haihongyuan.com
海量文库 文档专家
全站搜索:
您现在的位置:首页 > 幼儿教育 > 少儿英语少儿英语

西餐_英文菜谱

发布时间:2014-02-13 10:01:21  

2009年03月05日 星期四 10:41 A.M.

急需恶补西餐菜谱的英文说法,发上来跟大家分享下。..

烹调方式 Cooking Method

fried... 煎... deep fried... 炸(干炸)... quick-fried/stir-fried...(爆)炒... braised... 炖(烧)... stewed... 闷(炖、煨)... steamed...蒸... smoked... 熏... roast... 烤... grilled... 烤... crisp... 香酥... spicy... 麻辣... caramelized... 拔丝... toffee...拔丝... dices... ...丁 mashed... ...馅、泥 ...in brown sauce 红烧... ...in soy sauce 酱汁... ...in hot sauce 干烧... ...in tomato sauce 茄汁... ...in black bean sauce 豆瓣... ...in rice wine 糟溜... ...with fish flavor 鱼香... ...with sweet and sour flavor 糖醋... ...in soup 氽... ...shreds ...丝 ...slices ...片 ...cubes ...块

2 调味品 Condiments table

salt食盐 sugar 白糖 cheese 奶酪/干酪 vinegar 醋 butter 黄油 pepper 胡椒 soy sauce 酱油 cream 奶油 curry 咖哩 mustard 芥茉 tomato sauce 蕃茄酱 honey 蜂蜜 gravy 肉汁 jam 果酱 cube sugar 方糖 ginger 姜 garlic 大蒜 shallot 大葱 mayonnaise 蛋黄酱 sweet soybean paste 甜面酱

3 汤类 Soup

clear soup/thin soup/consommé清汤 pottage/thick soup 浓汤 broth 肉汤 beef soup 牛肉汤 tomato soup 西红柿汤 cabbage soup 洋白菜汤 vegetable soup 菜汤 chicken soup 鸡汤 creamed chicken soup 奶油鸡汤 fish and tomato soup 红鱼汤 creamed ham soup 奶油火腿汤 beef balls soup 牛肉丸子汤 creamed prawn soup 奶油虾汤 beef and vegetable soup 牛肉蔬菜汤 creamed spinach soup 奶油菠菜汤 hot and sour soup 酸辣汤 minced chicken and corn pottage 鸡茸粟米汤 curry chicken soup 咖哩鸡汤

4 主食 Staple food 中餐主食Chinese Food rice gruel/porridge

大米粥 millet gruel 小米粥 steamed bun/steamed bread 馒头 steamed twisted roll 花卷 meat pie 馅饼 pancake 煎饼 meatbun/steamed bread with stuffings 包子 dumpling 饺子 wonton/dumpling soup 馄饨 noodles 面条 sichuan style noodles with peppery sauce 担担面 fried noodles 炒面 stretched noodles 拉面 noodles with soup 汤面 noodles with soybean paste 炸酱面 beef noodles 牛肉面 spring roll/egg roll 春卷 rice noodles 米线 sweet dumpling 元宵 egg fried rice 蛋炒饭 deep-fried dough sticks 油条 soybean milk 豆浆 muffin 松糕/饼 cruller 油饼

西餐主食Western Food bread

面包 toast 烤面包/土司 rye bread 黑麦面包 bun 小圆面包 hamburger 汉堡包 bacon cheeseburger 腊肉奶酪汉堡包 sandwich 三明治 tuna sandwich 金枪鱼三明治 hotdog 热狗 biscuits/crackers/cookies 饼干 pancake 烤饼/薄饼 pizza 比萨饼 meat-pie 肉馅饼 barley gruel 大麦粥 oatmeal 燕麦粥 French fries 炸薯条 pudding 布丁 macaroni 通心

面 spaghetti 意大利面条

5 主菜 Entrees 西餐主菜Western Entrees beef steak

牛排 (rare) 半熟的(牛排) roast beef 烤牛排 (medium-rare) 适中偏生的(牛排) curry beef 咖哩牛排 (medium) 适中的(牛排) real cutlet/veal chop 小牛排 (medium-well done) 适中偏熟的(牛排) roast veal 烤小牛排 (well done) 熟透的(牛排) spiced beef 五香牛排 braised beef 焖牛排 roast mutton 烤羊肉 lamb chop 羊排 porp chop 猪排 sliced ham 火腿片 roast turkey 烤火鸡 roast chicken 烤油鸡 curried chicken 咖哩鸡 roast duck 烤鸭 smoked carp 熏鲤鱼 sardine 沙丁鱼 fried fish 炸鱼 fried eggs 煎鸡蛋 boiled eggs 煮鸡蛋 poached eggs 荷包蛋 omelet/omelette 摊鸡蛋/蛋卷 pickled cucumber 酸黄瓜 salad 色拉 salad dressing 色拉酱 chicken salad 鸡色拉 French

