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英语教学-英语国际音标讲解 (1)

发布时间:2014-02-26 10:05:22  

曲靖市第二中学

英语教学课件
phonetic symbol

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1.什么是国际音标?
由于英语的拼写形式和读音有很大 的 分歧, 所以无法完全根据字母来读音。 为了精确地学习和掌握语音, 就要借 助一种注音手段来弥补这一缺陷, 于是便 产生了一定数量的精确记录语音的符号, 叫做“音符”(Phonetic symbols)。
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国际音标(旧称万国音符)是国际 语音学协会(IPA --- International Phonetic Association) 于1888年拟定的一 套为各国语言注音的语音符号。我们这里所 说的国际音标是专门为英语注音的那一部分 标音符号。目前我国通用的国际音标共有48 个, 其中, 元音音标20个,辅音音标28个。

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英语元音
(English vowels)

英语元音音素共 20个。分单元音 和双元音两大类。

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单元音的分类

a. 前元音:/ i: /, / i /, / e /, / ? / b. 后元音:/ ɑ:/, / ? /, / ?:/, / u /, / u: /, /Λ/ c. 中元音: / ?: /, / ? /

双元音的分类

a. 合口双元音:/ ei /, / ?u /, / ai /, / au /, /?i/ b. 集中双元音:/ i ? /, / ε? /, / u? /
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英语辅音

(English consonants) (共28个)
a.爆破音 / p /, / b /, / t/, / d /, / k /, / ɡ / b.摩擦音 / f /,/ v /,/θ/,/ e /,/ s /,/ z / , //,//, / h /, / r / c.破擦音 / t∫/,/d? /,/tr/, /dr/,/ts/,/dz/ d.鼻音 /m/ , /n/, /?/ e.旁流音(舌侧音) / l / f.半元音 / w /, / j / 管理资源吧(www.glzy8.com ),提供海量管理资料免费下载! 曲靖市第二中学英语教研组 Welcome to English world.

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发 音 规 则

[i:] me we he equal scene see indeed breeze succeed eat beat neat real defeat yield piece field believe

e ee ea ie

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[i:]
ei i eo ey

seize receive ceiling police ski machine
people

key

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[i]
i y e ee

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it fit pig miss kiss fill picnic city pretty busy sixty pretty English England coffee committee

[i]
ey ie a o

money valley
carried worried ladies village

women

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[i]
u ui

busy
build guilt

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coffee committee

[e]
e

ea
ie a

check enter gentle accept spread bread weather friend any many

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[e]
ai

said
says bury

ay
u

Better late than never.(迟做总比不做好) Better to do well than to say well .(口说不 如实干 ) 管理资源吧( www.glzy8.com ),提供海量管理资料免费下载! 曲靖市第二中学英语教研组 Welcome to English world.

[]
a cat map fat hat mad back gas catch match fact happy marry stamp act adapt attractive national
Catch that mad black cat. Thank you for the stamp.
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[ɑ:]
a ar au

pass glass demand advance arm garden smart harmful aunt laugh heart

ear

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[ɑ:]
ear al

heart
calm half

A large army marched past the farmyard. It’s hard to see any stars in the dark sky.
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[ ∧]
o oo u ou

come compass government flood blood sun adult culture custom touch trouble couple double

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[ o:]
aw or oa

saw law draw
according force born corn broad board

ou

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bought brought course cough

[o:]
au

oo
al

taught caught naught fault door floor all ball talk small walk more store before explore

ore

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[ o:]
ore ar a

more store before explore war warm warn water salt also false

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[o]
o

offer block college possible cough

ou

ow

knowledge

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[o]

a soft song / a coffee s

hop / cost a lot The clock is stopped , it’s not long. Lost time is never found again.
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[u:]
o oo u

ew

who do lose movement fool spoon cool tooth choose rude pollution June revolutionary threw

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[u:]
ue

oe
ui

blue cruelty true shoe fruit ruin juice

Who said the soup was too cool? As a rule , the skies are blue in June .
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[u] u o oo put push pull helpful bush bullet careful woman wolf lose whose good wood book woolen football could should would

oul

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[u]

He looks like a good cook. I took my book and looked pretty English at it as long as I could. England
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[e] a ar er o agree ahead admire attend adventure calendar polar
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another order gather method Europe second

