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朗读&拼读游戏

发布时间:2014-02-28 16:07:53  

低年龄段学生朗读&拼读游戏

Pre-reading:

课前阅读:

High/Low/Quiet/Loud Drills – 1) The teacher holds a flashcard (or other prompt) high in the air to get the class to repeat in a high voice. 2) The teacher holds the prompt low to the ground, and the class repeats in a low voice. 3) The prompt is now held close to the teacher?s body and the TL is repeated in a quiet voice. 4) The prompt is held out towards the students and they repeat in a loud voice. Children of this age enjoy different styles of voices, and enjoy participating in these drills. You can add variety by starting quietly and getting louder and louder with each repetition, or

getting the children to whisper, and then on the last repetition allowing them to shout. 高低音、大小声 操练法

1) 教师把教学用抽认卡(以下称“flashcard”或“FC”(或其他提示物)举高,请学生用高音重复朗读。

2) 教师把FC拿低到地上,请学生用低音重复朗读。

3) 教师把FC拿到距离自己的身体很近,请学生用静音重复朗读。

4) 教师把FC拿至距学生很近,请学生大声重复朗读。

此年龄段的学生很喜欢发出不同种类的声音,也很喜欢用这些声音参与到单词的朗读操练中来。教师还可以用其他方法增加此游戏的趣味性:如开始时用静音,之后随着重复次数的增加,渐渐加大响度;或者让学生一直用轻声重复朗读,在最后一次朗读时让学生喊出来。

Triple Drill – The students chant the TL chorally, repeating the teacher?s model three times. The teacher carefully monitors the group (remembering not to chant with them, but listening instead!)

To make the standard triple drill more interesting for this level, the teacher can add an active element. After the students have repeated the TL three times the teacher shouts ?go?, and the students complete a pre-planned activity. Examples of these activities are: jump a set amount of times and sit down, run and touch the board and sit down or spin on the spot and sit down. The process of a triple drill followed by an activity can be repeated for a number of times. These types of drills need to be demonstrated first to avoid confusion.

“三次”操练法

学生以齐唱的方式重复教师的示范形式三次。教师要十分仔细地观察学生的唱诵,但是要记住教师不要和学生一起唱诵,而是仔细听。

教师可通过增加一些活跃因素使得标准的“三次”法更有趣,以适应这一阶段的学生特点。在学生重复唱诵目标语言(以下称TL)三次后,教师喊“GO”, 然后学生完成预先设计的动作,例如:跳跃一定的次数后坐下;向黑板跑,用手碰黑板后跑回座位坐下;原地旋转然后坐下。“三次操练”加动作这一过程可重复许多次。这一类的操练方法需预先示范以避免学生迷惑。

Clapping Drills:

As students drill words or sentences, they clap either as they say every word, or every syllable. To add variety the teacher can introduce various speeds or rhythms. It is best if the students don?t clap too loudly, because the noise level makes it difficult for the teacher to monitor students.

击掌操练法:

在学生操练单词或句子时,每读一个音节或者单词击掌一次。教师可引入多种击掌的速度和韵律以增加趣味性。学生击掌的响度最好不要太大,以便教师观察他们的掌握情况。

Slap:

Write the vocabulary on the board. Call out the word and the students race to slap it.

拍打法:

首先在白板上写上单词,大声读出单词让学生比赛看谁先打到。(类似Golden Touch)

Stations:

Place several letters or words in different locations around the room. Get 4 or 5 students to stand back to back in a circle in the middle of the classroom. Call out a letter, phonic sound or word and the students in the circle need to run to the FC and say the word or sound. Do 2 or 3 turns per group before switching to another group.

占位置:

将几个单词或字母放置在教室的不同地点。然后让4-5个学生背对背站成一个圈,老师大声读出字母,单词或声音,在圈内的学生听到后立刻跑向Flashcard并且说出那个单词或声音。每一组操练2-3次,然后换组。

Pogo:

Place three letters or words on the board. Draw lines from top to bottom to separate the FCs. Line the class up in front of one FC. As you say phonic sound or word

the students jump to the word or sound you said. Repeat this several times. For an interesting finish increase the speed with each word. Be sure to keep safety in mind when you increase the speed.

