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剑桥少儿英语音标

发布时间:2014-02-20 15:11:47  

音标 发音字母 单词举例

单元音(12个)

︱i:︱ e, ee, ea she, sleep, tea

︱?:︱ er, ir. ur, or her, girl, turn, work

︱u:︱ u, o, oo, ue, ou, ui ruler, to, food, blue, group, fruit ︱ɑ:︱ a, ar

︱?:︱ a, al, or, au, aw, ore, oor

︱?︱ i, e, ee, y, a

︱?︱ a, o, or, er, u

︱?︱ u, oo, o, u

︱^︱ o, u, ou

︱?︱ o, a

︱e︱ e, ea

︱?︱ a

双元音(8个)

︱e?︱ a, ay, ai, ey

︱??︱ o, ow, oa ︱a?︱ i, y, igh, eye

︱a?︱ ow, ou,

︱??︱ oy, oi

︱??︱ eer, ere, ear, ea, ier

︱e?︱ air, are, ere, ear banana, garden also, talk, horse, cause, law, before, door it, become, coffee, body, orange about, polite, forget, river, autumn put, cook, woman, sugar box, want egg, bread map, and no, slow, road, boat bike, why, night, eye cow, mouse, around boy, toy, point, join air, care, there, wear

︱??︱ oor, ure, our poor, sure, tour

鼻 音(3个)

︱m︱ m me, coming ︱n︱ n soon, nose

︱?︱ n, ng pink, sing,

舌侧音(1个)

︱l︱ 清晰舌侧音l(在元音前) long, love

模糊舌侧音l(在元音和辅音后) 摩擦音(10个)

︱f︱ f, gh, ph (唇齿摩擦音)(清) feel, laugh, phone ︱v︱ v (唇齿摩擦音)(浊) ︱θ︱ th (舌尖齿背摩擦音)(清) thank, tooth ︱e︱ th (舌尖齿背摩擦音)(浊) this, they

︱s︱ s, c, ss (舌端齿龈摩擦音)(清) bus, circle, class ︱z︱ z, s, zz (舌端齿龈摩擦音)(浊) zoo, excuse, buzz ︱?︱ sh, t, c (舌端齿龈后部摩擦音)(清) ︱?︱ s (舌端齿龈后部摩擦音)(浊) measure, pleasure ︱h︱ h he, hot, ahead ︱r︱ r, rr read, carry

半元音(2个)

︱w︱ w ︱j︱ y yes, yellow

破擦音(6个)

︱t?︱ ch, tch (舌前齿龈破擦音)(清)rich, catch

︱d?︱ j, g, ge (舌前齿龈破擦音)(浊)job, giraffe, large,

︱tr︱ tr try, train

︱dr︱ dr dress, drink

︱ts︱ ts cats, rabbits

︱dz︱ ds heads, beds

爆破音(6个)

︱p︱ p (双唇爆破音)(清) pear, park, cup

︱b︱ b, bb (双唇爆破音)(浊) bear, bean, rubber,

︱t︱ t (舌尖齿龈爆破音)(清)︱d︱ d (舌尖齿龈爆破音)(浊)desk, dark, cold

︱k︱ k, c, ck (舌后软腭爆破音)(清)keep, cat, back

︱g︱ g, gg (舌后软腭爆破音)(浊)gate, egg

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