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【发音】英语单词发音规则

发布时间:2014-05-28 10:03:23  

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英语单词发音规则

一、元音字母在重读音节中的读音 元音字母 读 音 例 词

a 在开音节中 [ei] name plane Jane baby cake

在闭音节中 [?] bag dad hat map black back

e 在开音节中 [i:] he these me Chinese

在闭音节中 [e] bed let pen desk yes egg

i 在开音节中 [ai] bike fly drive time nice kite 在闭音节中 fish big drink sit milk swim o 在开音节中 [ou] those close go hoe home no 在闭音节中 [C] clock not box shop sock u 在开音节中 [ju:] student excuse duty Tuesday 在闭音节中 [∧] bus cup jump much lunch

在开音节中,元音字母u在辅音字母j l r s后面时读[u:]音,例如:June

blue ruler super

二、元音字母在重读音节中的特殊读音 元音字母 读 音 例 词

a在[w]音后面 [C] want what watch wash quality

a在f n sk ph sp ss st th前 [α:] after plant graph ask grasp glass fast father

i在-nd -ld和gh前 [ai] find child light high

o在-st -ld前 [ou] most postcard old cold

o在m n v th前 [∧] come monkey love mother

三、元音字母在非重读音节中的读音

元音字母 读 音 例 词

a [E]E China another woman breakfast

orange comrade village cabbage e [E] hundred student open weekend chicken pocket begin children

i [E]/ holiday beautiful family animal [ai] exercise satellite

o [E] second tonight somebody welcome [Eu] also zero photo u [E] autumn difficult

[ju:] popular congratulation January

动词中的a如果处在开音节位置,a读[ei]音,例如:operate

u处在开音节位置,又在辅音字母j l r s后面时,读[u(:)]音,例如:July influence February issue

在非重读音节中,许多单词中的元音字母a e i 即可以读作[E]音,也可以读作音。

四、-r音节元音字组在重读音节中的读音 元音字组 读 音 例 词

arar在[w]音后面 [α:] car farm dark sharpener [C:] warm quarter towards

oror在[w]音后面 [C:] forty morning short [E:] word worker worse

er ir ur [E:] certainly bird Thursday

辅音字母r双写时,前面的元音字母不能与r构成-r音节,而是按重读闭音节的拼读规则发音。例如: carry sorry hurry

-r音节在非重读音节中通常读[E]音,例如:dollar teacher martyr forget Saturday

五、-re音节元音字组在重读音节中的读音 元音字组 读 音 例 词 are [εE] care dare hare ere [iE] here mere ire [aiE] fire hire wire ore [C:] more score before

ure [juE] pure cure

are ere ire ore很少出现在非重读音节中,ure在非重读音节中读[E]音,例如:picture pleasure

重读元音字母加Rr,再加非重读元字组时,重读元音字母应按-re音节拼读规则拼读,字母Rr读[r]音。例如:parent zero story during inspiring

某些常用词及多音节词经常出现长音短化现象。例如:orange very American paragraph

六、元音字组在重读音节中的读音 元音字组 读 音 例 词 ai/ay [ei] afraid rain wait day play air [εE] air hair chair pair repair alal在f m前 [C] small ball talk wall all [C:l] always also salt almost [α:] half calm

au/aw [C:] autumn daughter draw ea [i:] teach easy cheap please [e] heavy bread sweater weather [ei] break great

ear [iE] hear dear near clear year [εE] bear pear wear swear [E:] earth learn early

ee [i:] jeep week green three eer [iE] pioneer deer beer ei/ey [ei] eight neighbour they

[i:] either key

eu/ew在j l r s后 [ju:] new few newspaper [u:] flew brew jewelry

ie/ei[s]音之后 [i:] piece field receive oa [ou] coat Joan boat goal

oar/oor [C:] roar board door floor oi/oy [Ci] noise point boy toilet oo [u:] broom food tooth school book look cook foot good

ou/ow [au] flower house count down [ou] know row throw though [∧] young country enough [u:] group you soup

our [C:] course your four [auE] our hour ours [E:] journey

ui在j l r s后 [ju:i] fluid suicide tuition [u:] juice fruit suit

七、非重读音节中元音字组和字群的读音

元音字组或字群 读 音 例 词 ai/ay ei/ey Sunday foreign monkey

ow [ou] yellow sparrow tomorrow

元音字组在非重读音节中读[E]音或。例如:neighbour serious famous biscuit coffee

-sion -tion [Fn] impression nation

-sion在元音字母后 [Vn] vision decision occasion -tion在s后 [tFEn] question suggestion -sten [sn] listen -stle [sl] whistle

-sure [VE] pleasure measure -ture [tFE] picture culture

八、元字组在复合词非重读音节中的读音

复合词中的第二部分不标注重音符号,但其中的元音字母或元音字组仍按重读音节拼读规则拼读。例如: everyday[ei] handbag[?] blackboard[C:]

有些词随着语言的发展,前后两部分已失去其单独存在的意义,融合成为一个词。其中的非重读部分要按非重读音节的读音规则发音。例如: sun太阳 + day[ei]日子 > Sunday 星期天 holy神圣 + day[ei]日子 > holiday 假日 break中断 + fast[α:]斋戒 > breakfast[E] 早餐 cup茶杯 + board木板[C:] > cupboard[E] 碗柜

九、辅字组的读音 辅字组 读 音 例 词 b bike bus bag [/] bomb tomb

cc在e前或在i/y前 [k] cake picture coat music

[s] face decide cinema

ch [tF] much chick rich teacher [k] school headache chemistry [F] machine

-ck [k] cock pocket black knock d [d] doctor bread hand day -dge [dV] bridge fridge

dr- [dr] children driver drink f [f] five four breakfast gg在e i/y前 [^] bag garden go [dV] orange large German gh [f] cough enough [/] light daughter high

gu- -guegu在非重读音节中 [^] guess league dialogue [^w] language anguish h [h] hot head house hand [/] hour honest

j [dV] jeep jar joke join July k [k] kind bike skate make week kn- [n] knife know knock l [l] life milk school tall

m [m] monkey come autumn -mn [m] autumn column solemn nn在[k] [g]音前 [n] not shine ten note [N] uncle thank hungry

-ng [N] morning young wrong p [p] paper plane pig ship pen ph [f] elephant photo telephone q [k] Iraq

qu- [kw] quality quite

r [r] red rubber ruler

s在词首或清辅音前元音字母间或浊辅音前 [s] sit sleep desk [z] music husband sc- [sk] scarlet [s] muscle science

sh [F] she fish shirt wash

t在通常情况下在弱读字母ia ie io前 [t] ten letter meet [F] patient nation tch [tF] watch

th在通常情况下在冠词 代词 介词 连词中在词尾-the -ther中 [θ] thin thirty method [T] the these with than [T] clothe fathe r weather tr- [tr] tree train country truck v [v] very voice love leave

w [w] week win wake sweet wait [/] Answer two

wh-wh-在字母o前 [w] what when white why [h] who whose whole

x在重读元音前 [ks] box text exercise [gz] example exist exact wr- [r] write

y- [j] yes yard yellow young z [z] puzzle zero zoo

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