跳跳鼠:

在白板上写上三个单词或字母。在白板上从上到下画一条线以分隔卡片。让全班学生在一个卡片前面站成一排。当教师说出一个音或单词时,学生跳向教师所说的那个单词或音。重复此过程2-3次。为了游戏结束时更加有趣,可随每个单词加快速度,但在加速时要保证安全。

Stand Up Wrong and Clap:

Have the phonic sounds or words on the board. Point to one and say it. If you say a different word or sound to what you are pointing at the students stand up and clap twice

起立·拍手 辩错:

教师将单词或音写在白板上,指着其中一个并读出来。如果教师所读和所指的不一致,学生要起立并击掌两下。

Find a Word:

Give the students a word and have them find it on the page. The first team that finds the word gets the points.

找单词:

让学生找课本上的单词,哪组先找到得分

Hunt The Word:

Write words on post it notes and hide them around the classroom. Students have to find each note as it is called. When they find the word you can have them say it.

单词搜索:

将单词写在便利贴上藏在教室某处。学生需要找到每张便签。当他们找到时必须读出写在上面的单词。

Wrong/Right Chairs:

Set two chairs at opposite ends of the classroom, divide the class into two teams. Designate one chair as 'right' and the other as 'wrong'. Point at a word or sound on the board if you say it correctly. The students race to the ?right? chair, if you say it incorrectly they go to the ?wrong? chair.

对错椅:

在教室两端各放置一把椅子,指定其中一把“正确”而另一把“错误”。指着白板上的一个单词或发音读出来。如果所读和所指一致,那么学生要抢着坐“正确”椅;若所读和所指不一致,则学生要去抢“错误”椅。

Upper/Lower Case Matching:

Some or all of the letters are written on the board (both upper and lower case) and the students have to circle ?a? and draw a line to ?A?. This can be expanded by the teacher calling out a word and the students have to recognise the initial letter sound before they can complete the task. It can be made more fun by insisting that no 2 lines can cross or touch.

大小写配对:

把全部字母或一部分字母写在白板上(大小写都要),学生要将小写字母如“a”圈出来并连线到对应的大写字母如“A”。此游戏可扩展为教室大声说出单词,学生第一时间辨别出首字母,然后完成上述过程。此游戏还可通过两条连线不能交叉来增加趣味性。

A-Z Race:

Students are split into 2 teams and are given one set of letter cards or magnetic letters. They then race to put the letters in order. This can be expanded so that the students must then find a flashcard beginning with each letter and place it next to the

corresponding letter.

A-Z 字母排列竞赛

将学生分成两对,给每队学生一组字母卡片或短语。然后他们比赛谁先按顺序将字母排好。此游戏可扩展为学生需找到以各个字母开头的单词卡片并将卡片放到相对应的字母旁。

Alphabet Relay:

Needs 4 or more students. Line them up in two teams as far from the whiteboard as possible (even in a small space this can be done if the chairs/tables are used as an obstacle course). The members of each team are given a pen and the teacher shouts "A". Thereafter each team member runs to the board in turn, writes the next letter of the alphabet, and runs back to the next team member to hand over the pen. This can be done with or without obstacles depending on classroom size and equipment.

字母接力:

此游戏需要四个或四个以上学生。首先将学生分成两队并排成两列,站在离白板尽量远的地方(在小教室也可通过将桌椅作为障碍以增加趣味和多样性)。教师给每队排首位的学生一支笔,并喊出一个字母如“A”。其后队中每个成员轮流向白板跑去,写上下一个字母,然后将笔传递给下一个队友。此游戏可根据教室的尺寸和设备情况决定是否设置障碍。

Word Relay:

A variation on the alphabet relay. Give each team a word (with the same number of letters) to write on the board. If the vocabulary is relatively new, write the words on the board, get students to look (eg. for 10 seconds) then rub out the word and play the game.

