haihongyuan.com
海量文库 文档专家
全站搜索:
您现在的位置:首页 > 幼儿教育 > 少儿英语少儿英语

文化交际英文原版课件Differences A macroperspective

发布时间:2013-10-17 11:07:28  

Differences Between Chinese Culture and American Culture
A Macro- Perspective

http://www.zzone.cn

中国.中学政治教学网崇尚互联共享

1. Individualism and Collectivism
? Individualism:Each individual has a unique identity, a self separate from but influenced by group norms; ? Collectivism: A man is not an individual but attains his full being only in his social relationships

http://www.zzone.cn

中国.中学政治教学网崇尚互联共享

2. Reasons(I): ? Philosophical thinking:

– English: Give priority to individuality (since ancient Greek to Renaissance 文艺复兴), each individual having freedom of will and equality of consideration and a voice heard; separate, independent – Chinese: Consider the cosmos as self-generating and spinning in endless rounds of bipolar oscillation, each part transforming into and interlocking with each other; a person in a community, in a context, interrelated
中国.中学政治教学网崇尚互联共享

http://www.zzone.cn

Reasons(II)
? Religious belief:
– Protestantism encourages each individual to work hard, for working hard is considered as the only way to fulfill God’ will and to atone for one’s sin before one can enjoy the only salvation opportunity offered by God. One makes his own greatest effort, even though the other may not do so. American protestants left the old continent to be free and independent.
中国.中学政治教学网崇尚互联共享

http://www.zzone.cn

– Chinese: Buddhism emphasizes the harmony of man and nature; to obtain harmony, self should be included in a broader group or community. Confucianism values the patriarchic order of the family as well as the whole society, which actually requires the individual to find his place only within a group

http://www.zzone.cn

中国.中学政治教学网崇尚互联共享

Reasons (III)
? Economic development
– English: Industrialized society in which people are in high mobility and each individual depends on oneself – Chinese: Agricultural society in which people live in one area and they depend on each other, a self-enclosed group or community
http://www.zzone.cn 中国.中学政治教学网崇尚互联共享

3. Rights-oriented and Commitment-oriented ? English: commitmentoriented, i.e. do not infringe upon other’s rights and protect one’s rights from being infringed upon ? Chinese: rights-oriented, i.e. put priority not to what rights one can enjoy, but to what one should do for others
http://www.zzone.cn 中国.中学政治教学网崇尚互联共享

4. Law-Centered and MoralCentered

? English: law-centered, i.e. Strict law, division of power (legal power, administrative power, and judicial power) ? Chinese: Moral-centered, i.e. Set a good example, emotion appealing

http://www.zzone.cn

中国.中学政治教学网崇尚互联共享

5. “Doing, Pushing” and “Being, Pulling”

? English:
– Doing: stress on the real ability, or the practical skill – Pullin

g: emphasis on humanity and aesthetics

? Chinese:
– Being: stress on qualification, seniority, sex, and family background, etc. – Pushing: emphasis on science and technology and pragmatic research http://www.zzone.cn 中国.中学政治教学网崇尚互联共享


网站首页网站地图 站长统计
All rights reserved Powered by 海文库
copyright ©right 2010-2011。
文档资料库内容来自网络,如有侵犯请联系客服。zhit326@126.com