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国际标准音标学习顺口溜[1]

发布时间:2014-02-20 09:02:32  

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/u:/ food/fu:d/ moon/mu:n/ rule/ru:l/ loose/lu:s/ noon/nu:n/

/u/ book/buk/ put/put/ good/gud/ would/wud/ could/kud/

/ ? / must/m?st/ does/d?z/ money/′m?ni/ ugly/′?gli/ come/k?m/

/?:/ nurse/n?:s/ bird/b?:d/ burn/b?:n/ turn/t?:n/ girl/g?:l/

/? / better/bet?/ never/nev?/ worker/w?:k?/ welcome/welk?m/

/ei/ may/mei/ name/neim/ game/geim/ eight/eit/ age/eid?/

/?u/ no/n?u/ home/h?um/ hope/h?up/ wrote/r?ut/ note/n?ut/ pose/p?uz/ /ai/ eye/ai/ time/taim/ buy/bai/ right/rait/ bike/baik/ kite/kait/

/au/ now/nau/ out/aut/ how/hau/ about/ ?′baut/ south/sauθ/ house/haus/ /?i/ boy/b?i/ toy/t?i/ noise/n?iz/ voice/v?is/ point/p?int/ coin/k?in/ /i?/ ear/i?/ near/ni?/ idea/ai′di?/ hear/hi?/ mere/mi?/ spear/spi?/

/ε?/ air/ε?/ tear/tε?/ care/kε?/ dare/dε?/ fair/fε?/ there/eε?/

/u?/ tour/tu?/ poor/pu?/ sure/?u?/ moor/mu?/(停泊) your/ju?/

/p/ pea/pi:/ pie/pai/ top/t?p/ cap/k?p/ people/pi:pl/ pride/praid/

/b/ bee/bi:/ by/bai/ buy/bai/ black/bl?k/ bear/bε?/

/t/ let/let/ sat/s?t/ feet/fi:t/ team/ti:m/ tide/taid/

/d/ led/led/ sad/s?d/ feed/fi:d/ do/du:/ dear/di?/

/k/ lack/l?k/ take/teik/ clock/kl?k/ class/kla:s/ weekend/′wi:kend/

/g/ big/big/ lag/l?g/ glass/gla:s/ gum/g?m/ good/gud/ guest/gest/

/f/ face/feis/ fast/fa:st/ leaf/li:f/ surf/s?:f/ favorite/′feiv?rit/

/v/ very/′veri/ five/faiv/ fever/′fi:v?/ serve/s?:v/ never/′nev?/

/θ/ bath/ba:θ/(v洗澡) thick/θik/ mouth/mauθ/ breath/breθ/(n呼吸)

thought/θ?:t/ author/′?θ?/ truth/tru:θ/

/e/ the/ e?/ they/eei/ that/e?t/ mother/′m?e?/ thus/ e?s/ then/een/

/s/ face/feis/ mouse/maus/ cakes/keiks/ caps/k?ps/ likes/laiks/ stops/st?ps/ /z/ close/kl?uz/ keys/ki:z/ boys/b?iz/ pens/penz/ halves/ha:vz/

/t?/ catch/k?t?/ cheep/t?i:p/ rich/rit?/ watch/wt?/ child/t?aild/ question/kwest??n/

teach/ti:t?/ challenge/t?lind?/

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/d?/ orange/′?rid?/ large/la:d?/ juice/d?u:s/ job/d??b/

/tr/ tree/tri:/ try/trai/ true/tru:/ trouble/traubl/ track/tr?k/

/dr/ dry/drai/ dream/dri:m/ dress/dres/ drink/dri?k/ hundred/′h?ndrid/

/?/ she/?i:/ sharp/?a:p/ fish/fi?/ shock/??k/ shoe/?u:/

/?/ pleasure/′ple??/ measure/′me??/ television/′telivi??n/

/ts/ let′s/lets/ sports/sp?:ts/ puts/puts/ writes/raits/ seats/si:ts/

/dz/ hands/h?ndz/ birds/b?:dz/ friends/freindz/ beds/bedz/ stands/st?ndz/ /h/ he/ hi:/ hard/ha:d/ him/him/ heard/h?:d/ half/ha:f/

/l/ like/laik/ late/leit/ learn/l?:n/ lead/li:d/ light/lait/

/m/ my/mai/ more/m?:/ seem/si:m/ meat/mi:t/ mind/maind/ men/men/ /n/ nice/nais/ wind/waind/ mind/maind/ rain/rein/ fine/fain/