单词拼写接力:

字母接力的升级版。给每队一个单词(构成单词的字母数量要相同)并将单词写在白板上。如果是新单词的话,将单词写在白板上,再让看十秒左右然后擦掉单词开始玩游戏。

Simple Word Search:

Create a word search using vocabulary from the unit. Keep it very simple about 6 by 6 letters and only 4 or 5 words.

简单词汇搜索:

利用本单元所学单词创制一个单词搜索游戏。游戏尽量简化至4-5个单词,每个单词组成不超过六个字母。

Switch:

Write 3 words or sounds on separate pieces of paper. Show them to Ss and put them face down on the table. Shuffle them around so that Ss might not be able follow them. Point to a card and ask what word or sound is.

单词快手:

将三个单词写在三张不同的纸上。向学生展示后面朝下放在桌子上。快速将三张纸洗乱,是学生难以区分哪张是哪张。然后用手指一张卡片问学生上面写的是那个单词或读音。

Rub Out:

A group of words are written on the board and the students are given a minute to look at them. They must then turn away and close their eyes whilst the teacher rubs out one of the words. The students must then turn back to face the whiteboard and say which word has been erased.

擦掉单词:

将几个单词写在白板上,给学生一分钟左右看。然后学生必须转身闭眼,教师在此时擦掉其中一个单词。最后学生转回来,睁眼并说出被擦掉的单词是哪个。

Obstacle Course:

Set up an obstacle course and have a word or sound between each obstacle. As the student completes each obstacle they have to say the word or sound.

障碍赛:

设置一个障碍赛,在每个障碍之间放置一个单词或读音。学生每完成一个障碍,都要说出相应的单词或读音。

Air Write:

Before you start makes sure you have presented and modelled the letter. For

modelling use FC and write the letter on the board. Now use your finger and draw an imaginary letter in the air. Remember the students will follow your actions so you will need to draw the reverse to allow them to draw the letter correctly. It?s more interesting for the students if you make some kind of sound or counting strokes while drawing the letter. Model this twice and then have the students repeat your action several times.

隔空书写:

教师在开始前要确定你已经呈现过字母并做了示范。先在白板上写上字母或用FC以便做示范,然后用手指在空中写一个字母。记住学生会跟着你的动作,所以你在空中写字母时必须左右顺序颠倒以便学生能直接学到正确的书写。如果你能在书写过程中发出声响或者数笔画,就能使学生感到更有趣。示范此过程两次后让学生重复你的动作数次。

Card Slap:

The teacher goes around the class with a FC of the TL. The students (lightly) slap the card and say the TL. This is especially useful for picking out those students with pronunciation problems. Try not to go around the class in a circle; instead pick students in an unpredictable, random order. It is also often preferable to isolate stronger students first before concentrating on those with any problems, bearing in mind sensitivities regarding ability and confidence.

拍卡片:

教师拿着FC或TL在班上走动。学生(轻轻地)拍打卡片同时说出目标语言。这对发现有发音问题的学生十分有用。注意不要按照顺序来回让学生读,而是要随机抽学生来读。在顺序选择上可先让掌握得好的学生先读以作示范,而后集中挑选发音有问题的学生来做游戏。特别注意在游戏过程中要考虑学生的能力和自信心。

Simple Hangman:

Young children who are still learning the alphabet and word recognition can play this game. Write the word on the board, underline each letter then rub out the word. Students have to recreate the word in teams. Gallows are not necessary; any system will do.

绞刑吏:

此游戏适合仍在学习字母和词汇认知的低年龄段儿童。首先在黑板上写上单词在单词中的每个字母下划线,然后擦掉单词。然后学生以小组合作的方式重新写出单词。赏罚机制不一定非要用绞刑架,其他机制也可以。

O’s & X’s:

A standard tic-tac-toe grid is drawn up on the board and a word is written in each square. To claim a square the students must read the relevant word. The team or student that makes a line of 3 horizontally, vertically or diagonally is the winner. This game can be ?spiced up? by using a sticky ball which the students throw at the board to select the square to be read.

