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004#《本科英语1》作业2

发布时间:2014-07-08 08:04:22  

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2014级专

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2014年7月

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004#《本科英语1》作业2

Part I. Reading Comprehension

Directions: There are 4 passages in this part. Each passage is followed by some questions or unfinished statements. For

each of them there are four choices marked A. B. C and D. Choose the ONE you think is the best answer.

Questions 1 to 5 are based on the following passage.

Every artist knows in his heart that he is saying something to the public. Not only does he want to say it well, but he wants it to be something that has not been said before. He hopes the public will listen and understand what he wants to teach them, and what he wants them to learn from him.

What visual artists like painters want to teach is easy to make out but difficult to explain, because painters translate their experience into shapes and colors, not words. They seem to feel that a certain selection of shapes and colors, out of the countless billions possible, is exceptionally interesting for them and worth showing to us. Without their work we should never have noticed these particular shapes and colors, or have felt the delight which they brought to the artist.

Most artists take their shapes and colors from the world of nature and from human bodies in motion and at rest; their choices indicate that these aspects of the world are worth looking at, that they contain beautiful sights. Contemporary artists might say that they merely choose subjects that provide an interesting pattern, that there is nothing more in it. Yet even they do not those entirely without reference to the character of their subjects.

If one painter choose to paint a decaying leg and another a lake in moonlight, each of them is directing our attention to a certain aspect of the world. Each painter is telling us something, showing us something, emphasizing something — all of which means that, consciously or unconsciously, he is trying to teach us.

1. An artist hopes that the public will ___B___.

A. notice only shapes and colors in his work B. understand him and learn from him

C. teach him something D. believe what he says in his work

2. It is hard to explain what a painter is saying, because he / she __B____.

A. does not express himself / herself well B. uses shapes and colors instead of words

C. uses unusual words and phrases D. does not say anything clearly

3. The writer points out that contemporary artists might say their choices of subject ___C___.

A. carry a message to the public B. have no pattern or form

C. only provide interesting patterns D. teach the public important truths

4. The writer also points out that contemporary art contains ___A___.

A. nothing but meaningless patterns B. uninteresting aspects of the world

C. completely meaningless subjects D. subjects chosen partly for their meanings

5. What is implied in this passage? C

A. A painting is more easily understood than a symphony. B. Art is merely the arranging of shape and color.

C. One must look beyond shape and color to find what the artist is saying.

D. Every artist tries to say something to the public.

Questions 6 to 10 are based on the following passage.

I once know a little boy. When he was seven years old, this boy made a mistake that left a deep impression on him. He walked into a drugstore and tried to steal some penny candy but failed. Instead of being reported to the police, he was made 一闪而过的) thought of breaking his arm on purpose, of running in front of a car, of doing anything that would relieve him of the dreadful conversation with his parents. But the conversation took place. The boy’s father had one immediate reaction: “My son is a criminal.” Those words cut to the heart. They were terrible, but they were true: seven years old — a criminal. But the boy’s weeping mother took only a few seconds to respond to that son is not a criminal; he is going to be a preacher (牧师).”

I was that boy, and my mother’s response was a lesson in love. My father loved me too, loved me enough to say what was true. I had done something that, at that moment, defined me as a thief. But he did not say the whole truth. My mother

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saw the possibility in me, saw what I could do, and not just what I had done. Now it turns out that both of them were wrong, as I became neither a preacher nor a criminal, but a professor, but the way that my mother loved me then taught me much about how to love myself.

How lucky it would be if there were a person who always saw the possibility in you, who always forgave you for what you are and who constantly, sympathetically challenged you to become what you should be. Such a person may enable you to discover the power of love, to realize the truth of the claim that only the love can love.

6. When he was forced to tell his parents about his mistake, the boy wanted to __A_____.

A. hurt himself B. break away from the family

C. relieve himself of the bad name D. escape in a car

7. How was the boy punished for his stealing candy in a drugstore?B

A. He was not punished at all because he was successful.

B. He was made to report what he had done to his parents.

C. He was taken to the police station.

D. He was severely scolded by the store owner.

8. “This task” (Line 4, Para. 1) refers to ___D____.