/?/ sing/si?/ wing/wi?/ ring/ri?/ long/l??/ beautiful/bju:t?fl/

/j/ you/ju:/ few/fju:/ yard/ja:d/ music/′mju:zik/ student/′stju:dnt/ excuse/ik′skju:z/ /w/ work/w?:k/ way/wei/ well/wel/ what/w?t/ twelve/twelv/ twin/twin/ /r/ red/red/ road/r?ud/ write/rait/ wrong/r??/ problem/′pr?bl?m/ 音标综合练习

1./i:/ /i/ /e/ /?/

bit week deal real kid dig quick tip zip rid will fill pet pack gap cap nag ram battle said happy ten red settle trash depend

2./a:/ / ?:/ / ? / /u:/ /u/

ask mask past France odd lawn naught pause fox sock

far large mark Lord torch storm pot crop thought promise hook loose soot took mood through pull wood

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month thief that than faith together thank themselves

The sun Tongue Twister(绕口令)

(1)There are thirty-three trees there. (θ, e)

(2)A big black bug bit the back of the big black bear. The big black bear beat back the big black bug. (/b/)

(3)She sells seashells on the seashore,and the shells she sells are seashells. I′m sure because if she sells shells at the seashore,the shells she sells are seashells for sure.

(/ θ/,/s/,/z/,/?/)

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(4)There is a kitten in the kitchen.In the kitchen,I fly the chicken.A fly flies into the kitchen while I′m frying the chicken.( /t?/)

(5)You are no need to light a night light on a light night like

tonight.For a night,light′s a slight light and tonight′s a night that′s light.When a night′s light like tonight′s light,it′s really not quit right to light night lights with their slight light′s on the light night like tonight.(/n/--/l/)

(6)The sun shines on the small shop signs.(/s/--/?/)

(7)Why didn′t you do that what I told you to do? (/ /--/ /)

(8)The doctor′s daughter knocked at the locked door.

(9)Mike likes to write by the nice bright light at night.

(10)Is this pair of scissors of his sister′s? Yes,this is the pair of scissors of his sister′s . (/s/--/z/)

(11)Pete picked up a piece of paper and put it into the paper basket. (/p/)

(12)William wants to know whether the weather will be wetter tomorrow. (/w/)

英语音标学习顺口溜集锦

在英语教学中,针对初中学生思想活跃,好奇心强,注意力不易集中等特点,在实践中注意收集,整理繁琐的英语知识为琅琅上口的顺口溜,使教学更生动、形象,便于学生记忆、理解。现就语音、词汇、语法三方面举例如下:

一、语音

①国际音标

国际音标四十八、个个都要记清它,元音单、双二十整,辅音清、浊二十八。 元音

单元音分中、前、后,依次各有二、四、六,

双元音数也是双,正好八个不要漏。

中元音:〔〕,〔〕

单元音 前元音:〔i:〕,〔i〕,〔e〕,〔〕

后元音:〔u:〕,〔u〕,〔〕,〔〕,〔a:〕

双元音:〔ei〕,〔ai〕,〔〕,〔〕,〔〕,〔〕,〔〕,〔〕,

辅音

辅音虽多也别慌,清浊成对有十双,

剩下〔h〕〔r〕〔l〕〔j〕〔w〕,还有鼻音〔m〕〔n〕〔η〕。

清浊成对:〔p〕,〔b〕;〔t〕,〔d〕,〔k〕,〔g〕;〔f〕,〔v〕;〔θ〕,〔〕

〔s〕,〔z〕;〔∫〕〔 〕;〔ts〕,〔dz〕;〔tr〕,〔dr〕;〔t∫〕,〔dз〕

②二十八个辅音按发音特点归类:

一舌、二半、三鼻,六爆、六破、十摩擦。

一舌:〔l〕二半:〔w〕,〔j〕

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三鼻音:〔m〕,〔n〕,〔η〕

六个爆破音:〔p〕,〔b〕;〔t〕,〔d〕;〔k〕,〔g〕

六个破擦音:〔ts〕,〔dz〕,〔tr〕,〔dr〕,〔t〕,〔d〕

十个摩擦音:〔f〕,〔v〕,〔θ〕,〔〕,〔s〕,〔z〕,〔∫〕,〔〕,〔h〕,〔r〕

③拼读口诀:辅音轻读元音重,两音相读猛一碰。

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