九宫格:

在白板上画上一个标准的井字格,在九个方框内分别填上一个单词,要想占领一个方框学生必须正确读出方框内的词。单个学生或队伍谁占领的方框首先在横、竖、斜向排成一线,谁就是胜者。这个游戏可通过给学生黏黏球扔向井字格以选择要读的单词增加趣味性。

Reading Activities:

阅读游戏:

Choral Reading:

The teachers and the students read aloud together following the teacher?s pace. Choral reading works best if the teacher directs all students to use a finger to follow along the text as they read.

合唱式朗读

教师和学生随着老师的节奏大声朗读。合唱式阅读效果最好是学生在老师指导下边读用手指着文本。

Guided Oral Reading:

The teacher reads a sentence first. The students read it silently once, and then read aloud chorally one or two more times

有指导的朗诵

教师现将句子读一遍。学生接着先默读一遍,然后向合唱似的大声读两到三遍。

Turn and Read (Say):

Have the class stand and turn around facing away from the board. Place a letter, picture or word FC, or write a letter(s) on the white board. When you say “go” the students are to turn around and say the word or sound represented on the board.

转身读(说)

让全班起立并转身背向白板。将一个字母、图片或单词卡片放在(或写在)板上。当老师说“go”时,学生转身读出白板上的单词或读音。

Word Train:

Each student must read one word from the text. Try achieving a fluent reading as if it was one person reading.

单词特训:

每个学生读课文句子中的一个单词。要努力做到整齐流利,要像一个人读的一样。

Dice Reading:

One student will role a dice to determine how many words they will have to read.

骰子阅读

学生通过置骰子决定他们要读的单词数量。

Song Reading:

Sing the reading.

歌唱阅读:

将所要朗读的内容唱出来。

After reading:

课后阅读:

Run and Write:

Divide the class into two or three teams. Create one line for each team with the first student in line facing the board. For the younger students have examples of the letters to be used on the top part of the board. Divide the board into as many teams as you have. You will call out a letter and the students will take turns writing it on the board. After the first person in line writes the letter, that student

will pass the marker to the next student. Then the new student with the marker will write the same letter. This will continue until everyone has written the letter. The team that finishes first can receive the points.

跑步写词:

将班上学生分成2-3对。各队排成一列,排头面对白板。低段学生可将目标字母或单词写在白板最上方。将白板根据队伍数量划分成几个部分。教师大声读出字词,然后学生轮流将所读字词写在白板上。排头学生写完后将马克笔传给下一个学生,第二个学生将同一个字词写上去。此过程直到所有人都写过后停止。首先完成的队伍得到奖励。

Quick Draw:

Divide the class in to two teams. Place several pictures or words on the board. Try and have at least two for each sound. Have two students stand back to back in front of the class. Give them a phonics sound. The students must take three steps saying the phonics sound with every step. On the last step they turn and look at the board. You will be pointing to a word or picture that has that phonics sound in it. The students must say the word or sound and use their hands to pretend shoot the other student. The first student gets two points the second gets one for their teams.

单词决斗:

将学生分成两队。将若干图片或单词贴在白板上。至少保证一个读音有两个对应的词汇。让两个学生背靠背站在前面。给他们一个读音,学生听到后走三步,每走一步都要念一次读音,在走最后一步时转身看着白板。教师指着一个包含此读音的单词或图片,让他俩读出来。先读出的学生假装举枪打另一个学生。赢的学生为所在队伍得到两分,另一个学生得一分。

Sticky Ball Throw:

Divide the class in to two teams. Now divide the board into 4. Place a letter, picture or word FC, or write a letter(s) in each square. Set a line where two students will stand in front of the board. Say a word or phonic sound and the student should throw the ball at the proper square and say the word or sound. The first student gets two points the second gets one for their teams.