法式(色拉酱) vegebable salad 素菜色拉 Italian 意大利式(色拉酱) ham salad 火腿色拉 Blue cheese 蓝乳酪式(色拉酱) Russian 俄式(色拉酱) backed potato 烤土豆 mashed potato 土豆泥

中餐主菜Chinese Dishes bean curb

豆腐 beansprouts 豆芽 steamed chicken 清蒸鸡 braised chicken 焖鸡 Beijing roast duck 北京烤鸭 preserved eggs 松花蛋 braised pork 红烧扣肉 red-cooked pork 红烧肉 sweet-sour pork 糖醋肉 broiled beef slices 烤牛肉片 chop suey 炒杂碎 stir-fried liver 炒猪肝 sweet-and-sour fish 糖醋鱼 meat balls 肉丸子 fried prawns 炸大虾 steamed turtle 炖甲鱼

6 甜点 Dessert cake

蛋糕 cream cake 奶油蛋糕 ice-cream 冰淇淋 pie 馅饼 vanilla ice-cream 香草冰淇淋 shortcake 松饼 chocolate ice-cream 巧克力冰淇淋 tart 果馅饼 strawberry ice-cream 草霉冰淇淋 apple pie 苹果馅饼 ice sucker 冰棍 jello 冰糕 pastry 点心 yam 甜薯 sweet potato 番薯 raisin 葡萄干

7 酒水

DRINKS 软饮料非酒精饮料 soft drinks/beverages coffee

咖啡

black coffee 不加牛奶的咖啡/清咖啡 decaffeinated coffee 无咖啡因的咖啡 white coffee 牛奶咖啡 coffee with cream and sugar 加奶加糖的咖啡 instant coffee 速溶咖啡 plain coffee 纯咖啡 milk 牛奶 tea 茶 green tea 绿茶 black tea 红茶 jasmine tea 茉莉花茶 tea bags 袋泡茶 yogurt 酸奶 cocacola/coke/cocoa 可口可乐 7-up 七喜 Pepsi Cola 百事可乐 Diet Pepsi 无糖百事可乐 Sprite 雪碧 fruit juice 水果汁 lemonade 柠檬汁 orangeade 桔子汁 mineral water 矿泉水 soda water 汽水 fresh orange juice 鲜桔子汁 Fruit Punch 水果混合饮料 beer 啤酒 light beer 淡啤酒

draught beer 扎啤

开胃酒

aperitive/apertif wine 低度酒/葡萄酒 white wine 白葡萄酒 red wine/port 红葡萄酒/红酒 sherry 雪利酒 champagne 香槟酒 cocktail 鸡尾酒 non-alcoholic cocktail 无酒精鸡尾酒 martini 马丁尼鸡尾酒 punch 潘趣酒 vermouth 味美思酒/苦艾酒 rose liquor 玫瑰酒 cider 苹果酒 烈性酒 liquor/spirit whisky 威士忌 brandy 白兰地 scotch 苏格兰威士忌 vodka 伏特加

西餐菜谱的中英对照

色拉:

salad nicoise 尼斯式色拉

gelatin salad 胶状色拉

sunshine salad 胡萝卜色拉

waldorf salad 沃尔多夫色拉

vegetable combination salad 蔬菜大会色拉

mixed salad 什锦色拉

home-made vegetable salad 家常蔬菜色拉

fruit salad 水果色拉

vegetable salad 蔬菜色拉

chicken laesar salad 卤鸡色拉

tossed salad 油拌色拉

肉类如下:

rump steak 牛腿排

T-bone steak T形骨牛排

roast sirloin beef 烤牛外俏

green fillet 青春里脊

fillet steak, country style 乡村里脊扒

beef steak curried 咖喱牛排

plain fried calf ribs 清煎小牛排

fried calf ribs 炸小牛排

roast veal 烤小牛肉

ham steak 火腿扒

sauté pork chop 嫩煎猪排

roast lamb 烤羔羊肉

lamb couscous 羊肉库司

charcoal grilled minced lamb 串烤羊肉饼

roast saddle of mutton 烤羊里脊

grilled mutton chop 铁扒羊排

salami 意大利香肠

bologna sausage 大红肠

game pie 野味排

pastrami 五香烟熏牛肉 ham and sausage 火腿香肠 bear’s paw 熊掌

breast of deer 鹿脯

beche-de-mer; sea cucumber 海参 sea sturgeon 海鳝

salted jelly fish 海蜇皮 kelp, seaweed 海带

abalone 鲍鱼

shark fin 鱼翅

scallops 干贝

lobster 龙虾

bird’s nest 燕窝

roast suckling pig 考乳猪 pig’s knuckle 猪脚

boiled salted duck 盐水鸭 preserved meat 腊肉

barbecued pork 叉烧

sausage 香肠

fried pork flakes 肉松

饭点类:

fried rice 炒饭

plain rice 白饭

crispy rice 锅巴

gruel, soft rice , porridge 粥 noodles with gravy 打卤面 plain noodle 阳春面

casserole 砂锅

chafing dish, fire pot 火锅 meat bun 肉包子

shao-mai 烧麦

glue pudding 汤圆

millet congee 小米粥

其它:

bean curd 豆腐

fermented blank bean 豆豉 pickled cucumbers 酱瓜 preserved egg 皮蛋

salted duck egg 咸鸭蛋 dried turnip 萝卜干

...

色拉 salad

火腿沙拉 ham salad

鸡沙拉 chicken salad

鸡脯沙拉 chicken-breast salad

鸡丝沙拉 shredded chicken salad

鸡蛋沙拉 egg salad

鱼片沙拉 fish salad

虾仁沙拉 shrimp salad

大虾沙拉 prawn salad

蟹肉沙拉 crab salad

素沙拉 vegetable salad

蔬菜沙拉 vegetable salad

鲜蔬菜沙拉 fresh vegetable salad

黄瓜沙拉 cucumber salad

鲜黄瓜沙拉 fresh cucumber salad

红烩鱼片 stewed fish slices with brown sauce

茄汁烩鱼片 stewed fish slices with tomato sauce

鸡蛋鲱鱼泥子 minced herring with eggs

鸡蛋托鲱鱼 herring on eggs

熏鲱鱼 smoked herring

熏鲤鱼 smoked carp

鸡肉泥 minced chicken meat; chicken paste

鸡肝泥 minced chicken liver; chicken liver paste

鸭肝泥 minced duck liver; duck liver paste

酿馅鸡蛋 stuffed eggs

奶酪酿馅鸡蛋 stuffed eggs with cheese

酿馅鸡 stuffed chicken

冷烤油鸡蔬菜 cold roast chicken with vegetables

冷烤火鸡 cold roast turkey

冷烤山鸡 cold roast pheasant

冷烤野鸡 cold roast pheasant

冷烤鸭 cold roas

汤 soup

清汤 light soup; clear soup; consomme

浓汤 thick soup; potage

肉汤 broth

奶油火腿汤 creamed ham soup; ham soup with cream

奶油鸡茸汤 creamed mashed chicken soup; mashed chicken soup with cream 奶油蟹肉汤 creamed crab meat soup; crab meat soup with cream 牛肉扒托蛋 beef steak with egg

鸡蛋牛肉扒 beef steak with egg

葱头牛肉扒 beef steak with onion

蔬菜牛肉扒 beef steak with vegetables

汉堡牛排 Hamburg steak; hamburger

德式牛肉扒 Hamburg steak; hamburger

德式鸡蛋牛肉扒 Hamburg steak with egg

德式牛肉扒蛋 Hamburg steak with egg

法式牛肉扒 French steak

罗马尼亚式牛肉扒 Rum steak

肉丝炒通心粉 fried macaroni with shredded meat 番茄汁炒通心粉 fried macaroni with tomato sauce 黄油炒通心粉 fried macaroni with butter

鸡肉火腿炒通心粉 fried macaroni with chicken and ham 肉汁炒通心粉 fried macaroni with meat sauce

大虾鸡蛋炒通心粉 fried macaroni with prawns and eggs 奶酪口蘑烤通心粉 macaroni au gratin

网站首页网站地图 站长统计
All rights reserved Powered by 海文库
copyright ©right 2010-2011。
文档资料库内容来自网络,如有侵犯请联系客服。zhit326@126.com