A. stealing some penny candy from a drugstore B. reporting what he had done to the police

C. breaking his arm on purpose D. telling his parents what he had done in the drugstore

9. The word “verdict” (Line 9, Para. 1) means ___A____.

A. judgment B. comment C. criticism D. opinion

10. This story is intended to tell us that ___D____.

A. honesty is very important for a child B. parents should not conceal their children’s mistakes

C. we should learn how to forgive others’ mistakes and errors D. love can help shape a child’s future

Part II Vocabulary and Structure

Directions: There are 40 incomplete sentences in this part. For each sentence there are four choices marked A, B, C and

D. Choose the ONE answer that best completes the sentence.

21. He went into the café and ____D___ in a corner.

A. was seating B. seated down C. was sitting D. seated himself

22. I prefer ___D____.

A. swimming than playing tennis B. swimming to play tennis

C. to swim rather than to play tennis D. to swim rather than play tennis

23. This was the last straw. This sentence means ___C____.

A. I had nothing but a straw B. I couldn’t bear any more

C. I had to catch at this last straw D. I didn’t care a straw about it

24. I don’t know why he reverted ___C____ his old habit of smoking.

A. away from B. on C. to D. back

25. Crystal is a ____B___ material.

A. transform B. transparent C. transaction D. transcend

26. Jim is so absent-minded that sometimes he even has ___D____ his own house.

A. difficulty to find B. a difficulty in finding C. the difficulty to find D. difficulty finding

27. Many a business deal has been concluded __A_____ a bottle of wine.

A. during B. over C. under D. near

28. At the __C_____ moment, the policemen arrived and arrested all of the robbers.

A. actual B. bound C. critical D. abstract

29. Early that morning, a mist drifted ____D___ from the sea.

A. though B. about C. away D. in

30. I said I might be late for dinner but he made such a __A_____ that I thought I’d better arrive on time.

A. fuss B. fussy C. fuse D. fusty

31. Small improvements in the trading figures of some businesses are cause for __B_____ optimism that the country’s economy is generally improving.

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A. reluctant B. alert C. cautious D. dreary

32. ___A____ the people present, only two spoke in favor of your plan. Which of the following can’t be used here?

A. Of B. Out C. Out of D. Among

33. They intended to have their daughter __C_____ in Australia.

A. educated B. to educate C. educate D. to be educated

34. Can you produce any evidence ___C____ he was not at home that night?

A. which B. when C. that D. why

35.He was elected by a majority of 20 votes __B_____ 5.

A. over B. against C. than D. above

36. He spoke English so well that ____B___. Which of the following is NOT correct?

A. He was taken for granted as an Englishman B. I took for granted that he was an Englishman

C. I took it for granted that he was an Englishman D. It was taken for granted that he was an Englishman

37. Which teacher do you know ____B___ the examination paper? It was too difficult.

A. was made up of B. made up C. made for D. made into

38. The teacher __C_____ favorably on John’s ability.

A. decided B. called C. commented D. came

39. We are only too pleased to see the film. “Only too” means ____D___.

A. not at all B. a little C. rather D. very

40. I bought __C_____ for my son today.

A. many dozen toys B. several dozens toys C. four dozens of toys D. two dozens toys

41. If you love plants, the chances are you buy them on ____C___ and then wonder where to put them.

A. purpose B. display C. impulse D. cue

42. These schools come under the supervision of locally ____A___ committees.

A. appointed B. rotated C. consisted D. composed

43. Traditional Chinese food is far ___D____ to McDonald’s and KFC or any other fast foods I know.

A. immune B. essential C. similar D. superior

44. Linda is 35 years old and, after two close relationships, the prospect of staying single ___A__ her.

A. depresses B. impresses C. threatens D. stuns

45. Andrew was determined to ___A____ a computer career after graduation.

A. apply B. shave C. select D. pursue

46. In view of global warming, coastal buildings should ___A____ sea-level rise.

A. anticipate B. prevent C. discourage D. prompt

47. The book is written so that a reader will benefit in a future __B_____ with a work of art.

A. conflict B. encounter C. investment D. evaluation

48. We had better move forward, for it will not do us any good to ___D____ the past.

A. shrug off B. live on C. single out D. dwell on

49. The spending cuts made it impossible fill the posts ___B____ by retired teachers.

A. depressed B. vacant C. jealous D. dissatisfied

50. More than $10 million in research costs has been lost on a(n) ___C____ nuclear safety program.

A. melted B. resolved C. abandoned D. deduced

51. They got on to the airfield that night and started to place their bombs, but as the aircraft were widely ___D____, this took time in the dark.

A. reinforced B. relayed C. displayed D. dispersed

52. The new project designed to create more jobs for the laid-off has been ___A____ quietly and without fuss.

A. launched B. applauded C. established D. criticized

53. There is no real __B____ to suggest high-protein diets to improve our performance at school.

A. intelligence B. evidence C. indication D. likelihood

54. Susan is never known to be ____A___ to follow fashions, however attractive they may seem.

A. tempted B. addicted C. granted D. prompted

55. Our firm can help you ___D____ a scheme to meet your needs in the most cost-effective way.

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A. resolve B. extend C. appreciate D. devise

56. Mary sat on the edge of her chair and looked about with ____C___ glances like a trapped animal.

A. intelligent B. confident C. uneasy D. intellectual

57. The nests are ___B____ structures beautifully woven by the male birds to attract females.

A. complacent B. intricate C. competent D. compound

58. In February, after a(n) __D_____ series of tests, the doctor told us my father was nearing the end of his life.

A. relaxing B. consuming C. liberating D. exhausting

59. Ann was __B_____ when she was chosen to speak at the graduation ceremony, but at the same time she was pretty scared.

