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48个英语国际音标发音规则及练习题

发布时间:2014-01-26 09:02:07  

48个英语国际音标元音辅音及发音规则应用方法练习题.

音素:指语音的最小单位(指发音)

音标:用来记录音素的符号(写在/ / 之间)

音节: 由元音和辅音构成的发音单位.

第I部分:元音<20个>

发音特点:发音时声带振动,气流在通路上不受发音器官阻挡。

单元音:(12个)

/ i:/ / ? / / e / / ? /

/ ?:/ / ? / /?:/ / ? /

/?:/ / ? / / u:/ / ? /

双元音:(8个)

/e?/ /a?/ /??/ /??/ /a?/ /??/ /e?/ /??/

第II部分:辅音<28个>

发音特点:发音时气流在通路上受到发音器官的阻挡,同时声带不振动是清辅音,声带振动是浊辅音。

清辅音:(11个)

/ p / / t / / k / / f / / θ / / s / / ? / / t? / / tr / / ts / / h /

浊辅音:(17个)

/ b / / d / / g / / v / / e / / z / / ? / /d?/ /dr/ /dz/ / r / / m / / n / / ? / / ? / / w/ / j /

说明:1、几组常用音节:①/ ?n / under ②/ ?n / England ③/ ?n / man

④/ v?n / seven ⑤/ a?n / down ⑥/ ju: / you ⑦ / kw/quiet

2、[ l ] 有两种发音:在元音前读清晰[ l ],在辅音前或词尾读含糊

[ l ]eg: lake[leIk],little[li:tl ]

3、清音浊化: /sp/→ /sb/ spring, /st/→/sd/ stay, /sk/→ /sg/ skirt, /str/→ /sdr/ street.

巩固部分:

1、 国际音标有多少个?其中元音多少个?辅音多少个?

2、 元音音素分哪两部分?各多少个?辅音分哪两部分?各多少个?

3、 标出以下音标中的元音音素:6个

/ ? / 、/ ?:/ 、/ k / 、/ e / 、/d?/ 、/??/ 、 / ?:/ 、/e?/ 、 / f / 、 / t? /

音标的使用 学习了元音和辅音之后,这节课我们要进一步学习一下

他们的使用技巧:

A . 用音标读单词的方法:先找单词音标中的元音音素,之后与其前辅音拼读发音。

拼读练习(1)

[ka?t ] [??:st] [k?:d] [fa?v] [s?ks] [b?:d]

[??:t] [fre?] [sku:? ] [’h?b?] [w?:t?] [??nt?]

[sm?:t] [gru:p] [f?:e?]

[’s?m?] [’s???d] [f??t] [??p?n] [wee?]

[fr?nt] [gr?:s]

拼读练习(2)

[’m?tn] [ske?t] [’fra?d?] [’menju:] [’ve?p?]

[frent?] [r?’??ks]

[p??st] [str?kt] [’e?p?:t] [d??r?:f] [’ne?t??]

[’k?b?d? ]

[’t?ks?] [d?kt?] [k?n?d?] [ h??m] [r?’p?:t?]

[’s?bwe?]

拼读练习(3)

[p?’te?t??] [t?’m?:t??] [m?g?’ z i:n ]

[’θ?:z d ?] [r??b?t]

[’s?t?d?] [’d?k??n?r?] [’k?mp?n?] [’??:p?n?]

[’sek?nd] [’?:g?st] [’tra?z?z] [’f?m???]

[’k?m?d?] [?k’sa?t??] [’k??k?n?t] [’m?nd?]

[mi:d??m] [’??nd?n] [bra?n] [’swet?]

[?’dres ] [’s?bd??kt ] [’st?: r?’] [’v?d???]

[fa?nd] [str?kt]

B.用音标给26个英语字母标音:

A a B b C c D d [e?] [bi:] [si:] [di:]

E e F f G g H h

[i:] [ef] [d?i:] [e?t?]

I i J j K k L l M m N n

[a?] [d?e?] [ke?] [e?] [em] [en]

O o P p Q q R r S s T t

[??] [pi:] [kju:] [?:] [es ] [ti:]

U u V v W w X x Y y Z z [ju:] [vi:] [’d?b?ju:] [eks] [wa?] [zed]/ [zi:]

音标练习——判断发音

一、选出划线部分与其他三项发音不同的一项

( C ( A ( D ( B ( B ( A ( D ( B ( A ( C ( D ( C ( A ( B ( C ( A ( D ( D ( B ( A ( C ( A ( B ( C ( B ( C ( B ( D ( D ( C ( B

( A ( B ( C ( C ( A ( A ( B ( D ( D ( A D.clock ( B ( C ( B ( A ( D ( B ( C ( A ( B ( D ( C ( C

二、判断发音是否相同,打√或× ( √ )

( × )

( × )

( √ )

( × )

( √ ) ( × )

( √ )

( × )

( √ )

( × )

( √ )

( √ )

( √ ) × ) √ ) × ) √ ) √ ) × ) × ) √ ) × ) √ ) √ ) × ) × ) √ ) ( ( ( ( ( ( ( ( ( ( ( ( ( (

29. dish hi ( × ) 30. use under 31.like pizza ( × ) 32. cat father 33. egg he ( × ) 34. ask park

35. sun hungry ( √ ) 36. cut put

37.come from ( × ) 38. under uncle

39. sing evening ( √ ) 40. bed head

41. bird girl ( √ ) 42. learn shirt

43. juice who ( √ ) 44.food foot

45. learn near ( × ) 46. drop hot

47. short shirt ( × )

( × ) ( × ) ( √ ) ( × ) ( √ ) ( √ ) ( √ ) ( × ) ( √ )

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