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最新英语国际音标表(附带英语音标及字母组合对照)1

发布时间:2014-06-14 22:54:31  

英语国际音标表

英语音标一共有48个,其中元音有20个,辅音有28个。

元音(20个)

长元音 /ɑ:/ /?:/ / ?:/ /i:/ /u:/ 短元音 / ?/ /?/ /?/ /?/ /?/ /e/ /?/ 双元音 /e?/ /??/ /a?/ /a?/ /??/

/??/ /e?/ /??/

辅音(28个)

清辅音 /p/ / t/ / k/ /f/ /θ/ /s/ /?/ / h/ /ts/ /t?/ /tr/ 浊辅音 /b/ /d/ /g/ /v/ /e/ /z/ /?/ /d?/ /dz/ /dr/ / r/ 鼻 音 /m/ /n/ /?/

半元音 / j/ / w/

边音 / ?/ 英语音标及字母组合对照

一、元音

1) [i:] 发音字母:ee ea e ie ei

three tree green sheep meet beef see

eat tea meat leave teacher team mean speak clean please he she me piece receive 2) [?] 发音字母: i y e

sit picture it is list six pig big build miss

many twenty happy dictionary decide delicious 3) [ ? ] 发音字母: a

bag hand and ant happy hat map black back glad flag man 4) [e] 发音字母: ea e a

head bread sweater breakfast heavy pleasure

elephant remember sell lesson better bed desk hotel yes many any

5) [?:] 发音字母:ir ur ear er or

girl shirt skirt thirty thirteen third bird

turn burn murder nurse turtle purple Thursday

learn early earth heard term her work worker word world

6) [?] 发音字母: er or o a e ur ure

teacher under remember player father mother farmer after doctor actor forget

together tomorrow today lesson welcome policeman around about ago elephant away banana China

student children open different Saturday picture 7) [ɑ:] 发音字母: ar a

car farm card arm garden ask fast class last glass aunt 8) [ ? ] 发音字母: u o ou oo

up supper lunch fun run hunt cup bus come mother dose brother love above trouble blood flood

9) [?: ] 发音字母: al ar au or our oor

all small wall talk tall ball call walk warm quarter daughter autumn

short horse for forty sport door floor store four your door floor 10) [?] ([?]) 发音字母: o a

orange hot lost lot fox box hop lot not want what wash watch 11) [u:] 发音字母: oo o u

too zoo food school room goose tooth who do two to shoe whose true truth blue full ruler 12) [?] 发音字母: oo ou u o

look good foot book wood should could would put full pull push woman wolf 13) [e?] 发音字母: a ay ai ey ea name cake late gate plane April play say may way day away rain paint eight eighteen eighty they grey great break

14) [??] 发音字母: o ow oa

home cold go no phone host ghost know yellow below throw blow show row boat coat goat

15) [a?] 发音字母: i y igh

bike fine find hi nine five rice write like my try fly by light night high 16) [a?] 发音字母: ou ow

house out about ground count sound blouse around mouse flower down now cow how town brown 17) [?? ] 发音字母:oy oi

boy toy toilet oil noise 18) [??] 发音字母: eer ear ere

beer deer ear near dear here 19) [ ?? ] ([e?]) 发音字母:ear air ere eir

pear bear chair air there where their theirs 20) [??] 发音字母:ure sure

二、辅音

[p] [t] [k](k、c、ck) [f] [θ] [s] [?]

[h] [ts] [t∫] [tr] [b] [d] [g] [v] [e] [z] [?] [d?] [dz] [dr] [r] [m] [n] [?] [j] [w] [l]

英语语音基础知识

要想学好英语语音,就要有英语语音的一些基本知识。 1)字母:语言的书写形式。元音字母a, e, i(y), o, u,

2)音标:每一个英语的词有语音形式和书写形式。音标就是词的语音形式,是用来标记每一个词或字母的读音的书面符号。每一个音标外都采用方括号[ ],以别于字母。

3)音素:音素是音的最小单位。英语中有48个音素。

4)音节:由音素构成的语音结构的最小单位。在英语中元音特别响亮,一个元音可以构成一个音节。一个元音和一个或几个辅音音素结合也可以构成一个音节。英语中的四个辅音[m, n, l, ? ]是响音。它们和辅音音素结合,也可以构成音节,这种响音叫做成节音。如:listen/ `lisn / .

5) 开音节:一种叫绝对开音节,以一个发音的元音字母结尾的音节。如:we我们,no不;

另一种叫相对开音节,在一个元音字母后面有一个辅音字母(r除外),加上一个不发音的字母e结尾的音节。如:name,face,,like,gate等。

6) 闭音节:以辅音字母(r除外)结尾的音节。如,clock,big,desk等。

7)重读闭音节三要素:1. 必须是重读音节; 2. 最后只有一个辅音字母;3. 元音字母发短元音。重读闭音节可以这样判断:看末尾的音节,比如:map, bag, forget,begin.thin,fat,swim等类似的单词的末尾是两辅夹一元,即最后的音节是两个辅音夹一个元音,这样的单词就叫重读闭音节。一个单词,不管它有多长,你只看它的最后一个音节即可。.

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