A. applauded B. flattered C. puzzled D. bewildered

60. At what point in his or her career should a singer decide to __D_____ the stage and concert platform?

A. exit B. conclude C. arrest D. quit

Part III Cloze

Directions: There are 20 blanks in the following passage. For each blank there are four choices marked A, B, C and D.

You should choose the ONE that best fits into the passage.

Water is one of the most important natural resources in the world.

Everywhere, water use is water in rivers, lakes and underground. There are some estimates that this will reach seventy percent by 2025.

Fresh water is necessary for life on Earth. People need water for activities and to produce food. Water also is important for energy production and the health of Earth’s environmental systems.

The United Nations is organizing a of events to increase concern water issues. UN officials have 2003 the International Year of Fresh Water. A goal of the is to build support for policies to use water more Another goal is to get more people to use water in a way will not hurt the environment. The world population is more than six-thousand-million people. More than one-thousand-million safe drinking water. More than two-thousand-million from diseases to dirty water. And, more than two-thousand-million live without waste-treatment systems.

Water was one of the issues discussed at the UN Millennium Summit two years ago. Leaders said they would work to the number of people without safe drinking water in half by 2015.

Nitin Desai directs the UN Office for Economic and Social Affairs. He says success these goals will require major changes in the ways people use water.

Next month, the World Water Forum will meet in Kyoto, Japan. Officials plan to the first UN report world water development. This report will examine the world’s water problem. it will offer suggestions on ways to meet future water demands. Experts say international reaction the UN report will be an important test of the political desire to solve the water B61. A. extending B. increasing C. decreasing D. diminishing

C62. A. mineral B. refined C. fresh D. defined

A63. A. rate B. ratio C. speed D. pace

D64. A. every day B. every where C. everywhere D. everyday

C65. A. serious B. successive C. series D. species

A66. A. about B. over C. in D. on

C67. A. delivered B. detected C. declared D. denied

C68. A. campaign B. cause C. event D. incident

B69. A. successfully B. wisely C. hopefully D. easily

D70. A. when B. where C. provided D. that

C71. A. drink B. have C. lack D. tackle

D72. A. separate B. relieve C. release D. suffer

B73. A. linking B. linked C. to link D. link

D74. A. cut B. dismiss C. let D. shorten

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D75. A. on B. at C. for D. in

C76. A. relieve B. remain C. release D. remark

A77. A. on B. in C. at D. for

D78. A. Or B. Until C. Nevertheless D. And

B79. A. on B. to C. at D. for

A80. A. crisis B. critics C. crash D. crime

Part IV. Translation

Directions: In this part, there are 10 sentences which you should translate from Chinese to English or from English to

Chinese according to the requirement.

Section A: E ─ C

81. I could accept this fact with calmness because I knew that if I wasn’t able to avoid a mistake, chances were that no other

surgeon could have, either.

我能够镇静地接受这个事实因为我知道我是不能够避免错误的,别的外科大夫也难以避免。

82. In a tragedy that made the national news, the Dawson house was set on fire and Angela, her husband, Carnell, and five

of their children died.

一个全国的悲剧新闻,道森的房子被烧,安吉拉,她的丈夫,Carnell,和他们的五个孩子都死了。

83. I always took it for granted that I was far more intelligent than he was.

我过去总是想当然地认为我比他聪明得多。

84. It’s especially rewarding to give praise in areas in which effort generally goes unnoticed or unmentioned.

对于通常不为人们注意或提及的努力加以赞扬是特别有益的。

85. Instead of being reported to the police, he was made to go home and tell his parents what he had done.

他被迫回家告诉父母他做了些什么,而不是上报给警察。

Section B: C ─ E

86. 你是否认为公共汽车司机应对乘客的安全负完全的责任?

Do you think bus drivers should take full responsibility for the passengers' safety?

87. 这个展览会很受欢迎,吸引着源源而至的参观者。

The exhibition is very popular and is attracting a steady stream of visitors.

88. 成功在于勤奋(diligence),诺兰医生就是一个很好的例证。

Success lies in diligence. Dr. Nolen is a case in point.

89. 当全部乘客都向出口处走去时,他却独自留在座位上,好像不愿意离开这架飞机似的。

While all the other passengers made for the exit, he alone remained in his seat, as if unwilling to leave the plane.

90. 爱因斯坦从来不明白为何自己备受关注,为何他被作为特殊人物挑选出来。

Einstein never understand why their attention, why he was singled out as a special.

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