[ ]
or labor behavior actor doctor colo(u)r

our
ou ur

famous surprise survive

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[ ]
ure feature Lecture measure

My younger brother is a doctor. Give me some butter and sugar. We will have a get-together after supper.
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[e:] ur or our ir

turn fur church furniture further word worth worst work journey bird birthday thirsty stir

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[ ]
er

serve emergency deserted determine
earth heard search

ear

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[ei]
a ai ay ea

take case behave able latest wait rain train raise grain may way play stay break great

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[ei]
ei ey

eight neighbor reign they grey

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[ai] i ei y uy

nice like wife advice w

ise tidy high fight bright height my by why type try satisfy fry buy

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[ ] o road boat coat coach soul shoulder though although no home notice bone devote hero know bowl slow low flow follow owe

oa
ou

ow

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[au] ou loud house shout south outer mouth about

ow

now how town tower

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//

ea ear eer ere ier

idea real realize ear dear near clear fear hear beer cheer deer career here sincere mere fierce pierce
poor moor tour tourist sure cure endure February usually fury jury assurance

//

oor ou ure ua ur

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小 结
元音字母在重读开音节或重读相对开音节中读元音字母 本身的音:
元音字母 读音 例词 读音

a e I o u

/ei/ /i:/ /ai/ // /ju:/

a me I no cue

/ei/ /mi:/ /ai/ /n/ /kju:/

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元音字母在重读闭音节中的常用读音:
元音字母 读音 例词 读音

a e I o u

/ / /e/ /i/ / / /u/

man me n b it hot put

/mn/ /men/ /bit/ /ht/ /put/

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a

/i/
/e/ / / /a:/ / / / / /ei/

village
any many catch match fact happy marry pass glass demand advance what wash swallow want watch agree ahead admire attend take make table case behave able latest

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ai ar

/e/ /ei/
/ / / / / / / /

said wait rain train raise grain
arm garden march smart harmful war warm warn calendar polar area vary various

au ay

/a:/ aunt laugh // taught caught naught fault /e/ /ei/ says may way play stay

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e

/i:/

/i/ /e/

me we he equal scene pretty English England egg effect check enter never gentle accept see indeed breeze succeed coffee committee eat beat neat real defeat spread idea real realize break great beer cheer deer career

ee
ea

/i:/ /i/ /i:/ /e/ / / /ei/ / /

eer

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ear

/a:/ / / / / / / /i:/ /ei/ /i:/ /i/ /ai/

heart ear near clear fear hear bear tear wear earth heard search s

eize receive ceiling eight neighbor reign police ski machine it fit pig miss kiss fill picnic nice like wife advice dive prize wise tidy high night bird first birthday

ei
i

igh ir

/ai/ / /

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ie

/i:/ /i/ /e/

yield piece field believe carried worried ladies friend women copy offer block college possible woman wolf who do lose dove movement come compass government method Europe second notice bone devote hero host

o

/i/ / / /u/ /u:/ / / / / / /

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oo

/ / /u/ /u:/ / /

door good wood book woolen football fool spoon cool tooth choose flood blood cough bought brought course touch trouble couple double famous loud house shout south outer mouth about tour tourist soul shoulder though although

ou

/ / / / / / / / / / / / / /

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oa

/ / / / / / / / / /

broad board road boat coat coach knowledge know bowl slow low flow follow now how town tower busy bury push pull helpful bullet careful rude June revolutionary pollution sun adult culture custom fruit juice build guilt blue cruelty true

ow
u

/i/ /e/ /u/ /u:/ / / /u:/ /i/ /u:/

ui
ue

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ur c

/ / / / / /

turn church furniture surprise survive fury jury assurance

further

/k/ /s/ / /

cap cat care case class centre city cinema civil cycle bicycle ocean social special
chemistry character machine choose choice each lunch much such

ch

/k/ / / / /

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d
g

/d/

/ /
/g/

degree include trade introduce dark soldier
give gold gun gate guide beg age general gentle large send since loose against least is as cause noise please praise goes plays says houses knives sure sugar Asia measure usual pleasure treasure

/ /

s

/s/ /z/ / / / /

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ss

/s/
/z/ / /

miss pass across
dessert pressure permission nation action pronunciation feature future gesture picture lecture nature question

t

/ / / /

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曲靖市第二高级中学

Goodbye
Thank you for your attention!

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