haihongyuan.com
海量文库 文档专家
全站搜索:
您现在的位置:首页 > 幼儿教育 > 少儿英语少儿英语

英语音标表及发音规则表

发布时间:2014-02-10 09:00:55  

英语国际音标表(48个)
元音(20个) 辅音(28个)

?

?
? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?

元 音

12个单元音
[] 8个双元音 [u] [au]

长元音 [i:]
[] [ei] [t] [ts] [d] [dz] [] [r] [j]

[]
[] [i] [k] [g] [l]

[]
[u] [i] [f] [v]

[u:]
[] [] [s] [z]

[a:]
[e] [] [] []

短元音 [i] [ai] [p] [tr] [b] [dr] [n] [h] [w]

辅 音

10对 [∫]

清辅音 [] 浊辅音 [ ] [] 3个鼻音 [m] 3个似拼音 2个半元音

?

长元音 /i:/、 /?:/、 /?:/、 /u:/、 /ɑ:/ 短元音 / i /、 /?/、 /?/、 /u/ 、/? / /e/、 / ? /

?

?

双元音 /a i /、/e i /、/? i /、/ i ?/、 /e?/、/?u/、/u?/、 /au/

?

?

清辅音/p// t/ / k/ /f/ /s/ /θ//?/ /t?//tr//ts/ 浊辅音 /b/ /d/ /g/ /v/ /z/ /e / /?/ /d?/ /dr/ /dz/
鼻音/m/ /n/ /?/ 似拼音/ h/ / r/ / l/ 半元音/ j// w/

?

?

?

? ? ? ?

?
? ? ? ?

/θ/ Thank you. Thanks a lot. /e /This is my card. This is Professor Kong. /t?/She is from China. My name is Richard Wahington. /tr/ May I introduce my sister to you? /d?/Welcome to my college. /dr/I can give you my e-mail address. / ? / My college is in Fo Shan. /u/ Good luck.

英语音标的发间规则
? ? ? ? ? ?

?

1.开音节 1)以发音的元音字母结尾的单节。 例:be,he。 2)以辅音字母(r 除外)+不发音的e结尾的音 节。 例:make,like。 * 在重读的开音节中元音字母按字母名称读音。 2.闭音节 以一个或几个辅音字母(r 除外)结尾而中间 只有一个元音字母的音节,称为闭音节。例: map,desk,is。 * 在重读的闭音节中元音字母读做短元音。

请猜猜发音
/i:/ Ceiling seek mean agreeable colleague /i/ ? fix myth college / ? / /ei// ?:/ ? Candle Cantonese carrot case cause /e/ ? Pleasure / ?:/ ? Skirt murder / ?:/ / i ?/ /e?/ ? Beard / heard ?:/ bear beer / ?:/ ? Nerd ? Absorb amuse apology / ?/ 请总结发音规则
?

? ? ?

?

? ?

1.元音: 1) [i:] 字母组合:ee ea e ie ei (eo ey i) three tree green sheep meet beef see seek eat tea meat leave lead teacher team mean speak clean please he she me piece receive ceiling

? ?

?
?

2) [ I ]发音字母 i y e sit picture it is list six mix fix fit pig big build miss myth many twenty happy dictionary defect decide delicious

? ?

3) [ ? ] 发音字母 a bag hand and ant happy hat map mad bad black back glad flag shall man

? ? ?

?

4) [e] 字母组合 ea e a head bread pleasure elephant electric remember sell shell lesson better bed desk hotel yes many any

? ? ?

? ? ?

5) [? :] 字母组合ir ur ear er or girl shirt skirt thirty thirteen third bird turn burn murder nurse turtle Thursday burger learn earn earth heard term her nerd serve work worm work world

? ? ? ? ?

?
? ?

6) [? ] 字母组合 er or ou a o a e teacher leader remember player speaker farmer powder doctor actor mayor author tr

actor delicious gracious familiar collar dollar together tomorrow today shallop lesson Washington control polite around account ago elephant manta banana Canada Japan china men listen

? ? ?

?
? ? ? ?

7) [a:] 字母组合 ar a car farm card arm garden fast class last glass plant aunt calm 8) [ ? ] 发音字母 u o ou oo up supper lunch fun gun hunt cup bus come mother dose brother love above trouble rough flourish blood flood

? ? ?

? ? ?

9) [?: ]字母组合 al or au our ar small wall talk tall hall ball call walk short more lord horse for forty sport door floor store author caught autumn four mourn court bought warm quarrel quarter

? ?

?

?
?

? ?

10) [ ? ] ([?])发音字母 o a hot lost lot fox box mop hop loss collar not want wash watch 11) [u:] 字母组合 oo o u food moon room gloom broom doom goose tooth shoe do two true truth blue full prude

? ? ?

?
?

12) [u] 字母组合 oo ou u o look good foot book wood should could put full bull pull push woman wolf

? ? ? ?

?
? ? ? ?

13) [ei] 发音字母 a ay ea ai ey name cake late gate plane April play say may way great break rain paint plain they grey 14) [ai] 发音字母 i y bike fine find die nine light night high my try fly eye

? ? ? ? ? ? ?

15) [au] 字母组合 ou ow house out flour ground account count sound loud around mouse flower down now cow how town 16) [?u] 发音字母 o ow oa home cold go no phone host ghost know low below grow blow show flow boat coat goal

? ? ?

?
?

?

17) [ ?? ] 字母组合oy oi boy toy joy oil soil voice choice 18) [i? ] 字母组合 eer ear beer deer ear near

? ? ?

?
?

?
?

19) [ ?? ] ([e?])字母组合ear air ere pear bear chair air fair there where 20) [u?] [au?]字母组合our ower hour tour flower shower


网站首页网站地图 站长统计
All rights reserved Powered by 海文库
copyright ©right 2010-2011。
文档资料库内容来自网络,如有侵犯请联系客服。zhit326@126.com