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英语英标学习

发布时间:2014-02-23 12:09:58  

音标学习

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?英语国际音标表(48个)元音(20个)长元音/ɑ://?://?:/短元音/?//?//?//e?//a?//??/ 双元音/??//e?//??//??//a?/辅音(28个)轻辅音/p//t//k/浊辅音/b//d//g//i://?//U://?//e//?//f//v//θ//e//s//z/

?轻辅音/?/?浊辅音/?/?鼻音/m/?半元音/j/?边音/?//h//r//n// w//ts//t?//tr//dz//d?//dr//?/

第一课时/i:/ /?//p/ /b//t/ /d/

/i:/

?字母组合:ee ea e ie ei (eo ey i)

?three tree green sheep meet beef see seek

?eat tea meat leave lead teacher team mean speak clean please

?he she me

?piece receive ceiling

/?/

???

?发音要领1嘴唇微微张开,舌尖抵下齿2 舌前部抬高,嘴型扁平3 短元音

/?/

?发音字母i y e ui u a

?sit picture it is list six mix fix fit pig big build miss

?myth many twenty happy dictionary?defect decide delicious

/p/

????

?发音要领1 双唇紧闭,然后快速张开2 让气流冲出口腔,发出爆破音声带不震动3 辅音

/b/

???

?发音要领1 和发/p/ 相似,双唇紧闭2 然后快速张开,让气流冲出口腔3 发出爆破音,但声带振动(辅音)

/t/

???

?发音要领1 舌尖抵上齿龈,憋住气2 然后弹开舌尖,让气流从口腔中冲出3 但声带不震动(辅音)

/d/

???

?发音要领1 和发/t/相似,舌尖抵上齿龈2 憋住气,然后弹开舌尖3 让气流从口腔中喷出,声带振动(辅音)

第二课时?/e/ /?//k/ /g//f/ /v/

/e/

?发音要领

?1 短元音,嘴型扁平

?2 舌尖抵住下齿,舌前部稍抬起

/e/

?字母组合ea e a (ue,u,ie,ai,ei,ay)?head bread pleasure

?elephant electric remember sell shell lesson better bed desk hotel yes?many any

/?/

?发音要领

?1 短元音,嘴张大,舌尖抵下齿?2 嘴角尽量向两边拉,呈扁平形

/?/

?发音字母a

?bag hand and ant happy hat ?map mad bad black

?back glad flag shall man

/k/

???

?发音要领1 舌后部抵住软腭,憋住气2 然后突然离开,将气送出来3 辅音,像咳嗽一样,但声带不震动

/g/

???

?发音要领1 /g/和/k/发言类似,舌后部抵住软腭2 憋住气,然后突然离开3 将气送出来,但声带振动(辅音)

/v/

???

?发音要领1 /v/与/f/ 口型相似,上齿轻轻接触下齿2 然后吹气,使气流从唇齿间流过3 形成摩擦,但声带振动

/f/

???

?发音要领1 上齿轻轻接触下齿2 然后吹气,使气流从唇齿间流过3 形成摩擦,但声带不震动

第三课时?/ɑ:/

?/?:/ /?/?/s/ /z//θ/ /e/

/ɑ:/

???

?发音要领1 长元音,口腔打开,嘴张大2 舍身放平,舌尖不抵下齿3 下巴放低,轻松发音

/ɑ:/

?字母组合ar a

?car farm card arm garden

?fast class last glass plant aunt calm

/?:/

?发音要领

?1 长元音,双唇收得小而圆?2 并向前突出,舌身往后缩

/?:/

?字母组合al or au our ar

?small wall talk tall hall ball call walk ?short more lord horse for forty sport door floor store

?author caught autumn

?four mourn court bought ?warm quarrel quarter

/?/

?发音要领

?1 短元音,口腔打开,嘴张大?2 舌头向后缩,嘴唇稍收圆

/?/

?发音字母o a ou

?hot lost lot fox box mop hop loss collar not

?want wash watch

/s/

???

?发音要领1 双唇微微张开,舌尖靠近齿龈2 舌头自然放松,气流从齿间流出3 但声带不震动

/z/

???

