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怎样纠正学生们所犯的错误

发布时间:2014-03-03 14:06:44  

怎样纠正学生们所犯的错误呢?

How can I decide on when and how I correct students’ mistakes?

我应该在什么时候,怎样纠正学生们所犯的错误呢?

? Spoken language

If you are listening to a student speaking and your main objective is to develop fluent speech, don’t interrupt. Wait till the student finishes speaking or reaches a convenient pause. Then correct only those mistakes that interfere with the student’s ability to communicate. So just pick up one or two big mistakes and correct them lightly, asking the student to repeat the correct version after you. Your main aim in this situation is to build up your students’ confidence and to develop fluency.

Drills are concerned with form, so if you are conducting a drill (e.g. to train students to add ‘s to the third person singular of the simple present), correct a student immediately if he/she says *He go* instead of He goes. Your main aim here is to develop accuracy, so you don’t allow any mistake to go uncorrected. A student repeats the correct version after you until he/she really gets it right.

? Written language

Use codes when correcting written work: e.g. sp for spelling; gr for grammar; voc for vocabulary. Periodically, pool the main mistakes in your students’ written work and deal with them collectively on the blackboard, inviting the students themselves a) to identify errors and b) to suggest corrections.

口语方面

当你是在听一个学生的口头表达时,而且你的目标是培养他说英语的流利程度,这时,不要打断他,可以等他完成或在适合停顿时,纠正那些影响他进行交流的错误。你只要挑出一两处较大的错误稍加改正就行了,然后让学生跟着你读正确的说法。在这种情况下,你的主要目标是增强学生们的自信心,培养他们英语表达的流利程度。

句型练习的重点是形态,在做句型练习时(比如训练学生在一般现在时第三人称单数后面加-s),如果学生把He goes说成 *He go*,你应马上纠正。这时,你的目的是培养准确性,因此,有错误就要纠正。让学生跟着你重复正确的表达方式,直到他真正掌握为止。书面方面

在批改学生们的笔头作业时,可以用代码,比如:用sp代替spelling(拼写);用gr代替grammar(语法);用voc代替vocabulary(词汇)。你可以定期把学生在笔头作业中所犯的错误收集起来,然后集体在黑板上纠正。可以让学生们自己首先识别错误,然后提出修改建议。

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