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音标教程

发布时间:2014-02-21 14:08:10  

英语国际音标表(48个)

元音(20个)

1.单元音(12个):

长元音:[ɑ:] [?:] [?:] [i:] [u:]

短元音:[?] [?] [?] [?] [?] [e] [?]

2.双元音(8个):[a?] [e?] [a?] [??] [e?] [??] [??] [??]

辅音(28个)

清辅音 /p/ / t/ / k/ /f/ /θ/ /s/ /?/ / h/ /ts/ /t?/ /tr/ 浊辅音 /b/ /d/ /g/ /v/ /e/ /z/ /?/ / r/ /dz/ /d?/

/dr/

鼻音 /m/ /n/ /?/

半元音 / j/ / w/

边音 / ?/

英语音标及字母组合对照

1.元音:

1) / i: / 字母组合: ee ea e ie ei

eg:ee: three tree green sheep meet beef see

ea: eat tea meat leave lead teacher speak clean

e: he she me

ie: piece receive ceiling

2) / I / 发音字母: i y e ey

eg:i: sit pig big it is little six

y: many happy dictionary

e: defect decide delicious

ey: monkey money

3) / ? /发音字母: a

eg:bag hand happy hat map mad bad black back glad man

4) / e /字母组合: ea e

eg:ea: head bread

e: bed red elephant remember sell lesson

better desk hotel yes

5) / З: / 字母组合: ir ur ear er or

eg:ir: girl shirt skirt thirty third bird

ur: turn nurse turtle Thursday

ear: learn earth er: term her

or: work world

6) / ? / 字母组合 er or ar o a

eg:er: teacher remember player speaker

or: doctor actor author

ar: familiar collar dollar

o: together tomorrow today lesson a: around account ago elephant banana

7) / a: /字母组合: ar a

eg:ar: car farm card arm

a: fast class glass plant

8) / ? /发音字母: u o ou oo

eg:u: up lunch fun gun nut cup bus

o: come mother dose love above ou: trouble

oo: blood flood

9) / ?: / 字母组合: al or au our ar

eg:al: small wall talk tall ball walk

or: short more lord horse for forty sport

au: author autumn caught

our: four

ar: warm

10) / ? / 发音字母: o a

eg:o: on hot lot fox box dog rock

a: want wash watch

11) / u: /字母组合: oo o u

eg:oo: food room goose tooth

o: shoe do two

u: true blue full

12) / u / 字母组合: u oo ou

eg: u: put full push

oo: look good foot book wood ou: should could

13) / ei / 发音字母 a ay ea ai ey

eg:a: name cake late plane April ay: play say may way

ea: great break ai: rain paint plain ey: they grey

14) / ai /发音字母 i y

eg:i: bike fine find nine light night

y: my try fly eye

15) / ?? /字母组合: oy oi

eg: oy: boy toy

oi: oil soil voice choice

16) / au /字母组合: ou ow

eg:ou: house out ground sound loud around

ow: flower down now cow how

17) / ?? / 发音字母: o ow oa

eg: o: home cold go no

ow: know low below grow show

oa: boat coat goal

18) / I? / 字母组合: eer ear

eg:eer: beer deer

ear: ear near

19) /ε? /字母组合: ear air ere

eg: ear: pear bear

air: chair air fair

ere: there where care

20) /??/ 字母组合: ure oor our

eg:ure: sure oor: poor our: tour

2、辅音

1. / p / 字母组合: p eg:pen pet paper plant

2. / b / 字母组合: b eg:boy ball bed bag

3. / t / 字母组合: t eg: time table stay toy

4. / d / 字母组合: d eg:dog do day doctor

5. / k / 字母组合: k c ck

eg: kite king kitchen can car cake Trick lock

6. / g / 字母组合: g eg:get go girl good

7. / f / 字母组合: f ph gh

eg: foot feet fog phone photo elephant

8. / v / 字母组合: v eg: van voice seven eleven

9. / θ / 字母组合: th eg:thin thank three

10. / e / 字母组合: th eg: this that these those

11. / s / 字母组合: s c eg:six sing snow cinema city

12. / z / 字母组合:z s eg:zoo zero pizza these those

13. / ? / 字母组合: sh eg: ship shoe shop short

14. / ? / 字母组合: si(on) eg: decision division

15. / ts / 字母组合: ts eg:ants streets students

16. / dz / 字母组合: ds eg: beds hands

17. / tr / 字母组合: tr eg: tree truck try

18. / dr / 字母组合: dr eg: dry drink dress driver

19. / t? / 字母组合: ch eg: chair chicken chinese

20. / d? / 字母组合: g eg: orange gentle page

21. / h / 字母组合: h eg: hot he hat has

22. / m / 字母组合: m eg: many term mother tomorrow

23. / n / 字母组合: n eg: no born window new now

24. / ? / 字母组合: ng eg:long [l ? ?] sing song

25. / r / 字母组合: r eg: red read rain run

26. / l / 字母组合: l eg: look long left light let

27. / w / 字母组合: w wh eg: word winter window

What where when

28. / j / 字母组合: y eg: year yellow you yes

练习:找出划线部分发音不同的词

1.( ) 2.( )

3.( ) bear dear near hear 4.( ) great sweater ready bread

5.( ) speak sweater please read 6.( ) street sweet head Halloween

7.( ) forty short doctor sport 8.( ) teacher her tiger flower

9.( ) horse worker word world 10.( ) brother girl nurse term

11.( ) food good zoo moon 12.( ) football look soon cook

13.( ) classroom bedroom room goodbye 14.( ) night eighty high right

15.( ) shout younger touch cousin 16.( ) countryside cloudy house around

17.( ) flower grow town cow 18.( ) bowl follow down snow

19.( ) those third thank thin 20.( ) mother there these thirsty

21.( ) wanted milked washed watched 22.( ) played watered listened jumped

23.( ) play draw way rain 24.( )coat boat goat blouse

25.( )chair school watch child 26.( )shirt sure show sunny

27.( )late cake rabbit make 28.( )have face map apple

29.( )leg vest these desk 30.( )mine live write time

31.( )big it little kite 32.( )home nose some hope

33.( )got mother lot clock 34.( ) most love brother glove

35.( )but student duck must

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