黏黏球大战

将学生分成两队。把白板划分为四部分,在每部分分别放(写)上一个字母、图片或单词卡片,在离黑板一定距离的地方设定一条起跑线。教师说出白板上的词汇或读音,学生需要把球扔向相应的方格并读出上面的单词或发音。谁先完成得两分,下一个完成得一分。

Chain Writing:

This game is like Chinese whispers but instead of speaking the students will use their fingers to write the letters on the other students back. Divide the class into two or three teams. Line one team up in front of the class. Give the last student a letter and have that student use their finger to write the letter on the back of the student in front of them. The second student will then continue up the line. The last student should say the letter that was written on his back.

Variation:

For smaller classes you can use two students at a time and have one writer and one guesser. The guesser should face the board and the writer should stand to the side to allow the whole class to see what he/she draws. Then have the whole class guess along with the guesser.

接力写字

这个游戏类似中国的传话游戏。但在此游戏中学生是用手指在其他学生背上写字母。教师将班上学生分成2-3队。让每个队伍排成一列,给每列最后一个学生一个字母,然后这个学生将此字母写在前一个同学背上,以此类推。最后排头的学生说出些在他背上的字母。

变体:对小班来说,玩这个游戏可让两个学生一个写,一个猜。写的学生写字母时要站到一边,以便让全班看到他在猜的学生背上写的是什么,然后让全班和猜的学生一起猜。

Read, Run, Write:

First photocopy the reading from the course book. Now divide the class into teams. Place one copy of the photocopied reading outside the class for each team. Have each team select a writer and the other team members will be the runners. The runners will take turns going to the photocopy and reading and remembering as much as they can. Then they will go back to the writer and dictate what they remember. When one runner returns to the writer and tells the team what they remember, the next runner can go. This is done until one or all teams have finished.

读跑写:

首先影印教材上阅读部分的内容。将学生分成不同组。将各个组的影印材料放在教室外面。每队要选出一个写手,则其他成员为跑手。跑手轮流跑出教师阅读影印材料并尽可能多地记住内容,然后跑回口述给写手记录。当一个写手跑回来告诉团队他所记住的内容后,另一个跑手才可以出发。这一过程直到有一支或所有队伍完成影印材料上所有内容的记录后停止。先完成者胜。

Initial Letter Slap:

A variation on Slap. Spread flashcards on the table then call out a letter. Students take any card beginning with that letter.

首字母击掌:

击掌游戏的变体。将教学卡片散落在桌上或地上然后大声读出一个单词。学生调出任何以此字母为首字母的单词。

Reading Race Game:

This is a fun way to practise word and phonic recognition. Divide the class into two teams. Put a series of word or phonic sounds in a line down the middle of the room. The object is for a team to get to the end of the line by reading all the words or pronouncing the phonic sounds. Teams start from opposite ends and take it in turns to read a word or phonic sound. Teams may confer and should be helped if they can't read the word. Each turn the team advances one word or sound using a counter. When the teams meet on the same word or sound they must play scissors, paper, stone. The loser must go back to the beginning. The winner continues to advance. Teams can take it in turns to read or can change reader each time the team is sent back to the start.

阅读竞速:

这是一种十分有趣的操练单词和识别读音的方法。将学生分成两队。把一串单词或读音在教室中间摆成一条线。目的是要让学生将所有单词或读音从头到尾都读出来。两队从相反方向开始,每个成员轮流读一个单词或读音。队友间可协商甚至在确实不会读时,教师可以帮忙。Each turn the team advances one word or sound using a counter.当两队在同一个单词或读音相遇时,需要以石头剪刀布决胜,胜者继续前进,败者退回起点。每队可保持原有排列次序或在退回原点后调整次序。

Unscramble:

Give the student a scrambled word, which must be unscrambled.

Understanding can be checked by having the student draw a picture which corresponds to the word.

恢复原状:

给学生一个打乱拼写次序的单词,然后学生要将单词恢复原状。

要检查学生是否理解这个单词的话,可让学生画一幅代表单词意思的画。

What’s the Word?:

Attach a card with a word or letter to the front of each of two Ss. They stand back to back, then turn around and call out the other?s word. The first to say the other?s word is the winner.

