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发布时间:2014-02-24 14:05:37  

Tourist Spots in America

As the US is standing on the top of the world, its economy is prosperous. Not only is the prosper due to its industrial development, but also the tourism devotes to the country’ s developing.

The United States has always been a land of extremes. European explorers were staggered by the sheer wastness of the land, and generations of immigrants have arrived here with the biggest dreams imaginable.

The Biggest City: New York

New York has been the popular city in the US since the first census was taken in 1790, but it wasn’ t until the inauguration of the Eric Canal in 1825 that its numbers really took off, nearly tripling by 1840. By connecting the Hudson River to Lake Erie, the waterway ushered in a new era in trade that rocketed the city to the economic preeminence it enjoys to this day. For visitor, that prosperity translates into unparalleled art collections, theater, music and cuisine. And while world – class museums such as the Metropolitan Museum of art and the Guggenheim can come with a hefty suggested donation, New York also offers some of the choicest low – cost – or –free –attractions anywhere in the world, including holiday department –store displays, the immense Christmas tree at Rockefeller center, and public skating rinks in several locations, including cozy Bryant park, right in Midtown.

In the New York City, there are a large number of scenic spots locating there.

The most useful is Grand Central Terminal (GCT) which is colloquially called Grand Central Station, or shortened to simply Grand Central—is a commuter rail terminal station at 42nd Street and Park Avenue in Midtown Manhattan in New York City, United States. Built by and named for the New York Central Railroad in the heyday of American long-distance passenger trains, it is the largest train station in the world by number of platforms: 44, with 67 tracks along them. They are on two levels, both below ground, with 41 tracks on the upper level and 26 on the lower, though the total number of tracks along platforms and in rail yards exceeds 100. When the Long Island Rail Road's new station opens in 2016 (see East Side Access), Grand Central will offer a total of 75 tracks and 48 platforms. The terminal covers an area of 48 acres .

Although the terminal has been properly called "Grand Central Terminal" since 1913, many people continue to refer to it as "Grand Central Station." "Grand Central Station" is the name of the nearby post office, as well as the name of a previous rail station on the site, and it is also used to refer to a New York City subway station at the same location.

According to the travel magazine Travel + Leisure in its October 2011 survey, Grand Central Terminal is "the world's number six most visited tourist attraction", bringing in approximately 21,600,000 visitors

annually.

Besides, the most famous park in the New York City is Central Park, Central Park is one of those places that make New York such a great place to live. The huge park, 341 hectare large , is located in the center of Manhattan. Its design has served as an example for city parks around the world.

The park boasts several lakes, theaters, ice rinks, fountains, tennis courts, baseball fields, many playgrounds and other facilities. It is also home to the Central Park Zoo and the Metropolitan Museum of Art. Especially during the weekends, when cars are not allowed into the park, Central Park is a welcome oasis in this hectic city.

When the terrain for Central Park was bought by the City of New York in 1853, it was faraway from civilization, somewhere between the City of New York and the village Harlem. The area contained sheds from colonists, quarries, pig farms and swamps. In 1857, the city of New York organized a competition for the design of this new park, which had to rival with the great parks in London and Paris. A design by Frederic Law Olmsted and Calvert Vaux, named 'the Greensward Plan' was chosen. The plan featured an English style landscape with large meadows, several lakes and hills. Winding pedestrian roads were separated from main roads and the huge number of trees ensured the city's buildings were not visible from within the park. To convert the swampy area into the park the

designers had envisioned, several hundred thousand trees were planted, more than 3 million cubic yards of soil was moved, roads and bridges were constructed and a large reservoir was dug out. It took more than 15 years before the 20,000 workers had completed the park. The Lake, Central park, New York City. The Lake Central Park immediately became a popular place for all New Yorkers, attracting millions of visitors each year.

Frederic Law Olmstead's goal was to create a place where people could relax and meditate. He saw the park as a kind of social experiment where people from both upper and lower classes would meet, a rather revolutionary idea at that time. After the appointment of Robert Moses in 1934 as New York City Parks Commissioner, the focus of the park shifted from relaxation to recreation. Small bridge at The Pond During Moses' s 26 year tenure he constructed many sports facilities, playgrounds and the Wollman rink. He also renovated the Zoo, and installed several sculptures including 'Alice in Wonderland '.

After the departure of Moses in 1960, Central park started to decline. Graffiti, garbage and criminality kept both citizens and tourists from visiting the park. In the 1970s the park became a symbol of New York City's decline. Rowboats at The Lake. The tide started to turn in 1980 when a group of citizens created the Central Park Conservancy. Together with the city, it started a 50 million dollar renovation project. Several

parts of the park, including Sheep Meadow and Bethesda Terrace were restored. Three employees were hired to remove the graffiti - it took them three years to complete this task. Criminality was reduced with the deployment of a large police force. Thanks to these efforts by both the city and private groups, Central Park is now a relatively clean and safe place, visited by more than 30 million people each year.

