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英语音标表(发音字母及单词举例)

发布时间:2014-02-10 09:00:57  

48个音标 元音 单元音 前元音 [i:] 中元音 [Λ] 后元音 [u:] 双元音 开合双元音 [ei] 集中双元音 [i?] 辅音 爆破音 清辅音 [p] 浊辅音 [b] 摩擦音 清辅音 [f] 浊辅音 [v] 破擦音 清辅音 [t∫] 浊辅音 [d?] 鼻音 (浊辅音) [m] 舌则音(浊辅音) [l] 半元音(浊辅音) [w]

[i]

[?:] [u] [ai] [ε?] [t] [d] [s] [z] [tr] [dr] [n] [r] [j]

[e] [?] [?:] [?i] [u?] [k] [g] [∫] [?] [ts] [dz] [?] [?] [?] [?u] [θ] [e] [a:] [au] [h]

英语音标及字母组合对照

1.元音:

1) [i:] 字母组合:ee ea e ie ei y

单词举例:three tree green sheep meet beef see

eat tea meat leave lead teacher speak clean please he she me

piece receive ceiling twenty

2) [ I ] [i] 发音字母: i y e ui u a

单词举例:sit pig big it is little six

many happy dictionary defect decide delicious

3) [ ? ] 发音字母: a

单词举例:bag hand happy hat map mad bad black back

glad man

4) [e] 字母组合: ea e a

单词举例:head bread

bed red elephant remember sell lesson better desk

hotel yes

5) [?:] 字母组合: ir ur ear er or

单词举例:girl shirt skirt thirty third bird

turn nurse turtle Thursday learn earth term her work world

6) [?] 字母组合 er or ar o a

1

单词举例:teacher remember player speaker

doctor actor author

familiar collar dollar

together tomorrow today lesson

around account ago elephant banana

7) [a:] 字母组合: ar a

单词举例:car farm card arm

fast class glass plant

8) [ ? ] 发音字母: u o ou oo

单词举例:up lunch fun gun nut cup bus

come mother dose love above

trouble blood flood

9) [?: ] 字母组合: al or au our ar

单词举例:small wall talk tall ball walk short more lord horse for

forty sport author autumn caught four warm

10) [ ? ] 发音字母: o a

单词举例:on hot lot fox box dog rock

want wash watch

11) [u:] 字母组合: oo o u

单词举例:food room goose tooth

shoe do two

true blue full

12) [u] 字母组合: u oo ou

单词举例: put full push

look good foot book wood

should could

13) [ei] 发音字母 a ay ea ai ey

单词举例: name cake late plane April

play say may way

great break

rain paint plain

they grey

14) [ai] 发音字母 i y

单词举例:bike fine find nine light night

my try fly eye

15) [au] 字母组合: ou ow

单词举例:house out ground sound loud around mouse

flower down now cow how

16) [??] 发音字母: o ow oa

[?u] 单词举例: home cold go no

know low below grow show

2

boat coat goal

17) [ ?? ] 字母组合: oy oi

单词举例: boy toy oil soil voice choice

18) [i?] 字母组合: eer ear

单词举例:beer deer ear near idea 19) [e?] 字母组合: ear air ere

[e?] 单词举例: pear bear chair air fair there where care 20) [??] 字母组合: ure 单词举例:sure

2、辅音

清辅音:

21. [ p ] 字母组合: p 单词举例:pen pet paper plant

22. [ t ] 字母组合: t

单词举例: time table stay toy

23. [ k ] 字母组合: k c ck

单词举例: kite king kitchen can car cake Trick lock

24. [ f ] 字母组合: f ph gh

单词举例: foot feet fog phone photo elephant

25. [ θ ] 字母组合: th

单词举例:thin thank three

26. [ s ] 字母组合: s c

单词举例:six sing snow cinema city

27. [ ts ] 字母组合: ts

单词举例:ants streets students 28. [ tr ] 字母组合: tr

单词举例: tree truck try

29. [ ? ] 字母组合: sh

单词举例: ship shoe shop short

30. [ t? ] 字母组合: ch

单词举例: chair chicken chinese

31. [ h ] 字母组合: h

单词举例: hot he hat has 浊辅音

32. [ b ] 字母组合: b

单词举例:boy ball bed bag

33. [ d ] 字母组合: d

3

单词举例:dog do day doctor

34. [ g ] 字母组合: g

单词举例:get go girl good

35. [ r ] 字母组合: r

单词举例: red read rain run

36. [ v ] 字母组合: v

单词举例: van voice seven eleven

37. [ e ] 字母组合: th

单词举例: this that these those

38. [ z ] 字母组合: z s

单词举例: zoo zero pizza these those

39. [ dz ] 字母组合: ds

单词举例: beds hands

40. [ dr ] 字母组合: dr

单词举例: dry drink dress driver

41. [ ? ] 字母组合: si(on)

42. 42. [ d? ] 字母组合: g 单词举例: orange gentle 其他辅音

43. [ m ] 字母组合: m

单词举例: many meat mother music

44. [ n ] 字母组合: n

单词举例: no not noodle new now

45. [ l ] 字母组合: l

单词举例: look long left light let

46. [ ? ] 字母组合: ng 单词举例:long [l ? ?] sing

47. [ j ] 字母组合: y

单词举例: year yellow you yes

48. [ w ] 字母组合: w wh

单词举例: word winter window

What where when

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