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Chap001_4e

发布时间:2014-02-07 13:00:45  

Chapter 1

Modern Project Management

McGraw-Hill/Irwin

? 2008 The McGraw-Hill Companies, All Rights Reserved

1-2

What Is a Project?
?

?

Project Defined ? A complex, nonroutine, one-time effort limited by time, budget, resources, and performance specifications designed to meet customer needs. Major Characteristics of a Project ? Has an established objective. ? Has a defined life span with a beginning and an end. ? Typically requires across-the-organizational participation. ? Involves doing something never been done before. ? Has specific time, cost, and performance requirements.

1-3

Programs versus Projects
?

Program Defined ? A series of coordinated, related, multiple projects that continue over an extended time and are intended to achieve a goal. ? A higher-level group of projects targeted at a common goal. ? Example: o Project: completion of a required course in project management. o Program: completion of all courses required for a business major.

1-4

Comparison of Routine Work with Projects
Routine, Repetitive Work Taking class notes Daily entering sales receipts into the accounting ledger Responding to a supply-chain request Practicing scales on the piano Routine manufacture of an Apple iPod Projects Writing a term paper Setting up a sales kiosk for a professional accounting meeting Developing a supply-chain information system Writing a new piano piece Designing an iPod that is approximately 2 X 4 inches, interfaces with PC, and stores 10,000 songs

Attaching tags on a manufactured product

Wire-tag projects for GE and Wal-Mart
TABLE 1.1

1-5

Project Life Cycle

FIGURE 1.2

1-6

The Challenge of Project Management
?

The Project Manager ? Manages temporary, non-repetitive activities and frequently acts independently of the formal organization. o Marshals resources for the project o Provides direction, coordination, and integration to the project team o Manages a diverse set of project stakeholders o Dependent upon others for technical answers o Is responsible for performance and success of the project ? Must induce the right people at the right time to address the right issues and make the right decisions.

1-7

The Importance of Project Management
? Factors

Leading to the Increased Use of Project Management:
? Compression

of the product life

cycle
? Global

competition
explosion downsizing customer focus

? Knowledge ? Corporate ? Increased ? Small

projects that represent big problems
1-8

Growth in PMP Certification

1-9

Integrated Project Management Systems
?

Problems Resulting from the Use of Piecemeal Project Management Systems:
? ?

Do not tie together the overall strategies of the firm. Fail to prioritize selection of projects by their importance of their contribution to the firm. Are not integrated throughout the project life cycle. Do not match project planning and controls with organizational culture to make appropriate adjustments in support of project e

ndeavors.

? ?

1-10

Integrated Management of Projects

FIGURE 1.3

1-11

The Technical and Sociocultural Dimensions of the Project Management Process

FIGURE 1.4

1-12

An Overview of Project Management 4e.

1-13

Key Terms
? ? ? ? ? ?

Program ISO 9000 Project Project life cycle Project management professional (PMP) Sociotechnical perspective

1-14


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