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全托教案13

发布时间:2014-04-19 10:02:24  

there be 句型专题讲解

一:there be 句型基本认识

定义:There be句型表示某处存在某物或某人。

2、结构:(1) There is +单数可数名词/不可数名词+ 地点状语.

(2) There are +复数名词+地点状语.

注意事项: there是引导词,在句中不充当任何成分,翻译时也不必译出。句子的主语是某人或某物,谓语动词be要与主语(某人或某物)的数保持一致。当主语是两个或两个以上的名词时,谓语动词要与跟它最近的那个名词一致。如:

① There is a bird in the tree. 树上有一只鸟。

② There is a teacher and many students in our classroom. 我们教室里有一位老师和许多学生。 ③ There are two boys and a girl under the tree. 树下有两个男孩,一个女孩。

二: there be 句型的常考点

考点一:各种句型转化。

1:变成否定

There be句型的否定式的构成和含有be动词的其它句型一样,在be后加上not。例如:

There are some pictures on the wall. →There aren't any pictures on the wall. =There are no pictures on the wall.

There is a bike behind the tree. → There isn't a bike behind the tree. =There is no bike behind the tree. 2:变成一般疑问句

There be句型的一般疑问句变化是把be动词调整到句首,再在句尾加上问号即可。但同时要注意:当肯定句中有some时,要将其改为any(否定变化也一样)。

There is some water on Mars. → Is there any water on Mars?

There are some fish in the water. →Are there any fish in the water?

3:特殊疑问句

对数量提问:有两种句型结构:

How many+复数名词+are there+介词短语?

How much+不可数名词+is there+介词短语?

考点二:there be 句型的时态。

be可以有现在时(there is/are)、过去时(there was/were)、将来时(there is/are going to be或there will be) 如: ---There ______ a concert this evening.

---Yeah. Exciting news!

A. are going to be B. is going to be C. is going to have D. will have

考点三:there be 句型的主谓一致:

There be 结构中的be动词要和后面所跟名词保持一致,遵循就近原则。如:

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1.There ___ any rice in the bowl.

A. are B. is C. isn’t D. aren’t

2.There ___ many apples on the tree last year.

A. have been B. were C. are D. is

三、have 的用法have作实意动词

1.表示“有”的意思。

Look, I have wings, just like you.

He had fair hair and blue eyes.

〔注1〕:其否定和疑问形式变化,在美国通常用助动词do。

〔注2〕:在英国口语中常用have got代替have.

Look, can’t you see I've got teeth, too?

I haven't got any jewelry.

2.have和一些其他名词连用,表示:

(1)一种活动。

We have no classes on Sunday.(上课)

They’re going to have a volleyball match.(举行比赛)

Are we going to have a meeting this week?(开会)

We are going to have a talk this afternoon.(听报告)

(2)患病。

I have got a headache.

I have a bad cold.

(3)发生的情况。

I've had so many falls that I'm black and blue all over.(跌跤)

(4)生育。

The queen ant may have tens of thousands of babies in one summer.

3.和一与动词同形的名词连用,表示一个动作(have+a+由动词转化和名词)。

Are you going to have a swim.

I have a long talk with the teacher.

4.have on sth.或have sth. on,表示“穿着”、“戴着”(=to be wearing)。

I noticed he had on bedroom slippers.

At the ball Motile had a diamond necklace on.

5.表示“吃”、“喝”。

I wanted to have a cup of tea and some eggs.

Does she have lunch at home?

注意事项:there be 句型与have句型的区别

(1) There be 句型和have都表示“有”的含义。区别如下:There be表示“某处存在某物或某人”;have表 2

示“某人拥有某物/某人”,它表示所有、拥有关系。 如:

He has two sons. 他有两个儿子。

There are two men in the office. 办公室里有两个男人。

(2)当have表示“包括”、“存在”的含义时,There be 句型与其可互换。如:

A week has seven days. =There are seven days in a week. 一个星期有七天。 have的专项练习:

用have, has填空。

an old car.

a new bike.

some nice pictures.

13. Your mother______a new bike.

14. LiMing’s mother_________big eyes.

15. Jenny and Danny__________two black pens.

16. The dog_______some meat in its mouth.

17. The students of Class One________a football.

18. Mary_________a doll.

19. They _________some soup for supper.

20. Our school________a big library.

课堂实地演练

I. 将下列句子变成否定句和一般疑问句。

1.There is some water in the bottle.

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2.There are many apples in the box.

II. 对句子划线部分提问。

单项填空。

( ) 1.There___ not ____ milk in the cup on the table .