那是什么词?

将单词或字母卡片贴在两个学生身前。两人背靠背站好,然后转身说出对方身上的单词。先说者为胜。

Fragmented Sentences:

Cut up some sentences (“This is a rabbit/This is what the rabbit sees). Spread the words around the room. Shout out a sentence and one Ss from each team races around the room slapping the words in order to make out the sentences. Variations: Students race to put the sentences in the correct order.

句子碎片:

将句子中的单词分割成碎片后散落在教室里,教师大声读出一个句子。每队的一个学生争先按顺序拍打并读出句子中的单词,最后组成原句。 变体:可让学生争先将打乱顺序的句子复原。

Spelling Race:

The students race to spell a word the teacher gives them. This is good fun if magnetic letters are used and the students are in teams. For more advanced students they should be encouraged to write on the board or in their books.

拼写竞速;

学生争先拼写教师给出的单词。如果用带磁铁的字母卡片并将学生分组玩会更有趣。程度好的学生应当鼓励他们把单词写在白板或书上。

Snakes & Ladders:

A snakes and ladders board can be made with words in each square. When the students land on the square they must read the word before continuing.

蛇梯棋:

在每个蛇梯棋盘的方框内放置一个单词。当学生走到这个方框时读出这个单词然后继续。

Initial Letter Slap:

Flashcards are spread on the table and a letter is called out. Students slap any card beginning with that letter.

拍打首字母:

教师将单词卡片散落在桌上,大声说出一个字母。学生拍打任何一概字母为首字母的单词。

Missing Letters:

Words are written on the board with certain letters or phonic components missing. The students have to write in the missing letters. It depends on the level of the students as to whether or not they are told what the word is. This can be a team game if required.

失落的字母:

教师将缺少特定字母或发音部分的单词写在白板上,嘘声需要写出缺少的部分教师可根据学生水平来决定是否告知是什么单词。如有需要可用团队形式。

Spelling Letters:

Students are given one letter of a word each and the teacher says the word. The students have to line up in the correct order.

卡片拼写:

教师给学生就一个单词给每个学生一个字母卡片然后说出这个单词。学生要将单词按正确顺序排列出来。

Relay Games:

The students are split into 2 teams and the teacher says a word. The 1st student of each team runs to the board and writes the 1st letter of the word before running back and passing the pen to the next member who repeats the process with the next letter. For lower level students a simple alphabet relay is good fun.

接力写游戏:

将学生分成两队。教师说出一个单词后,第一个学生向白板跑去并写上该单词的首字母,然后将笔传给下一个学生,写上第二个单词,重复此过程。低段学生可根据字母表顺序接力写

Stepping Stones:

Place the flashcards in a line on the floor. Students take it in terms to jump along the line, saying the appropriate target language as they land on each flashcard. Variations on this idea include: asking two or more students to come up at once and turning the above idea into a race.

垫脚石:

将教学卡在地上排成一列。学生按顺序拿起一张卡片并沿着这条线跳,跳到一张卡片处要读出这个位置上的单词。此游戏的变体包括:请两个或两个以

上学生一起并比赛谁先完成上述过程。

Close Eyes and Guess:

The teacher arranges flashcards in front of him/her. The students are then asked to close their eyes. The teacher takes away a card and hides it behind his/her back. The students then open their eyes and guess which card has been taken away. Very young CP classes might find this activity challenging. One way to help them would be to let them keep their eyes open for the first few goes.

闭眼猜测:

教师在学生面前将教学卡排列好。学生闭上眼睛。此时教师将一张卡片拿走藏在身后,然后学生睁开眼睛猜那张卡片被拿走了。此游戏对低段学生相对较难,一个帮助他们的方法是在开始几轮时允许睁眼看

Slow Reveal:

Have a word or sound on the board covered by a piece of paper. Reveal one letter at a time, the students have to guess what it is before it?s completely revealed.

慢速显示:

先用纸遮住白板上的一个词或读音。一次露出一个字母,学生要在单词完全显示之前猜出是那个单词。

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