] 发这个音的字母和字母组合oooui u o: do who whose

oo: food moon too

ui: fruit juice

u: ruler rude

[?:]

[?:] 发这个音的字母和字母组合erir ur ear or er: her serve term

ir:bird girl skirt first dirty skirt shirt ur:nurse Thursday purple curtain

ear:early learn

or: word work world

[ei]

[ei] 发这个音的字母和字母组合a ai ay a: cake make name game snake gate lazy ai: rain train wait

ay:day May play taday way

[ai]

[ai] 发这个音的字母和字母组合i y ieuy i: kite bike nice tiger write knife y: by cry fly my sky try why

ie:tie pie

uy:buy

[?i]

[?i] 发这个音的字母和字母组合oioy

oi: oil boil coin

oy: boy toy

[i?]

[i?] 发这个音的字母和字母组合ear eer ear: ear hear tear

eer: deer beer

[?u]

[?u] 发这个音的字母和字母组合ooaow o: nose rose poen over

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英语音标学习

oa: boat coat soap goat

ow:show window snow bowl

[au]

[au] 发这个音的字母和字母组合ouow ou: house mouse mouth trousers

ow: flower cow how now down

[??]

[??]发这个音的字母和字母组合air ear air: hair chair pair

ear:pear bear wear

[u?]

[u?] 发这个音的字母和字母组合oor our oor: poor

our: tour

ure: sure pure

三、辅音

爆破音:[p][t][k] [b][d][g]

摩擦音:[f] [v] [s] [z][∫] [?] [θ] [e] 破擦音:[tr] [dr] [ts] [dz] [t∫] [?]

鼻辅音:[m] [n] [η]

舌侧音:[l]

摩擦音:[w] [j] [h] [r]

[p]

[p] 发这个音的字母和字母组合p pp p: piano panda pet ship pig stop pp:apple happy

[t]

[t]发这个音的字母和字母组合 t tt

t: table tea taxi cat rat fat ticket tt: butter matter

[k]

[k]发这个音的字母和字母组合c k ck c: cap cook cup car can class k: cook milk key desk kite cake

ck: clock sock cock neck

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英语音标学习

[b]

[b]发这个音的字母和字母组合b bb

b: book ball bird big boy bagbanana

bb:rubber rabbit cabbage

[d]

[d]发这个音的字母和字母组合d ed

d: duck seed door desk day redhead bed read cold ed: smiled opened played

[g]

[g]发这个音的字母和字母组合g gg

g: glass golf get girl bag goat

gg: egg

[f]

[f]发这个音的字母和字母组合f ffphgh

f: five fan flower fish four leaf

ff: giraffe

ph: phone elephant photo

gh: laugh

[v]

[v]发这个音的字母和字母组合v ve

v: video vase vest

ve: five love violin

[s]

[s]发这个音的字母和字母组合s c ssce

s: star sun snake sea see

c: pencil city cedar ceiling celebrate

ss: grass glass class boss

ce: face race rice nice

[z]

[z]发这个音的字母和字母组合z s se

z: zero zebra zoo

s: bags photos sisters

se: nose rose

[∫]

[∫] 发这个音的字母和字母组合s sh

s: sugar sure

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英语音标学习

sh: ship sheep wash cash shop she

[?]

[?]发这个音的字母和字母组合s

s: television usually measure decision

[θ]

[θ]发这个音的字母和字母组合th

th: three thin third teeth mouth

[e]

[e]发这个音的字母和字母组合th

th: father mother brother clothes

[tr]

[tr] 发这个音的字母和字母组合tr

tr: tree truck trousers strawberry trick

[dr]

[dr] 发这个音的字母和字母组合dr

dr: draw drink driver dry

[ts]

[ts] 发这个音的字母和字母组合tstes

ts: seats goats coats cats pets eats tes: gates kites dates tastes

[dz]

[dz] 发这个音的字母和字母组合ds des ds: seeds woods friends birds beds des: rides

[t∫]

[t∫]发这个音的字母和字母组合chtch

ch: teacher peach cherry chair

tch: watch match

[?]

[?]发这个音的字母和字母组合g j dge g: ginger giraffe

j: jump job jam

ge: orange cabbage cage

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英语音标学习

[m]

[m] 发这个音的字母和字母组合m mb

m: mouth mouse milk monkey moon

mb: climb

[n]

[n]发这个音的字母和字母组合n kngn

n: nose net nut banana noodles train rain plane down

kn: knee knife knock

gn: sign

[η]

[η]发这个音的字母和字母组合n ng

n: ink bank tank finger

ng: sing hang song king reading

[w]

[w]发这个音的字母和字母组合

w: winter window watch water well would

wh: white where which when why wheel whale

[j]

[j]发这个音的字母和字母组合y

y: yard yes you

[h]

[h]发这个音的字母和字母组合h wh

h: he her head heart hair ham

wh: who whose

[r]

[r] 发这个音的字母和字母组合r rrwr

r: rice room ride road rose

rr: mirror carrot parrot

wr: write wrong wrap

[l]

[l] 发这个音的字母和字母组合l ll

l: look light lock lucky lion tail

ll: ball pull dollar tell

浊化音:以sp__, st___, sk___开头的单词中,清辅音/p/ /t/ /k/分别要发浊辅音/b/ /d/ /g/。

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