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幼儿教师口语6

发布时间:2014-03-01 15:09:32  

项目七 演讲训练

认识演讲
演讲的技巧训练 演讲的分类训练

演讲的心理训练

任务一 认识演讲

一、

二、

三、

四、

一、演讲的含义

? 演讲又叫讲演或演说,是指在特定的场
合,面对听众就某个问题发表自己意见的 一种独白体说话形式。一般以口语为主, 以态势语为辅。

演讲四要素:
? ? ? ? 演讲者 听众 沟通二者的媒介(有声语言和态势语言) 演讲者和听众同处一个共同的时空

二、演讲的特点

?

逻辑性

演讲 特点

?现实性

?感召性

?

艺术性

三、演讲的分类
? 政治演讲

演讲 内容

?学术演讲 ?法律演讲 ?生活演讲

演讲 方式

? 命题演讲

?即兴演讲 ?论辩演讲

四、演讲的作用

(一)

(二)

(三)

演讲可以作 为宣传的手 段

演讲可以作 为传播知识 的手段

演讲可以作 为训练口才 、提高素质 的手段

任务2 演讲的技巧训练
主题内容
50% 20%

开场收尾

20%

50%
20%

10%

个性表现

10%

20%

有效表达

任务2 演讲的技巧训练
一、语言表达技巧 二、词句表达技巧 三、态势语表达技巧

?重音 ?停顿 ?语速 ?语调

词句十项表 达技巧

?头部 ?面部表情 ?手势语 ?仪表姿态

词句十项表达技巧
? 多用简洁的短句,不用较多修饰语长句 ? 多用通俗易懂的词汇,不用晦涩、生僻的 词语 ? 多用流行的口头词语,少用老套的话语 ? 多用能表现个人倾向的词汇,不要模凌两 可 ? 适当使用重复,加深听众印象 ? 适当使用简略语,使演讲简练活泼

词句十项表达技巧
? ? ? ? 适当使用数字,增加演讲的说服力 多用俗语,使演讲通俗活泼 多用幽默语言,使演讲通俗有趣 灵活使用多种修辞手法,使演讲生动感人

任务3 演讲的分类训练

命题 演讲

即兴 演讲

命题演讲
(一)选择题目,确定主题的技巧 (二)收集材料的技巧 (三)撰写演讲稿的技巧

(四)演讲稿的开头方法
(五)演讲稿主体的结构方法 (六)演讲稿的结尾方法

(一)选择题目,确定主题的技巧

拟定 题目

确立 主题

(二)收集材料的技巧

围绕主题目标尽 可能多地收集材料

收集第一手材料

收集第二手材料

(三)撰写演讲稿的技巧

拟演讲 提纲

筛选 材料

(四)演讲稿的开头方法

开门见山 明确主题

介绍情况 说明缘由

提出问题 引起关注

(五)演讲稿主体的结构方法

并列式

递进式

对比式

(六)演讲稿的结尾方法

总结式

呼吁式

展望式

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Contents
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Level 1 Level 2 Level 3 Level 4

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Products
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Market

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16%

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Product

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Company History
2004 2006
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2005

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Thank You!


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