A. are, many B. are , much C. is ,many D. is ,much

( ) 2.How many ___ are there in the room ?

A. apple B. students C. milk D. paper

( ) 3.Do you know if ___ a meeting next Sunday ?

A. there was going to have B. there was going to be

C. is there going to be D. there will be

( ) 4.- Is this the last exam we have to take ? C

- No, but there ____ another test three months later from now.

A. will be going to B. is C. will be D. has been

( )5.There ______ great changes in such kind of computers in the last few years.

A. is B. are C. will be D. have been

( )6.There _____ a film tomorrow evening.

A.will have B.have C.is going to be D.has

( )7.There ________ a football match on TV this evening.

A. will have B. is going to be C. has D. is going to have

( )8.There ____ a school at the foot of the hill.

A.have B.stand C.are D.stands

( )9.There's going to ____ in tomorrow's newspapers.

A. have something new B. have new something

C. be something new D. be new something

( )10.How many boys ____ there in Class one?

A. be B. is C. are D. am

( )11.There ____ a lot of good news in today's newspaper.

A. is B. are C. was D. were

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( )12.There ____ pencil-box, two books and some flowers on the desk.

A. is a B. are some C. has a D. have some

( )13.There ____ an apple and ten bananas in the basket. You can take any of them.

A. are B. is C. has D. have

( )14. ____ any flowers on both sides of the street?

A.Is there B.Are there C.Has D.Have

( )15. There ____ great changes in our country since 1982.

A. have been B. were C. has been D. are

( )16. There is little water in the glass, ____ ?

A. isn't there B. isn't it C. is it D. is there

( )17. ----There is no air or water on the moon. Is there?

---- ____.

A. Yes, there are B. No, there isn't

C. Yes, there isn't D. No, there is

( )18.----What did you see in the basket then ?

----There ____ a bottle of orange and some oranges.

A. is B. are C. was D. were

( )19. ____ any flowers on both sides of the street ?

A. Is there B. Are there C. Has D. Have

( )20. ____ is there on the table?

A. How many apples B. How much bread

C. How much breads D. How many food

( )21. There isn't ____ paper in the box. Will you go and get some for me?

A. any B. some C. a D. an

( )22. How many ____ are there in your classroom?

A. desks B. desk C. chair D. door

( )23. There ____ something wrong with our classroom.

A. are B. has C. is D. have

( )24. There is some ____ on the table.

A. apple B. orange C. cake D. sandwich

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阅读理解[根据短文内容,选择正确答案。

(A)

( )1.How many desks are there in Classroom One?

A.Ten. B.Nine. C.Six. Classroom One 19 students 2 computers 2 maps 10 desks Classroom Two 17 students 2 computers 1 map 9 desks Classroom Three 12 students 1 computer 1 map 6 desks

( )2.There are 17 students in Classroom .

A.One B.Two C.Three

( )3.There are two computers in .

A.Classroom One B.Classroom Two C.A and B

( )4.There is in Classroom Three.

A.one computer and one map B.one computer and two maps C.two computers and one map

( )5.How many maps are there in the three classrooms?

A.There are six maps.

B.There are five maps.

C.There are four maps.

(B)

My name is Maria. I’m an Italian(意大利人). My father works for a Chinese company(公司). I like China, and I like Chinese food. Jiaozi is my favourite. They are very colourful and good. My classmates(同学们) say they like Italian food. They say their favourite food is pizza. My mum can cook(烹制) it. And she wants(想要) my classmates to come to our home. My mum likes making two kinds(种类) of pizza—red and white. There are some tomatoes in the red one. There is some milk in the white one.

( )6.I am an .

A.China B.Chinese C.Italian

( )7.Maria’s father works in .

A.Italy B.China C.England

( )8.Maria’s classmates like .

A.Jiaozi B.pizza C.rice

( )9.Maria’s mother can cook .

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A.pizza B.JiaoziC.Chinese food

( )10.The colours of pizza are .

A.red B.green C.red and white

(C)

11. Who loves Micro blog?

A. Alice. B. David. C. Lily. D. Leehom Wang.

12. What does Alice think about We chat?

A. It’s fast and convenient. B. It’s fashionable but slow.

C. It’s safe and useful. D. It’s fun but expensive.

13. Why doesn’t Lily believe We chat?

A. Because many people are cheated on We chat easily.

B. Because she doesn’t like to say anything to her friends.

C. Because she doesn’t think it is a good way to make friends.

D. Because she prefers keeping diaries to showing secrets to others.

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