There's plenty to see and do in Central Park. Sports facilities can be found all over the park but most of the interesting sights are found in the lower half of Central Park. You'll come across historical buildings, statues, monuments, beautiful bridges, and of course plenty of nature. Some of it is quite rugged like the forest-like Ramble while other parts of the park are more manicured and feature beautiful flowers and shrubs. There are eighteen gated entrances to the park. Each of them has its own name.

There are many bridges in Central Park - each with a unique design. One of the most interesting in the 18 meter long cast-iron Bow Bridge, that spans The Lake between Cherry Hill near the Bethesda Terrace and the Ramble, a 15 hectare large woodland. Here Central Park is at its most natural, with narrow paths winding through thickets of trees. This is a popular place for bird-watching: the Ramble is on a trans-Atlantic migration route and more than 250 different bird species have been spotted here.

Except for these scenery, there are some meaningful places in New

York for people to pay a visit to.

The Metropolitan Museum of Art is an art museum in New York City. Its permanent collection contains more than two million works, divided among nineteen curatorial departments. The main building, located on the eastern edge of Central Park along Manhattan's Museum Mile, is by area one of the world's largest art galleries. There is also a much smaller second location at "The Cloisters" in Upper Manhattan that features medieval art. Represented in the permanent collection are works of art from classical antiquity and Ancient Egypt, paintings and sculptures from nearly all the European masters, and an extensive collection of American and modern art. The Met also maintains extensive holdings of African, Asian, Oceanic, Byzantine, and Islamic art. The museum is also home to encyclopedic collections of musical instruments, costumes and accessories, and antique weapons and armor from around the world. Several notable interiors, ranging from 1st-century Rome through modern American design, are permanently installed in the Met' s galleries.

Another famous in this city is Time Square, photos from the 1970s show a dismal Times Square with just about a quarter of the lights that make this slice of Manhattan glow. Now the area has a grandstand for visitors to take in the circus of billboards, news tickers, street performers and excellent people watching. There is also a dedicated sliver with cafe tables. Whether for the New Year’s ball drop or just to take in the sights,

about 80% of all visitors to New York come to the famous intersection. This Manhattan crossroads of commerce retains the top spot on our list, thanks to increased visitation to the Big Apple in 2008 despite the economic turndown. According to the Times Square Alliance, "80% of visitors to New York City make it a point to visit Times Square." Total NYC visit last year was 47 million, giving us an estimate of 37.6 million travelers through the "Crossroads of the World."

Tourist Spots in Other Cities

Not only do many beautiful spots in the biggest city – New York, but also other spots stand in other cities in America for people to visit.

The Mount Rushmore National Memorial is a sculpture carved into the granite face of Mount Rushmore near Keystone, South Dakota, in the United States. Sculpted by Danish-American Gutzon Borglum and his son, Lincoln Borglum, Mount Rushmore features 60-foot sculptures of the heads of former United States presidents George Washington, Thomas Jefferson, Theodore Roosevelt and Abraham Lincoln. The entire memorial covers 1,278.45 acres and is 5,725 feet above sea level. The tallest mountain in the region is Harney Peak .The U.S. National Park Service took control of the memorial in 1933, while it was still under construction, and manages the memorial to the present day. It attracts nearly three million people annually.

Except for the mountain, there is Temple Square in America. Temple

Square is a ten acre complex located in the center of Salt Lake City, Utah, owned by The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. In recent years, the usage of the name has gradually changed to include several other church facilities immediately adjacent to Temple Square. Contained within Temple Square proper are the Salt Lake Temple, Salt Lake Tabernacle, Salt Lake Assembly Hall, the Seagull Monument and two visitors' centers. Attracting 3 million to 5 million visitors a year, Temple Square is the most popular tourist attraction in Utah, bringing in more visitors than the Grand Canyon or Yellowstone National Park. By comparison, Utah's five National Parks —Zion, Bryce Canyon, Capitol Reef, Canyonlands, and Arches— had a combined total of 5.3 million visitors in 2005.

In a word, the United States is a big family of many beautiful and attractive scenic spots. Though New York City's Statue of Liberty invokes awe, and the Hollywood sign looming over Los Angeles is arguably its most iconic sight, neither are their cities' most visited. Times Square and the Hollywood Walk of Fame draw more tourists respectively, according to 2009 visitor numbers. When it comes to travel, the role a tourist attraction plays can vary greatly--a monument might be one stop along the way or a national park the destination. San Francisco is the 15th most-visited city out of 20 measured, but two of its attractions--the Golden Gate National Recreation Area and Fisherman's Wharf--are

among the country' s most popular. There are fewer images as stunning as the Golden Gate Bridge. What's more, the surrounding park's size and prominence ensure that visitors travel for miles to spend time there. Even though many people dismiss Fisherman's Wharf as tacky, its seafood restaurants, rich history, sea lion viewing and various events offer much for families to explore.

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