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新 英语国际音标表(发音字母及单词举例)

发布时间:2014-02-12 15:03:10  

英语国际音标表(48个)

元音(20个)

长元音 [ɑ:] 短元音 [ ?]

[e?] [??]

双元音 [??]

[?:] [?] [a?] [e?] [a?]

[ ?:] [?] [??] [??]

辅音(28个)

清辅音 浊辅音 清辅音 浊辅音 鼻音 半元音 边音

[p] [b] [?] [?] [m] [ j] [ ?]

[ t] [d] [ h] [ r] [n] [ w]

新旧英语国际音标对照表

[i:] [?]

[U:] [?]

[e]

[?]

[ k] [g] [ts] [dz] [?]

[f] [v] [t?] [d?]

[θ] [e] [tr] [dr]

[s] [z]

辅音新旧无变化。

1

英语音标及字母组合对照

1.元音:

1) [i:] 字母组合:ee ea e ie ei y

单词举例:three tree green sheep meet beef see

eat tea meat leave lead teacher speak

clean please he she me

piece receive ceiling twenty

2) [ I ] [i] 发音字母: i y e ui u a

单词举例:sit pig big it is little six

many happy dictionary

defect decide delicious

3) [ ? ] 发音字母: a

单词举例:bag hand happy hat map mad bad

black back glad man

4) [e] 字母组合: ea e a

单词举例:head bread

bed red elephant remember sell

lesson better desk hotel yes

5) [З:] ?: 字母组合: ir ur ear er or

单词举例:girl shirt skirt thirty third bird

turn nurse turtle Thursday

2

learn earth

term her

work world

6) [?] 字母组合 er or ar o a

单词举例:teacher remember player speaker

doctor actor author

familiar collar dollar

together tomorrow today lesson around account ago elephant banana

7) [a:] 字母组合: ar a

单词举例:car farm card arm

fast class glass plant

8) [ ? ] 发音字母: u o ou oo

单词举例:up lunch fun gun nut cup bus

come mother dose love above trouble blood flood

9) [?: ] 字母组合: al or au our ar

单词举例:small wall talk tall ball walk

3

short more lord horse for forty sport author autumn caught

four warm

10) [ ? ] 发音字母: o a

([?]) 单词举例:on hot lot fox box dog rock

want wash watch

11) [u:] 字母组合: oo o u

单词举例:food room goose tooth

shoe do two

true blue full

12) [u] 字母组合: u oo ou

单词举例: put full push

look good foot book wood

should could

13) [ei] 发音字母 a ay ea ai ey

单词举例: name cake late plane April

play say may way

great break

rain paint plain

they grey

14) [ai] 发音字母 i y

4

单词举例:bike fine find nine light night

my try fly eye

15) [au] 字母组合: ou ow

单词举例:house out ground sound loud

around mouse

flower down now cow how

16) [??] 发音字母: o ow oa

[?u] 单词举例: home cold go no

know low below grow show boat coat goal

17) [ ?? ] 字母组合: oy oi

[?i] 单词举例: boy toy

oil soil voice choice

18) [I?] 字母组合: eer ear

[i?] 单词举例:beer deer

ear near idea

19) [??] 字母组合: ear air ere

[e?] 单词举例: pear bear

5

chair air fair

there where care

20) [??] 字母组合: ure

[u?] 单词举例:sure

2、辅音

清辅音:

21. [ p ] 字母组合: p

单词举例:pen pet paper plant

22. [ t ] 字母组合: t

单词举例: time table stay toy

23. [ k ] 字母组合: k c ck 单词举例: kite king kitchen can car Trick lock

24. [ f ] 字母组合: f ph gh 单词举例: foot feet fog phone photo

elephant

25. [ θ ] 字母组合: th

单词举例:thin thank three

26. [ s ] 字母组合: s c 单词举例:six sing snow cinema city cake 6

27. [ ts ] 字母组合: ts

单词举例:ants streets students

28. [ tr ] 字母组合: tr

单词举例: tree truck try

29. [ ? ]

30. [ t? ]

31. [ h ]

浊辅音

32. [ b ]

33. [ d ]

34. [ g ]

35. [ r ]

字母组合: sh 单词举例: ship shoe shop short 字母组合: ch 单词举例: chair chicken chinese 字母组合: h 单词举例: hot he hat has 字母组合: b 单词举例:boy ball bed bag 字母组合: d 单词举例:dog do day doctor 字母组合: g 单词举例:get go girl good 字母组合: r 单词举例: red read rain run 7

36. [ v ] 字母组合: v

单词举例: van voice seven eleven

37. [ e ] 字母组合: th

单词举例: this that these those

38. [ z ] 字母组合: z s 单词举例: zoo zero pizza these those

39. [ dz ] 字母组合: ds 单词举例: beds hands

40. [ dr ] 字母组合: dr

单词举例: dry drink dress driver

41. [ ? ] 字母组合: si(on) 单词举例:

42. [ d? ] 字母组合: g 单词举例: orange gentle page

其他辅音

43. [ m ] 字母组合: m

单词举例: many meat mother music

44. [ n ] 字母组合: n

单词举例: no not noodle new now 8

45. [ l ] 字母组合: l

单词举例: look long left light let

46. [ ? ] 字母组合: ng

单词举例:long [l ? ?] sing

47. [ j ]

48. [ w ]

字母组合: y 单词举例: year yellow you yes 字母组合: w wh 单词举例: word winter window What where when 9

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