?发音要领1 /z/发音与/s/ 相似,双唇微微张开2 舌端靠近齿龈,舌头自然放松3 气流从齿间送出,但声带振动

/θ/

?发音要领

?1 舌尖微微伸出,上下齿轻轻咬住舌尖?2 送气,但声带不震动

/e/

?发音要领

?1 口型与/z/相似,舌尖微微伸出

?2 上下齿轻轻咬住舌尖,送气,但声带?震动

第四课时?/?/ /?:/?/?/ /h//?/ /r/

/?/

???

?发音要领1 短元音,嘴唇微微张开2 伸向两边,舌尖轻触下齿3 舌后部稍微抬起

/?/

?发音字母u o ou oo

?up supper lunch fun gun hunt cup bus

?come mother dose brother love above ?trouble rough flourish

?blood flood

/?:/

?发音要领

?1 长元音,嘴型扁平

?2 上下齿微微张开,舍身平放,舌中部稍微抬起

/?:/

?字母组合ir ur ear er or

?girl shirt skirt thirty thirteen third bird ?turn burn murder nurse turtle Thursday burger

?learn earn earth heard

?term her nerd serve

?work worm work world

/?/

???

?发音要领1 短元音,嘴唇微微张开2 舍身放平,舌中部稍微抬起3 口腔自然放松发声

/?/

?字母组合er or ou ar o a e u

?teacher leader remember player speaker farmer powder

?doctor actor mayor author tractor

?delicious gracious pleasure

?familiar collar dollar

?together tomorrow today shallop lesson Washington control polite

?around account ago elephant manta banana Canada Japan china

?men listen

?famulus Saturday

/h/

?发音要领

?1 嘴唇自然张开,自然呵气?2 声带不震动

/?/

?发音要领

?1 舌尖抵住上齿龈,舌尖轻微用力弯曲?2 气流从舌的旁边送出,声带振动

/r/

?发音要领

?1 舌尖向上卷起,舌头不要接触任何部位?2 双唇稍微突出,声带振动

第五课时

?/U:/ /?/?/m/ /n/ ?/?/

/U:/

发音要领

长元音,嘴型小而圆

微微外突,舌头尽量往后缩

/U:/

字母组合oo o u

food moon room gloom broom doom goose tooth

shoe do two

true truth blue full prude

[u]

发音要领

短元音,嘴唇张开,略向前突出嘴型稍微收圆并放松些

[u]

????

?字母组合oo ou u olook good foot book wood should could put full bull pull pushwoman wolf

/m/

发音要领

双唇紧闭,舌头平放

气流从鼻腔送出,声带振动

/n/

?发音要领

?双唇微开,舌尖抵上齿龈

/?/

?发音要领

?双唇完全张开,舌尖抵下齿龈

第六课时

?/e?/ ?/??/ /a?/?/?/ /?/?/t?/ /d?/

/e?/

???

?发音要领/e?/由/e/和/i/两个单元音组成/e/重读,/i/读轻一点口形由半开到合,与字母A发音相同

/e?/

?????

?发音字母a ay ea ai ey name cake late gate plane April play say may way great break rain paint plainthey grey

/??/

?发音要领

?口形由半开到小?与字母O的发音相同

/??/

???

?发音字母o ow oa home cold go no phone host ghost know low below grow blow show flowboat coat goal

[ai]

?发音要领

?由/a/和/i/两个单音组成,前重后轻

[ai]

?发音字母i y

?bike fine find die nine light night high ?my try fly eye

/?/

?发音要领

?双唇收圆并稍微突出,舌头稍微上卷?舌尖接近上齿龈,送气,声带不震动

/?/

?发音要领

?口形与/?/ 相似,

?舌头稍微上卷,舌尖接近上齿龈,但声带振动

/t?/

?发音要领

?双唇略微张开突出,舌尖抵住上齿龈?用力吐气,声带不振动

/d?/

?发音要领

?和/t?/ 相似,但声带振动

第七课时

?/??/ /a?//ts/ /dz//tr//dr/

[ ??]

?字母组合oy oi?boy toy joy

?oil soil voice choice

[au]

?[au] 字母组合ou ow

?house out flour ground account count sound loud around mouse

?flower down now cow how town

?/??/ ?/??/ /??/ /j/ / w/

/??/

?字母组合eer ear ?beer deer ?ear near

?here fierce idea

[ ?? ] ([e?])?????[ ?? ] ([e?])字母组合ear air erepear bear chair air fair there wherecare

/??/

?字母组合our ower ?hour tour ?flower shower

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